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LIFE04 ENV/DE/000054
01-12-2004 to 31-03-2008
LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology (LfUG)
Augsburg
Dresden
Prag
Stockholm
0 4 8 12 16 20 24
800
1600
2400
3200
4000
4800
N2
138
144
150
156
162
168
174
0
500
1000
1500
number concentration [cm
-3
]
hours after 09.01.2008, 0:00 MEZ
N3 (50 - 70 nm)
Augsburg
Stockholm
Prag
Dresden
TDMPS
UFIPOLNET Technical Final Report
Freistaat Sachsen

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UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/DE/000054
LIFE Project Number
LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
TECHNICAL FINAL REPORT
Covering the project activities from 01/12/2004 to 31/03/2008
Reporting Date
18-Jun-2008
LIFE PROJECT NAME
UFIPOLNET
Data Project
Project location
Dresden / Germany
Project start date:
<01/12/2004>
Project end date:
<30/11/2007>; Extension date: <31/3/2008>
Total Project duration
(in months)
<36> months; Extension months: 4
Total budget
€ 868 639
EC contribution:
€ 397 196
(%) of total costs
45.7%
(%) of eligible costs
46.3%
Data Beneficiary
Name Beneficiary
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
(Sächsisches Landesamt für Umwelt und Geologie)
Contact person
Mr. Dr. Gunter Löschau
Postal address
Postfach 80 01 32, D- 01101 Dresden
Visit address
Zur Wetterwarte 11, 01109 Dresden
Telephone
++49 351-8928 + 131
Fax:
++49 351-8928 + 402
E-mail
Gunter.Loeschau@smul.sachsen.de
Project Website
www.ufipolnet.eu
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1 CONTENTS
1 CONTENTS.......................................................................................................................3
2 ABBREVIATIONS..............................................................................................................4
3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ...................................................................................................5
4 INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................6
5 LIFE-PROJECT FRAMEWORK.........................................................................................8
6 TECHNOLOGY................................................................................................................10
7 PROGRESS RESULTS...................................................................................................14
7.1
General...................................................................................................................................14
7.2
Task 1 Coordination activities (Management) ........................................................................ 14
7.3
Task 2 Designing and planning, assembly and calibration of the prototype........................... 16
7.4
Task 3 Implementation at the test sites / training for the participants..................................... 17
7.5
Task 4 Measuring activities and demonstration ..................................................................... 18
7.6
Task 5 Evaluation...................................................................................................................19
7.7
Task 6 Dissemination.............................................................................................................20
8 DISSEMINATION ACTIVITIES AND DELIVERABLES....................................................21
9 EVALUATION AND CONCLUSIONS...............................................................................28
10 AFTER-LIFE COMMUNICATION PLAN..........................................................................31
11 APPENDICES..................................................................................................................32
12 LAYMAN REPORT ..........................................................................................................34
13 Imprint..............................................................................................................................35
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UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/DE/000054
2 ABBREVIATIONS
CHMI
Czech Hydro Meteorological Institute (CHMI)
CS
Czech
DE
German
EN
English
GSF
National Research Centre for Environment and Health, Munich
IfT
Institute for Tropospheric Research
LfUG
Beneficiary: Landesamt für Umwelt und Geologie: Saxon State Agency for Environ-
ment and Geology
ITM
Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM), University Stockholm
SV
Swedish
TOPAS
Technologie-orientierte Partikel-, Analysen- und Sensortechnik (TOPAS GmbH)
TSI
TSI GmbH, Aachen (Co financer)
UBG
LfUG Staatliche Umweltbetriebsgesellschaft (dependent on LfUG)
UFIPOLNET
Ultrafine particle size distributions in air pollution monitoring networks
VDI
Verein Deutscher Ingenieure
units
%
percent
°C
Grad Celsius
a
year
d
day
K
Kelvin
m
Meter
mg/m³
milligram per cubic meter
μ
g/m³
microgram per cubic meter
mm
millimetre
ng/m³
nanogram per cubic meter
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3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The four workshops for all partners in January 2005, May 2006, May 2007 and October 2007 as well
as several internal meetings at the LfUG, with the assembly team, with TOPAS, IfT and other organi-
sations (LfL, LANU, VOR and SAB) were organised and 40 documented. The project was visited by
the monitoring team in July 2005 as well as May and November 2006. The visit from the commission
took place in November 2007.
Task Design (T2) was running all through 2005 and needed a 10 month extension. Therefore Task
Implementation (T3 ) and Task Measuring (T4) have been shortened to 2 respectively 12 months in
comparison to the plan of 5 (T3) and 18 (T4) months. Task 4 measurements started 12 months later
than expected. Therefore, a 4 month project extension was needed to meet the objective of measur-
ing one year at all 4 stations. A lot of work has been done by TOPAS and IFT with the help of TSI (co
financer), who provided more than the initially planned device parts for the prototypes. Instead of Au-
gust 2005, finalisation of the first prototype was in June 2006. Technical problems occurred in the
middle to the end of 2005 and were completely solved by the assembly team. The particle size distri-
butions of ultrafine particle number concentrations were planned to be specified within a size range of
approx. 12 - 500 nm. This objective has to be changed to about 20 – 800 nm. The lower limit had to
be higher because of technical problems not foreseen before start of the project. Because of devia-
tions of sensitivity between four UFP 330 measured in comparison tests in August 2006 in Leipzig at
IfT, the instruments had to be checked at TOPAS. Some special parts of the instrument were identi-
fied as problematic and exchanged during December 2006. The comparison measurements in Janu-
ary 2007 and January 2008 at IfT showed good correlations to the reference instrument. Since Feb-
ruary 2007 all 4 instruments deliver results with a data availability of 75 - 95 %, showing typical diurnal
variations at roadside stations and changing number concentrations through the year. After first com-
parison measurements in January 2008 deviations between instruments were shown. Cleaning of
some parts of some instruments resulted in almost the same better sensitivity in all 6 ranges. Addi-
tionally to the proposal a standardized sampling system was used to make all measurements better
comparable at all 4 measuring stations. Management and Dissemination were running from begin un-
til the end of the whole project life.
A dissemination plan for past and future events was created. A homepage with a short address was
updated about every month:
www.ufipolnet.eu
. Flyer in English, German, Swedish and Czech were
created in September 2006. The project UFIPOLNET informed the public via the media about the ob-
jectives of the project and ultrafine particles in general during January 2005, February 2007 (including
TV-broadcast), October 2007 in Saxony and March 2007 in Sweden. Signboards were installed at all
4 measuring stations during February 2007. On 23 to 24 October 2007 the final conference with 120
participants from 14 countries with 45 oral and poster presentations and on 22-October 2007 a public
presentation for public took place in Dresden accompanied with public announcements.
Potential target groups were contacted personally, by newsletter, webpage or printed media in case of
conference announcements. The VDI will publish “VDI 3867 Blatt 3 Mobilitätsspektrometer“ UFP 330
as an example in first half year of 2008. There is a positive presumption, that some routine measure-
ment networks and health experts will use the successor of UFP 330. To measure number concentra-
tions of particulate matter at different locations over a longer period will be one way of showing the
reduction of number concentrations of particulates in European cities according to new directives aim-
ing to reduce particulate mater. This can prove the reduction effect of the TSAP (Thematic Strategy
on Air Pollution, Sep-2005) on particles, which have a negative health effect. It is planned to measure
with the UFP 330 at all 4 stations for the next 5 years.
All payments to partners based on subpayment requests. About 89 % of the planned costs have been
spent and some small budget modifications have been made. Due to the need for a better sampling
system for receiving comparable results, money has been shifted between the cost categories to du-
rable goods, without the need of a substantial amendment.
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4 INTRODUCTION
About two years ago the EU-Commission proposed a clean air strategy to protect human health and
the environment (TSAP) (Reference: IP/05/1170 Date: 21/09/2005, IP/05/1170). Margot Wallström as
Vice-President of the EC and Stavros Dimas (EC, Environment) participated in an experiment to
measure the level of air pollution by particle matter to underline the importance of this strategy.
“American researchers recently investigated the potential health risks of ultrafine particles in rats. The
results show that the nano-sized materials inhaled by rats follow a rapid and efficient pathway from
the nasal cavity to several regions in the brain. Exposure also caused signs of inflammation and
stress. The ultrafine particles used in the study are the same size as nano particles, which are contro-
versial due to concern about their security to humans (DG ENV; Science for Environment Policy 14
September, 2006 Issue 34).”
A revision of the air quality directive is planned for 2013 by the European Commission, where they will
discuss whether PM10 and PM2.5 limits will be changed to or complemented by other metrics, like
PM1 or the number of ultrafine particles. In Germany, the VDI-Clean Air Standards Commission KRdL
is completing a series of guidelines (VDI 3867 parts 1 to 6). These standards give guidance about in-
struments and methods to measure particle number concentration and size distribution in ambient
aerosol.
In many European countries, including Germany, a broad discussion about particulate filters for cars
is underway. In the EU regulation 715/2007 (20.6.2007) about Euro 5 and 6, particle number emission
measurements are introduced: "In order to ensure that emissions of ultra fine particulate matter (PM
0.1 μm and below) are controlled, the Commission should adopt (…) a number based approach to
emissions of PM (…)." Meanwhile, the Commission has proposed a limit of 5x10
11
particles/km and
the amendment of vehicle certification regulation 83 for light duty vehicles, which describes the de-
tailed sampling and measurement procedures (e.g. conditioning at 300°C and measurement of parti-
cles larger than 23 nm) is progressing.
The proposal for Euro VI (heavy duty vehicle emissions) COM(2007) 851 final, in annex I also intro-
duces emission limits for particle number (PN) per kWh, In the Swiss New Norm SNR 277205 from
2007, measurement and certification of Diesel Particle Filter Systems with respect to nano particles
and secondary emissions is defined. In 2007, ISO TC24/SC4 started a new work item to standardise
the calibration of particle number concentration measuring instruments.
The relevance of ultrafine particles has also reached the political stage. In answers to questions by
members of the German parliament dealing with PM emissions from power plants and industry
(Bundestag Drucksache 16/8128), the relevance of UFP was discussed.
This underlines the importance of the EU-project UFIPOLNET, which aims to make routine measure-
ments of the number of particulates in ambient air easier, cheaper and more reliable. To measure
number concentrations of particulate matter at different locations over a longer period will be one way
of showing the reduction of number concentrations of particle numbers in European cities according
to new regulations aiming to reduce particle emissions.
The objective of the project is to demonstrate an applicable and affordable measuring device for ul-
trafine particles, which can be implemented all over Europe. The 4 prototypes have demonstrated that
reliable and comparable data for various kinds of analysis can be provided by the device. To produce
system was standardised using a dryer unit and a critical orifice.
The new UFP 330 will cost about the same price as common PM2.5 sampler. The reliable instrument
will therefore be ready for use in all measuring networks of Europe. It has more advantages, like low
costs for maintenance and less costs for personnel because of its easy to use software and interfaces
compared to other instruments comparable data, the sampling measuring size distributions of parti-
cles. The UFP 330 will measure particles between 20 and above 200 nanometres in 6 size classes
based on a technique using a diffusion charger and an electrometer. These classes are: >20 | >30 |
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>50 | >70 | >100 | >200 (up to 800) nanometre. Neither butanol nor radioactive source is needed;
therefore neither waste nor emissions of volatile organic compounds are made. There is also no dan-
ger of handling radioactive parts.
The practical experiences in the routine measuring networks resulted in a user orientated handbook
and implemented practical knowledge in the instrument.
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UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/DE/000054
5 LIFE-PROJECT FRAMEWORK
The Project was divided in different Tasks (s. Fig 1). Task 1 (Management) and Task 6 (Dissemina-
tion) ran throughout the duration of the whole project. Task 2 (Design), Task 3 (Implementation), Task
4 (Measuring Activities) and Task 5 (Evaluation) ran sequentially with exception of Evaluation, which
has been partly running during Task 3 and Task 4.
T6
DISSEMINATION
Press releases
Website
Contact to
CAFE, VDI +
other interested
final conference
T5
EVALUATION
T1
MANAGEMENT
Project
Coordination
Steering
Committee
T4
MEASURING
ACTIVITIES
T3
IMPLEMENTATION
T2
DESIGN
fig. 5.1
Organ gram of the Tasks in UFIPOLNET
The partners of the project were divided in the user (demonstration) team (CHMU, ITM; GSF and
LfUG
1
) and the assembly team (TOPAS, IfT with help of co financer TSI). The assembly team builds
the instrument and is responsible for the implementation at the measuring sites. The user team gives
the user requirements to the assembly team during all phases of the project. They are responsible for
the maintenance in cooperation with the assembly team.
Technical
implementation
User requirements
Steering committee
Chair: LfUG; Members: One
representative of each partner
Coordination and
Management
LfUG
Demonstration Team
CHMU, ITM, GSF,
LfUG
Assembly Team
TOPAS, IfT
TSI
sponsoring device parts
Technical
implementation
User requirements
Steering committee
Chair: LfUG; Members: One
representative of each partner
Coordination and
Management
LfUG
Demonstration Team
CHMU, ITM, GSF,
LfUG
Assembly Team
TOPAS, IfT
TSI
sponsoring device parts
LfUG
Saxon State Agency for Environment
and Geology, Dresden (Leadpartner)
IfT
Leibniz Institute for tropospheric
research, Leipzig
CHMU
Chzech Hydrometeorological
Institute, Prague
ITM
Department of Applied Environmental
Science (ITM) University Stockholm
GSF
National Research Center for
Environment and Health, Munich
TOPAS
GmbH Dresden
TSI
GmbH, Aachen (Cofinancer)
1
The LfUG delegate all measuring tasks to the UBG (depended on LfUG) like in the Saxony Air Quality Net-
work. So the tasks in the demonstration team and user team were delegated to the UBG and were carried out
by the UBG.
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fig. 5.2
Organisation of partners
In February 2007 implementation was completed in all stations. Measurements going on since and
results are collected at IfT in a centralised database. Comparisons of UFP 330 with DMPS are prom-
ising.
The beneficiary LfUG was responsible for finance management. In the beginning of the project it was
decides to harmonise the sampling procedures using a dryer unit and a critical orifice. Therefore,
more costs were necessary (about 5 - 8 k€) for each sampling stations. It was possible to shift the
money from different cost categories to equipment respectively to prototype costs, within the SAP-
rules.
Dissemination of project results was communicated via the final conference in October 2007 with 120
participants and during scientific conferences and papers as well as press events and a website.
Timetable UFIPOLNET LIFE 04 ENV/DE/000054 22-Nov-2007
31.03.08
01.12.2004
01.2005
12.2004
1.1.04
1.1.05
1.1.06
1.1.07
1.1.08
Managment 1
Designing 2
Implementation
3
Measuring 4
Evaluation 5
Dissemination 6
2004
2005
2006
2007
old plan
progress 1
07.3.06
progress
2
final
30.06.08
intermediate
09.05.07
final conference
23-24-Oct 07
2008
fig. 5.3
Progress of tasks
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6 TECHNOLOGY
The UFP 330 is an electrical mobility spectrometer. It quantifies particles between 20 and 800 nano-
metres in 6 size classes by classification of the particles in an electric field after charging them using a
diffusion charger. These classes are: >20 | >30 | >50 | >70 | >100 | >200 (<800) nanometre. Neither
butanol nor radioactive source is needed. The particle sizes are calculated by an inversion program.
One value for every size class every 10 minutes is produced. This is reduced to half-hour averages
for the measuring networks.
fig. 6.1a, b
UFP 330 at the pilot station Dresden Schlesischer Platz
(Photo: left L. Hillemann; right: H. Gerwig)
The 4 Prototypes are implemented in 4 different measuring stations in Stockholm, Augsburg, Dresden
and Prague. All data including measuring results and error as well as operation status are saved on
the internal hard drive of an internal computer. The data will be transferred to a laptop at least every 4
weeks. The data will be evaluated by the user team and IfT.
The Data-interface is individual for each station. The solution for Dresden and Prague are based on
the Bayern-Hessen protocol for Augsburg and Stockholm on IP-Protocols.
In Dresden, the data is transferred online to a measuring network computer and from there to a cen-
tral computer by modem. There, all data of 30 measuring stations are saved, validated and presented
to the users of the data. Most of the data are made public via Internet. Data from all 4 UFP 330
measuring stations were published on the website from March to August 2007.
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UFIPOLNET TECHNICAL FINAL REPORT (18-June-2008)
11
fig. 6.2
Measurements UFP 330 implemented in the software ADVIS in the Saxony measuring
network (Start 24-Jan-2007)
Measuring Principle
The operating principle of the UFP is based on diffusion charging of particles, followed by size segre-
gation within a DMA and detection of the aerosol via a sensitive electrometer.
Charger: The charging device in the UFP is the "Corona-Jet" charger. Unipolar air ions from a corona
needle-tip discharge are swept by clean air (1.0 L/min) through an orifice into a field-free mixing
chamber of about 10 cc volume, forming a jet which collides with an opposing jet of the incoming
aerosol (4.0 L/min). The turbulence of the two colliding jets improves the mixing of the aerosol with
the unipolar ions, so that even within the residence time of about 0.25 seconds in the mixing
chamber, most of the aerosol has reached its limiting charge state.
For aerosols charged by the corona-jet method, the mean charge per particle was found in detailed
experiments to be accurately proportional to the particle's electrical-mobility diameter in the range
from 10 nm to 1000 nm diameter. Thus, aside from size-dependent losses, the net current in the
electrometer is proportional to the sum of the diameters of all particles per unit volume. Actual per-
formance deviates from this ideal, due to size-dependent losses in the particles transmitted from
the charger to the electrometer.
DMA: The charged aerosol passes into the main part of the Differential Mobility Analyzer (DMA). The
DMA contains two concentric metal cylinders. The polydisperse aerosol and sheath air are intro-
duced at the top of the Classifier and flow down the annular space between the cylinders. The
aerosol surrounds the inner core of sheath air, and both flows pass down the annulus with no mix-
ing of the two laminar streams. The inner cylinder, the collector rod, is maintained at a controlled
negative voltage, while the outer cylinder is electrically grounded. This creates an electric field be-
tween the two cylinders.
The electric field causes positively charged particles to be attracted through the sheath air to the
negatively charged collector rod. Particles are precipitated along the length of the collector rod.
The location of the precipitating particles depends on the particle electrical mobility, the Classifier
flow rates, and the Classifier geometry. Particles with a high electrical mobility are precipitated
along the upper portion of the rod; particles with a low electrical mobility are collected on the lower

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portion of the rod.
Particles within a narrow range of electrical mobility exit with the monodisperse air flow through a
small slit located at the bottom of the collector rod. These particles are transferred to a particle
sensor to determine the particle concentration. The remaining particles are removed from the
Classifier via the excess air flow.
Electrometer: After leaving DMA, the aerosol enters a faraday cage where the particles, and their
charge, are collected on particle filter. The filter is conductive, and is electrically connected to the in-
put of a sensitive electrometer amplifier. The electrometer's critical circuits are contained in a small
enclosure placed near one end of the filter to minimize input capacitance and to maintain mechanical
stiffness of the leads and thus avoid micro phonics. The filter may be replaced provided proper pre-
cautions are taken to prevent electrostatic-discharge damage to the sensitive electrometer circuit.
fig. 6.3
Flow Scheme UFP 330
The sampling system
The sampling system consists of a pre-impactor and a dryer. Conductive and non corrosive tubing
material such as stainless-steel that is weather- and sunlight-resistant is used (see fig 6.4).
Dryer: Atmospheric aerosols may change their size and physical properties if ambient conditions vary
such as temperature and relative humidity. Low volatile compounds may evaporate with increasing
temperature. On the other hand particle size may increase with increasing relative humidity due to
hygroscopic growth. Thus, the measured particle number size distribution depends strongly on the
relative humidity within ambient air but also in the instrument. In humid environments with high
ambient temperatures and high dew points, the water may even condense when entering the air
conditioned measurement container leading to an increase in particle diameter. To avoid these
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problems, the usage of a membrane dryer within the aerosol sampling is recommended. The
method is based on water vapour diffusion through a membrane (Nafion) into a dry air flow. This
instrument does not need any regular maintenance, but it does require initial buying costs.
fig. 6.4
Sampling system of UFP 330 implemented at all 4 stations (Hillemann/Wehner)
Inlet: The sampling head (PM10) removes larger particles to avoid contamination of the instrument.
The pre – impactor (PM1 inlet, standard flow 1m³/h or 16.7 lpm) is needed in order to sample with
highest velocities and laminar flow. The flow scheme of the instrument is documented in the users
manual.
Data Collecting and Processing
A measurement cycle can be divided into the two parts:
a) Raw data collection from the electrometer; b) Data inversion through mathematical routines
Raw data is taken from the electrometer and stored in a local database, containing the system pa-
rameters like sheath flow and sheath temperature. The second part, the inversion program, takes the
stored values and calculates the result. Therefore, the inversion algorithm can be changed afterwards
without influence to the data collection.
Instrument Design
The instrument is placed in a 19“Rack, 710 mm height and 410 mm depth and its weight is about 30
kg. The instrument needs a direct environment of 10 - 40°C and 0 – 90% relative humidity, which are
mostly the conditions inside a measurement container. A sampling volume of 5 litres per minute is re-
quired. An internal PC and a Front panel display (240×128 pixel) Touch screen LCD are included.
Output ports are Serial (user programmable), Ethernet and USB.
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7 PROGRESS RESULTS
7.1 General
As you can see from fig. 5.3 Management and Dissemination were running from the beginning until
the end of the whole project life. Task Design (T2) was running all through 2005 and needed a 10
month extension. Therefore Task Implementation (T3) and Task Measuring (T4) was shortened to 2
respectively 12 months in comparison to the plan of 5 (T3) and 18 (T4) months.
7.2
Task 1 Coordination activities (Management)
The project manager created and updated the
project time plan
. The project manager helped the
finance coordinator respectively its predecessor in producing individual
finance plans for the partner
contracts
and to write the
financial guidelines UFIPOLNET
. A
dissemination plan
has been
made.
The
Beneficiary employed the project manager
from Jan/05 with 80 % and from Mai/05 with 100%
of a full time position until the end of the project. The
finance coordinator was employed
in Jun/05
for 16 h per week until Dec/05. From Jan/06 until Mar/08 it was 8 h per week. In
May/06 the Engi-
neer was employed
as planned for 20h per week until the end of the project.
Project meetings with partners:
3-day
kick off meeting
in Jan/05; 2-day
2
nd
annual meeting
from 16-17/May/06,
3
rd
annual
meeting
from May/07 and last meeting with all participants 22/Oct/2007.
Assembly team
(TOPAS, IfT and co financer TSI)
meeting
with minutes: at the European
Aerosol Conference (30/Aug/05), 06/Dec/05, 20/Mar/06, Sep/07, 4/Mar/08. The
assembly
team
also organised telephone conferences. The assembly team had a lot of contacts via
email and telephone with each other. During the International Aerosol Conference in St.
Paul/USA a meeting took place on the 13/Sep/06. Telephone conference on the 27/Oct/05
(with minutes) and during spring 06.
Meetings with
TOPAS
and UBG (9/Mar/06) to visit the measuring container in Dresden and in
spring with TOPAS, regarding financial guidelines.
The project manager organised and documented
meetings with IfT
(30/Jun/05) and
with
TOPAS
(25/May/05) and 14/Dec/05 with TOPAS regarding financial guidelines.
The EU commission visited the project by desk officer Mr. Grzesiskowski and finance officer Mrs.
Scherzer on 22-Nov-08. The project manager organised, with the help of the partner IfT and TOPAS,
the
visit of the project
by
PARTICIP
(Mr. Reisenberger) on the 20/May/05, 17/May/06 and Nov/06.
Project meetings inside
the beneficiary organisation (
LfUG, UBG
): Inside LfUG: more than 5 half
days meetings (14/Dec/04; 26/Jul/05; 03/Aug/05, 11/Aug/05 (without minutes), 25/Aug/0805,
29/Nov/05. Coordination meeting LfUG / UBG 15/Nov/05 presenting up-to-date news on UFIPOLNET,
20/Dec/05 preparation employment engineer at UBG, 22/Mar/06 and 9/May/06. A half day for the half
time meeting with LfUG/UBG/LfL: 5/Jul/06. Meetings with the press officer: Half day meetings
1/Aug/06, 20/Sep/06. Financial manager + Sub department 13: half day meeting 1/Feb/06 and
15/Mar/06 regarding financial management. Sub department 14: half day meeting 23/Mar/06 regard-
ing dissemination: Logo, leaflet, Layman report, notice boards.
Project meetings with other organisations
(
LfL, SAB, LANU, VOR, TMGS
):
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LANU (Landesstiftung für Natur und Umwelt): Half day meeting at the Blockhaus, Dresden
as a possible location for final conference on 14/Jul/06
VOR, advertising agency: Half day meetings at VOR on the 9/May/06, half day meeting on
19/May/06.
SAB (Sächsische Aufbaubank): Half day meeting at the SAB, Dresden city as a possible
location for the final conference on 15/Aug/06. In Oct/2007 for detailed planning.
LfL (Landesanstalt für Landwirtschaft): First half day meeting with auditor of the project on
12/Sep/06; Additional meetings after Nov/2007 to discuss the audit. Auditing process
started Feb/08.
TMGS (Tourismus Marketing Gesellschaft): Mar/07 and also later on for preparation of fi-
nal conference.
The updated
contract
for the
rooms
+
catering
for the final conference at the SAB (Oct/07) were
signed in Jan/07.
The project manager created and updated the
project time plan
. The finance coordinator helped the
project manager to write the
financial guidelines UFIPOLNET
. A
dissemination plan
(past and fu-
ture events) has been made.
The project coordinator updated the
address file (see Attachments)
,
dissemination
plan and distri-
bution list with postal address, with email address (now 900). The
numbers of internet hits
are
counted and documented since Aug/05.
The financial plan has been made and sub plans attached to the partner contracts. The financial plan
has been updated continuously.
Representatives of the beneficiary:
The finance coordinator:
Coordinates the Sub-Payment-Requests by partners and checks
the invoices and other financial papers.
Sub department 14
helped to produce the
leaflets, sign boards
and to
organise
the
final
conference
as well as the
public event
.
The
press department
has launched press releases in Jan/05 and Feb/07 and in Oct/07.
The
president of LfUG
attended the press meeting in February 2007. His deputy attended the
final conference in Oct/07.
The desk officer in
sub department 22
is responsible for particle measurements in Saxony at-
tended different meetings, like the annual meetings and the assembly team meetings.
Following
reports have been delivered
since the start of the project to the commission:
Documentation of the kick off workshop (5 - 7/Jan/05) incl. DVD-ROM
Short minutes including pictures during the visit of PARTICIP (20/Jul/05)
Financial Guidelines UFIPOLNET (Ver. 12/Oct/05)
Documentation of the 2
nd
annual workshop (16 - 17/May/06) incl. DVD-ROM
Progress report 1 (7/Mar/06) (including partner contracts)
Progress report 2 (29/Sep/06)
Intermediate report (4/May/07)
Partner:
UFIPOLNET TECHNICAL FINAL REPORT (18-June-2008)
15

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Last partner contracts have been signed in 2006. Amendments of partner contracts were necessary
because of prolongation of the project for 4 months until 31/Mar/08. Partner contract with UBG was
signed in Dec/07 and cancelled in Jan/2008. No amendment of the project was needed.
An extension of the project duration for 4 months was needed to keep the measuring phase for all
measuring stations at the aim of one year, especially at the partner stations Augsburg, Prague and
Stockholm.
7.3
Task 2 Designing and planning, assembly and calibration of the prototype
This is the main task in the beginning of the project. A lot of work has been done from TOPAS and
IFT with the help of TSI providing more than planned device parts.
Objectives according to the proposal
Outcome
Definition of user requirements
O.K., see attachment to progress report 2.
Planning of the prototype
O.K., a
Report with blue prints
and pictures
in
the
users’ manual
attached.
Assembly of first prototype
+ Assembly of the other three protoypes
O.K.;
TOPAS assembled last 3 of 4 UFI 330 in Jul/06.
Interfaces are ready.
Calibration of first prototype
O.K., first measurements in comparison to other
DMPS
with promising results (May/06).
These measurements are documented in the pre ver-
sion of the users’ manual.
Tests and calibration of the other 3 prototypes
O.K.
They have been tested during Aug -Sep/06,
Jan/07 and Jan/08 by IfT. A
test report
of the 4 in-
struments is attached to this report.
Delivery of the prototypes
OK: Dec/06
Dresden +
other 3 in Feb/07
by
TOPAS/IfT
Technical problems occurred in middle to end of 2005 and were be solved by the assembly team with
success. This problems caused a temporarily delay of about 10 months inside Task 2 Designing
which. The delay will be compensated by a shorter respectively parallel working Task 3 Implementa-
tion and shorter Task 4 Measuring Activities. The aim of the project to measure at least one year dur-
ing the project duration has been realised.
After the results of tests with ambient aerosol Aug-Sep/06 at IfT/UfZ-Eisenbahnstr. (s. fig 5a,b), not all
individual instruments produced the expected results (s. Task 5). The assembly team found that one
part of the devices was not working well. These parts have been identified and were exchanged in the
beginning of 2007. After these parts were exchanged, further tests were done. These comparisons
showed good results between the 4 prototypes and the reference instrument (DMPS) in January 2007
(s. Task 5). Another test with all instruments in Jan/08 showed good results after some cleaning pro-
cedures (see Task 5 and attachment).
In Dresden, special monthly evaluations and checks have been performed to monitor the parts caus-
ing the past problems as well as to determine the necessary time for filter changing. Particle number
concentration is tested in parallel with a CPC respectively distinct particle diameter samples are
tested in parallel with a SMPS.
16
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UFIPOLNET TECHNICAL FINAL REPORT (18-June-2008)
17
fig. 7.1a, b
Photos of the 4 prototypes UFP 330 Sep-2006 at the common IfT/ UfZ (Helmholtz Zen-
trum für Umweltforschung – UfZ) calibration test laboratory in the Eisenbahnstr. in Leipzig
situated in a flat. High polluted ambient air of a street canyon was measured.
(Photo: TOPAS)
7.4
Task 3 Implementation at the test sites / training for the participants
Task 3 started in June 2006, not in January 2006, as it was planned in the beginning. First, theoretical
subjects were discussed during the annual workshop in May 2006.
The assembly team recommended a sampling system including an inlet and a dryer (see attached
documents for details: Suggestion inlet and necessary main components). The parts for sampling
have been bought by the user group as it was discussed at the 2
nd
annual meeting.
The descriptions of the 4 measuring stations were made by the user team, air quality parameter were
compared (see. fig. 6 a, b) and presented at the second annual workshop in Leipzig (May 2006).
Objectives according to the proposal
Outcome
1
st
Prototype
installed in Dresden
26/Jun – 09/Jul/06
report about first test
runs in the
measuring station for two weeks. (see attachment)
Documentation of training sessions
(Workshop
May 2006, technician training Jan/08)
photodocumentation technichian training
Jan/08
(see attachment)
Interface
communication at all station
Works at all stations Feb/07
Delivery of 3 prototypes
to user group after test at IfT
Dec/06: Dresden; Feb/07: Augsburg, Stockholm, Pra-
gue
Installation prototype 3 locations
+
on site training
at the locations
LfUG station:
October
Dec/06: Dresden; Feb/07: Augsburg, Stockholm, Pra-
gue
First
test runs Dresden + structured data
Nov/06 - Dec/06, first data in Measuring network
Dresden Jan/07
First test runs
Augsburg, Prague, Stockholm +
structured data
Feb/07

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UFIPOLNET TECHNICAL FINAL REPORT (18-June-2008)
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Dresden
Augsburg
Stockholm
Prague
μg/m³
NOx
NO2
NO
PM10
0
10.000
20.000
30.000
40.000
50.000
60.000
Dresden
Augsburg
Stockholm
Prague
NC cm
-3
> 3 or 7nm 2)
50-100nm
NC 10-30 nm
fig. 7.2 a, b
Comparison of annual averages of particle numbers of different particle diameters of
other installed measuring devices at the measuring stations; NOx, NO2, NO and PM10.
7.5
Task 4 Measuring activities and demonstration
Task 4 started partly in
October and again after a break in December 2006 in Dresden, not in June as
it was planned in the beginning of the project. The other measuring stations started to work in Febru-
ary 2007.
Objectives according to the proposal
Outcome
End of
first test runs
(February until March 2007)
Database of all 4 stations
Log book every 2 months
All stations delivered reasonable data on first glance.
Discussion of results in May at project workshop.
All stations deliver
data to the database at IfT
since
Mar/07 until Mar/08 and in future (attached on DVD)
Included in
Report with presentation of data
at-
tached
Report of improvements of the device
attached
0
3000
6000
9000
12000
15000
Augsburg
Dresden
Prague
Stockholm
Particle number [cm
-
³]
0
30
60
90
120
150
NOx [μg
.
m
-
³]
UFP 20 - 500 nm
NOx
0
3 000
6 000
9 000
12 000
15 000
18 000
00
02
04
06
08
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
time of day
particle number [cm
-3
]
0
30
60
90
120
150
180
210
40 times soot concentration
and NOx [μg
.
m
-
³]
20-30 nm
30-50 nm
50-70 nm
70-100 nm
100-200 nm
>200 - 500 nm
NOx
soot *40
fig. 7.3
a
Comparison of 4 measuring stations: Jun/07 averages of particle numbers and NOx.
b
Dresden half hour average particle number concentrations UFP 330 compared to NOx,
soot b average weekday 24/1 – 19/Mar/07

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19
10
20
30
40
50
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
Augsburg
Dresden
Stockholm
Prag
Augsburg
Dresden
Prag
Stockholm
3 4 5 6 7 89 10 11 12
800
1600
2400
3200
4000
fig. 7.4
Comparison of 4 measuring stations, particle number concentrations 30 - 50 nm Mar-
Dec/07:
a
average month
b
Average week
7.6
Task 5 Evaluation
Task 5 has been already started in August, not in Sep/06, by running 4 devices in parallel at the IfT at
a place with high traffic load and high concentrations of ultrafine particles (Leipzig, Eisenbahnstr.) (s.
fig 5a,b) not all individual instruments produced the expected results. The second comparison took
place in Jan/07 at the same place. The Status Evaluation Prototypes Report by IfT, Jan/07 report
says: “As a result of the comparison measurements, IfT is very convinced by the measurement accu-
racy and recommends installation of systems at four test sites. Now, experiences with long term
measurements concerning quality stability are required. The comparison measurements in Jan/08
gave also good results for all instruments after cleaning procedures. In the beginning of comparisons
especially the instrument from Augsburg (site with cleanest air in > 500 m distance to next street)
showed good results of counting efficiency in contrast to the instrument from Stockholm. These find-
ings influenced the definition of time between periodic cleaning and other maintenance procedures as
described in the user's manual (attached).
Objectives according to the proposal
Outcome
Evaluation: comparison
to reference instrument in
Aug/06 + Jan/07 + Jan/08
Report on evaluation procedures
Jan/07 + Jan/08 gave good results. See text for de-
tails ;
Evaluation report
see attachment in
users manual
+
report about
questionnaire users
138
144
150
156
162
168
174
0
500
1000
1500
number concentration [cm
-3
]
hours after 09.01.2008, 0:00 MEZ
N3 (50 - 70 nm)
Augsburg
Stockholm
Prag
Dresden
TDMPS
fig. 7.5
Comparison of 4 UFP 330, particle number concentrations 50 - 70 nm Jan/08 showing
comparable results +/- 10%.

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7.7
Task 6 Dissemination
For details see: 8 Dissemination.
A dissemination report and plan for past and future events was created. A homepage in German and
English is updated every month. A logo and notice boards were created together by all partners and
an advertising agency. A leaflet in English and German was created in September 2005. Additional
leaflets were printed in English, German, Czech and Swedish in the middle of 2006. The homepage
address was shortened to:
www.ufipolnet.eu
.
A newsletter was 19 times distributed to 900 people
dealing with air quality. More than 15 oral presentations of the project were held at confer-
ences/meetings, professional trainings or a university by LfUG, IfT and TOPAS. 3 press releases in
Dresden respectively 1 in Stockholm were sent and several press organs published the results as well
as 2 TV-Broadcasts (Saxony (MDR) in German and Sweden (TV2) in Swedish). A two-day interna-
tional conference with simultaneous interpreter was hosted by LfUG in Oct/07 in Dresden dealing with
ultrafine particles in urban air and presenting results from UFIPOLNET project to 120 participants
from 14 nations. Also a citizen's podium discussion was organised by LfUG for the first time ever in
Oct/07. This was also presenting information about ultrafine particles to 30 persons in Dresden.
20
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8 DISSEMINATION ACTIVITIES AND DELIVERABLES
Deliverables / Event
Lang.
Date
Audience
Contribution
from
Homepage
http://www.umwelt.sachsen.de/lfug/luft-
laerm-klima_ufipolnet.html
;
Old address, links to other pro-
jects/institutions, English; Newsletter
(see DVD-ROM for screenshots)
DE, EN
17/Jan/05;
16/Sep/05;
3/Feb/06
scientists, network-
managers, public in
general interested
in fine particles
LfUG
Homepage
www.ufipolnet.eu
changed short address,
DE, EN
4/Aug/06
- " -
LfUG
Homepage
www.ufipolnet.eu
changed internal address to server SMUL,
layout changed to "green", German and
English separated
(see DVD-ROM for screenshots)
DE, EN
Feb/08
- " -
SMUL/LfUG
Flyer (Leaflets) in the languages of all
partners
:
- German, English (800 first circulation)
DE, EN
Sep/05
scientists, network-
managers, public in
general interested
in fine particles +
general public
LfUG
Flyer (Leaflets) in the languages of all
partners
:
- English (5000 second circulation);
- New professional Leaflet circulation:
3000 De, 1500 S, 1500 Cz (see DVD-
ROM)
DE, EN,
Cz, S
Aug/06;
Sep/06
scientists, network-
managers, public in
general interested
in fine particles +
general public
LfUG
Leaflets
at congress/event:
- 500 "In motion visions for urban mobility
and clean air" in London;
- 20 copies Kick-off LIFE Projects in 2005;
- 200 leaflets "PM 10 - Challenge or fait ?"
in Graz;
- 10 VDI AG Partikelmessungen
EN 15-16/Sep/05;
26-27/Oct/05;
17-18/Nov/05;
30/Sep/05
Air Quality Experts
and authorities and
media; VDI Working
group Particle
counting
EU Commission
/ Mr. Kaschl;
Astrale GEIE -
Particip GmbH
Mr. Reisenber-
ger;
LfUG in coop-
eration with
LIFE 04 project
KAPA GS;
LfUG/Dr.
Löschau
Leaflets
at congress/event:
- 500 EN "International Air Conference" in
St. Paul USA, 1600 participants;
- 100 – 300 EN to all partners;
- 100 GdCh meeting in Halle/Germany 4-
6-Oct-2006
- 20 Workshop “Ultrafeinstaub” UBA, IfT,
Leipzig
EN/DE
11-15/Sep/06
Aug/06
Oct/06
Mar/07
Air Quality Experts;
scientists, network-
managers
Members of partner
organisations
Chemist
German scientists,
network experts
LfUG in coop-
eration with
TOPAS
LfUG in coop.
partners
LfUG
LfUG in coop.
partners
UFIPOLNET TECHNICAL FINAL REPORT (18-June-2008)
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- 30 “Die Einrichtung von Umweltzonen in
den Städten”, Dortmund
- 300 KAPA GS, Klagenfurt, Austria (28 -
30-Mar-2007)
Mar/07
Mar/07
Local + regional
Authorities
authorities, politi-
cians, NGOs, scien-
tists, network man-
agers
LfUG
LfUG in Coop.
with KAPA GS
100 MTK 42 (Messtechnisches Kolloqium)
in Germany
750 EAC Salzburg, Austria (9- 14-Sep-
2007)
DE
DE/EN
/CZ/SV
May/07
Sep/07
network-managers
Scientists, authori-
ties
LfUG in Coop.
with LANU
NRW
LfUG, TOPAS
Newsletter
: UFIPOLNETnews No. 1-19
(s attachment example No. 18)
EN 27/Sep/05
until 4/Mar/08
500 – 900 experts
and authorities,
other persons
LfUG
Oral + Poster presentation
GdCh meeting in Halle/D
KAPA GS, Klagenfurt/Au
MTK 42 (Messtechnisches Kolloquium) in
Langenargen/D oral pr. (s. attach.)
EAC Salzburg/Au
4 Poster, 3 oral pr. (s. attach.)
Kongress "Medizin und Gesellschaft"
GMDS, Augsburg
Particles and Photo-oxidants in Europe,
Prague/CR (1 poster, s. DVD)
Ultrafine particles in urban air, Dresden/D
(7 oral, 3 poster s. DVD)
DE/EN
DE/EN
DE
EN
DE/EN
EN
DE/EN
4- 6/Oct/06
28-30/Mar/07
14-16/May/07
9 - 14/Sep/07
17-21/Sep/2007
25–26/Sep/07
23-24/Oct/07
Scientists/Chemists
authorities, politi-
cians, NGOs, scien-
tists, network man-
agers
network managers
Scientists
Epidemiologist
Scientists
Scientists
LfUG
LfUG/all
LfUG/UBG/
IFT
LfUG/IFT/
TOPAS + all
GSF, All
LfUG, CHMU,
All
All
Press release
: (DVD-ROM)
- Germany Kick-off
(3 articles in newspapers, 2 online arti-
cles, 2 press agencies)
- Germany begins measurements
(5 articles in newspapers, 3 online arti-
cles, 1 press agency, 1 TV)
- Sweden begins measurements
(2 online articles, 1 TV broadcast SV2)
DE
DE
SV
23/Jan/05
7/Feb/07
5/Mar/07
general public, local
authorities, local
politicians
LFUG
LfUG
ITM
- Germany: Final Conference
+ panel discussion (s. attachment)
DE
Oct/07
general public, local
authorities, local
politicians
LfUG
kick off meeting
minutes with next ac-
tions to follow + Documentation
DVD_ROM + Booklet
EN
5-7/Jan/05
LfUG officials, em-
ployee of partners
partners
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Layman report
Brochure (5 000 cp) with
short information about project results and
background
DE, EN,
(SV, CS)
Dec/07
general public, net-
work-managers
LfUG
Final Conference
: 120 participants from
14 nations; (s. attachment:) Abstract
book, PowerPoint presentations + poster
on website, picture documentation
EN Dec/07 scientists, network-
managers
LfUG, all Part-
ners
Citizens Information, Dresden
22-Oct-2007: s. attachment: picture docu-
mentation, invitation, feedback: 2 reports
DE
Oct/07
general public
LfU, IfT
Scientific papers:
UMID 2/2007 (see attachment)
4 EAC Poster and 2 oral presentations
In Annual report Saxon Air Quality
EN
EN
DE
2007
2007
2007
Scientists
Scientists
Authorities, general
public
LfUG
LfUG, IfT,
TOPAS, all
partners
LfUG
Report with recommendations for the
expert groups
(Send to 900 email addresses)
EN Mar/08 scientists, network-
managers
LfUG, all Part-
ners
UFIPOLNET Pen
(1000)
distributed at events, meetings, send with
material (see attachment)
Int. 2007 All LfUG
Indicators
Description Outcome
Use of the
homepage: Number of hits
200 – 2000 per month (s. below for details)
From 10/05 - 12/07: about
20,000 contacts
Published releases: Number of published
press re-
leases
1 in 05; 3 in 07
Pressecho 7/Feb/07: press > 2 Mio readers (Säch-
sische Zeitung, Freie Presse, Leipziger Volkszeitung,
Bild Dresden, Morgenpost Dresden
1)
),
3 min spot on TV MDR-aktuell 19:00 (about 1 Mio?
viewers) and TV1 in Sweden 19:00 in Mar/2007
(about 2 Mio? viewers), Oct/2007 (see attachment)
(0.2 Mio)
> 5 Mio contacts
1)
Numbers from article in Sächsiche Zeitung, 26+27.10.2007
Brochures
(leaflets)
available in the languages of all project partners
German (3,000), 2 English (800 + 5,000), Swedish
(1,500), Czech (1,500);
about 12,000 contacts
Newsletter
1 in 05, 9 in 06, 7 in 07, 2 in 08
(19 newsletter for 500 - 900 email addresses, more
than
10,000 contacts
and
> 4000 downloads
.
Number of participants at final conference
120
(30 at citizens podium discussion)
Layman report
5,000
distributed in Dec/07 - Jan/08
UFIPOLNET TECHNICAL FINAL REPORT (18-June-2008)
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UFIPOLNET TECHNICAL FINAL REPORT (18-June-2008)
fig. 8.1
Press event on 7/Feb/07 in Dresden: Photographers at work
(photo: H. Gerwig);
picture from
TV-broadcast on same day by MDR
(editor: F. Wend)
and in newspaper (
Freie Presse, page 3,
8/Feb/07);
Press event Mar/07 in Stockholm: picture from TV-broadcast
(TV2 20/Mar/07, ABC-editor:
O. Söderlund)
.
fig. 8.2
Info plates and running instruments at all 4 stations Feb/07: Stockholm, C. Johansson (up, left),

image
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Augsburg (up, right), Prague (down, left), and Dresden, Dr. Rudolph/TOPAS and H. Biele presi-
dent LfUG
(down, right) (Photos: ITM, GSF, CHMU, IfT, LfUG).
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
Jul
Sep
Nov
Jan
Mar
May
Jul
Sep
Nov
Jan
Mar
May
Jul
Sep
Nov
www.ufipolnet.eu
project
ultrafine particles
press webpage
conference page via webpage LfUG
ENV
Alert
web
+graz
Conf+
News1
News 2
2005
2006
2007
News 7
press event
7.2.
News 13
0
200
400
600
800
1000
Jul
Sep
Nov
Jan
Mar
May
Jul
Sep
Nov
Jan
Mar
May
Jul
Sep
Nov
sum Downl leaflets
sum Downl newsletter
sum Downl reports + presentat.
2005
2006
2007
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
Jul
Sep
Nov
Jan
Mar
May
Jul
Sep
Nov
Jan
Mar
May
Jul
Sep
Nov
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
press webpage
handout_7/Feb/07
Stockholm_pressinfo
Saechs_Zeitung_08/Feb/2007
feedback_doc_sweden
ENV
Alert
2005
2006
2007
press DD 7.2.
press Stockholm
EAC 2007
press DD
+ citicens info
+ conference
fig. 8.3
a: Number of hits UFIPOLNET homepage Jul-2005 – Dez-2007
b: Number of downloads of leaflets and UFIPOLNETnews
c: Number of hits press releases and press articles
The usage of the homepage was monitored via the number of hits since Oct/05 (s. fig 8.3a). Between
200 and 2000 hits per month were monitored. The announcement of the website by leaflet at confer-
ences in Sep and Nov/05, UFIPOLNETnews 2 in Feb/06 and a short hint to the website in Science of
UFIPOLNET TECHNICAL FINAL REPORT (18-June-2008)
25

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image
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image
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UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/DE/000054
Env Policy Mar/06 showed a positive effect on the number of hits. Also the press event on 7/Feb/07
and the announcement of the conference showed this positive effect. The UFIPOLNETnews2 had a
significant advertising effect for the sub-page, where ultrafine particles are described. UFIPOLNET-
News 7 was sent around to more than 500 email addresses but without attachment – only a link. This
could be the reason for doubling hits from Sep-Oct/06. The advertising effect of the press conference
in February 2007 doubled the homepage hits from January (s. fig. 8.3c). The interest in the press-
webpage was roughly the same in February as for the project itself because of a direct link from the
top-page of LfUG to that page.
In Oct/06, the sum of all downloaded newsletters increased by a factor of 5 and the sum of leaflets
doubled (s. fig. 8.3b). The presentation of UFIPOLNET presented at the TU-Dresden in Nov/06 was
very popular (362 downloads in Feb/07 only higher with 433 in Nov/07 directly after the final confer-
ence) which led the sum of downloads and presentations to rise from Dec/06 to Feb/07. The Power-
Point presentation from the MTK 42 for example was 231 times downloaded in Nov/07.
fig. 8.4
Final Conference, 23-24/Oct/07, Dresden
(up, left), Cover Layman report (up, right), Citizens in-
formation evening 22/Oct/07
(down, left), and invitation (down, right) (Photos: LfUG).
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Deliverables not mentioned in UFIPOLNET proposal
Deliverables / Event
Lang.
Date
Audience
Contribution
from
HTML and PDF-File
in Database
EN
End 04
Internet user, in
LIFE-
Programme in-
terested people
EU COM
PDF-File
introducing LIFE 04 Projects EN End 04
LIFE-
Programme in-
terested people
EU COM
Bullet board messages
:
EU-project
INTEGAIRE
;
Werkstatt
Feinstaub
EN, DE
27/Sep/05
readers of web-
sites: scientists,
network-
managers, pub-
lic in general
Sergio Ferreira;
LfUG
short description on website + weblink
from:
Feinstaub-Werkstatt
Berlin;
NANOSAFE
2
;
ITM
;
GSF
DE, EN
17/Oct/05;
18/Nov/05;
30/Nov/05
scientists, net-
work-managers,
public in general
interested in
fine particles
Berlin authorities;
EU FRP6 Project
NANOSAFE2;
partner ITM and
GSF
announcing UFIPOLNET:
88th Meeting of LAI-Unterausschuss
"Luft/Überwachung", Minutes;
European Aersol Conference contact to Mr.
Jacob (CAFE)
DE 22-23/Feb/05;
Air Quality Ex-
perts of federal
and national
authorities;
CAFE
Ministry of Envi-
ronment Saxony;
LfUG (Gerwig)
oral presentations
:
1 hour during a professional training: "
UFIPOLNET – ein transnationales EU-
Projekt"
VDI AG Partikelmessungen
Workshop Immissionsschutz
EU-Projekt misst Ultrafeinstaubpartikel an
Verkehrsschwerpunkt in Dresden (1,5 h
incl. discussion)
Werkstatt Ultrafeinstaub
Abteilungsleiterkonferenz, LfUG
DE
DE
DE
DE
DE
DE
31/Jan/06;
14-15/Feb/06
10/Nov/06
29/Nov/06
5/Mar/07
8/May/07
10 co-workers at
Saxon authorities;
Members of VDI AG
10 co-workers at
Saxon ministry for
Environment
Kolloquium Inst. f.
Verkehrsplanung und
Straßenverkehr
30 scientists from
UBA and other na-
tons (CH, AU)
head of departments
and co-workers (15)
LfUG (Gerwig)
LfUG (Gerwig)
LfUG (Gerwig)
LfUG (Gerwig)
LfUG (Gerwig),
IFT
LfUG (Gerwig)
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9 EVALUATION AND CONCLUSIONS
Project implementation
The
process
of Task Management and Dissemination were completed. Task 2 needed more time,
than expected (10 months), therefore Task 3 implementation was shortened and Task 4 measure-
ments started 12 months later than expected. Consequently a 4 month project extension was needed
to measure during a one year period as stated in the proposal. Task 5 evaluation started earlier than
planned to aid Task 2 designing. There was an added value when the user perspective influenced the
planning of building the new instrument as well as during the deciding process, that a standardized
sampling system was needed, which was not planned in the proposal.
The
problems encountered
where of technical reasons and were all solved. There were problems
with hard and software. The
partnerships
show good developments regarding dissemination activi-
ties as well as the cooperation in technical questions between assembly and user team. This project
unites six partners from three countries. They include experts on air quality from universities, authori-
ties and companies. Almost all partners were able to attend every time all of the annual meetings.
The
technical application
looks good and the aim of the task to develop and to test an instrument in
routine measuring networks will be fulfilled. The results of different instruments are similarly repro-
ducible. The limiting factors for the application at places with less number of particles in a city back-
ground (Augsburg) will be evaluated.
The
commercial application
in terms of economic feasibility shows potential. The UFP 330 was pre-
sented on the European Aerosol Conference Sep-2007 and final UFIPOLNET conference Oct-2007 to
aerosol scientists and people from administrations. A couple of interested persons asked for more in-
formation when the instrument will be available. The publications at the European Aerosol Conference
will help to underline the good quality of the UFP 330 with respect to data quality at a reasonable
price.
Comparison against the project-objectives:
The objective of the project to use a measuring in-
strument with the following characteristics to determine the particle count and size distribution has
been met: > Affordable price and easy integration into routine monitoring systems > Using neither
chemicals (butanol) nor radioactivity > Measuring six particle size categories (K1 – K6) › 20 | › 30 | ›
50 | › 70 | › 100 | › 200nm. The project-objectives were almost all reached or evenly balanced in such
areas as dissemination activities. The exceptions from this are: The range of particle sizes to be
measured had to be reduced from minimum limit 12 to 20 nm. The upper limit of 500 nm will be met.
The objective to measure during one year has been met due to extension time of 4 months at all 4
stations. Additional measurement activities are scheduled for a subsequent period of five years as
promised in the proposal. The results have been made available to interested parties such as CAFÉ-
members and VDI (the Association of German Engineers).
Effectiveness of dissemination activities:
Potential target groups were contacted personally and by
newsletter, webpage or printed media in case of conference announcements. The VDI will publish as
VDI 3867 Blatt 3 (Mobilitätsspektrometer) UFP 330 as an example. Members of the CAFÉ working
group were met at different conferences and held a lecture at the final conference in October 2007.
Other interested groups like health experts were contacted by 19 newsletters and are invited to the
final conference. The "Recommendation to Expert groups" was send to the newsletter distribution list
(900). The Layman report (5000 copies) has been sent for example to members of parliament of
Saxony, Germany and Europe besides air quality interested people all over Europe (> 1000 ad-
dresses).
Continuation of the project:
All 4 user team partner will continue to measure with UFP 330 for five
years after end of the project (31-Mar-2013). This was fixed in partner contracts and also between
TOPAS and user partners. TSI will support the user team in the first year with necessary consum-
ables and TOPAS give technical help. It is planed to publish two peer-reviewed scientific papers in
2008 dealing with technical descriptions and results of comparison measurements respectively also
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about one year measurements at 4 places in comparison with other air quality parameters like NOx
and PM10. Some of the partners want to extend the places where UFP are measured and will im-
prove the data quality with an instrument, which delivers particle number and size standard.
Analysis of long-term benefits
Environmental benefits
like
direct quantitative environmental benefits
will be no volatile organic
compounds (butanol) or radioactive source compared to common particle size classifier. Therefore no
waste of organic compounds or radioactive waste will result from using this instrument. The instru-
ment will bring the possibility to monitor ultrafine particles in routine measuring networks with only ba-
sic understanding of the subject by the persons working with it. There is a positive presumption, that
some routine measurement networks and health experts will buy the UFP 330. Therefore ultrafine
particles will be monitored on a routine basis in much more places in Europe than nowadays with the
help of a reliable and cost effective technique. Another advantage will be
energy savings
compared
to similar instruments which needs more electricity.
Relevance for environmental policy areas:
To measure number concentrations of particulate matter at different locations over a longer period will
be one way of showing the reduction of number concentrations of particulates in European cities ac-
cording to new directives aiming to reduce particulate mater. This can prove the effect of the TSAP
(Thematic Strategy on Air Pollution, Sep-2005) on the particles, which have a negative health effect.
The EU-project UFIPOLNET aims to show, that measurements of number of particulates in ambient
air with a routine measuring container can be easy, cheap and reliable to fulfil the possible new limit
value for different particle number concentrations in a new EU-directive. A revision of the AIR
QUALITY FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE (96/62/EC) is planned for 2013 by the European Commission.
It will be discussed if PM
10
limits will be changed to other metrics, like PM2.5 or PM1 or perhaps num-
bers of ultrafine particles. There will be limit values for measuring ultrafine particles in the exhaust of
cars in EU-directives (EU regulation 715/2007 (20.6.2007) about Euro 5 and 6). Therefore a need to
monitor the effects of these regulations in ambient air is needed.
Long-term sustainability:
Qualitative environmental benefits:
In particular, the social and economic costs resulting from ex-
posure to concentrations of ultrafine particles can only be estimated with great difficulty as reliable
data are missing. One might consider if measurement stations in Europe‘s routine monitoring systems
could measure size distribution of the ultrafine particles in the future by using the instrument devel-
oped in this project. Measurements from many areas can be compared with one another over many
years to understand the long-term trends. It would then be possible to verify the improved air quality,
for example, through the introduction of particle filters.
Qualitative economic benefits:
A cost-benefit analysis of a potential user of the new instrument
shows, that a user friendly and adequately tested device for measuring network container will be more
reasonable than only comparable devices with a couple of disadvantages.
Qualitative social benefits:
As the instrument is to be produced in small series starting in 2008, one can
assume that this will also create new jobs.
Replicability, demonstration, transferability, cooperation:
Transferability & Potential for Commercialisation:
The price is comparable to a PM2.5 sampler
used generally in routine monitoring networks and cheaper than other similar instruments. There are
possibly a couple of thousand routine air measuring stations in Europe which could use this instru-
ment, but it is not yet known how many other applications beside high traffic roads are possible. There
are also potentials to measure at other environments, like in traffic tunnels, perhaps at working places
with high loads of natural or anthropogenic particles. The limiting factor will probably be caused by
lower particle numbers below 1000 cm-3. The monitoring of the size distributions of high number of
particles in environments equal or less humid as in ambient air will be possible as well.
Benefit for users are very low barriers to use the new instruments, because no handling authorisation
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for radioactive parts is needed, high availability (>90%), instrument checking interval about 14 days or
longer, low price for consumables, no need of scientific knowledge about the instrument, solutions for
interfaces to routine measuring container / networks. There will be also no unwanted (stinking) bu-
tanol vapour in the measuring container and the breathing air of the user as well as no possible dan-
ger from nuclear radiation.
The results of the measurements at the 4 stations are applicable to a lot of other European measuring
places from northern Europe to middle Europe.
Specific target group information:
The dissemination activities showed the impact on relevant
groups. Leaflets in all languages of partners are available; therefore every one of partner organisation
is able to present the project at internal and external meetings. A couple of presentation have and will
reach important groups and possible future users. The general public was already reached by press
and TV-, radio-broadcastings in Saxony and Sweden. Every press release had a good impact, mostly
in a local to regional area, and also in Sweden on a national level. Because of the invitations and an-
nouncement for the final conference, the professional interested groups have been reached in a
broad way. The webpage gives information to the general public as well as to the scientists or practi-
cal users or authorities. The monitoring of the page hits showed the impact of newsletter, conference
presentations and press activities.
The project has an
innovative aspect
on international
level
, because the instrument is one of the
first to be put easily into a routine measuring container including proven connections to the peripher-
als up to the central database at the 4 measuring places. For the first time a standardised inlet / sam-
pling system was considered from an instrument developer of ultrafine particles to be very important.
This is the base for comparable results at all places measuring with similar instruments. This idea was
also brought into the VDI boards producing VDI-guidelines (3867).
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10 AFTER-LIFE COMMUNICATION PLAN
In short the Plan to continue disseminating and communicating:
Setup of a short and
stand alone After Life Communication Plan (
up to 4 pages) including
project objectives, methodology and results as well as communication strategy including main
target groups as well as future additional dissemination activities (see LIFE-website for a
form).
The "
recommendations for the expert groups
" about measuring ultrafine particles has been
send around by email to 900 addresses of the UFIPOLNETnews distribution list. This will un-
derline the importance of measurements of ultrafine particles in Europe.
-> External support with disseminating this via
LIFE-website or Newsletter of the EU-COM
would be helpful. Reason: A remark about UFIPOLNET + website address in the newsletter
ENV Alert of Science for Environment Policy showed a strong effect on the number of hits on
the webpage, which were tripled compared in March to two months before. Therefore a remark
in a newsletter from LIFE might be helpful too.)
Two scientific articles
in peer review periodicals will distribute the results of UFIPOLNET
worldwide to the scientific community of aerosol and applied scientists. Lead author will be L.
Hillemann/UBG, B. Wehner/IfT until Jun/08 for "Concept: Charging; Inversion, Intercomparison
between different UFP 330" and J. Cyrys/GSF for "background city, street canyons, city,
above street tunnel - comparison with other air pollutants" until end of 2008.
Two posters
will be
presented at EAC 2008
in Thessaloniki/GR with about 800 scientists
from Europe and the world. Lead author of abstracts are L. Hillemann/UBG and B. Wehner/IfT.
The
Layman report will be reprinted
unchanged. This will support the knowledge the rea-
sons and methods to measure ultrafine particles. It will be distributed worldwide.
VDI-Guideline work
will continue by LfUG and TOPAS. In
VDI 3867 part 3
UFIPOLNET and
the developed UFP 330 will be mentioned. This guideline is at the moment in draft modus.
Also the needs for routine measuring networks will be put into the VDI 3867 parts 1-6 where
appropriate.
-> It would be helpful to
support guideline work
also on the international level, like in
CEN or
ISO
.
Further presentations
about UFIPOLNET results will be planned later
.
-> If
EU-COM
plans sessions of
working groups
or
conferences/meeting/congress
con-
cerning air quality in cities it might be a good idea to invite project partner of UFIPOLNET to
present there data and there results concerning ultrafine particles.
5 years Measurements
at all 4 stations are planed. This will lead to a database of ultrafine
particles measurements. These data can be used for new projects in the field of environmental
analytics and also for effect studies together with epidemiologists.
-> To support research in this field it would be helpful to put needs of ultrafine particles meas-
urements in the next calls of the 7th FWP.
Comparison measurements
in Jan 2009 at IfT of all UFP 330. This would be a the third
comparison in a yearly
-> Extra costs, like travel costs and personnel costs are needed for IfT and 4 user group me-
ber: CHMU, ITM, GSF and LfUG.
Additional instruments
of UFP 330 successor will be bought in 2008 from LfUG.
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11 APPENDICES
This is a list of all deliverables mentioned in the proposal (D) and extra material (E), attached to
this final report. Some deliverables are only complete on DVD-ROM (C).
T1 Management
List of deliverables (D)
List of partner’s data: Contact persons (E)
T2 Design
Users manual (48 p) (D)
Test report of the first prototypes (D)
T3 Implementation
Technician training Jan 2008 (3 p) (D)
T4 Measurements
Report with the presentation of the data (D)
Database of all 4 measuring stations March 07 - Feb 08 (C)
Report with improvements of the device and the methods (D)
T5 Evaluation
Evaluation report (16 p) (D)
Report on evaluation procedures incl. user friendliness (D)
"Qualitätssicherung und Datenvalidierung für UFP 330" for Dresden (7 p) (E)
T6 Dissemination:
Recommendations to Expert Groups (D)
Dissemination list (D)
Dissemination examples:
UFIPOLNETnews No. 18 (3p) (D)
Press release 7-2-2007 in Dresden (D) and press echo for photo-date at the measuring con-
tainer: Invitation, Photos (C), TV-spot (C), press articles (C), radio-broadcasts (C)
A novel device to quantify ultrafine particles in urban environment (D)
European Aerosol Confernce (EAC): poster abstracts: 4 in 2007, 2 in 2008; 2 poster prints
(2007); 2 oral presentations (2007) (D)
Messtechnisches Kolloquium 2007: Abstract of oral presentation (D)
Article in UMID 2/2007) (3 p) (D)
Report in Materialien zur Luftreinhaltung in Sachsen (3 p) (D)
Photodocumentation: Ultrafine Particles in Urban Air Conference, Dresden 23 to 24-Oct-2007
(8 p); Evaluation of participants (2 p) (E)
Articles about conference: Gefahrstoffe Reinhaltung der Luft (3/2008) (1/4 p); Mitt. Umwelt-
chem. Ökotox., 14, (1/2008) (2 p) (E)
Photodocumentation: "Bürgerinformationsveranstaltung" 22-Oct-2007 (3 p) (E)
VDI 3867 Blatt 3 (Vorentwurf) (5 p) (E)
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Attachments:
-
DVD-ROM incl. final report and deliverables (E)
-
Layman Report
(Bürgerbericht / Citizens report) (24 p A4/3) (D)
-
Abstractbook final conference (74 p A4) (D)
-
Einladung/Invitation final conference (D)
-
Postcard "Bürgerinformationsveranstaltung" (E)
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12 LAYMAN REPORT
See appendices respectively is attached.
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13 Imprint
UFIPOLNET TECHNICAL FINLA REPORT 6/2008
Cover picture:
UFP 330 in Dresden, Schlesischer Platz. Jan 2007; Conference room at SAB Dresden during "Ultrafine particles in urban air" Oct - 2007
Photos: L. Hillemann, H. Gerwig
Editor:
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Department 2 - Integrative Environmental Protection, Air/Climate, Radiation
22 Regional Air Quality
Dr. Holger Gerwig, Dr. Gunter Löschau
Zur Wetterwarte 11, 01109 Dresden
kein Zugang für elektronisch signierte sowie für verschlüsselte elektronische Dokumente)
www.ufipolnet.eu
Editorial deadline:
June 2008
Copyright:
Diese Veröffentlichung ist urheberrechtlich geschützt. Alle Rechte, auch die des Nachdrucks von Auszügen und der fotomechanischen Wiedergabe, sind dem
Herausgeber vorbehalten.
June 2008
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology in Internet
(www.umwelt.sachsen.de/lfug).
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