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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Sustainability in Oregon
State and local efforts
Ken Williamson,
Vice-chair Oregon Environmental Quality Commission
Department Professor and Head
School of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering
Oregon State University
Dick Pederson
Director
Oregon Department of Environmental Quality

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
What do we share?
•Fully developed economies
•Difficulty meeting increasing energy and
material demands
•Difficulty meeting CO2 emission goals
•Significant legacy pollutants
•Commitment to sustainability and
environmental protection

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
What are we challenged
by?
• How to manage global economies to minimize
volatility and maintain confidence
• How to manage long-term, large-scale
cumulative environmental impacts in a global
political setting
• How to create and manage modern sustainable
societies

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Oregon seeks sustainable
development while meeting
the future needs related to:
The environment
The economy
Our society
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The “Triple Bottom Line”

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Some On-going Projects and Efforts

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Using Recycled Water in Oregon
• Oregon” s recycled water rules:
– Protects public health by specifying proper setbacks, site
management practices, and access and exposure
requirements.
– Identified 4 types of treated effluent from municipal
wastewater treatment facilities
– Identified beneficial uses including: irrigation; industrial,
commercial, & construction uses; landscaping uses and
artificial groundwater recharge
Contact: Ron Doughten, doughten.ron@deq.state.or.us

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
City of Portland’s “Big Pipe”
Contact: Diana Hinton, dianah@bes.ci.portland.or.us

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Reducing stormwater runoff using
bioswals
Contact: Diana Hinton, dianah@bes.ci.portland.or.us

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Reducing stormwater runoff using “Green
Streets”
Contact: Diana Hinton, dianah@bes.ci.portland.or.us

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Oregon’s Fish Consumption Rate-
Revising Oregon’s Water Quality Goals
• DEQ worked with Native American governments to revise
water quality goals to reflect a daily fish consumption rate
of 175 grams—10 times the former rate.
• New goals protective of people who eat fish.
• Stringency of the new water quality standards drives
innovation: meaningful and cost-effective ways to reduce
toxic pollutants.
Contact: Debra Sturdevant,sturdevant.debra@deq.state.or.us

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Climate Change: Western Climate Initiative
Partners
Observers
2012:
2015:
Contact: Wendy, Simons, simons.wendy@deq.state.or.us

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Oregon’s Air Toxics Benchmarks
• Develop Air Toxic “Benchmarks”:
– “Acceptable” ambient concentration air toxics levels.
• Develop Measurable Goals – Strategic
Planning
The air toxics benchmarks serve as measurable
progress goals for Oregon's air toxics program.
• Oregon has set benchmarks for 51 air toxics
Contact: Gregg Lande, lande.gregg@deq.state.or.us

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Portland Air Toxics Solutions (PATS)
GOAL: Protect public health
DEQ is working with local communities to:
• Evaluate emissions, potential emission reductions,
exposures and risks
• Create an emission reduction plan with
10-year goals
Portland is the first community to create an individual
air toxics reduction plan
Contact: Patricia Huback, huback.patricia@deq.state.or.us

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Oregon Clean Diesel Initiative
• Burn cleaner fuel
• Burn fuel cleaner
• Burn less fuel
Contact: Kathleen Cochrun,
kathleen.cochrun@deq.state.or.us

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Oregon Low Emission Vehicles
Integrated Starter/Generator
2005 Chevrolet Silverado
Sturman camless valve actuation
AVL Homogeneous Combustion Compression Ignition
Contact: Dave Nordberg,
nordberg dave@deq state or us

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Electric cars
Contact: Steve Corson, steve.corson@pgn.com

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Transportation-Air Quality
Integrating transportation, land-use and air quality planning:
•Urban Growth Boundaries and compact urban design
•VMT/capita reduction goals
•Expansion of transit and other alternative modes
•Transportation control measures
•Air quality emission budgets

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Urban Growth Boundary for Each City

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Life Cycle Analyses
• U.S. has been slow to use LCA relative to
Europe – but Oregon is an “early adopter”
• Uses by DEQ:
– A “consumption-based” greenhouse gas (GHG)
inventory
– Evaluating greenhouse gas impacts
– Educating businesses and consumers
– Prioritizing efforts
Contact: David Allaway, allaway.david@deq.state.or.us

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Oregon Bottle Bill
• In effect since 1972
• Water bottles added
2009
• Bottle bill container
recycling rate: 83%
• Other beverage container
recycling rate: 37%
Contact: Peter Spendelow, spendelow.peter@deq.state.or.us

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Portland recycling roll carts

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
RECYCLER
RECYCLER
RECYCLER
Collection Sites &
Services
RETAILERS
MATERIALS
TO
MARKET
Glass
Metals
Plastics
Energy
Recovery
Landfill
Sell
registered products
Point
of sale recycling info
CONSUMERS
Reuse
and recycle
SITES &
SERVICES
Convenient
Statewide
All
products
Reuse
options
RECYCLERS
Manage
safely
Track
downstream
RESIDUAL
DISPOSAL
Oregon’s Electronics Recycling Program
Loretta Pickerell, contact
pickerell.loretta@deq.state.or.us

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Environmental Trading
An Innovative Approach to Achieving
Environmental Improvements.
Trading has been used in the Tualatin basin in Oregon to offset the impact of
point sources on temperature by planting trees along 35 miles of stream.
Butternut Creek 5 years after planting
Contact: Sonja Biorn-Hansen, biorn-hansen.sonja@deq.state.or.us

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Green Buildings

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
“Ecoroof” in Portland

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Renewable Energy

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Renewable Energy
• 25% of electricity by 2025 (not counting
hydro)
• Renewable fuel standard of 10% ethanol
• 10% CO2 reduction over 1990 levels by 2020
• 75% CO2 reduction over 1990 levels by 2050

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Oregon Energy
• Coal-2%
• Natural gas-20%
• Oil-35%
• Nuclear-0%
• Hydro-34%
• Biomass-5%
• Wind
• Solar
• Wave
• Biomass
• Hydro
• Natural gas
Now
Future

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Oregon’s
First Wave
Energy
Generator

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
We know the sustainable
endpoint!
• Majority of
populations will
live in dense urban
environments

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
We know the sustainable
endpoint!
• Energy will
primarily come
from
renewable
sources-
probably solar
and wind.

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
We know the sustainable
endpoint!
• Human transportation
will occur primarily by
walking, biking, buses
and train travel.

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
We know the sustainable
endpoint!
• Economies will focus on green
jobs related to :
– Sustainable food production
– Non-carbon energy
– Efficient capital use
– Education for sustainability
– Sustainable health care
– Advanced communication
– Sustainable transportation
– Far less “stuff”

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Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
Unfortunately, we need to
create the path to get to the
end point and get there
quickly!