Fighting the 4th wave together
Information about COVID-19 vaccination

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Protect yourself, your loved ones and us all.
Please get vaccinated!
Being fully vaccinated comes with extra
freedoms (family gatherings, dining at
restaurants etc.).
There is a vaccine available to protect against
COVID-19, administered via injection in the
upper arm. The vaccine has been extensively
tested and approved for Europe-wide use.
Various vaccines have been approved in Europe. Depending on which one
you receive, you may be fully protected against COVID-19 infection right
from the first vaccination, or you may need a second dose.
Vaccination is free of charge.
I assure you that the quality, effectiveness and safety of vaccines undergo
particularly strict testing in Germany and Europe in general. And this also
applies to the COVID-19 vaccination.
The vaccine contains no animal products, nor will vaccination result in deportation.
Many, many people tolerate the vaccine very well and have no problems afterwards.
Some people experience a few side effects after vaccination, e.g. pain in the
upper arm, fever or headache, but these are only short-term.
Best regards, Petra Köpping

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The latest information from the Saxon State Ministry for Social Affairs
and Social Cohesion:
Information from the German Federal Centre for Health Education (BZgA):
Information from the German federal government in foreign languages:
The following authorities and institutes also provide the latest details and
expert information:
To participate in the survey on tolerance of COVID-19 vaccines, please use the
SafeVac 2.0 app created by the Paul Ehrlich Institute (available in the Apple
App Store or Google Play Store) or the following website:
COVID-19 vaccination is voluntary and free of charge for all citizens. It is
strongly recommended as a means of protecting yourself and enabling us all
to find a way out of the pandemic.
Vaccination is open to anyone residing in Germany, or international citizens
holding health insurance in Germany.
Only together, with all citizens acting in solidarity, will our everyday life be
able to return to normal.

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The vaccination process
Did you know that the risk of becoming seriously ill or dying is much higher
for COVID-19 than for the flu?
Vaccination is currently the best way to protect against illness and the
potential consequences.
Only once approx. 70% of the population has immunity will transmission of
SARS-CoV-2 be low enough for the pandemic to pass.
Why should I get vaccinated against COVID-19?
Most people don’t even get seriously ill from it!
Are there interpreters at the
vaccination centres?
No. Information sheets in
various languages can be found
on the RKI website:
RKI - Informationsmaterial zum
Impfen - Aufklärungsmerkblatt
zur COVID-19-Impfung mit
Which is the right
information form for me?
For BioNTech and Moderna,
you will require the information
sheet for mRNA vaccines. For
AstraZeneca, you will require the
information and medical-history
forms for vector-based vaccines.
Where can I get vaccinated?
You can get vaccinated
through vaccination centres,
mobile vaccination teams,
GPs, specialists and company
physicians. You cannot book
vaccination appointments
through the health authorities.
How can I book a vaccination
at a vaccination centre?
Use the portal
or call
0800 0899089
PLEASE NOTE: the portal is only
available in German.
Or use the walk-in vaccination
option daily at all vaccination
centres except for Grimma.

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What happens if I can’t make my
second vaccination appointment?
The second dose of the vaccine
needs to be administered within
a certain time frame.
If you cannot make an
appointment, please promptly
advise your vaccination centre
providing your contact details
(name, telephone number,
email and reference number;
the VC will then get back to
you), or advise your doctor.
How many doses do I need?
Depending on the vaccine,
you may have need to receive
a second dose of the vaccine
within a few weeks in order to
achieve full immunity.
The vaccinator will advise you
whether a second dose will be
How can I arrange vaccination for
family members requiring care?
This is best done through your GP.
Do I still have to physically distance and wear
a nose and mouth cover after vaccination?
Immunity is achieved approx. two to three weeks after the second dose – and
even thereafter, you will still be required to adhere to the physical-distancing,
hygiene and mask-wearing (AHA) rules. Despite the immunity, you may still
transmit the virus, so the rules will remain in place for now – for everyone’s
Can I get vaccinated if I have
already had COVID-19?
The general assumption is that having COVID-19 gives you immunity. But
there is no definitive answer regarding how long this immunity lasts. So if you
have already had the virus, you do not need to get vaccinated right now. But
vaccination will not cause a problem even if you have unknowingly had the
virus (asymptomatic).
General questions

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What vaccines are available?
Each of the vaccines is based on
the principle of ‘active immunity’.
The body is presented with parts
(antigens) or a blueprint for anti-
gens of the COVID-19 pathogen,
prompting the immune system to
produce antibodies. The various
vaccines use different antigen
components and approaches here.
mRNA (messenger ribonucleic
acid) constitutes the ‘building
instructions’ for each of the
body’s individual proteins, and
must not be confused with
genetic information (DNA).
mRNA vaccines for COVID-19
contain ‘building instructions’
for a component of the virus,
known as the spike protein.
The spike proteins created after
vaccination are recognised by
the immune system as foreign
proteins, thereby activating
specific defence cells.
Vector-based vaccines contain
pathogens – vectors – harmless
to humans. A gene has been
integrated into these vectors,
containing the blueprint for the
aforementioned spike protein.
The advantage of these vaccines
is that they can be transported
and stored at between 2 and 8
degrees Celsius.
Are the vaccines safe?
The vaccines were trialled on
tens of thousands of people. So
far, serious side effects have been
extremely uncommon.
Possible common side effects
are mild to moderate pain at
the injection site, tiredness
or headache, which generally
disappear within two days.
Reactions to vaccination are a
good sign that your immune
system is creating antibodies.
Pre-approval studies found side
effects to occur in 1 in every 1000
people. No information is as yet
available on long-term effects.
It is impossible to discount certain
risks, but, in Germany, vaccines
are generally only ever approved
if they meet our very strict safety
standards and have undergone
extensive clinical trials.
AstraZeneca also underwent an
additional trial after some cases of
rare cerebral venous thromboses
occurred soon after vaccination.
But the benefits of the vaccine in
combating COVID-19 continue to
outweigh the risk of side effects,
which is why the vaccine was re-
approved. The risk of suffering harm
from the illness is much higher.
Vaccine safety

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How were the vaccines able
to be developed so quickly?
Researchers already know a lot about SARS-CoV-2 from similar viruses.
This meant a good basis for developing COVID-19 vaccines was able to be
laid relatively quickly.
Plus, researchers worldwide were all simultaneously working on it, sharing
their latest results, and forwarding them directly to the testing authorities. Be-
fore this pandemic, there had never been such a global scientific co-operation.
But don’t worry: No trial stages were omitted. It was a case of co-operations
being more intensive in general, and multiple trial stages being conducted
The approved COVID-19 vaccines showed good tolerance and effectiveness in
pre-approval clinical studies.
Do COVID-19 vaccines affect fertility?
Extensive pre-approval trials did not find any evidence to suggest the vaccines would
cause male or female infertility.
Can mRNA vaccines
modify our genes?
mRNA vaccines cannot be
converted into DNA, and thus
have no effect on our genes.
While DNA and mRNA sound
similar, they are two very
different things.
When you receive an mRNA
vaccine, your body reacts by
creating proteins, to which your
immune system in turn responds
by building antibodies, which then
protect you from the actual virus.
How effective are the COVID-19
Based on current information,
the vaccines are highly effective.
The probability of contracting
COVID-19, was around 94-95 per
cent (BioNTech/Moderna) and
up to 70 per cent (AstraZeneca)
lower in vaccinated people than
in participants injected with a
placebo. Johnson & Johnson has
an efficacy of approx. 65 per cent.
How long immunity lasts is not
yet known.

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Sozialministerium Sachsen
Federal Ministry of Health
Public Relations Department, Publications | 11055 Berlin
Saxon State Ministry for Social Affairs and Social Cohesion
Albertstraße 10, 01097 Dresden
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