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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
LIFE ENVIRONMENT Project
KAPA GS
K
lagenfurt‘s
A
nti-
P
M10
A
ction programme
with
G
raz und the
S
outh Tyrol
Wolfgang Hafner
Dresden 24.10.2007

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Bozen
Kärnten
Ljubljana
Steiermark
Südtirol

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Fine dust (PM10) in Klagenfurt
Klagenfurt 440 m
~ 700 -
1000 m
temperature
Völkermarkterstr:
38 μg/m3 AM
80 days > 50μg/m³
Koschatstr.: 27 μg/m3 JMW
34 days > 50μg/m³

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Actions in the city of Klagenfurt
Air-quality monitoring network
12 additional particle monitoring instruments
Modelling
Statistic forecast model
Particle – dispersion model (10x10m, NO2, PM10, PM 2,5 PM1,0)
nowcasting
Park & Ride system with anti-PM 10-shuttle-buses
8 electronic indicator boards
additional district heating or natural gas connections
Optimization of winter services
Retrofitting of city buses with particle filter
Public awareness campaign

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Results of Klagenfurt (annual mean PM10)
10.4%
22.4%
9.6%
0.3%
5.9%
51.4%
Traffic ex
Traffic non-ex
Dom. heating
Trade/Industry
10.4%
22.4%
9.6%
5.9%
0.3%
51.4%

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Results of Klagenfurt (annual mean PM10)
10.4%
22.4%
9.6%
5.9%
0.3%
51.4%
Traffic ex
Traffic non-ex
Dom. heating
Trade/Industry

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Results of Klagenfurt (annual mean PM10)
Traffic ex
Traffic non-ex
Dom. heating
Trade/Industry
10.4%
22.4%
9.6%
5.9%
0.3%
51.4%

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Results of Klagenfurt (annual mean PM10)
10.4%
22.4%
9.6%
5.9%
0.3%
51.4%
Traffic ex
Traffic non-ex
Dom. heating
Trade/Industry

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Results of Klagenfurt (annual mean PM10)
10.4%
22.4%
9.6%
5.9%
0.3%
51.4%
Traffic ex
Traffic non-ex
Dom. heating
Trade/Industry

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Results of Klagenfurt (annual mean PM10)
validation of background concentration
y = 1.00x + 17.00
R
2
= 0.88
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
0
5
10
15
20
GRAL-Zusatzbelastung [μg/m³]
Messwerte [μg/m³]

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Results of Klagenfurt (annual mean PM10)
10.4%
22.4%
9.6%
5.9%
0.3%
51.4%
+ ~17 µg/m³
background

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
sources of PM 10 –
Völkermarkter Str.
agriculture
0%
background
51%
private cars non-ex
16%
trucks-non-ex
2%
domestic heating
8%
trade & industry
6%
springtime road
clearance
0%
busses-ex
4%
trucks ex
1%
private cars ex
9%
busses non-ex
3%
directly caused by traffic: 35 %

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
sources of PM 10 –
Völkermarkter Straße, hot spot, winter mean 58μg/m3
trade & industry,
power plant
3%
background
41%
domestic fuel
9%
traffic - non ex
38%
traffic ex
9%
directly caused by traffic: 47 %

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Traffic decrease by soft measures
Park & ride systems with attractive shuttle-service
electronic indicator boards
reduced fees for bus tickets
Public awareness campaign
Car-free day 22.9.

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Public awareness

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Park & Ride West & Ost
(parking lots Minimundus & Cine City)
all over the year
Mo-Fr 06.20–20.00 h,
Sa -13.00
every 10 min.
free of charge

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
electronic indicator board (Ebenthaler Straße)

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
electronic indicator board (Völkermarkter Str.)

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Car-free day 22.09.2006

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At the FINE!Dustfree-Congress there were about
300 participants and 15 exhibitors coming from 17
nations.
review of the congress:
www.feinstaubfrei.at
www.kapags.at

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Closure of the Burggasse

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Closure of the Völkermarkter Str.
(TMW
Max
)

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Closure of the inner city zone (JMW)

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Ban on diesel-cars without PF < 31.12.2000

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Reduction of traffic strong measures
Air quality – ordinance
speed limits:
30 km/h within ring roads
100 km/h on the highway
Traffic ban for all vehicles (diesel and gasoline)
closure of Burggasse in City Center – no through road !
closure of Völkermarkter Str. after 5th day (2008)
closure of Inner City within ring roads after 10th day
(2008)
Exceptions for residents
Particle filter for road off maschines and vehicles
(2007-2009)

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Reduction of domestic heating emissions,
617 municipal apartments, effects on AM PM10

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
CMA- trial 2006/2007
start:
25.11.06
end:
07.02.07

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
CMA
Calcium-Magnesium-Acetate is provided as
a 25% solution, produced by “Chemson” in
Arnoldstein/Kärnten.
Trade name: CM-Austrosafe (distributed by
Fa. Innostar).
CMA works as deicing agent until -16° C.
CMA is not corrosive
harmless to terrestial and aquatic
environment

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
The CMA-gritting method
Gritting disk
Sprinkling beam

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Test on braking
ÖAMTC test-center Mail

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
PM10-Völk-Koschat WM 2005, grav.
y = 1.4282x
R
2
= 0.9116
0.00
20.00
40.00
60.00
80.00
100.00
120.00
140.00
0.00
10.00
20.00
30.00
40.00
50.00
60.00
70.00
80.00
90.00
TMW
before
CMA

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Korrelation gravimetric
25.11.06 - 6.02.07
period within CMA-test
y = 1.2918x
R
2
= 0.8388
0,0
10,0
20,0
30,0
40,0
50,0
60,0
70,0
80,0
0,0
10,0
20,0
30,0
40,0
50,0
60,0
70,0
Koschatstraße
Vö lkerm arkter Str
Difference 1,43 to 1,29
- 9,8%
- 3,7 μg/m3 AM
- 15 days exceeding limit values
TMW during CMA application

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
TMW
after
CMA
7.2.07 - 15.3.07
period without CMA
y = 1.4797x
R
2
= 0.8844
0.0
10.0
20.0
30.0
40.0
50.0
60.0
70.0
0.0
5.0
10.0
15.0
20.0
25.0
30.0
35.0
40.0
45.0
Koschatstraße
Völkermarkter Straße

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Ratio PM10 / NOx
0.00
0.05
0.10
0.15
0.20
0.25
0.30
0.35
0.40
0.45
Oct
Nov
Dec
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
ratio delta PM10/delta NOx
2004/05
2005/06
2006/07
with CMA
without CMA
-18 % PM10

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
PM10-Reduction by CMA
(-30% resuspension)

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
target
currently; 80
30
reduction; 50
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
days exceeding the LV
number of days

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
How can we meet the target ?
Szenario 2020
15.0
3
11.8
12.2
5.2
1.4
3.8
-14.8
-20.0
-10.0
0.0
10.0
20.0
30.0
40.0
50.0
60.0
number of days > 50 μg/m3
increase of traffic to
2020 (+51 %)
secondary particles,
background
particle filter for HDV
(90%)
particle filter for
busses (90%)
particle filter für PC
(90%)
domestic fuels -
45.5%
no split, washing
CMA

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
What are the costs ?
0
0,2
0,4
0,6
0,8
1
1,2
1,4
1,6
1,8
costs per year
Mio €
CMA
Particle filter PC
domestic fuel
Park&Ride W u O

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
Further activities in Klagenfurt
CMA-application in the streets
Further operation of Park & Ride West und Ost
Extension of parking fee areas in the Inner City
cheaper monthly bustickets (23 € instead of 35 €)
Refurbishment of 2400 municipal apartments (district heating instead of
single stoves)
New power plant (gas) for electricity and district heating, extension of
dsitrict heating net
Retrofitting of busses with particle filters
Particle filter for off-road-machines
free – public transport on polluted days ?
Reduced-traffic aerea in the inner city ?
additional park&ride systems in the North and South ?
Priority for public transport ?
Feasability study for toll ring system ?

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
CMA as dust binding agent in
summer

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
CMA test track, 20.07.07,
400 g/m2

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
www.feinstaubfrei.at
www.kapags.at

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
227

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LIFE-ENVIRONMENT Project Klagenfurt Graz Bozen
See you…………………...in
wolfgang.hafner@klagenfurt.at