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Location of Saxony
in comparison with other regions
2014

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The Location Report for Saxony – 2014 is un-
veiled 25 years following the peaceful revolu-
tion of 1989, which received crucial impetus
from within Saxony.
Who back then, could have foreseen the dyna-
mism with which Saxony would develop over
the past quarter of a century?
Saxony, the "Land of Engineers", has truly be-
come a centre of innovation. In many areas,
products made in Saxony are among the best
in the world. The major automotive manufac-
turers have returned to the former centre of
the automotive industry, successfully reviving
and continuing this great tradition. Nowhere
else in Germany is there such a density of top-
class research as that found in the Free State.
Saxony is home to high-tech industries, such
as micro- and nanoelectronics.
The most important thing: Steadily grow-
ing numbers of people are recognising the
strengths and benefits of Saxony as a place in
which to learn, work and live. We are relying
on these people – we welcome them and it is
only together with them, that the Free State
can continue to be successful. Saxony is al-
ready on a profitable path: The migration of
our people has been stopped, and the autumn
2014 unemployment rate is at its lowest level
since 1991.
The Free State of Saxony has utilised its op-
portunities and, following reunification, it
returned to its early industrial traditions, par-
ticularly in mechanical engineering and auto-
motive manufacturing. These were joined by
significant sectors such as microelectronics
and energy technologies. The enterprises in the
Free State, which include numerous medium-
sized businesses, are active in all major cut-
ting-edge fields, constantly developing new
solutions whether these be related to energy-
saving production, medical technology or the
production technology of tomorrow.
Here in Saxony, we are not the type to rest on
our laurels with these successes. We will con-
tinue to exploit and encourage the potential of
Saxony. So, for example, we will push on with
the expansion of the broadband network as a
fundamental basis for the progressive digitali-
zation of society. Alongside microelectronics,
an industry already well represented in Saxony,
other fields especially important in this respect
are software and information technology.
This report shows the areas in which Saxony
is comparatively successful, and where there
is potential for development as we move into
the future.
You too, can take advantage of the opportu-
nity and see for yourself how much is going
on. Get to know Saxony as a location and fed-
eral state which may surprise, but will certainly
inspire you in so many areas.
Yours sincerely,
Martin Dulig
Saxon State Minister for Economic Affairs,
Labour and Transport
Transforming new challenges into opportunities – this is the spirit of Saxony
Foreword

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Content
1.
Overview of the Fundamentals
05
2.
The Free State of Saxony – an Overview
06
3.
Saxony's Position in Europe
07
4.
Gross Domestic Product per Capita 1991, 2000 and 2013
08
5.
The Economic Strength of Saxony and Germany – a Comparison
08
6.
Employment Rates of the EU Countries and Federal States of Germany 2013
09
7.
Changes in Numbers of Employed Persons with Social Insurance Obligation,
split according to Federal States
09
8.
Unemployment Rate
10
9.
Unemployment Rates in the Border Areas of Saxony, Poland and the Czech Republic
10
10. Contribution of Industrial Sectors to Gross Value-Added in Saxony
11
11.
Gross Value-Added in Manufacturing
11
12. Overnight Stays by Foreign Guests in Germany 2013
12
13. Craft Enterprises 2013
12
14. Innovation Index for Countries or Regions of the European Union 2012
13
15. R&D Intensity
14
16. Patent Applications per 100,000 Inhabitants
14
17. Road Network Length and Density as of 1 January 2014
15
18. Gross Electricity Generation by Energy Carriers 2012
15
19. Foreign Trade, Saxony
16
20. Exports by Product Groups 2013
16
21. The most important Importing and Supplying Countries
for Saxony's Foreign Trade in 2013
17
22. Investment Rates of the Old and New Non-City States 2000 – 2013
18
23. Per Capita Debt of the New Non-City States
18

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Location of Saxony | 5
Best economic performance in
eastern Germany
With a gross domestic product (GDP) per capita
of 24,226 Euro, the Free State of Saxony boasts
the highest economic performance of all the
eastern German States. So, in a European com-
parison (weighted according to purchasing
power), it comes out ahead of every central and
eastern European state.
Industrial strength in the Free State –
high intensity of investment
Saxony's industry has made a crucial contribu-
tion to the economic success of the Free State;
at 54 percent (adjusted for inflation) it has
achieved the second highest rate of growth of
all German federal states since the year 2000.
Germany's industry grew by approximately 24
percent over the same period.
Significant fall in unemployment –
confounding the trend within Germany
and across Europe
Saxony's labour market is high-performing. The
level of gainful employment in Saxony grew by
0.5 percent year-on-year in 2013. The decrease
in the unemployment rate was the highest com-
pared to all the German federal states. Viewed
across Europe, the positive trend evident in the
employment market was even clearer. In 2013,
the unemployment rate in the EU 28 grew by
0.3 percentage points, while in Saxony it fell by
0.3 percentage points. Saxony's unemployment
rate is consequently below that of the EU aver-
age for the third year in a row.
Strong SME sector – backbone of Saxony's
economy and innovation driver
SMEs have a key role within the economy of
Saxony. Within this picture, there are some
60,000 trades and craft enterprises operating
in various areas of manufacturing, construction
and the retail and service industries. The density
of these enterprises is unusually high in Saxony,
moreover. At 14.7 enterprises per thousand in-
habitants, this is clearly above the German aver-
age of 12.5, and places it third among all the
German federal states.
Exports from Saxony – the volumes
remain high
Posting a value of 31.4 billion Euro, Saxony's
exports in 2013, once again, exceeded the 30
billion Euro mark. 40 percent of all exports from
eastern German states originate from Saxony.
And for the fifth time in succession, China was
the number one importer of these products and
services. However, at 55 percent, Europe never-
theless remains the most significant destination
region for Saxony's exports. Significant contri-
butions in this respect come from trade with
our direct neighbours, the Czech Republic, our
second-most important trading partner, and
Poland ranked number 5.
Innovation from Saxony – largest increase in
patent applications in all of Germany
Research and development are fundamen-
tally important for the future development
of Saxony as a business destination. Viewed
across Europe, Saxony is already well placed in
this respect. The ratio of R&D expenditure to
gross domestic product increased by 30 per-
cent from 2004 to 2012. The rising success is
acutely reflected in the numbers of patent ap-
plications made; taking 2004 as the baseline,
Saxony is the only federal state that can boast
notable growth in this respect (i.e. 26 percent).
Therefore it is scarcely surprising, that, in a
comparison of 79 European regions, Saxony
rose one position in the current Innovation In-
dex, and is now already at number 14.
First-class transport infrastructure –
the basis for a first-class economic structure
Having a transport infrastructure that is fit-
for-purpose, establishes a decisive prerequisite
for the mobility of people and the transport of
goods. Compared according to surface area or
number of inhabitants, either way the road net-
work density in Saxony is plainly higher than the
overall average in Germany.
Saving and investing – a Saxon tradition
Solid public finances are a reflection of the
economy, but at the same time they constitute
a significant precondition for the healthy future
prospects of any economic hub.
With an investment ratio of 18.7 percent (2013),
Saxony consistently outperforms the other fed-
eral states in applying its funds towards invest-
ments. At the same time, Saxony has a deter-
minedly lower level of debt compared across
the federal states. So Saxony is pursuing the
right course towards the future – investments
are only made possible by maintaining a solid
budget with no new indebtedness.
1. OvErvIEw OF ThE FundaMEnTalS

6 | Location of Saxony
Saxony
Germany
Population 31 december 2013 (1,000 persons)
4,046.4
80,767.5
Area (km²)
18,420.0
357,167.9
Population density (Inhabitants per km2)
220
226
Gross domestic product 2013
Euro billion (nominal)
99.9
2,737.6
% compared to previous year (price-adjusted)
0.3
0.4
Index (2000 = 100, price-adjusted, chain-linked)
114.2
115.0
Euro/inhabitant (nominal)
24,226
33,355
D=100
72.6
100
Euro/employed persons (nominal)
50,246
65,429
D=100
76.8
100
Employed persons 2013 (1,000 persons)
1,988.1
41,841.0
% compared to previous year
0.5
0.6
unemployed persons 2013
Unemployment rate (% total civ. labour force)
9.4
6.9
Proportion of gross value added 2013 (%)
Manufacturing (in respective prices)
18.0
21.8
D=100
82.6
100
Construction (in respective prices)
7.3
4.7
D=100
155.3
100
Mining and Manufacturing 2013
(Enterprises with 20 and more employees)
Employees (1,000)
264
6,008
Change compared to previous year (%)
0.8
0.4
Sales (Euro billion)
58.6
1,750.1
Change compared to previous year (%)
-1.6
-0.3
Export ratio (Foreign sales/Total sales)
35.4
45.8
D=100
77.4
100
Industrial density on 30 June 2013
Soc. insurance obligated Employees in Manufacturing per 1,000 inhabitants
74.6
81.2
D=100
91.9
100
Foreign trade 2013
Export (Euro million)
31,430.3
1,093,114.6
thereof:
EU-28 in %
44.3
57.0
Import (Euro million)
18,988.8
898,164.4
thereof:
EU-28 in %
63.2
57.2
Export ratio in GDP (%)
31.5
39.9
Medium-sized firms
Self-employed 2013 (annual average)
214,000
4,429,000
Self-employed as % of the labour force
11.2
11.2
D=100
100
100
number of craftsman enterprises to 31 december 2013
59,658
1,008,593
D=100
5.9
100
Enterprises per 1,000 inhabitants
14.7
12.5
number of cars to 1 January 2014
in 1000s
2,086.8
43,851.2
per 1,000 inhabitants
516
543
registration brand new cars 2013
in 1000s
109.0
2,952.4
per 1,000 inhabitants
27
37
level of qualifications of labour force 2013 (%)
with no job training qualification
6.4
16.8
Vocational training, vocational college
59.0
53.5
Master/technician training, technical school
16.0
10.1
University, University of Applied Sciences
18.5
19.2
Source: German Federal Office of Statistics, Saxony State Office of Statistics, "National Accounts of the Federal States" working group
(as of March 2014), "Official employment statistics of the federal government and state governments" working group (as of February 2014),
Federal Employment Agency, internal calculations
2. ThE FrEE STaTE OF SaxOny – an OvErvIEw

Location of Saxony | 7
3. SaxOny'S POSITIOn In EurOPE
1
unemployment rate
3
Gross domestic product
4
area
2013
Population
01/01/2013
Employment
rate
2
2013
2013
Change in
comparison to
the previous
year
per capita
(PPS) 2011
Growth
2013 / 2012
(price-
adjusted)
1,000 km
2
million
%
%-points
1,000
Eu 28=100
%
Saxony
18.4
4.1
74.3
7.9
-0.3
22.4
89
0.3
Germany
357.2
80.5
73.3
5.3
-0.2
30.8
123
0.4
France
632.8
65.6
5
63.6
10.3
0.1
27.4
109
0.2
United Kingdom
248.5
63.9
5
70.8
7.5
-0.4
26.4
105
1.7
Italy
302.1
59.7
55.6
12.2
1.5
25.5
101
-1.9
Spain
506.0
46.7
54.8
26.1
1.3
24.3
96
-1.2
The Netherlands
41.5
16.8
74.3
6.7
1.4
32.5
129
-0.8
Greece
132.0
11.1
49.3
27.3
3.1
20.3
81
-3.9
Belgium
30.5
11.2
61.8
8.4
0.9
30.2
120
0.2
Portugal
92.2
10.5
61.1
16.3
0.6
19.3
77
-1.4
Sweden
438.6
9.6
74.4
8.1
0.1
31.4
125
1.6
Austria
83.9
8.5
72.3
4.9
0.6
32.3
129
0.3
Denmark
42.9
5.6
72.5
7.0
-0.5
31.5
125
0.4
Finland
338.4
5.4
68.9
8.2
0.5
29.1
116
-1.4
Ireland
69.8
4.6
5
60.5
13.0
-1.7
32.3
129
-0.3
Luxembourg
2.6
0.5
65.7
5.8
0.7
66.7
265
2.1
Eu-15
3,319.0
400.1
5
65.0
11.0
0.4
27.5
110
0.0
Poland
312.7
38.5
60.0
10.3
0.2
16.4
65
1.6
Czech Republic
78.9
10.5
67.7
7.0
0.0
20.3
81
-0.9
Hungary
93.0
9.9
58.4
10.2
-0.7
16.9
67
1.1
Slovakia
49.0
5.4
59.9
14.2
0.2
18.9
75
0.9
Lithuania
65.3
3.0
63.7
11.8
-1.6
16.9
67
3.3
Latvia
64.6
2.0
65.0
11.9
-3.1
15.0
60
4.1
Slovenia
20.3
2.1
63.3
10.1
1.3
21.2
84
-1.1
Estonia
45.2
1.3
68.5
8.6
-1.4
17.3
69
2.2
Cyprus
9.3
0.9
61.7
15.9
4.1
23.5
93
-5.4
Malta
0.3
0.4
60.8
6.4
-0.1
21.6
86
2.9
Bulgaria
110.9
7.3
59.5
12.9
0.6
11.7
46
0.9
Romania
238.4
20.0
59.7
7.3
0.3
12.9
51
3.5
Croatia
87.7
4.3
49.2
17.1
1.3
15.2
60
-0.9
Eu-28
4,494.5
505.7
5
64.0
10.8
0.3
25.1
100
0.1
1
The data is standardised for the purpose of the international comparison and may therefore deviate from national data.
2
Employed persons aged between 15 to 64 compared against the population of the same age range
3
Unemployment rates are based on definitions corresponding to the recommendations of the International Labour Organisation. Unemployed as percentage of labour force
(employed and unemployed) aged 15 and over
4
Status as of September 2014, Saxony status March 2014, PPS = Purchasing Power Standard
5
Provisional figure
Differences in totals caused by rounding
Sources: Eurostat

8 | Location of Saxony
left bar 1991, centre bar 2000, right bar 2013
Source: "National Accounts of the Federal States" working group (as of March 2014)
4. GrOSS dOMESTIC PrOduCT PEr CaPITa 1991, 2000 and 2013 (EurO)
28,000
24,000
20,000
16,000
12,000
8,000
4,000
Saxony
Brandenburg
Saxony-Anhalt
Mecklenburg-Western
Pomerania
Thuringia
7,586
16,713
24,226
7,614
7,095
7,464
6,450
16,865
16,003
16,373
15,847
23,751
23,196
22,817
23,168
5. ECOnOMIC STrEnGTh OF SaxOny/GErMany COMParEd TO ThE wEakEST and STrOnGEST rEGIOnS
OF ThE Eu (nuTS lEvEl 2) 2011 (Eu 28=100)
1
in Purchasing Power Standards (PPS)
Source: Eurostat (as of March 2014)
350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
The eight regions with the highest per capita GDP
1
The eight regions with the lowest per capita GDP
1
Inner London (UK)
Luxembourg (LU)
Bruxelles-Cap./
Hamburg (DE)
Bratislavský kraj (SK)
Île de France (FR)
Groningen (NL)
Stockholm (SE)
Germany (dE)
Leipzig (DE)
Saxony (dE)
Dresden (DE)
Chemnitz (DE)
Sud-Est (RO)
Yugoiztochen (BG)
Severoiztochen (BG)
Sud-Vest Oltenia (RO)
Yuzhen tsentralen (BG)
Severen tsentralen (BG)
Nord-Est (RO)
Severozapaden (BG)
Brussels Hfdst. (BE)
321
266
222
202
186
182
182
173
123
95
89
89
86
39
38
38
37
32
31
29
29

Location of Saxony | 9
6. EMPlOyMEnT raTES
1
OF ThE Eu COunTrIES and ThE GErMan FEdEral STaTES 2013 (%)
LABOUR FORCE, TOTAL
regions
Employment rate
1
regions
Employment rate
1
Chemnitz
81.3
9.
Spain
74.3
1.
Sweden
81.1
Saarland
74.2
Saxony
80.8
north rhine-westphalia
74.1
Saxony-anhalt
80.7
10.
Latvia
74.0
Leipzig
80.6
11.
Cyprus
73.6
Brandenburg
80.5
12.
Portugal
73.0
Dresden
80.4
13.
Czech Republic
72.9
Thuringia
80.2
Bremen
72.4
2.
The Netherlands
79.7
14.
Lithuania
72.4
Bavaria
79.6
Eu 28
72.0
Baden-württemberg
79.2
15.
France
71.0
Mecklenburg-western Pomerania
78.5
16.
Slovenia
70.5
3.
Denmark
78.1
17.
Luxembourg
69.9
4.
Germany
77.5
18.
Slovakia
69.9
hamburg
77.5
19.
Ireland
69.8
Schleswig-holstein
77.5
20.
Bulgaria
68.4
hesse
77.0
21.
Belgium
67.5
lower Saxony
76.9
22.
Greece
67.5
rhineland-Palatinate
76.9
23.
Poland
67.0
5.
United Kingdom
76.6
24.
Hungary
65.1
Berlin
76.4
25.
Malta
65.0
6.
Austria
76.1
26.
Romania
64.6
7.
Finland
75.2
27.
Croatia
63.7
8.
Estonia
75.1
28.
Italy
63.5
1
Labour force (employed and unemployed persons) aged between 15 to 64 compared against the population of the same age range
Source: Eurostat
7. ChanGES In nuMBErS OF EMPlOyEd PErSOnS wITh SOCIal InSuranCE OBlIGaTIOn,
SPlIT aCCOrdInG TO FEdEral STaTES
CHANGE AT 30/06/2014 COMPARED TO 30/06/2008 (%)
Source: Federal Employment Agency (provisional results according to the place-of-work principle, as of August 2014)
Berlin
Hamburg
Lower Saxony
Bavaria
Schleswig-Holstein
Baden-Württemberg
Germany
Rhineland-Palatinate
Hesse
North Rhine-Westphalia
Saxony
Brandenburg
Bremen
Saarland
Thuringia
Mecklenb.-Western Pom.
Saxony-Anhalt
0
0
0
2
0
4
0
6
0
8 10 12 14 16 18
2.4
4.2
4.6
5.2
6.4
6.4
7.0
7.4
8.2
8.8
8.9
8.9
9.1
11.3
16.9
11.7
11.9

10 | Location of Saxony
8. unEMPlOyMEnT raTE
1
(%)
9. unEMPlOyMEnT raTES
1
In ThE BOrdEr arEaS OF SaxOny,
POland and ThE CzECh rEPuBlIC 2013 (%)
Saxony
New Federal States incl. Berlin
Old Federal States excl. Berlin
2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
17.0
17.1
7.6
18.3
18.8
9.9
17.0
17.3
9.1
14.8
15.1
7.5
12.8
13.1
6.4
12.9
13.0
6.9
1 1.8
12.0
6.6
10.6
1 1.3
6.0
9.8
10.7
5.9
9.4
10.3
6.0
1
Unemployed as a % of total civil labour force, annual average values
Source: Federal Employment Agency
1
Unemployed as percentage of labour force (employed and unemployed) aged 15 and over
The definition of unemployment rates is based on definitions corresponding to recommendations of the International Labour Organisation (ILO),
therefore differences may arise in relation to the nationally determined unemployment rates.
Source: Eurostat
Saxony
NUTS-2-Region
Chemnitz
NUTS-2-Region
Dresden
Poland
Dolnoslaskie
(Lower Silesia)
Lubuskie
(Landsberg)
Czech Republic
Severozápad
(North-western
Bohemia)
Severovýchod
(North-eastern
Bohemia)
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
7.9
7.4
7.3
10.3
11.3
9.7
7.0
9.6
8.3

Location of Saxony | 11
10. COnTrIBuTIOn OF InduSTrIal SECTOrS TO GrOSS valuE-addEd In SaxOny (%)
1991
2000
2013
Agriculture and forestry,
Fishing
Production
Manufacturing
Construction
Trading, Transport and storage,
Hotel and catering, Information
and communication
Financial, insurance and
corporate service providers;
Property and housing
Public and other such service
providers, Education and health,
Private households
0
0
0
5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
1.6
1.4
1.0
36.0
29.8
30.8
15.8
16.5
18.0
11.4
9.4
7.3
20.0
19.0
17.2
11.1
21.3
22.9
31.3
28.6
28.2
Source: "National Accounts of the Federal States" working group (as of March 2014)
11. GrOSS valuE-addEd wIThIn ManuFaCTurInG aCCOrdInG TO FEdEral STaTES 2013
(PRICE-ADJUSTED, CHAIN-LINKED), INDEx (2000=100)
Thuringia
Saxony
Bavaria
Saxony-Anhalt
Baden-Württemberg
Brandenburg
Berlin
Germany
Mecklenb.-Western Pom.
Rhineland-Palatinate
Hamburg
Hesse
Saarland
Lower Saxony
Schleswig-Holstein
North Rhine-Westphalia
Bremen
90
0
100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170
101.7
97.1
108.8
110.2
111.4
114.9
115.9
119.2
122.9
123.6
125.1
126.6
131.4
148.5
152.1
154.1
158.9
Source: "National Accounts of the Federal States" working group (as of March 2014), own calculations

12 | Location of Saxony
12. OvErnIGhT STayS By FOrEIGn GuESTS In aCCOMMOdaTIOn ESTaBlIShMEnTS and
aT CaMPInG SITES
1
In GErMany 2013
1
Accommodation establishments with at least 10 beds and camping sites with at least 10 pitches
Source: German Federal Office of Statistics, own calculations
Federal State
Overnight stays by foreign guests
in total
1,000
Change compared to 2012
%
Share in all overnight stays of
foreign guests
%
Bavaria
15,919
4.1
22.1
Berlin
11,560
9.2
16.1
Baden-Württemberg
9,898
5.0
13.8
North Rhine-Westphalia
9,512
3.3
13.2
Hesse
6,376
2.4
8.9
Rhineland-Palatinate
5,224
-1.7
7.3
Lower Saxony
3,556
1.3
4.9
Hamburg
2,662
11.3
3.7
Saxony
1,866
2.7
2.6
Schleswig-Holstein
1,719
11.6
2.4
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
945
3.0
1.3
Brandenburg
831
3.6
1.2
Thuringia
563
-5.1
0.8
Saxony-Anhalt
504
-5.1
0.7
Bremen
442
10.2
0.6
Saarland
342
32.9
0.5
new Federal States incl. Berlin
16,269
6.7
22.6
Old Federal States excl. Berlin
55,651
3.9
77.4
Germany
71,920
4.5
100.0
13. CraFT EnTErPrISES 2013
Source: German Confederation of Skilled Crafts, German Federal Office of Statistics, own calculations
Federal State
number of craft enterprises as of 31 december 2013 (Schedules a, a simple activities, B1 and B2)
number
Enterprises per 1,000 inhabitants
Proportion within Germany (%)
Baden-Württemberg
132,822
12.5
13.2
Bavaria
202,067
16.0
20.0
Berlin
31,047
9.1
3.1
Brandenburg
40,015
16.3
4.0
Bremen
5,508
8.4
0.5
Hamburg
15,482
8.9
1.5
Hesse
75,816
12.5
7.5
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
20,311
12.7
2.0
Lower Saxony
82,942
10.6
8.2
North Rhine-Westphalia
187,593
10.7
18.6
Rhineland-Palatinate
51,898
13.0
5.1
Saarland
11,866
12.0
1.2
Saxony
59,658
14.7
5.9
Saxony-Anhalt
28,925
12.9
2.9
Schleswig-Holstein
31,056
11.0
3.1
Thuringia
31,587
14.6
3.1
new Federal States incl. Berlin
211,543
13.3
21.0
Old Federal States excl. Berlin
797,050
12.3
79.0
Germany
1,008,593
12.5
100.0

Location of Saxony | 13
1
NUTS 1 Regions in Germany, France (FR), Italy (IT), the Netherlands (NL), Poland (PL), Spain (ES) and the United Kingdom (UK), other countries
2
Ranking not meaningful, because it is without the share of persons employed in industrial hi-tech sectors and knowledge-intensive service branches
as well as the HRST-O employment rate
Source and calculation method: Statistics Office of Baden-Württemberg
Prio-
rity
Eu Country or region
all-items
Index
(100 %)
level
Index
(75 %)
dynamic
Index
(25 %)
Prio-
rity
Eu Country or region
all-items
Index
(100 %)
level
Index
(75 %)
dynamic
Index
(25 %)
Index value
Index value
1
Baden-württemberg
72.1
83.4
38.0
47
Ouest (FR)
33.7
32.4
37.8
2
Île de France (FR)
58.6
69.4
26.4
48
Este (ES)
32.8
26.6
51.4
3
Bavaria
57.5
64.6
36.0
49
North East (UK)
32.8
31.2
37.7
4
Berlin
56.0
62.6
36.0
50
Centro (IT)
32.8
28.4
46.1
5
Finland
55.3
62.1
34.8
51
Nord-Pas-de-Calais (FR)
32.5
30.0
40.1
6
Denmark
54.1
58.3
41.6
52
West Midlands (UK)
32.4
33.3
29.6
7
Sweden
53.8
61.4
31.0
53
Bassin Parisien (FR)
32.3
31.7
34.3
8
hesse
52.6
58.3
35.3
54
Hungary
31.7
26.8
46.7
9
hamburg
49.8
54.9
34.7
55
Portugal
31.4
16.7
75.7
10
Luxembourg
49.4
55.5
31.2
56
Centro (ES)
31.1
19.9
64.5
11
Noreste (ES)
49.2
41.4
72.4
57
Saxony-anhalt
31.0
28.6
38.3
12
Bremen
48.7
50.6
43.0
58
Noord-Nederland (NL)
30.8
32.3
26.6
13
Centre-Est (FR)
46.7
51.2
33.1
59
Centralny (PL)
29.3
24.9
42.5
14
Saxony
46.7
45.7
49.5
60
Malta
29.2
20.7
54.8
15
north rhine-westphalia
46.0
47.8
40.9
61
Yorkshire and The Humber (UK)
28.9
29.0
28.4
16
East of England
44.9
51.7
24.3
62
Lithuania
28.8
23.3
45.6
17
Austria
44.5
42.1
51.9
63
Wales (UK)
28.8
32.0
19.1
18
Comunidad de Madrid (ES)
44.0
46.0
38.2
64
Latvia
28.3
18.4
57.9
19
South East (UK)
44.0
52.4
18.9
65
Poludniowo-Zachodni (PL)
27.1
19.0
51.6
20
Slovenia
43.6
36.6
64.5
66
Cyprus
26.8
16.8
56.7
21
lower Saxony
43.5
45.9
36.0
67
Poludniowy (PL)
26.7
18.3
52.1
22
Belgium
42.9
46.7
31.4
68
Sur (ES)
26.7
19.5
48.4
23
rhineland-Palatinate
42.4
47.0
28.6
69
Sud (IT)
26.3
18.9
48.5
24
Thuringia
42.4
39.7
50.3
70
Canarias (ES)
25.8
13.6
62.1
25
Sud-Ouest (FR)
41.9
42.5
40.3
71
Slovakia
24.6
21.9
32.7
26
Nord Est (IT)
40.9
31.5
69.3
72
Greece
23.2
15.4
46.7
27
Zuid-Nederland (NL)
40.7
46.8
22.6
73
Isole (IT)
22.5
16.9
39.5
28
Est (FR)
40.6
40.7
40.3
74
Pólnocny (PL)
21.2
14.7
40.5
29
London (UK)
39.6
44.5
25.1
75
Wschodni (PL)
20.6
10.6
50.7
30
Saarland
39.1
36.7
46.5
76
Pólnocno-Zachodni (PL)
20.5
12.3
44.9
31
Ireland
39.1
38.1
42.2
77
Romania
16.9
4.9
53.1
32
Nord Ovest (IT)
39.1
34.6
52.3
78
Bulgaria
16.7
14.0
24.9
33
Czech Republic
39.0
32.2
59.6
79
French Overseas Departments
(FR)
2
12.1
5.1
33.2
34
Noroeste (ES)
38.9
23.5
84.8
35
South West (UK)
38.6
41.2
31.0
36
Méditerranée (FR)
38.6
38.4
39.0
37
West-Nederland (NL)
38.2
43.1
23.4
38
Mecklenb.-western Pom.
38.1
29.1
64.9
for information only:
39
Oost-Nederland (NL)
37.1
39.7
29.3
Germany
51.0
54.9
39.2
40
Brandenburg
36.9
35.5
41.2
France
41.8
45.0
32.3
41
Schleswig-holstein
35.9
35.3
37.9
Italy
33.9
28.0
51.9
42
North West (UK)
35.8
37.8
29.7
The Netherlands
37.4
42.4
22.5
43
Northern Ireland (UK)
35.7
32.6
45.0
Poland
23.7
17.3
42.8
44
East Midlands (UK)
34.9
36.7
29.5
Spain
34.0
28.2
51.5
45
Estonia
34.9
31.3
45.7
United Kingdom
36.7
40.0
26.5
46
Scotland (UK)
34.2
36.0
28.8
Eu27
37.1
37.4
36.2
14. InnOvaTIOn IndEx FOr COunTrIES Or rEGIOnS OF ThE EurOPEan unIOn 2012
1

14 | Location of Saxony
15. r&d InTEnSITy
1
(%)
3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
0.60
0.61
1.03
0.41
0.33
1.69
0.65
0.66
1.10
0.41
0.34
1.68
0.60
0.65
1.12
0.40
0.34
1.72
0.60
0.68
1.37
0.40
0.34
1.71
0.67
0.74
1.46
0.44
0.37
1.80
0.72
0.85
1.23
0.48
0.40
1.84
0.78
0.85
1.22
0.49
0.40
1.82
0.78
0.88
1.25
0.50
0.41
1.89
0.80
0.81
1.30
0.51
0.41
1.96
Industrial sector
State sector
University sector
left bar – Saxony, right bar – Germany
1
Share of R&D expenditure in GDP, revised data, GDP status: Saxony August 2013, Germany August 2014
Source: German Federal Office of Statistics
16. PaTEnT aPPlICaTIOnS PEr 100,000 InhaBITanTS
CHANGE IN 2013 COMPARED TO 2004 (%)
Source: German Patent and Trademark Office, own calculations
-60 -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30
26.3
-7.1
-7.0
-21.9
-22.7
-24.2
-24.6
-41.9
-50.9
0.0
0.0
Saxony
Baden-Württemberg
Bavaria
Lower Saxony
Germany
Berlin
North Rhine-Westphalia
Brandenburg
Bremen
Mecklenb.-Western Pom.
Thuringia
Schleswig-Holstein
Saarland
Hamburg
Saxony-Anhalt
Hesse
Rhineland-Palatinate
-37.5
-7.7
-8.3
8.6
9.3
15.0

Location of Saxony | 15
road network length
road network density
km
km
km per 1,000 km
2
km per 1,000 inhabitants
Germany
Saxony
Germany
Saxony
Germany
Saxony
National autobahns
12,917
567
36
31
0.16
0.14
Bundesstraßen [federally
maintained A roads]
39,389
2,368
110
129
0.49
0.59
Landesstraßen [federally
maintained B roads]
86,210
4,792
241
260
1.07
1.18
Kreisstraßen
[locally maintained roads]
91,861
5,744
257
312
1.14
1.42
Total
230,377
13,471
645
731
2.85
3.33
17. rOad nETwOrk lEnGTh and dEnSITy aS OF 1 January 2014
The length of the Federal autobahn network in Saxony comprises the following sections:
A 4
Aachen – Görlitz
211.1 km
A 9
Berlin – Munich
20.4 km
A 13
Berlin – Dresden
26.4 km
A 14
Magdeburg – Dresden
98.5 km
A 17
Dresden – Praha
44.6 km
A 38
Göttingen – Halle/Leipzig
38.2 km
A 72
Hof – Chemnitz
126.6 km
Source: Saxon State Ministry for Economic Affairs, Labour and Transport
Source: German Federal Office of Statistics, Federal Statistical Offices and the statistical Offices of the Länder, own calculations
18. GrOSS ElECTrICITy GEnEraTIOn By EnErGy CarrIErS 2012
1
(BIllIOn kwh)
1
Provisional data, as of June 2014
Source: AG Energiebilanzen, Saxony State Office of Statistics
Saxony
39.0
Germany
629.8
Renewable energies
Miscellaneous
Lignite
Nuclear energy
Coal
Natural gas
Mineral oil products
Pumped-storage
hydroelectricity
3.1 (8.0 %)
0.1 (0.2 %)
1.0 (2.7 %)
4.4 (11.3 %)
0.1 (0.3 %)
30.2 (77.5 %)
116.4 (18.5 %)
76.4 (12.1 %)
7.6 (1.2 %)
6.1 (1.0 %)
143.5 (22.8 %)
19.6 (3.1 %)
160.7 (25.5 %)
99.5 (15.8 %)

16 | Location of Saxony
Export
Import
Euro million
Change compared to
previous year
%
Euro million
Change compared to
previous year
%
1991
2,581.6
2,086.8
1992
2,587.2
0.2
2,641.2
26.6
1993
2,721.9
5.2
2,648.9
0.3
1994
3,099.3
13.9
3,319.4
25.3
1995
3,645.9
17.6
3,858.2
16.2
1996
3,804.6
4.4
4,315.4
11.9
1997
5,376.3
41.3
4,865.1
12.7
1998
7,873.7
46.5
5,785.0
18.9
1999
8,876.7
12.7
5,823.7
0.7
2000
10,425.4
17.4
7,327.2
25.8
2001
13,209.1
26.7
8,046.1
9.8
2002
13,931.7
5.5
8,309.3
3.3
2003
15,143.9
8.7
9,002.3
8.3
2004
16,259.6
7.4
9,732.2
8.1
2005
17,696.2
8.8
10,623.5
9.2
2006
19,589.9
10.7
13,746.9
29.4
2007
23,432.6
19.6
14,856.3
8.1
2008
23,200.0
-1.0
15,388.8
3.6
2009
19,501.1
-15.9
13,605.3
-11.6
2010
24,743.4
26.9
16,902.7
24.2
2011
29,408.4
18.9
20,252.9
19.8
2012
31,827.7
8.2
19,477.9
-3.8
2013
31,430.3
-1.2
18,988.8
-2.5
major foreign trade partners:
Export
Import
2013
China
Czech Republic
USA
Russian Federation
United Kingdom
Poland
France
Austria
Poland
The Netherlands
19. FOrEIGn TradE, SaxOny
Source: Saxony State Office of Statistics, own calculations
20. ExPOrTS By PrOduCT GrOuPS 2013 (%)
Mechanical engineering products
Electro-technology products
Aircraft
Automotive products
Chemical and pharmaceutical
finished products
Fabricated metal products
Miscellaneous
27.8
11.5
11.6
0.5
42.3
2.8
3.5
43.1
3.5
7.6
18.0
3.7
9.4
14.7
Source: Saxony State Office of Statistics, German Federal Office of Statistics, own calculations
Saxony
Germany

Location of Saxony | 17
South Africa
Bulgaria
Portugal
Ireland
India
Canada
Israel
Brazil
Luxembourg
Serbia
Finland
Slovenia
Philippines
Mexico
Denmark
Norway
Singapore
Turkey
Malaysia
Romania
Thailand
Sweden
Taiwan
Rep. of Korea
Spain
Slovakia
Hungary
United Kingdom
Switzerland
France
Japan
China
USA
Italy
Belgium
The Netherlands
Austria
Poland
Russian Federation
Czech Republic
China
USA
United Kingdom
France
Poland
Czech Republic
Russian Federation
Italy
Austria
Belgium
Switzerland
The Netherlands
Spain
Malaysia
Hungary
Rep. of Korea
Turkey
Japan
Taiwan
Slovakia
South Africa
Australia
Sweden
Canada
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Denmark
Brazil
Romania
Norway
Ukraine
Mexico
Hong Kong
India
Finland
Slovenia
Portugal
Israel
Thailand
Singapore
21. ThE MOST IMPOrTanT IMPOrTInG and SuPPlyInG COunTrIES FOr SaxOny'S FOrEIGn TradE
and ThE POSITIOn OF ThE Eu COunTrIES In 2013 (EurO MIllIOn)
1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000
0 200 400 600 800
800 600 400 200 0
1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800
Supplying countries
Importing countries
Supplying countries (EU countries)
Supplying countries
Source: Saxony State Office of Statistics
Importing countries (EU countries)
Importing countries
4,726.1
2,854.2
1.714.5
1,579.4
3,092.2

18 | Location of Saxony
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
22. InvESTMEnT raTES OF ThE Old and nEw nOn-CITy STaTES (ExCludInG SaxOny) and SaxOny (%)
1
23. PEr CaPITa dEBT
1
OF ThE nEw nOn-CITy STaTES
EURO PER INHABITANT
Saxony
New Non-City States (excluding Saxony)
Old Non-City States
30.7
23.5
11.3
25.5
21.5
16.3
10.7
28.0
19.8
10.7
18.0
9.5
18.7
13.7
8.7
1
Rates as proportions of the adjusted figures (state budgets)
Source: German Federal Office of Statistics, Saxon State Ministry of Finance (figures for Saxony)
1
Debts from credit market funds and with public sector budgets of the states' core budgets (Saxony: budgetary debt level);
Inhabitants to 30 June of the year in question
Source: German Federal Office of Statistics, Saxon State Ministry of Finance
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Saxony-Anhalt
168
906
1,621 2,130 2,665 3,512 3,960 4,409 4,799 5,154 5,556 6,111 6,571 7,172 7,740 7,857 8,269 8,259 8,368 8,761 9,044 9,103 9,068
Brandenburg
153
974
1,916 2,786 3,251 3,855 4,232 4,510 4,618 4,921 5,206 5,666 6,315 6,384 6,607 6,716 6,805 6,781 6,929 7,081 7,299 7,330 7,032
Thuringia
266
637 1,179 1,907 2,393 2,882 3,316 3,731 4,121 4,460 4,787 5,069 5,486 5,945 6,418 6,803 6,826 6,724 6,959 7,243 7,459 7,437 7,337
Meck.-W. Pom.
124
405
1,029 1,537 2,184 2,754 3,278 3,704 3,959 4,200 4,615 4,955 5,465 5,958 6,291 6,312 5,972 5,928 5,979 5,956 6,005 5,976 5,937
Saxony
325 734 1,098 1,377 1,654 1,883 2,050 2,180 2,251 2,317 2,384 2,511 2,644 2,752 2,849 2,849 2,849 2,849 2,849 2,847 2,898 2,844 2,829
Saxony-Anhalt
Thuringia
Brandenburg
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Saxony
10,000
9,000
8,000
7,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0

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