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Land Brandenburg
Land Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Freistaat Sachsen
Maßnahmenprogramm
nach Artikel 11 der Richtlinie 2000/60/EG
bzw. § 36 WHG
für den deutschen Teil der internationalen
Flussgebietseinheit Oder
Dezember 2009

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Maßnahmenprogramm für den deutschen Teil der Flussgebietseinheit Oder
Herausgeber:
Ministerium für Umwelt, Gesundheit und Verbraucherschutz
des Landes Brandenburg
Ministerium für Landwirtschaft, Umwelt und Verbraucherschutz
des Landes Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Sächsisches Staatsministerium für Umwelt und Landwirtschaft
22. Dezember 2009

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Maßnahmenprogramm für den deutschen Teil der Flussgebietseinheit Oder
08.12..2009
1
Inhaltsverzeichnis
ABBILDUNGS- UND TABELLENVERZEICHNIS
2
ANHANGVERZEICHNIS
3
ABKÜRZUNGSVERZEICHNIS
4
1
ANLASS UND ZIEL
5
2
GRUNDLAGEN
6
3
STRATEGIEN ZUR ERREICHUNG DES GUTEN ZUSTANDES
9
3.1
Umweltziele
10
3.2
Schutzgebiete
15
3.3
Meeresumweltschutz
15
3.4
Anpassungsstrategien zum Klimawandel
16
4
MAßNAHMEN
19
4.1
Grundlegende Maßnahmen
19
4.2
Ergänzende Maßnahmen
22
4.3
Auswertung der festgelegten Maßnahmen
23
4.4
Zusatzmaßnahmen
28
5
UMSETZUNG
29
5.1
Zuständigkeiten
29
5.2
Finanzierungsinstrumente
29
5.3
Überwachung
30
5.4
Unsicherheiten
30
LITERATUR
32

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Maßnahmenprogramm für den deutschen Teil der Flussgebietseinheit Oder
08.12..2009
2
Abbildungs- und Tabellenverzeichnis
Abb. 2-1: Planungseinheiten/Bearbeitungsgebiete im deutschen Teil der
Flussgebietseinheit Oder
8
Tab. 3-1:
Regionale Vorranggewässer im deutschen Teil der Flussgebiets-
einheit Oder
12
Abb. 4-1:
Anzahl festgelegter Maßnahmenarten für Oberflächengewässer in den
Planungseinheiten/Bearbeitungsgebieten im deutschen Odereinzugs-
gebiet auf Grundlage des Maßnahmenspektrums im LAWA-
Maßnahmenkatalog
24
Tab. 5-1:
Mögliche Nutzung von EU-Fördermitteln zur Umsetzung der WRRL
30

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Maßnahmenprogramm für den deutschen Teil der Flussgebietseinheit Oder
08.12..2009
3
Anhangverzeichnis
Anhang A1-1:
Maßnahmenkatalog
Anhang A1-2:
Einschätzung der Klimarelevanz von Maßnahmen des Maßnahmen-
katalogs
Anhang A2-1:
Grundlegende Maßnahmen auf Bundes- und Länderebene
Anhang A3-0:
Auflistung der Oberflächenwasserkörper mit Zuordnung zur Planungs-
einheit
Anhang A3-1:
Maßnahmen für Oberflächenwasserkörper bezogen auf Bearbeitungs-
gebiete/Planungseinheiten - Übersicht
Anhang A3-2:
Maßnahmen für Oberflächenwasserkörper bezogen auf Planungseinheiten
- Details
Anhang A3-3:
Maßnahmen für Grundwasserkörper bezogen auf Bearbeitungsgebiete -
Übersicht
Anhang A3-4:
Maßnahmen für Grundwasserkörper bezogen auf Bearbeitungsgebiete -
Details

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Maßnahmenprogramm für den deutschen Teil der Flussgebietseinheit Oder
08.12..2009
4
Abkürzungsverzeichnis
CIS
Common Implementation Strategy (Gemeinsame Umsetzungsstrategie)
EFF
Europäischer Fischereifonds
EFRE
Europäischer Fonds für regionale Entwicklung
EG
Europäische Gemeinschaft
ELER
Europäischer Landwirtschaftsfonds für die Entwicklung des ländlichen Rau-
mes
EU
Europäische Union
EWG
Europäische Wirtschaftsgemeinschaft
FGE
Flussgebietseinheit
ID
Identifikationscode (z.B. für Maßnahmentypen oder Wasserkörper)
IKSO
Internationale Kommission zum Schutz der Oder
LAN
Planungseinheit/Bearbeitungsgebiet Lausitzer Neiße
LAWA
Bund-Länder-Arbeitsgemeinschaft Wasser
LWG
Landeswassergesetz
MOD
Planungseinheit/Bearbeitungsgebiet Mittlere Oder
PIK
Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung e.V.
STH
Planungseinheit/Bearbeitungsgebiet Stettiner Haff
SUP
Strategische Umweltprüfung
UOD
Planungseinheit/Bearbeitungsgebiet Untere Oder
UQN
Umweltqualitätsnormen
UVP
Umweltverträglichkeitsprüfung
UVPG
Gesetz über die Umweltverträglichkeitsprüfung
VAwS
Anlagenverordnung zum Umgang mit wassergefährdenden Stoffen
WHG
Wasserhaushaltsgesetz
WRRL
EU-Wasserrahmenrichtlinie

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Maßnahmenprogramm für den deutschen Teil der Flussgebietseinheit Oder
08.12..2009
5
1
Anlass und Ziel
Mit dem Inkrafttreten der Europäischen Wasserrahmenrichtlinie (Richtlinie 2000/60/EG des
Europäischen Parlamentes und des Rates vom 23. Oktober 2000 zur Schaffung eines Ord-
nungsrahmens für Maßnahmen der Gemeinschaft im Bereich der Wasserpolitik, kurz WRRL)
am 22.12.2000 wurde eine neue, integrierte Herangehensweise in der Wasserpolitik etab-
liert. Ziel ist die Erreichung festgelegter Umweltziele für alle Gewässer bis 2015, wobei in
erster Linie ökologische, aber auch ökonomische Aspekte bei wasserwirtschaftlichen Ent-
scheidungsprozessen berücksichtigt werden.
Gemäß Artikel 11 Absatz 1 Satz 1 WRRL müssen alle Mitgliedstaaten für jede Flussgebiets-
einheit oder den in sein Hoheitsgebiet fallenden Teil einer internationalen Flussgebietseinheit
ein Maßnahmenprogramm unter Berücksichtigung der Ergebnisse der Bestandsaufnahme
nach Artikel 5 aufstellen. In diesem Programm werden Maßnahmen festgelegt, welche zum
Erreichen der Umweltziele bis 2015 nach Artikel 4 WRRL für Fließgewässer, Standgewäs-
ser, Übergangsgewässer, Küstengewässer und das Grundwasser erforderlich sind. Anhang
VI der WRRL führt die Maßnahmen auf, welche in die Maßnahmenprogramme aufzunehmen
sind. Das vorliegende Maßnahmenprogramm gilt für den ersten Bewirtschaftungszeitraum
von 2009 bis 2015. Räumlich bezieht sich das Programm auf den deutschen Teil der interna-
tionalen Flussgebietseinheit Oder.
Die Aufstellung der Maßnahmenprogramme ist in Deutschland durch § 36 Wasserhaushalts-
gesetz (WHG) in Verbindung mit den Landeswassergesetzen (LWG) der Länder geregelt.
Die für das vorliegende Maßnahmenprogramm relevanten Landeswassergesetze sind in An-
hang A2-1 genannt.
Für das Maßnahmenprogramm ist gemäß § 14b Absatz 1 Nr. 1 i. V. m. Anlage 3 Nr. 1.4 des
Gesetzes über die Umweltverträglichkeitsprüfung (UVPG) eine Strategische Umweltprüfung
(SUP) durchzuführen. Aufgabe der SUP ist es, in Ergänzung zur projektbezogenen Umwelt-
verträglichkeitsprüfung, im Vorfeld bereits die Umweltauswirkungen des Maßnahmenpro-
gramms zu ermitteln, zu beschreiben und zu bewerten und in die Entscheidungsfindung ein-
zubringen. Zum Maßnahmenprogramm wird daher ein Umweltbericht zur Anhörung im Rah-
men der SUP erstellt. Das Verfahren für die Durchführung der SUP ist in § 36 Absatz 7 Satz
3 WHG und § 14o UVPG in Verbindung mit den Landeswassergesetzen geregelt.
Das Maßnahmenprogramm, das für den deutschen Teil der internationalen Flussgebietsein-
heit Oder erstellt wurde, fasst die Maßnahmenplanungen der Länder Brandenburg, Mecklen-
burg-Vorpommern und Sachsen zusammen. Es ist nach Maßgabe der Landeswassergeset-
ze zumindest behördenverbindlich, d.h. es ist bei allen Planungen, die die Belange der Was-
serwirtschaft betreffen, zu berücksichtigen. Das Programm gibt einen Überblick über Maß-
nahmentypen, die in den Ländern zur Verbesserung des Zustandes der Gewässer durchge-
führt werden sollen. Es ist als Rahmenplanung zu betrachten, die einer weitergehenden Um-
setzungsplanung zur Durchführung der einzelnen Maßnahmen im Detail bedarf. Somit blei-
ben den Akteuren bei der Maßnahmenumsetzung Handlungsspielräume erhalten, welche
Maßnahmenkonkretisierungen vor Ort sowie unter Beteiligung aller Betroffenen ermöglichen.
Die zuständigen Behörden werden bei der Planung und Durchführung der konkreten Vorha-
ben zur Maßnahmenumsetzung in den dafür vorgesehenen Verfahren beteiligt.
Neben dem Maßnahmenprogramm ist der Bewirtschaftungsplan ein wichtiges Instrument zur
Umsetzung der WRRL. Dieser integriert gemäß Artikel 13 WRRL (§ 36 b Abs. 2 bis 4 WHG)
alle im Sinne der Richtlinie erforderlichen Angaben für die einzugsgebietsbezogene Gewäs-

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