image
73
2
4
6
75
71
LABE-ELBE
2012
PLUS
Results and recommendations from the LABEL Project

image
image
image
EDITOR
SAXON STATE MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR –
Division 45 for European spatial planning, regional development
Dipl.-Ing. Andreas Kühl
Wilhelm-Buck-Str. 2, D-01097 Dresden
Tel.: +49 (0)351 / 564-3456; Fax: +49 (0)351 / 564-3459
Mail: regionalentwicklung-eu@smi.sachsen.de
INFRASTRUKTUR & UMWELT, Professor Böhm und Partner
Stefanie Greis, Dr. Peter Heiland
Julius-Reiber-Str. 17, D- 64293 Darmstadt
Tel.: +49 (0)6151 / 8130-0; Fax: +49 (0)6151 / 813020
Mail: label@iu-info.de
TOGETHER WITH ALL PROJECT PARTNERS:
Germany
Ministry of State Development and Transport, Saxony-Anhalt
Thuringian Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Nature Preservation
Saxon State Ministry of the Environment and Agriculture
Saxon State Office for Environment, Agriculture and Geology
County of Ludwigslust-Parchim
German Federal Institute for Hydrology
German Association for Housing, Urban and Spatial Development e.V.
Czech Republic
Ministry of the Environment
Ústi Region
Region of South Bohemia
Pilsen Region
Hradec Králové Region
Central Bohemia Region
Liberec Region
Pardubice Region
Elbe River Basin Authority
Vltava River Basin Authority
Austria
Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry,
Environment and Water Management
Hungary
Middle-Tisza district Environment and Water Directorate
PROJECT:
Duration:
09/2008 – 08/2012
Total budget:
4.215.680 EUR
thereof:
ERDF 3.317.246 EUR
www.label-eu.eu
This project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by ERDF
LABE-ELBE
2012
PLUS
Results and recommendations from the LABEL Project

image
image
image
2
3
The natural event of flooding is one of the worst natural risks in Central Europe. We experienced what this
means ten years ago, during the large Elbe flood of 2002 and since then again in 2006 and 2010. Thus we at
the Saxon State Ministry of the Interior are pleased to meet the challenge of establishing and further intensify-
ing transnational and interdisciplinary cooperation for providing flood prevention in the Elbe catchment. With
the INTERREG projects ELLA and LABEL that are supported by the European Union we have jointly succeeded
in creating a basis for long-term risk reduction together with our neighbours and partners on the Elbe. This
simultaneously provides a basis to develop Saxony as a business location, support the efforts of the Saxony-
Bohemia-Lower Silesia region in global competition and to increase its attractiveness as an economic location,
cultural and tourism region.
The multi-facetted and extensive results of the LABEL project from 2008 to 2012 are summarised in this bro-
chure. The messages it includes will provide a stimulus for the respective stakeholders to consider subsequent
steps and measures. It would be desirable if some of them were further elaborated and implemented. Inter-
disciplinary and cross-border cooperation will play a central role in future, particularly in the implementation.
“Water is a friendly element for those who are familiar with it and know how to handle it,” said Johann Wolf-
gang von Goethe. And his words have not lost any of their topicality today!
And this is exactly the task that we have to take on: to draft and implement plans in times when there is no
hazard, plans that are partly unpopular too, in order to take precautions for days when hazards have to be
averted. All resources and possibilities have to be used to strengthen this field.
We in Saxony are in the middle of the Elbe catchment area. So we are very well aware of what it means to
be both up- and downstream. Floods in our region are substantially influenced by our neighbours upstream.
How extensive and positive these effects can be has been shown in past floods, such as in 2006. During those
floods sophisticated management of the options for flood retention in the Czech Republic made a consider-
able contribution to protecting those downstream in Germany. This is the solidarity and cooperation on the
river that we need.
I would like to thank most sincerely everyone who has made this publication possible with their reports, con-
tributions and commentaries and who has thus supported the LABEL project. I would also like to thank the
European Union, which has supported the project from the European Regional Development Fund in the IN-
TERREG Central Europe Programme 2007-2013. The long-term continuation of the very successful work of
this project is desirable. However, to do this it is essential that cooperation on the issues of flooding, risk pre-
vention and spatial development in the endangered areas is also supported by the European Union in the new
2014-2020 funding period.
By sharing our knowledge and experiences with each other as comprehensively as possible we can help each
other to find the right way of dealing with water and thus to keep it as our friend!
Markus Ulbig
,
Saxon State Minister
of the Interior
PREFACE

4
5
CONTENT
SUMMARISED RECOMMENDATIONS FROM LABEL
p. 6
RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
p. 10
FROM THE LABEL PROJECT
1 INTRODUCTION
p. 12
2 FLOODING – A TRANSNATIONAL CHALLENGE
p. 13
2.1
Flood risk in European spatial development policy
p. 13
2.2
Ten years transnational cooperation in the Elbe region
p. 14
2.3
Climate change in the Elbe region
p. 15
3 FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT IN THE ELBE CATCHMENT
p. 17
3.1
New challenges to flood risk management
p. 17
3.2
Preliminary assessment of flood risks
p. 17
3.3
Flood hazard and risk maps
p. 18
3.4
Flood risk management plans
p. 20
4 CONTRIBUTIONS TO DECREASE THE FLOOD HAZARD
p. 21
4.1
Increasing the natural retention of water
p. 21
4.2
Securing and expanding retention areas
p. 22
4.3
Technical flood protection
p. 24
5 ADAPTATION OF USES TO FLOOD RISKS
p. 25
5.1
Regional and municipal planning
p. 25
5.2
Provision of information about risks
p. 26
5.3
Raising flood risk awareness
p. 26
5.4
Risk-oriented development of tourism
p. 27
5.5
Perspectives for navigation on the Elbe and Vltava
p. 30
6 FUTURE TRANSNATIONAL TASKS IN THE ELBE CATCHMENT
p. 31
6.1
Transnational and nationwide cooperation
p. 31
6.2
Transnational tasks regarding flood risk management
p. 32
6.3
Transnational tasks regarding adaptation to flood risks
p. 33
OVERVIEW OF ALL ACTIVITIES IN LABEL
p. 34

image
6
7
SUMMARISED RECOMMENDATIONS
FROM LABEL

8
9
³
TAKING EVERYONE INTO THE
SAME BOAT!
Sustainable flood risk management requires the daily cooperation
between all those responsible from the areas of water resource
management, spatial planning, nature conservation, agriculture,
local economy and others. Here it is especially important to inclu-
de all administrative levels in the Elbe catchment. The internatio-
nal cooperation is formally ensured through the appropriate com-
mission (IKSE-MKOL), however it also lives from the direct
international cooperation of the persons responsible on a national
and federal level, as well as regional and local authorities. This has
to be secured on a long-term.
³
REDUCING THE RISKS LOCALLY!
Whether risks are taken into consideration when planning is large-
ly decided in municipal processes. Therefore, the close ties from
the international cooperation to the local authority are decisive
for the success of risk prevention. Much tangible work was achie-
ved with the LABEL project to strengthen the involvement of local
authorities in flood risk management. E.g. an international munici-
pal flood partnership was initiated. No risk management can be
successful without a continuous communication and cooperation
with and between the local authorities on hazards, risks and their
responsibility to promote flood prevention. Here regular activities
are necessary, especially when there is no flooding.
In 2002, extreme flooding caused major damage, which for a
long time had a negative effect on the economy. Homes were
destroyed, businesses were affected and infrastructure was
significantly damaged. Many lives were also lost. The flood-
ing was also the impetus for careful consideration of flood risk
management. This challenge had already been raised by ex-
perts in the 1990’s. Above all, the focal point of future flood
risk management was to be the strengthening of interdisci-
plinary and international cooperation. The successful meas-
ures for flood prevention in the last 10 years mean that both
the people who live in the Elbe catchment and those who are
responsible are better prepared for extreme flooding and are
thus better protected.
THE INTERREG IVB
PROJECT LABEL
Transnational cooperation in the Elbe catchment area has
made significant contributions. After 2002 many experts in wa-
ter resource management and spatial planning from Germany,
Czech Republic, Poland, Austria and Hungary joined together
in the INTERREG IIIB ELLA Project, in order to create a central
basis for international and interdisciplinary flood prevention.
The successful cooperation was continued and completed with
the INTERREG IVB LABEL Project. Measures for adaptation of
diverse uses to flood risks along the river were identified; com-
mon approaches for flood risk management developed and
the affected public were made aware of the risks. Infrastruc-
tural and tourist uses of the river were the central focus point.
The cooperation was supported by the EU-INTERREG IVB pro-
gramme CENTRAL EUROPE. This support enabled ministries,
water authorities, districts and municipalities in the Elbe catch-
ment to share their methods, approaches and ideas, e.g. re-
garding the implementation of the EU flood risk management
directive (FRM-Dir). Joint works such as the Elbe Atlas or the
excursion guide “WasserKulturLandschaft Elbe” (WaterCul-
tureLandscape Elbe) were developed and a long-term coopera-
tion was established.
OVER NEARLY
10 YEARS
, DURING THE INTENSIVE
TRANSNATIONAL COOPERATION
THE REGIONS IN THE ELBE
CATCHMENT HAVE GROWN CLOSE IN THE AREAS OF
FLOOD PREVENTION
AND
FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT.
IN THE FUTURE, THE AIM IS TO FURTHER PROMOTE AND EXPAND ON THE COLLECTED EXPERIENCES AND KNOW-
LEDGE FROM THE PROJECT
LABEL
!
There still remains much to do in order to ensure a sustainable, flood risk adapted development in the Elbe catchment area:
FUTURE
TASKS AND REQUIREMENTS
³
SOLIDARITY!
Many flood protection and retention measures do not only have an im-
pact locally. Mostly they also influence areas and regions downstream.
Therefore, it is crucial that in the planning of measures the whole basin
should be considered, and to coordinate all activities with both the
upstream and downstream riparian. There are more challenges in the
practical implementation of this principle. Acceptance and the willing-
ness to pay for the measures, which help others, are essential. Common
financial models with neighbouring countries and regions must be pursu-
ed further. The practice of EU solidarity funds for damages should not
weaken the obligation for prevention. And finally, the Elbe catchment
needs a common understanding of the legal positions in connection with
the upstream and downstream principle.
³
LEARNING FROM EACH OTHER!
Through the regular exchange across regions, we can pass on informati-
on and experience and learn from each other. Methods, approaches and
experiences can be transferred even past the borders of the Elbe catch-
ment and beyond - as the exchange with the Danube / Tisza basin in LA-
BEL shows. The goal for the future should be to establish an exchange
between all bordering river basin areas, also with the catchment area of
the Oder.
³
STAY AWARE!
After a flooding event, the risk awareness level among the people
diminishes over time. Only through a continuous flow of informati-
on and the upkeep of events for awareness raising as well as special
measures of public relations work, such as internet information, ex-
hibitions and flooding protection exercises, will the public and sta-
keholders remain prepared.
³
FOLLOWING UP THE SUCCESS!
The cooperation in the Elbe catchment area and the transnational
cooperation between stakeholders and levels must be followed up,
in order to target further developments in flood prevention. The
consolidated network in LABEL should be ensured for the intermedi-
ate implementation of the described targets and measures here. For
this, the LABEL project partnership will seek assistance in the next
INTERREG funding period. The LABEL partnership appeals therefore
to the responsible bodies, to engage further for the EU funding of
projects on flood risk management. A decisive requirement of the
implementation of the LABEL project is that, in the forthcoming fun-
ding periods the natural borders in the catchment areas, as in the
Elbe catchment area, will be illustrated in the funding programmes.
8
9

image
10
11
RESULTS AND
RECOMMENDATIONS FROM
THE LABEL PROJECT

image
12
13
1
INTRODUCTION
Economic development requires secure life and local conditions. Natu-
ral risks, especially flooding, new risks from climate change; these fac-
tors do not contradict an economic development if the risks are ana-
lysed and known and if they are given enough consideration in the
decisions made on location and development. The claim that risks can
be stemmed with technical measures, so that development in every lo-
cation is possible is out of date. It is null and void. However, with the
combination of all measures, reducing the risk of flooding, avoiding
flooding areas and adapting the planning with risks, a development and
damage prevention can be accomplished. The synonym for this contem-
porary strategy is called “integrated flood risk management”.
The Elbe catchment area is distinguished by natural riverine landscapes,
attractive living environment and economic potential. However, many
uses along the river are exposed to high flood risk, which in turn is in-
fluenced by the effects of climate change. Flooding leads again and
again to considerable ecological, economic and cultural damages and
in the worst case to the loss of human lives. The causes for the prob-
lem are diverse:
Changes of drainage conditions and climate;
Limited information about risks, forecast and awareness of problems;
High demand for usage and economic interests in areas with flood risks;
Insufficient risk priority in decisions about usage.
In 2002 the Elbe catchment was affected by extreme flooding, which
caused billions of damage and cost many human lives. The event re-
vealed a huge need for action in risk prevention. Since then many meas-
ures have been taken. Almost 10 years later, the regions in the Elbe
catchment are better prepared for similar flooding. This is also thanks to
the transnational cooperation with the ELLA and LABEL projects.
After 2002, many regions from Germany, Czech Republic, Poland, Aus-
tria and Hungary came together for the INTERREG IIIB project ELLA and
drafted common strategies and measures on the international and in-
terdisciplinary procedures on flood prevention.
The successful cooperation was continued with the INTERREG IVB LA-
BEL project. Between 2008 and 2012, the 20 LABEL project partners
worked on a common implementation under the leadership of the Sax-
ony State Ministry of the Interior (SMI). Solutions for flood risk man-
agement, as well as the adaptation of diverse river-related usages and
measures for raising the level of public awareness about risks were de-
veloped. Initially in pilot activities, measures on risk prevention and
flood protection, on adaptation of spatial planning, tourism and navi-
gation to flood risks were carried out. These were combined and rec-
ommendations for the future development of the Elbe catchment were
deduced.
The results and recommendations from the LABEL project work are fi-
nally presented in this brochure. “LABE-ELBE 2012 plus” is the com-
mon strategy of the LABEL partnership, consisting of experts on water
management, spatial planning, tourism, economy etc, for the adapta-
tion of flood risk development in the Elbe catchment area. Apart from
the results and deduced recommendations, the LABEL partnership also
describes the collected practical experiences during the cooperation in
the brochure.
The recommendations are intended for the administrations of the coun-
tries, regions and local authorities in the Elbe catchment, as well as the
broad specialist public. The core messages and the conclusions from the
common strategy should also encourage the politicians and decision
makers to take action. The LABEL partnership invites all experts and de-
cision makers to use the results of the project to:
Support a risk adapted and sustainable development in the Elbe catchment
Deepen the common approaches in flood risk management for a continu-
ous exchange
Maintain the level of risk awareness among the affected population which
has been established through regular events and meetings.
The regions in the Elbe catchment have thus, after three years of inten-
sive transnational cooperation, compiled the following results and rec-
ommendations on the subject of flood protection. In the future, with
the support of further experts and policy areas, the following detailed
recommendations can be further considered and implemented over
frontiers.
BRIDGE OVER THE ELBE IN MAGDEBURG
2
FLOODING – A TRANSNA-
TIONAL CHALLENGE
2.1 |
FLOOD RISK IN EUROPEAN SPATIAL
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
Rainfall, melting snow and floods do not conform to political or admin-
istrative borders. A comprehensive risk prevention has to be orientated
on the catchment area of the river, independent of regional and state
borders. Risk management and the necessary adapting of spatial and
economic development can no longer be based on only the local or re-
gional approaches.
Strategies of flood prevention are also based on these findings:
Economic regions have always been developed around rivers and the river
flat lands;
Flood hazards have long since been underestimated in spatial developments;
In the future, climate change can lead to a heightened flood risk.
1 QUELLE
2 QUELLE
3 QUELLE
4 QUELLE
Since the 1990’s, there has been an increasingly comprehensive and
transnational dealing with the risks. The European spatial development
and expert policy have taken this into account in particular with their
framework and the funding programme: the Territorial Agenda
1
, the
European Spatial Development Perspective
2
(ESDP), the funding pro-
gramme of the European Territorial cooperation
3
and the EU directive
on flood risk management
4
.
EU INITIATIVE ROLE OF FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT
TERRITORIAL
AGENDA
(SCHEDULED
2020)
1
Under the heading “Management and linking
of environment resources” it was agreed that a
common risk management was also to be a pri-
ority of an European cooperation in the future.
EUROPEAN SPATIAL
DEVELOPMENT
PERSPECTIVE
(ESDP)
2
This perspective presents the diverse flood risks
for European regions and names flood preven-
tion as a central issue for EU spatial develop-
ment policy (including activities of member
states and funding programmes).
EUROPEAN
TERRITORIAL
COOPERATION
(ETC)
3
Within the framework of the ETC (formally IN-
TERREG) cross-border, transnational or inter-
regional cooperation is promoted. A funding
area in all programmes is also the flood risk
management. In past years, the funding prior-
ity “floods” was decisive for the initiation of
several international river area projects. LA-
BEL was significantly supported by this fund-
ing programme.
Preparations of the 2014 – 2020 funding peri-
od are currently taking place, which are based
on the strategy “Europe 2020”. The role of
FRM is yet to be decided.
EU – FLOOD RISK
MANAGEMENT
DIRECTIVE
4
With the EU FRM-Dir, the EU laid the foun-
dation for the professional-political basis for
a European-wide development of flood risk
management plans; including the necessary
cooperation of all stakeholders. The nation-
wide and international cooperation in larger
river areas plays a decidedly significant role.
SOLIDARITY
FUNDS
5
The solidarity fund of the European Union was
set up after the flooding in Central Europe in
the summer of 2002. Members as well as those
countries, for which their entry into EU is still
being discussed, receive a large amount of fi-
nancial aid when hit by a severe natural catas-
trophe. The annual budget is one billion Euros.
The money from the funds may not be used to
compensate damage to private property.

image
14
15
The LABEL project supports in various ways the European initiatives for
the cooperation and risk prevention. It is worth noting that the coop-
eration has lasted many years and has thus proved to be sustainable.
However, it can be assumed that the long-term securing of this far-
reaching cooperation, which goes far beyond “normal” administrative
relations, requires incentives, which should be created through the Eu-
ropean Territorial Cooperation 2014–2020.
2. 2 |
TEN YEARS TRANSNATIONAL
COOPERATION IN THE ELBE REGION
Since 1990, German, Czech, Polish and Austrian water management
officials have been cooperating within the framework of the interna-
tional commission for the protection of the Elbe (ICPE/MKOL) regarding
flood protection. Even beforehand, there was already an intensive co-
operation on water management questions along the Elbe River.
The great flood events since 2002 have made it painfully obvious that
the effective strategies on flood risk reduction have to include not only
the whole river area but, above all the persons responsible for plan-
ning and the operators of objects which are at risk. With every flood
and ensuing damage, it becomes again and again clear that, only with
common transnational agreements can unfavourable developments be
avoided and flood risk management optimised. As a result of the floods
in 2002, the interdisciplinary, transnational cooperation of stakehold-
ers from spatial planning and water resource management in the Elbe
catchment was created.
ELLA – Elbe–Labe: preventive flood management measures by transna-
tional spatial planning
After the initiative in 2002, the EU funded INTERREG III B Project
ELLA ”Elbe-Labe preventive flood management measures by transna-
tional spatial planning” created the basis for transnational cooperation
between the authorities of spatial planning and water management
in the Elbe catchment. 23 institutions and many other project part-
ners worked together between 2003 and 2006 to compile flood hazard
maps and to integrate these into the spatial development plans, in or-
der to optimize concrete residential and infrastructure decisions.
In 2006, the political representatives of all partners signed a common
declaration for a long-term cooperation. They agreed to:
Gradually implement the ELLA proposals for action;
Extend and intensify the interdisciplinary, transnational cooperation
of spatial planning and water management officials as well as other
authorities;
Strengthen the preventive flood protection, above all in spatial and
municipal planning;
Use the established network for a long-term cooperation;
Further implement the commenced measures with the aid of
a subsequent project.
LABEL-BOX 1
ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN ELBE CATCHMENT
In LABEL, on behalf of the Saxon State Ministry of Environment and Agriculture around
80 studies from the Elbe catchment (Germany, Czech Republic and Austria) were assessed
regarding climate changes, consequences on water-related uses and possible adaptation
measures. Here the focus was placed on the adaptation strategies and objectives of the
countries and states in the Elbe region.
Despite a certain variance of the results, clear trends were identified. A large number of
possible adaptation measures were put together. The conclusion was also drawn that the
uncertainty of the projections is still large.
WATER FRONT ALONG THE VLTAVA IN PRAGUE
In this way and apart from the extensive expert findings, the founda-
tion was laid for the reinforcement of the cooperation over a longer pe-
riod of time
(www.ella-interreg.org).
It also became clear that especial-
ly the managing of land use and risk conflicts against the backdrop of
the economic development in the Elbe catchment would require much
effort. The further development of the interdisciplinary flood risk man-
agement for the Elbe-Labe economic area was the starting point for the
follow-up project LABEL.
LABEL – Adaptation to flood risks in the Elbe river basin
In the LABEL project between 2008 and 2012, emphasis was placed on
flood risk management with all stakeholders, risk-adapted spatial devel-
opment planning, tourism and navigation. LABEL had the goal, to fur-
ther improve relations between the affected states, countries, districts
and municipalities, as well as further stakeholders on an European level,
in order to develop joint prevention measures and strategies for the ad-
aptation to the increasing risk of flood.
The foundations for a sustainable development in the Elbe catchment
were laid, with the help of risk determination and evaluation and their
inclusion in spatial planning documents. On the basis of this, plans were
adapted and adjusted to flood hazards. The cooperation of spatial plan-
ning with the water resource management presented here a starting
point. The following, in particular was worked out:
Flood hazards and risk maps;
Flood risk management plans (for pilot areas);
Development and adaptation concepts for tourism and urban usage
in risk areas;
Concept on dealing with navigation under flood aspects;
Diverse local and regional implementation of risk adaptation measures.
The LABEL project successfully continues and intensifies the cooperation
in the Elbe catchment. Besides the transnational strategies, the insight
from numerous local pilot projects, showing that the daily planning and
approval practice is decisive for the development of risk situations, is
important. This is considerably improved through the continuous and
long-term securing of the cooperation, as local planners and decision
makers will only act in terms of risk prevention, if the subject always re-
mains present and if regular exchanges are held. For this purpose, for-
mal international commissions are not enough; but they complement
the project level well.
2. 3 |
CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE ELBE REGION
Central Europe is also affected by climate change. The consequences of
global changes will also be noticeable in the Elbe catchment. In LABEL,
existing studies on the impacts of climate change and required adap-
tation were evaluated and discussed
(see LABEL-Box 1)
. The individual
climate projections for the Elbe catchment with its diverse environment
show a wide range and are still characterised by uncertainty. However
clear trends can be named:
Rise in temperature in summer and winter, also regarding extreme
temperatures such as heat waves.
Slight increase in rainfall during the winter months and decrease in rainfall
in summer, the water balance is rather negative.
Frequent extreme conditions: increase in heavy rainfall and dry periods.
Therefore, the impacts of climate change for the Elbe catchment are
expected to be:
Higher temperatures and heat waves in summer go hand in hand with
water scarcity and low water in rivers. This does not only burden the
nature, agriculture and navigation, but will also cause health problems for
the population.
Sporadic higher rainfall and warmer temperatures lead to increasing flood
risks. Heavy rain is expected more frequently in summer and winter;
especially water management, agriculture and flood protection in
residential spaces are affected by this.
Diminished groundwater regeneration and additional problems for the
water quality (generally less drainage).

image
16
17
The hydrologic balance in the Elbe catchment is highly susceptible to
the potential climate changes. In particular, water-related usages are of-
ten negatively affected by these changes. The water management has
therefore an important role in the development of adaptation measures.
Adaptation measures should be specifically coordinated with the lo-
cal existing problems, conditions and demands. Additionally, existing
uncertainties, in connection with climate changes, should be included
in the planning of measures: Flexibility is here the key to success. Sev-
eral comprehensive measures, in accordance with sector, regional and
cross-border cooperation can be underlined by the LABEL project:
Development of new and review of existing construction and technical
standards as well as overall concepts concerning a climate adapted spatial
usage (regarding all sectors);
Creation of maps as basis for planning, which take into consideration the
influence of climate induced hazards and risks;
Development of an integrated, cross-sectoral spatial use and resource
management under the consideration of climate change (e.g. regarding
flood, domestic and ground water, land use, tourism development,
agriculture);
Regulation of spatial uses in the areas affected by climate change, as well
as the securing and retrieving of areas, which act as preventive protection
(e.g. allocation of flood generation areas, renaturalisation of surface
waters and flood lands);
Planning of climate adapted and climate-proof infrastructure;
Increase in the awareness of risks and problems in all sectors
(e.g. water consumption, structural adaptation, agricultural methods);
Development and further development of integrated, cross-sector
emergency plans and protection concepts;
Insurance against damages of climate change and set up of reserves for
adaptation measures.
Under consideration of the collected measures, the following central
conclusion became obvious: A large part of the proposed measures are
already known in the regarded sectors and have already been applied
against a different background. Thus, the adaptation measures can
be linked, mostly with no problem, to existing guidelines and targets.
Therefore, adaptation to climate change does not present a stand-alone
field of action, but rather a task which requires a cross-sector, transna-
tional and cross-border cooperation.
Technical flood protection
Natural water retention
Preventative land management
Reconstruction
Reconstruction aid
Flood-adapted building
Risk prevention
Preventative behaviour
Information
Defence
Assistence for the affected
PREVENTION
REGENERATION
COPING
Preparation of emergency management
and prevention of hazards
EVALUATION
FLOOD EVENT
EVALUATION
3
FLOOD RISK
MANAGEMENT IN THE
ELBE CATCHMENT
3.1 |
NEW CHALLENGES TO FLOOD RISK
MANAGEMENT
The flood risk management directive (FRM-Dir) 2007/60/EC which was
approved by the European parliament and Council in 2007 created a
framework for the evaluation and management of flood risks and the
reduction of adverse consequences of floods. It provides three phas-
es of implementation: the evaluation of flood risks, the drawing up of
flood hazard and risk maps, as well as the establishment of flood risk
management plans. The implementation of the directive sets the fol-
lowing new demands for the institutes responsible for flood risk man-
agement:
The standardised and agreed work in river basins is to be carried out on
both international and national levels.
The consideration of all phases of flood risk management: prevention,
emergency management and aftercare are mandatory.
All relevant stakeholder groups, which could contribute to a minimisation
of damage, should have to be included.
The individual phases of implementation of the FRM-Dir are initially car-
ried out on state and country levels. In order to standardise the man-
agement planning in the whole of the river basin, it is necessary to
mutually inform, directly and intensively, about methods and tasks, to
comprehensively coordinate and harmonize the approaches for flood
risk management plans (FRM plans). The first foundations for this have
already been laid in LABEL
(See LABEL-Box 2)
.
Tested coordination structures to guarantee a transnational coopera-
tion are already in place. The inclusion of diverse stakeholders on a mu-
nicipal level for emergency management, spatial planning, agriculture
and forestry, insurance industry and nature conservation requires a fur-
ther development and the systematic anchoring of cooperation plat-
forms. The water management institutions are responsible for the co-
ordination. Apart from acknowledgement of their important tasks and
responsibilities for risk management, the other stakeholders also have
to make active contributions to flood risk management planning, intro-
duce their own measures and implement them. Only when those re-
sponsible are actively involved in the management planning, will meas-
ures be implemented.
These tasks can be solved most effectively in the long-run and within
the framework of a close nationwide and transnational cooperation of
all those responsible stakeholders.
LABEL-BOX 2
REGULAR EXCHANGE OF THE WORKING GROUP RISK
Corresponding to the three implementation phases of the FRM-Dir, the approaches of the
project partners from Czech Republic, Austria, Hungary, Thuringia and Saxony were com-
pared in this LABEL working group, in the form of a synoptic comparison. Out of this, con-
clusions were drawn for an aligned approach and potential for harmonisation.
LABEL-BOX 3
TESTING THE REPORTING REGARDING THE FRM-DIR WITH WISE
The Czech Ministry of Environment tested the reporting of data for the preliminary evalu-
ation of flood risks, in advance within the framework of a pilot project. For this purpose, a
prototype of data records was created and set up in WISE. It demonstrated, that individu-
al required data did not match with the applied evaluation methodology and adaptations
in the data records were necessary. In the study, an efficient working method was worked
out for the future filling in of the templates.
3.2 |
PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT OF FLOOD
RISKS
The aim of the preliminary assessment of potential flood risks is to iden-
tify the stretches of water, for which more exact hazard and risk map-
ping, as well as extensive risk management planning is to be carried
out. Within the framework of the LABEL working group RISK, the pro-
cedure of flood risk assessment in partner regions are comparatively
discussed, evaluated and recommendations are worked out. In accord-
ance with the FRM-Dir, a preliminary assessment of the flood risks took
place at the end of 2011 for the whole Elbe catchment, based on the
available or easy applicable information. The investigation of stretches
of rivers with potentially significant risks relies on both reports and anal-
yses of historical flood events, as well as on already available concepts
and measures for flood prevention. In principle, the possible damages,
the potentially affected residents and the risks for the environment and
cultural heritage, which could arise from flooding, were taken into con-
sideration. The applied significance criteria are however country-specific
and thus different. An assessment by experts is in all countries of the
LABEL project partners indispensable, it makes the risk areas plausible
and further complements them. The map illustration of the preliminary
risk assessment follows on a small scale, with the presentation of the
affected river stretches.
FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT CYCLE

image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
18
19
LABEL-BOX 4
A COMPARISON OF FLOOD RISK MAPS FROM GERMANY AND THE
CZECH REPUBLIC
The upper map shows the flood risk map for the Thuringia part of the Weiße Elster. Below,
a flood risk map can be seen for the Czech Jizera (section). Apart from the colour scheme
and signature, the maps differ substantially by the illustrated contents: affected residents,
IPPC structures, agricultural and forestry areas are not displayed in the Czech maps.
Conclusion: the basis for the preliminary assessment of flood risk is the
same in all partner regions of LABEL. The criteria used are however dif-
ferent. In order to ensure a better comparison of the results in the fu-
ture, the following is recommended:
Comparability of significance criteria:
The underlying significance criteria
in the determination of the potentially affected water stretches should be
further specified and mutually agreed and even possibly standardised.
Determination of expected damages:
Analogous to the Czech methods,
damage expectations should be used, as this can give an indication of the
prevailing risks. Damage expectations only represent a part of the total
risk. Scenario-based approaches for evaluating the total risk should be
worked out transnationally.
Harmonisation of the map layout:
A standardized map layout is especially
helpful for cross-border river basins.
One of the tasks of every EU member state is to provide the results
of the individual phases of the directive of the European commission
by the reporting of data to the Water Information System for Europe
(WISE). The LABEL project checked this in advance, with test data on the
preliminary evaluation of flood risk. Against the background of an inter-
national river basin, the following can be concluded:
Clarification of terms when reporting to the EU:
The used terms in the
reporting forms are interpreted differently in the different countries and
do not always conform to the applied evaluation approaches. For a
transnational cooperation, a further close coordination is necessary in this
matter, in order to avoid border discrepancies (see LABEL-Box 3).
3.3 |
FLOOD HAZARD AND RISK MAPS
According to article 6 of the FRM-Dir, flood hazard maps and subse-
quently flood risk maps have to be drawn up by 2013 for those areas
mentioned in the preliminary assessment as having potentially signifi-
cant flood risk.
The flood hazard maps which have, up to now, been drafted in the LA-
BEL partner countries, contain the required criteria and are therefore
comparable. The different starting points of the data basis cause partly
varying illustrations
(see LABEL-Box 4)
.
A general agreement between the countries with regards to Hydrology
is necessary. The classification of intensities, such as water depth and
flow velocities are the result of a risk analysis and is based upon, among
other things, the risk of harm to people or the expected damages. Infor-
mation on flow velocities are not available everywhere. However, espe-
cially in the low mountains area they should be part of the flood hazard
maps. The flood hazard behind protective equipment is considered an
important prerequisite by all LABEL partner regions for the risk evalua-
tion, to increase the level of risk awareness and the reduction of poten-
tial damage. The selected map scale differs in the regions; however they
all use the scale 1:10.000 as a benchmark. Larger scales are used e.g. in
the upper regions of the considered rivers. The corresponding risk maps
are, by all the involved LABEL project partners in the river basin, always
drawn to the same scale as the flood hazard maps of the areas. The ap-
proach for the risk mapping follows different country-specific methods,
but at the same time fulfils the required criteria from the FRM-Dir. Po-
tentially affected residents are portrayed in the risk maps (e.g. in Saxo-
ny, Thuringia) or treated thematically (e.g. in the Czech Republic). Due
to the distinctive character of the alpine area, in Austria the sediment
transport is more intensely discussed there.
Conclusion: The current flood hazard and risk maps include the neces-
sary fundamental water management information about flood risk. The
users of these water management maps at e.g. the municipal level can
complement them with further information and adapt them to their
specific requirements or demands. At the state and country borders, a
clash of different illustrations can occur. The causes for the differences
have to be sufficiently communicated to the public and at the same the
possibility of a standardised illustration should be examined.
A way to harmonise the hazard and risk maps was worked out and im-
plemented in the LABEL pilot project “Weiße Elster”
(see LABEL-Box 7)
and in the LABEL working group RISK
(see LABEL-Box 2)
. Out of the
working group, the following conclusions for future flood hazard and
risk mapping are made:
Separate modelling of water estuaries:
Water estuaries require a special
consideration in the designation of flood areas, the boundary conditions of
the modelling should, if needed, be aligned in the river basin (LABEL-Box 5).
Increase the level of risk awareness behind protective structures:
In the
future, stop lines for extreme flood events should be presented in the
maps showing frequent and medium events. The extreme events should be
considered without the effect of protection structures or should assume a
malfunction of these.
Adaptation of risk maps to the demands of the user:
An intensive
cooperation is necessary, in order to guarantee the further necessary adap-
tation of the risk maps by the respective user.
Harmonising maps in (sub) river basins:
It is necessary to also create
harmonised hazard and risk maps for sub-basins. A standardized map
illustration is especially helpful for cross-border river basins.
Creation of flood hazard zone maps:
Hazard zone maps, in which the
intensity of flooding and the probability of occurrence are combined, are
seen as an important aid for spatial and urban planning and should be
created (LABEL-Box 6).
LABEL-BOX 5
HAZARD AND RISK MAPS AT RIVER ESTUARIES
The Vltava water authority has worked out a new approach for the modelling of river es-
tuaries in a pilot project. These were tested for two river estuaries: Beroun / Vltava and
Litavka / Beroun. Furthermore, hazard and risk maps were created, as well as maps on
flow velocities and water levels.
LABEL-BOX 6
HAZARD ZONE MAPS ACCORDING TO CZECH METHODOLOGY
In the Czech Republic, so-called hazard zone maps, which combine the intensity of the
flood with the probability of occurrence, were created as an interim step between the
creation of hazard and risk maps.

image
20
21
3.4 |
FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT PLANS
The FRM-Dir requires the compiling of flood risk management plans by
2015, in order to avoid and reduce the negative effects of floods in the
affected areas. In these plans, appropriate targets for flood risk man-
agement have to be specified. The focal point is the reduction of pos-
sible adverse consequences of flooding on human health, environment,
cultural heritage and economy. Flood risk management plans encom-
pass measures to achieve the specified targets while taking into account
relevant aspects such as costs and benefits, flood extent and flood con-
veyance routes and areas which have the potential to retain flood wa-
ter. They cover all aspects of flood risk management, whereby preven-
tion, protection and preparedness, flood forecasts and early warnings
should be in the focus. Furthermore, the focus is laid also on non-struc-
tural flood protection measures and/or a reduction of flood probabil-
ity. The objective is to generally improve the FRM with the knowledge
about risks, to use the measures of flood prevention more intensively
and to implement the measures of technical flood protection more spe-
cifically and efficiently.
In this way, the FRM plans are a decisive instrument in the integrated
flood risk management. In their creation, the diverse stakeholders from
the field of municipal planning, emergency management, spatial plan-
ning, nature conservation, agriculture and forestry, insurance industry
and those affected have to be included. Especially on the municipal and
local authority level, as well as the affected people locally, the work-
ing focus is on the implementation of the directive in the sub-basin
areas. Out of the management plans and measures of the sub-basin
area, summarised national plans are developed. The FRM plans created
within the framework of the implemented FRM directive, there are wa-
ter management- and implementation-oriented plans and conceptions
for the sub-basins, which complement and substantiate the FRM plans.
In all LABEL partner countries, studies or groundwork were carried out
for the preparation of the FRM plans. However, they show different
work status. In a LABEL pilot project, regarding the sub-basin of the
Elbe, the Weiße Elster a flood risk management plan was developed
in cooperation of the German states of Thuringia, and Saxony-Anhalt
(LABEL-Box 7)
.
LABEL-BOX 7
CREATION OF FRM PLANS FOR THE WEIßE ELSTER
A FRM plan was created in a LABEL pilot project for the basin of the Weiße Elster. The ob-
jective was an alignment of the methodology between the states of Saxony, Thuringia and
Saxony-Anhalt and the Czech stakeholders involved in the LABEL working group RISK. A
preliminary assessment of flood risks was carried out for the whole Weiße Elster catch-
ment. For areas with a significant flood risk, hazard and risk maps, with a standardised
layout and largely uniform specialist contents were made. The FRM plan for the Weiße El-
ster was worked out and aligned in three sub-sections (the Saxon, Thuringia and Saxo ny-
Anhalt sections) and then added to the aggregated plan “Weiße Elster”, which will in turn
be included in the FRM plan for the Elbe basin. It became clear that the need for align-
ment during the creating of sub-plans was already very great, but worthwhile: the inten-
sive exchange of opinion guaranteed the comparability of the whole plan.
From extensive discussions in the LABEL working group RISK and the
project work in LABEL, the following implementation-oriented recom-
mendations were derived:
Harmonisation of FRM plans:
Based on the structure of the flood risk
management plan for the whole river basin, a harmonisation of the plans
on sub-basin and national level is to be strived for (LABEL-Box 7).
Description of the underlying strategy:
With the definition and naming of
measures and targets under consideration of the diverse fields of action in
flood risk management, the necessary strategic approaches are also to be
described. The focal point should herewith lie in the consideration of
transnational and interdisciplinary aspects in flood risk management.
Selection of feasible measures:
The selection of measures should be made
under the premise that the implementation of the proposed measures
should begin before the year of the next update of the FRM plan. Goals are
to be defined regarding the fields of action, protected property and cost
efficiency. A categorisation for the protected property should be
established.
Harmonisation of measures weighing:
A harmonised priorisation of
measures is not possible, due to the diverse legal situations in the
countries. Joint features and criteria should however be formulated.
BLUE WONDER IN DRESDEN
Observance of interactions:
The measures of the FRM plan, in particular
those of technical flood protection are to be checked for their conformity
to the Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC). To use the potential for
synergy in the implementation of plans, it is advisable to coordinate all
plans on all levels. These measures should be recorded in an interdiscipli-
nary management system, to point out positive and negative interactions.
This applies to the coordination with the measures, which were created
within the framework of Flora Fauna Habitat Directive (92/43/EWG) or the
bird protection directive.
Strengthening of the responsible institutions:
The appropriate involvement
of the diverse stakeholders in the creation of the FRM plans is complicated
and a, to that extend, new task for the water management. For this, an
increase in the efficiency of the responsible water management institu-
tions for the coordination is necessary.
Building cooperation structures:
The existing national and federal legal
jurisdictions make it more difficult to achieve standardization in the
implementation of the FRM-Dir. It is essential to highlight new paths of
cooperation, to coordinate through limits of responsibility and to establish
congruencies in the implementation approaches between the processed
sections. These should also be obligatory on the sub-basin level (e.g. in
nationwide working groups).
4
CONTRIBUTIONS TO
DECREASE THE FLOOD
HAZARD
4.1 |
INCREASING THE NATURAL RETENTION
OF WATER
In the Elbe catchment, the low mountain range is often affected by
heavy rainfall with short-term extreme outflows. The delay of outflows
and the reduction of peak flows are essential in order to prevent a fur-
ther increase of flood risks. An effective measure, in order to achieve
this locally, is to identify and secure the flood generation areas and
control the usage in these areas. There the infiltration capacity of the
ground can be improved and the retention for the water in the troughs
and streams can be increased. Thereby, the outflow to the rivers is de-
layed (retention) and a reduction of the flood peaks can be effectuated.
Which areas contribute to flood generation and which are suitable for
retention, can be analysed by using diverse methods. In general, the soil
properties, type of usage, ground slopes and the expected rainfall play a
decisive role. In order to increase the infiltration capacity, the soil prop-
erties have to be improved by adapting their use.
Based on the activities carried out during LABEL in Germany, Czech Re-
public and Austria, the following strategic actions are recommended:
Identifying and protecting areas where reductions of water infiltration or
water retention should be avoided.
This can occur through the protection
or the regulated use of flood generation areas or surfaces which
contribute substantially to flood generation (LABEL Box 8).
Realisation of measures to improve water infiltration or water retention:
These can be achieved by the strict implementation of landscape
conserving and improving measures, e.g. by the creation of landscape and
nature preservation areas, reinforcement of woodland in the mountains or
adapted cultivation of arable land (LABEL Box 8).
Legal instruments are necessary, in order to ensure the protection of flood
generation areas:
Up until now there was no effective legal basis, which
continually protects the identified flood generation areas from adverse
land use. There are legal foundations for the assessment of these areas in
Saxony. The implementation into the planning principles and practice is
however still patchy.

image
image
image
22
23
4.2 |
SECURING AND EXPANDING
RETENTION AREAS
For a long time, it was thought that the best protection against floods
was to contain the course of a river. The overflow of the river banks
should be prevented by constructed protection structures, such as
dykes and protective walls. After numerous flood catastrophes which,
despite the protective dykes, caused huge damages, a rethinking fol-
lowed. With the expansion of agricultural land, increasing sealing of
soil, and the straightening and confining of rivers, the natural retention
areas were destroyed, flood flows were speeded up and flow peaks in-
creased. In order to counteract this development, retention areas are
used upstream (using dams), as well as on the mid and lower reaches of
the river (using flood polders). In the event of heavy rainfall, these en-
sure that the water was temporarily held back, so that the water level
downstream can sink.
This task especially highlights the need for transnational cooperation:
The upstream areas hold the water to prevent floods downstream in
the neighbouring area. A completely effective retention is not possi-
ble without unity and solidarity with one’s neighbours, as the retention
measures are affecting the river downstream
(LABEL-Box 9).
LABEL – BOX 8
IDENTIFICATION OF FLOOD GENERATION AREAS AND MEASURES
TO REDUCE OUTFLOW
Flood generation areas in Saxony were determined locally by ELLA, the predecessor pro-
ject of LABEL, with the help of the newly-developed methods and the expert system WBS
FLAB. In the LABEL project, this method was applied and adapted to corresponding cir-
cumstances, in two Czech regions, Usti and Pilsen. Apart from the identification of flood
generation areas, measures were proposed to improve water retention; by for example the
renaturalisation of river systems, the revitalization of high moor lands or the transforma-
tion of arable lands into pasture land in the Ustí region.
Due to the different natural landscape in Austria, another focal point was chosen. The ef-
fects of land-use changes on the outflow were analysed. From this, an optimised manage-
ment strategy was deduced.
LABEL – BOX 9
EFFECT OF FLOOD RETENTION MEASURES IN THE ELBE CATCHMENT
The Federal Institute for Hydrology (BfG, DE) has, together with the Masaryk Water Re-
search Institute (CZ), modeled the management of the existing barrages and dams (at the
Ohre, Vltava and Saale) in the Elbe catchment during the past flood events (2002, 2006
and 2011). The results show a significant reduction of the flood peaks in all downstream
regions, no matter which flood type was simulated.
These findings are to be specified in further large-scale studies, regarding their implemen-
tation in the second cycle of the flood risk management directive.
WATER FRONT ALONG THE ELBE IN DRESDEN DURING THE FLOOD IN JANUARY 2011
Out of the results of LABEL activities, the LABEL partners draw the fol-
lowing conclusions:
Protection of existing natural retention areas:
In order to be able to
permanently keep the existing natural retention areas, these must be
protected with the corresponding spatial planning instruments. In
Germany, this can be achieved by the determination of priority areas for
flood prevention in regional plans.
Evaluation of existing reservoirs regarding their retention potential:
To the
same degree as the existing natural retention areas of the river should be
protected, the existing reservoirs (dams) should also be taken into
consideration. This potential should be identified and optimised for the
event of a catastrophe. However, it should be discussed and assessed
against the background of the diverse usage interests (LABEL-Box 9 & 10).
Identifying and protecting suitable new areas to create polders and
retention areas:
The aim should be a multifunctional usage of this location
(LABEL-Box 10).
Securing of retention areas and flood areas in spatial planning as well as
their consideration on municipal and urban planning:
This can be reached
through the presentation of flood areas in the water management
planning without the effect of flood protection structures, by the
illustration of flood areas at extreme floods
6
, as well as through the
protection through suitable retention areas on a municipal level. In one
LABEL pilot project the planning methodology for the Upper Elbe Valley /
Ore mountains was investigated with regard to a stronger focus on the
adaptation of uses to flood risk. The activity was carried out in a close
dialogue with affected municipalities of the region, to secure the practical
application sustainably (LABEL-Box 13).
Solution of conflicts of usage with all affected:
all affected administrative
levels, all influenced regions in a river basin (upstream and downstream)
as well as all relevant experts should be integrated into the solution of
conflicts of usage in the flood risk management through joint events. The
EU flood risk management directive explicitly stipulates their involvement.
Clear regulations regarding the solidarity principle between upstream
and downstream have to be found:
The ever present big challenge is the
securing of a joint financing, management and liability of structures to
preventive flood management. This issue was also discussed in the LABEL
legal workshop. International legal foundations could not be identified
though. In this context, the practice of solidarity funds for past damages is
of particular importance: The applicable principles have to consider the
solidarity at flood prevention. It has to be ensured that they do not
contradict the principle of flood prevention (LABEL-Box 11).
LABEL – BOX 10
EVALUATION OF EXISTING AND NEW RETENTION AREAS
With regards to the cooperation of the municipal working group on the
upper middle
Elbe,
flood retention areas were evaluated regarding their possibilities and limits of use
under the special consideration of the pollution caused by past floods. The objective was
to optimize the uses of the retention areas in connection with flood prevention.
The Federal Institute for Hydrology evaluated the effect of the
Havel polder
on floods in
the Elbe, in cooperation with 4 German Federal states. The model results show, that the
effects are not homogenous but are dependent of the length of the flood peaks.
An evaluation of retention areas was carried out in LABEL by a study on retention capaci-
ties in the
Pilsen region.
Existing and potential retention areas, as well as measures on
preventative flood protection were examined and evaluated. The findings are included in
the regional planning documents of the region.
The examination of the Vltava water authority also evaluates existing possible retention
capacities on the estuaries
Lužnice – Nová řeka – Nežárka.

image
image
image
24
25
4.3 |
TECHNICAL FLOOD PROTECTION
Mostly technical protection measures are considerably more expensive
than non-technical measures, but they are indispensable, where exist-
ing settlements, infrastructure and other objects are to be protected. At
the same time, technical protection measures can never provide an ab-
solute protection against floods. Furthermore, technical equipment can
lead to higher flow velocities in downstream sections of the river which
in turn causes higher peaks.
Out of the results of the executed LABEL studies, as well as the intensive
expert discussions in the LABEL working groups, the following meas-
ures are recommended for the Elbe catchment:
Technical protective structures should only be constructed where
preventative protection measures are neither possible nor practical:
Here
the technical flood protections may not worsen the present situation, as
far as the loss of retention space and increase in damage potential in the
flood area is concerned (LABEL-Box 12). For the lost retention areas, it
should be compensated for locally.
Increased consideration and communication of the risks of failing technical
structures:
Technical structures can fail to function properly, which can
have catastrophic consequences. Bursting of dykes also regularly takes
place in extreme flood events: nevertheless the residents believe that they
are safe behind dykes. The risk of technical equipment failing must be
offensively communicated and integrated into the risk considerations.
Inclusion of technical structures in regular transnational exercises
(emergency managment):
The technical structures should not only be
tested for their functionality. Exercises for the event of failure should also
be held. Technical equipment can furthermore be used in demonstrations
so that emergency situations can be visualised. With the sudden outlet of
water from a dam for example, a small flood surge could be simulated.
LABEL – BOX 11
LEGAL WORKSHOP ON THE PROBLEM OF UPSTREAM AND
DOWNSTREAM RIPARIANS
At the LABEL workshop, the “problem of upstream and downstream riparian” was dis-
cussed with legal experts from Germany and the Czech Republic and how to deal with
questions regarding the liability and financing of flood protection measures. A clear pre-
vailing legal foundation could not be found. However, it was emphasised that the Euro-
pean countries present a mutually supportive society with a duty for reciprocal tolerance
and respect. That is firmly embedded in the EU flood risk management directive (Art.7).
LABEL – BOX 12
TECHNICAL FLOOD PROTECTION IN THE CENTRAL BOHEMIA AND
USTI REGIONS
In the Elbe drainage basin, the residential settlements are already, for the large part, pro-
tected by technical protection measures, in the form of dykes and mobile protective el-
ements.
LABEL systematically checked the status of flood protection in the region of Central Bohe-
mia. Weak points were identified and goals for flood protection were newly established,
as well as the proposal of concrete measures to improve flood protection.
In the region of Aussig, the municipality Chodouny-Lounky was affected many times by
flooding over the last few years. Flood protection measures for the area were conceived in
the LABEL project and the following was planned: a protective wall in the Northern area,
earth fill and another protective wall in the southern area. The protection will be comple-
mented by mobile construction elements.
5
ADAPTATION OF USES TO
FLOOD RISKS
5.1 |
REGIONAL AND MUNICIPAL PLANNING
The increasing use of land in residential regions, the intensification of
economic development, but also the possible climatic changes, result in
increased challenges for flood risk management, and demand from all
stakeholders the adaptation to the existing and future risks at the river.
Also in the residential areas which are threatened by flooding, there
is a continuous increase in damage potential. The reasons for this are
among other things, the densification of the population, and the in-
crease in values or the restructuring of uses on the existing and former
settlement areas. Even new building sites are sometimes planned in risk
areas, because either the possible risks were not sufficiently recognised
in the planning stages or given too little importance against other usage
interests. The spatial planning employs their instruments
7
with increas-
ing damage potential, in order to prevent the increase in potential dan-
gers in flood risk areas by using new definitions and planning. However,
it is not possible to prevent a further increase in the current risks with
neither water resource nor spatial planning instruments.
In the newly planned building sites the risks situation is nowadays most-
ly taken into consideration. However, structural flood protection meas-
ures are still often viewed as adequate for complete risk prevention. The
location of new building sites in the areas with a high level of residual
risk (behind protection structures and dykes) does not often lead to a
change in the planning, but request for the demand for further struc-
tural protection measures. Therefore, the regional planning attempts to
limit the extent of the arable areas in the regions which are susceptible
to flooding and to protect the natural flooding areas. In the enforce-
ment of this goal the cooperation between regional and urban plan-
ning, as well as water resource is of central importance. The regional
planning contributes with prevention. However, they can only really be
effective, if the municipal planning follows the same objective.
Here, it is important that the level of awareness about the flood risk
as well as about the prevention possibilities should also be expanded.
Out of the transnational exchange, the following can be concluded for
the whole of the Elbe catchment:
Reduction of damage potential in flood areas:
- Complete integration of hazard information in spatial planning:
Consideration of hazard information in the planning; in this context other
aspects such as demography development and climate change should
also be considered.
- Intensification of the cooperation between region and municipal
planning, to better coordinate the methods of risk prevention and the
planning practice in municipal and regional planning. The actual planning
and usage decisions in the municipalities are decisive for the success of
the influence of spatial planning (see LABEL-Box 13).
- Mandatory building precautions: mandatory structural protection of
buildings in risk areas (e.g. sealed house apertures, secured technical
equipment). Also the vulnerability of traffic-technical equipment should
be diminished by building precautions.
- Promoting precautionary behaviour through the provision of comprehen-
sible and extensive information, which should be provided by diverse
media.
Securing retention areas and flood generation areas through spatial
planning instruments.
In order to increase the water retention and to
reduce flow rates, it is also important to ensure that the affected areas,
especially flood generation areas are appropriately used and managed.
LABEL – BOX 13
COOPERATION BETWEEN REGIONAL AND MUNICIPAL PLANNING
ON FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT IN SAXONY
In a LABEL pilot project in Saxony, existing development plans in flood areas were eval-
uated together with the affected municipalities. The following deficits were identified:
Building permission in flood areas are often not turned down,
even if possible flood depths of more than 4 metres or high
flow velocities exist.
Important aspects of risk prevention, such as limitation of potential
damages or the number of residents to be evacuated do not play a
role in the building permission process. Here the welfare of the
general public is not taken enough into consideration, compared
to the attention paid to the protection of private property.
Consideration of possible extreme flood does not take place.
The realised building volume according to the paragraph § 34
BauGB has already exceeded the building plans in many
municipalities many times over. Therefore, the instruments of
regional planning remain greatly limited in their effectiveness.
Possibilities were examined on limiting the priority areas for flood prevention not accord-
ing to the probability of occurrence or available use (for both within city limits and out-
side) but according to the intensity of the danger (flood depths and river flow velocity).

image
image
image
image
26
27
5.2 |
PROVISION OF INFORMATION
ABOUT RISKS
To be able to plan and take action orientated by risks, the relevant
stakeholders have to have access the necessary risk information. For
example, regional and municipal planning require easy access to risk
maps, which are based upon a mutual understanding of similar scenari-
os and on comparable foundations. These demands are underpinned by
the EU flood risk management directive. For international catchments,
a joint understanding of methods, tasks and implementation has to be
reached. Both by the processing of risk management elements (maps,
measure planning etc.) as well as in the publishing of information, a
close national and international exchange between the responsible re-
gions is necessary.
A central part of the LABEL cooperation is the development and pub-
lishing of hazard and risk maps in the Elbe Atlas
(LABEL-Box 7).
Moreo-
ver the exchange of expert knowledge and diverse approaches in the
corresponding regions of the Elbe catchment and moreover in the Dan-
ube and Tisza catchment areas is fundamental. The understanding of
the similarities and differences of approaches as the implementation of
the EU flood risk management directive is decisive, in order to develop
joint approaches and to discuss recommendations of actions. This pro-
cess was made possible by the regular meetings of the LABEL working
group, as well as the interdisciplinary expert workshops. The exchange
of data and background information beyond these personal meetings is
LABEL – BOX 14
FLOOD INFORMATION FOR THE ELBE DRAINAGE BASIN AREA
A fundamental transnational source of information about flood hazards and risks makes
up the
Elbe Atlas.
In LABEL it was expanded by maps on damage evaluation on the Elbe
in the second edition.
The further development of the
River Hydrology Software (FLYS)
as an information
and evaluation system for hydrological model-based geographic data to an internet appli-
cation makes possible a transnational employment in the whole of Elbe basin .
Interactive hazard map for the municipal flood protection (INGE):
an instrument
for the planning and implementation of emergency defences by local authorities. It is to
be employed transnationally in the Elbe catchment.
nevertheless still difficult due administrative and language barriers. The
common understanding of the tasks of flood risk management, the in-
sights won by LABEL should be further developed and continued.
Therefore the project partnership recommends:
Provision of specialized information throughout the river basin area:
Difficulties in the active transnational cooperation frequently arise, when
it relates to the exchange and the use of expert data and information. Also
specialised applications, such as flood portals and information systems
should be provided and established for the whole of the river basin.
Numerous such information systems were created in LABEL (LABEL Box 14).
Information and education in the handling of hazard and risk maps:
The
hazard and risk maps will be gradually compiled by the responsible
persons by 2013 in the context of the EU FRM-Dir. In LABEL, an intensive
exchange took place between German states and the countries Czech
Republic, Austria and Hungary. However, the collected experiences and
information must be forwarded on to the right places, which will use the
maps in the future but are not involved in LABEL. Also a regular transna-
tional exchange and cross-border training to update the hazard and risk
maps and flood risk management are necessary, so that the joint
understanding of the FRM tasks won by LABEL does not get lost.
5.3 |
RAISING FLOOD RISK AWARENESS
RISK AWARENESS
A central task of flood risk management is to create and maintain an
awareness of living with the risk of flood. Only when every single deci-
sion maker or person affected is aware of the of flood risk, he can be
prepared and avoid ensuing damages: by foresighted planning, struc-
tural prevention measures on endangered buildings or through preven-
tative behaviour. In this way, house-owners can ensure that e.g. expen-
sive objects or water-hazardous material such as oil or paint is stored
in elevated rooms. Such measures can diminish the damages your own,
but also the danger to others
8
. Apart from that, prudent behaviour can
in the case of emergency facilitate the work of the rescue workers and
could even save a life.
A further big challenge emerges, due to the fact that after a flood
event, the level of risk awareness among the public gradually decreases
over time. That means that the residents living close to a river, which did
not experience a major flood event recently are not sufficiently aware
of the flood risk. It is essential that the level of risk awareness is kept
at a high level, with the help of regular information events or other ac-
tivities.
flood
flood
+ 7 years
time
WITH REGULAR
EVENTS TO RASE
WITHOUT
AWARENESS
EVENTS TO RAISE
AWARENESS
high
medium
low
Based on the experiences from the LABEL activities
(LABEL-Box 15)
the following recommendations for the future work of increasing the
awareness of risk were collected:
Communicate the subject of flood and the tasks of the flood risk manage-
ment simply and target-group specified.
Complex connections, such as
flood risk management are often presented in a too complicated manner.
One example is the statistical recurrence intervals; it is often not
understood what a 100 yearly flood means. Therefore, it is important to
convey simple and comprehensive messages, without too much specialist
terminology (see LABEL-moving exhibition in LABEL-Box 15).
Attracting attention through innovative measures:
New approaches with
modern forms of presentation can put the focus on not yet considered
connections, e.g., flood risk and tourism in the LABEL tourist guide
“WasserKulturLandschaft Elbe” (WaterCultureLandscape Elbe) (LABEL-Box 17).
In this way, even less approached target group can be addressed.
Don`t let past flood events be forgotten:
Many people, who live in close
proximity to the Elbe, have already directly or indirectly experienced flood
events. To take up on these personal experiences and at the same time to
give recommendations, how the individuals can better protect or prepare
for a flood has more of an effect than just simply informing them.
5.4 |
RISK-ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT OF
TOURISM
The Elbe and its tributaries have a high recreational value. The Elbe
catchment is well known for its untouched natural and scenic beauty. In
many places, tourism is already an important economic factor and still
further great tourist potentials exist. The areas/locations along the river
are extremely valuable for bike and water tourism, but also for touristic
infrastructure like campgrounds. At the same time, the progressive ex-
ploitation of these areas produces conflicts with risk management: re-
tention areas are lost and damage potentials increase.
The linkage between flood risk and tourism development is often little
considered or ignored by the stakeholders. The communication con-
cerning this linkage and the raising of awareness for risks is necessary,
in order to guarantee risk management goals and sustainable tourism
development.
Within the framework of the LABEL project five partner regions have
taken up the challenge to combine sustainable flood risk prevention
and the development of tourism. Saxony-Anhalt (DE), South Bohemian
region (CZ), Central Bohemian region (CZ), Pilsen region (CZ) as well as
the holiday region Bohemian Forest (AT). The natural and tourist fea-
tures of the regions differ very greatly. While the water tourism infra-
structure is very well developed in Saxony-Anhalt, thanks to the help
of the initiative “Blaues Band”, adequate infrastructure and touristic
offers are missing in many Czech regions. However, great potential is
available. The interest from potential users in transnational offers is very
large; however the obstacles often are the lack of information material,
the poor quality of the facilities and the language barriers.
LABEL – BOX 15
INCREASE IN FLOOD RISK AWARENESS ON THE ELBE
The LABEL partnership demonstrates how the affected public can be made aware of the
topic of flood risk through numerous creative and innovative activities:
Moving exhibition:
based on the moving exhibition from the ELLA project, LABEL pro-
duced an updated exhibition. The exhibition was held in the whole of the Elbe basin and
can also be let elsewhere.
Media contest on flood protection:
Under the motto “Hochwasserschutz beginnt im
Kleinen. Und jeder kann mit wenig Aufwand dazu beitragen” (Flood prevention begins on
a small scale. Everyone can make a difference with a little effort) a public media contest
was started. The best ideas in the categories: poster, film and creative will be announced
at the LABEL final conference.
Project day with school children:
36 children between the ages of 6 and 10 took
part in the project day “Life on the river”. A focal point was to make the children aware
of how floods form.
LABEL-Films:
The three LABEL Films show, how individual people in the Elbe region prof-
it from the findings of LABEL.

image
image
image
image
image
28
29
First, the partners drew up diverse local studies, which investigated the
risk-adapted water tourism in the corresponding regions. Furthermore,
a joint workshop on the subject of water tourism was carried out on
which the potentials along the Elbe were defined and the possibilities
to improve the risk-adapted water tourism were worked out. Based on
the results of the studies and workshop, the following joint recommen-
dations were developed:
Expansion of water tourism infrastructure under the consideration of flood
risks:
There is a great need to bring the water tourism infrastructure to
similar standards. Marinas, information centres and clear signposting have
to be set up to appeal to more tourists. Here the security of the facilities
against flooding and the access to them in the event of flooding has to be
guaranteed and preventative aspects must also be considered. The possi -
bility to integrate the structures for flood prevention with touristic use
should be taken to account (LABEL-Box 16).
Improved communication of flood risks at tourism providers:
A survey in
Saxony-Anhalt found that the majority of tourism providers have neither
structural protection nor financial insurance for the event of flooding. The
tourism providers have to be provided with custom-made information on
flood risks, which are tailored to fit the demands of water tourism use. An
objective is to sensitize the providers so they can forward the information
to guests which raises risks awareness in general.
Increasing flood risk awareness among the tourists:
Tourists are also
interested in the natural environment at their holiday destination. Living with
the risk of flooding at the Elbe is part of life. First experiences from LABEL
with materials specifically prepared for this target group show that they were
met with great interest (see LABEL box 17).
LABEL – BOX 16
EXPANSION OF WATER TOURISM INFRASTRUCTURES AT THE ELBE
The
Central Bohemia region
has examined in LABEL the potentials of water tourism
and recreation areas. Within the framework of the study, flood adapted landings and suit-
able locations for the expansion of small marinas were determined, as well as refuge
ports for floods.
In the
Pilsen region
existing structures were checked for their protection against flood.
Measures for the protection of individual locations and further possibilities to promote
adapted water tourism were proposed.
LABEL – BOX 17
INCREASING THE FLOOD RISK AWARENESS OF THE TOURISTS.
Points of interest and structures on the subject of water are shown in the brochure “Was-
serKulturLandschaft Elbe” (WaterCultureLandscape Elbe) – traces and testimonials of wa-
ter”. A corresponding website
www.wasserkulturlandschaft-elbe.de
offers extensive in-
formation and moreover offers the inclusion of further water-related attractions by the
interested users. Tourists and residents can, in this way, be sensitized for the subject of
water management and towards flood risk.
ON THE ELBE RIVER NEAR MĚLNÍK
Networking of water tourism offers and their marketing along the Elbe
The importance of permanent superregional and transnational cooperation
to support water tourism was highlighted in the project and the joint
workshop from of all sides. This cooperation should refer to both the
possibilities of water tourism offers as well as their marketing:
-
Expansion of the water tourism offers through better networking, for
example in the area of touristic navigation. Here associations, organisa-
tions and authorities need to work together better.
-
Strengthened cooperation between the German federal states, as well as
between the countries (Germany, Czech Republic, and Austria) in the
marketing of water touristic offers.
Standard symbols for points of interest and water tourism infrastructures
(harbours, marinas, landing stages etc.) should be introduced both
nationally and transnationally.
LABEL – BOX 18
ASSESSMENT OF THE NAVIGATION ON THE ELBE
In
Saxony-Anhalt
an evaluation of current studies on navigation on the German part of
the Elbe was commissioned. The assessment showed that the inland ports present a mod-
ern and efficient infrastructure, which is only partly exploited due to the fluctuations in
the water level. A further obstacle presented is the limited availability of navigation space,
in times when the navigation conditions are favourable. Since the flooding in 2002 and
many years before, the capacities have migrated. The effects of climate change on naviga-
tion conditions were discussed with much controversy during the study.
The
region of Central Bohemia
has investigated alternative expansion classes to the
classification proposed by TEN-T, which would interfere less with other uses along the riv-
er as well as the nature.
The Děčin barrage is a subject of discussion in the
Usti region
. The possible effects of the
structures on the sustainable development in the region and the downstream areas were
examined. For Germany, there were no negative effects expected. Minor flood events (up
to HQ2) can be reduced by the barrage, bigger events should be, through the structure,
neither positively not negatively influenced.

image
image
30
31
the following water level for navigation in the Czech Republic, a depth
of 1,40m for 345 days a years and a minimum level of 2,20m for 180
days. These improvements fulfilled similar parameters, which apply for
the connecting Elbe waterway in Germany.
In many respects, the work on the subject of navigation and flood risks
in the LABEL project was an interesting challenge. In recent years, the
topic of navigability has become a “hot topic” for both public and po-
litical debates especially in Germany. Numerous studies since the flood-
ing in 2002 have found that, concerning this matter, ecological and
economic interests diverge. With the LABEL activities in Saxony-Anhalt
and the Czech regions of Usti, Central Bohemia and South Bohemia,
the dialogue was constructively continued. An overview on the very
complex debate and the active exchange of the stakeholders in the re-
gions was reached.
Development goals for the Elbe from a German point of view:
“Maintenance goal Elbe”:
Re-establishment and maintenance of the
conditions before the flood of 2002, as signed in the 2006 declaration of
intent. The Elbe should not be expanded beyond the conditions defined
there.
Reliable surveys should
be created on the development of cargo volumes,
the effects of climate change and the compatibility of economy and
ecology (see LABEL Box 18).
Development goals for the Elbe from a Czech point of view:
Improvement of navigation conditions:
The regions along the Elbe Usti,
Pardubice and Central Bohemia consider it necessary to improve the
navigation in the critical stretch from Usti on the Elbe to the German
border. Here a compromise should be found between the expansions of
navigation, nature conservation and flood prevention (see LABEL-Box 18).
The transport connection from the Czech Republic with the North Sea and
other waterways should be ensured in that way.
Building of the Děčín barrage:
The barrage is seen as an important
prerequisite, to improve conditions for the navigation on the Elbe. Through
numerous investigations and long years of planning, the ecological effects
on the river should be minimised (LABEL-Box 18).
The Czech regions accentuate that the Elbe presents an important wa-
terway. The river is the most important water connection to the North
Sea. This corresponds with the principles of the European Commission,
which included the Elbe as an international waterway in the TEN-T pri-
ority projects.
Development goals for the Vltava:
Expansion of navigation until České Budějovice for ships up to 300 tonnes
The navigability of the Vltava for transport ships, up to 300 tonnes, would
make ecological transport of bulk cargo from Southern Bohemia to other
regions along the Vltava and Elbe possible. Furthermore, passenger and
touristic navigation were also made possible (see also LABEL-Box 19).
5.5 |
PERSPECTIVES FOR NAVIGATION ON
THE ELBE AND VLTAVA
In the past, navigation on the Elbe has contributed greatly to the eco-
nomic development and exchange along the Elbe. Navigation is to-
day still of particular interest for many regions. However, they are of-
ten competing with other uses, among which are measures to prevent
flooding, as well as ecological objectives. At the same time, and ulti-
mately due to the effects of climate change, periods of extreme water
levels (above all low waters) present an increasing challenge for naviga-
tion on the Elbe (see also Chapter 2.3).
In 2006, the Ministers of Transport in both Germany and the Czech
Republic signed a “joint declaration of intent for the cooperation and
the transport aims and measures for the Elbe waterway up to the
Geesthacht barrage” in Hamburg, in which the restoration and the
security of the status quo of the navigation conditions before 2002
are described. This means that for inland cargo a navigation depth be-
tween Geesthacht and Dresden should be at least 1,60 m and between
Dresden and the border to Czech Republic 1,50 m during 345 days on
average. An expansion of the conditions is not planned.
Navigation on the Czech Elbe is noticeably influenced by the 40km
long stretch, upstream of the German border. The reasons for this are
the distinctive flow fluctuations, which make navigation in this critical
stretch impossible for approximately three to six months a year. There-
fore, these conditions prevent the effective use of the whole of the
Czech Elbe waterway as a navigation route. In order to address the
problem, a project has been planned for some time, to build a bar-
rage in the city Děčín, under the Tyrš-Bridge. The aim is to guarantee
LABEL – BOX 19
CHANCES FOR NAVIGATION ON THE VLTAVA
The Vltava is the most important inflow of the Elbe in the Czech Republic. Presently, reg-
ular navigation traffic can be found on the stretch of water between the Orlik dam and
the town of Týn nad Vltavou. The region of Southern Bohemia supports the expansion of
navigation, especially that of passenger and recreational navigation. The liners, which run
according to a regular timetable, should optimise the facilities for public passenger traf-
fic. Furthermore, the recreation liners for tourists from Central and Western Europe should
be extended. The large tourism potential of the Southern Bohemia region, along the Vl-
tava is yet to be exhausted.
WATER WAY CROSSING IN MAGDEBURG
6
FUTURE TRANSNATIONAL
TASKS IN THE ELBE
CATCHMENT
6.1 | TRANSNATIONAL AND NATIONWIDE
COOPERATION
The international cooperation in the Elbe catchment is well established
across countries: For decades, the water management has worked to-
gether. The international commission for the protection of the Elbe
(ICPE) has existed for over 20 years, and is involved in both the water
quality management and flood protection along the Elbe. Since 2002,
a complementing close cooperation and active transnational exchange
on a working level has existed through the ELLA and LABEL INTERREG
projects.
However, there is still much to do. The threat of flood risk will be also
be present in the future. Adaptation of existing uses can often not be
realised. Adaptation in new projects is not implemented everywhere in
the Elbe catchment as it would be necessary. Moreover, there are new
requirements for an extensive flood risk management, which demand
a close transnational cooperation: the Elbe catchment should be even
more intensively dealt with. This is also true concerning the effects be-
tween measures in the different river stretches and for the economic
aspects of the development of the river basin.
The implementation of the EU flood risk management directive and
coping with the climate change requires a close international coopera-
tion. Also, cooperation with neighbouring river catchment areas, such
as the Oder, should be supported.
Within the countries, administrative borders between responsibilities
for flood risk management have to be overcome The planning in riv-
er catchments are partly more characterised by administrative borders.
With its federal structure, Germany is an example of this: the individu-
al federal states, as far as water management is concerned, have their
own rules, which differ from those of the neighbouring states. Coop-
eration beyond regions is an important side effect of transnational pro-
jects like LABEL. In the Czech Republic, the cooperation between the
regions within the Czech Republic but also with German States intensi-
fied significantly.
TALSPERRE LES KRÁLOVSTVÍ
CONFLUENCE OF VLTAVA AND ELBE

image
32
33
The LABEL partners concluded the following:
Continuation of the LABEL partnership:
In the medium term, the river basin
wide and transnational exchange between the stakeholders and levels
should be continued, in particular to achieve long-term improvements and
further progress on the working level. The network which was created in
ELLA and consolidated in LABEL should be continued for the implementa-
tion of the goals and measures described here.
Adapt geographical scope of funding programmes to river catchments:
It is important that natural borders of international river basins, like the
Elbe catchment are illustrated in future funding programmes. This also can
be carried out with corresponding regulations on the approval of the
partners from the other areas, if it supports the cooperation. This is a core
point in river management within international river catchments.
Clarify legal questions on cooperation:
There continues to be a deficit, as
far as a clear joint understanding of the formal framework of international
cooperation is concerned, when realising flood prevention measures. In
particular legal questions in connection with the upstream-downstream
principle (e.g. joint transnational financing of retention measures in the
upstream region of river, claims for compensation for the interference of
flow conditions) could present an obstacle for the closer and more
effective cooperation in flood prevention.
Understand transnational effects of measures:
The assets of transnational
effective measures and e.g. the cost or savings related to it, can only be
assessed, if the effects of the measures are already reliably known. A
comprehensive analysis of transnational effects of retention measures was
carried out in LABEL. The findings show impressively the value of
transnational cooperation. Corresponding considerations have to be
regularly updated, improved and above all conveyed to the public.
Creation of municipal flood partnerships:
During the LABEL project the
“Flood partnership Labe-Elbe” was started as a communication platform.
This was extended for the whole of the river basin area, to enable a direct
exchange for the realisation of measures and goals between those
affected and the most important stakeholders. This is an important
contribution for the extensive regional cooperation and the information
exchange on all questions of flood risk management. In particular, this
cooperation has to involve the local planners and decisions makers and
should not be confined to trans-regional and national representatives.
6.2 |
TRANSNATIONAL TASKS REGARDING
FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT
The LABEL partnership understands flood risk management as a joint
and integrative task of the diverse stakeholders (i.e. water manage-
ment, spatial urban planning, nature conservation, forestry and agricul-
ture, navigation and tourism, building industry, insurance and banks) in
the Elbe catchment. All levels work together: international level through
the ICPE, national and federal state level, as well as municipalities. The
main aim of risk management is less the creation of maps or a plan, but
rather the coordinated fulfilment of the preventative and aftercare ob-
ligations by the diverse stakeholders.
The flood risk management itself is most effective, if risk management
plans are worked out and implemented comprehensively transnational.
However, the responsibility for the risk management is divided in ad-
ministrative borders, as described in other places. The degree of coordi-
nation has not yet been legally clarified.
Diverse approaches were compared in LABEL. Transnational plans were
developed on a pilot basis. In this way, LABEL provides methodical and
organisational foundations for the work on an international river catch-
ment.
In the extensive implementation, however, the following transnational
tasks are to be performed:
Comparison of assessment and significance criteria:
to evaluate the flood
risks a comparative assessment has to be guaranteed for all sub-areas. This
also applies to the methods of investigating damage potential.
Harmonisation of map illustrations:
The hazard and risk maps are, as far as
the necessary contents within the river basin are concerned, mostly
generally comparable. However, the comparisons in LABEL show that there
are considerable regional differences in the illustrations and the basis for
the illustrations. This also partly concerns the diverse regions or states
respectively. The aim, in the medium-term, is to achieve greater alignment
of the maps for international river basins.
Simplification of the exchange of data and transnational alignment:
Calculation basis, data used for creating the maps and for flood risk
management plans should be made easier accessible in the transnational
cooperation, so that they are mutually understandable.
Joint planning of measures:
Measures of flood risk management must be
jointly assessed and implemented according to aligned priorities. For this a
unified catalogue of types of measures would be helpful, as a basis for the
regional adaptation. This could include fundamental comparative
assessments. Examples for diverse European river areas have already been
developed.
Continuation and intensification of expertise cooperation:
Firstly, a
coordinated flood risk management demands the understanding of
approaches and methodology used by all neighbouring regions. To ensure
the groundwork achieved by LABEL sustainably, regular meetings on a
working level are necessary. For this a stronger transnational cooperation
in research projects and the immediate exchange of results between
experts and the political level are significant.
Transnational agreement on emergency management:
The principles and
procedures in the event of a catastrophe should be mutually known by all
involved regions and countries. Joint crisis strategies and plans of actions,
for the event of a flood, based on international agreements, are especially
important in border regions. In this area, there is still a need for improve-
ment.
Transnational cooperation of flood handling:
Joint cross-border exercises,
the use of information systems which are compatible with each other, as
well as tightly controlled information paths (information is channelled
directly to the persons affected / stakeholders) are recommended.
Improvement of the forecast and risk management of flash floods:
Flash
floods can, especially against the background of possible consequences of
climate change (increase in strong rainfall), pose a considerable danger.
This type of flooding has been, up to now, little considered in flood risk
management plans, due to insufficient available data.
Communication and raising risk awareness:
The existing foundations (infor-
mation of diverse target groups, hazard and risk maps etc.) must be more
effectively used to make the affected parties aware of the requirement for
action and to trigger the necessary actions by the stakeholders. For this, a
greater involvement is needed of municipalities, the local economy and
the affected public. However, many very good approaches demonstrate
difficulties, in maintaining the risk awareness high. As in the past,
successful, transferable resources are still required.
6.3 |
TRANSNATIONAL TASKS REGARDING
ADAPTATION TO FLOOD RISKS
As the hazard of flood in the future cannot be eliminated, all possibili-
ties to adapt the uses to the flood risks have to be exhausted. Extensive
possible measures have been developed and documented. However the
status of the implementation and execution is not sufficient.
The adaptation of new projects often fails due to higher costs or the
inadequate knowledge of occurring risks. The adaptation of existing
uses additionally fails due to the lack of acceptance for restrictions or
changes, or due to technical limits, which are often associated with
high costs.
The effective and sustainable adaptation to flood risks in the Elbe catch-
ment requires these obstacles to be overcome. For this, on the one
hand instruments are necessary (Planning instruments, information, fi-
nancial instruments) and appropriate local solutions. On the other hand
examples derived from LABEL show, that the most effective changes are
not achieved by ordnances and regulations. In fact a continuous coop-
eration between experts, responsible authorities and local stakeholders
is required.
The transnational development and distribution of solutions is helpful.
The acceptance of adaptation measures and related costs or restrictions
increases demonstrably, if they are not dealt with locally isolated. Fur-
thermore, the national cooperation of adaptation measures can make it
clearer, how local measures are integrated into complex effective con-
nections and spatial structures in the Elbe catchment and cannot be
solved by sector-related or local considerations.
Therefore, the future tasks in this field are:
Inclusion of all affected stakeholders in the river basin in adaptation
concepts:
For example, the tasks of urban planning are of great impor-
tance. Here up to now less considered stakeholders, such as tourism
industry should be included in flood risk management planning.
Adaptation of municipal planning to hazards:
Urban planning plays an
important role in flood risk management. Settlements are not only the
affected ones but also a decisive cause of flood risk. Instruments to
control the risk-adapted land use are known. This enforcement must be
carried out more effectively and also be monitored. Apart from the
reduction of damage potentials in settlements, retention areas can be
provisionally secured.
Support of municipal cooperation:
International municipal flood partner-
ships present very suitable foundations, in order to stipulate local actions
in the context of the impact of floods. In this way, the awareness of the
problem and the acceptance of the adaptation can be raised. Furthermore,
the planned measures on flood protection can be directly aligned with
each other.
Greater involvement on the municipal level in flood risk management
planning:
The municipalities should be involved in the creation and
checking of the flood risk management plans and in the planning and
implementation of measures by the responsible officials.
Consequently consider adaptation to flood risks and climate change
in
new developments and existing uses in risk areas. Despite many years of
attempting to avoid and reduce the damage potential in flood areas,
further action in the future is necessary which urges an adaptation to
flood risks in the catchment area. Furthermore, in the future there is the
added challenge of climate change, which is especially applicable to the
field of inland navigation, with an expected reduction in navigable days.
Regularly informing and up-keeping of risk awareness
to prepare all
relevant stakeholders and the affected population for a possible
emergency. Here the aim should be an integrated consideration of the
arising risks due to floods and climate change.

image
34
35
OVERVIEW OF ALL ACTIVITIES
IN LABEL

image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
36
47
46
45
42
52
41
13
26
36
23
24
22
14
32
40
20
34
37
48
44
43
39
15
29
30
31
12
16
53
Szolnok
(HU)
36
27
25
33
1
11
,
38
+
51
21
19
18
17
28
49
35
Nr
MAP BASIS:
NORDNORDWEST /
ADAPTATION:
INFRASTRUKTUR & UMWELT, PROFESSOR BÖHM AND PARTNER
KICK-OFF CONFERENCE
22-24/APR/2009, MAGDEBURG
MIDTERM CONFERENCE
24-26/NOV/2010, MARTFÜ, HU
FINAL CONFERENCE
21-22/JUN/2012, DRESDEN
LOCATION OF THE LABEL ACTIVITIES:
Study area
Venues of the LABEL
moving exhibition
LABEL activities
Activity refers to entire catchment
37
1
Comparison of the implementation of EU flood risk management
directives in the LABEL regions
2
Methodology of preliminary assessment of flood risks and definition of
areas with high flood risk
3
Standardization minimum criteria for the creation of flood hazard and
flood risk maps
4
Coordination with the International Commission for the protection
of the Elbe (ICPE)
5
Testing the reporting to the EU in connection with the Flood Risk
Management Directive
6
Effects of the Czech and German dams on Elbe floods
7
Elbe-Atlas II: Damage potential in the Elbe catchment
8
Tourist and leisure guide “WasserKulturLandschaft Elbe”
(WaterCultureLandscape Elbe)
9
Municipal Flood partnership Labe-Elbe
10
Adaptation to climate change in the Elbe catchment
11
Media competition on flood protection
12
Creation of documents for the mapping of flood risks and flood hazards
in the Hradec Králové, Pardubice and Liberec regions
13
Elbe tourism in the Hradec Králové region
14
Documentation on areas with high flood risk – pilot project in the town
of Přepeře
15
Risk Atlas Elbe – Creation of flood hazard maps and flood risk maps
– Pilot project on the Jizera river
16
Mathematic model to simulate hydrological conditions in the Elbe
catchment area
17
Study of the retention areas in the Vltava river basin
18
Flood risk and hazard maps for river mouth areas
19
Tourism at the European watershed between Danube and Elbe
20
Influence of changes in land use on floods and torrents in Austria
21
Regional study Orlik
22
Tourist traffic and flood protection in South Bohemia
23
Analysis of the retention potential in the region of Pilsen
24
Water tourism in the Pilsen region
25
Concept of regional flood protection measures in Central Bohemia region
26
Improvement of water tourism infrastructure in Central Bohemia
27
Significance of Elbe Navigation in Central Bohemia
28
Political workshop “Flood protection – on a local and international level”
and the Elbe conference
29
Web application to present selected data on flood area
30
Regional Flood Protection Measures in the Usti region
31
Water tourism in the Usti Region
32
Flood retention in the Czech Ore Mountains
33
Improvement of WBS FLAB (Knowledge-based system of areas with
similar run-off generation) and comparison of the determination
of flood formation areas in Saxony and Czech Republic
34
Assessment of the Děčín lock
35
Project day with school children
36
Involvement of municipalities in flood risk management
37
Workshop on legal matters “Upstream and downstream riparians”
38
Further development of flood management system INGE
39
Pilot implementation of EU flood risk management directive
for the White Elster
40
LABEL at the euregia
41
Reconstruction of the course of the Elbe river from Schöna
to Geesthacht in the first half of the 19th Century
42
The river hydrological software FLYS, the water level information
system of the BfG
43
Political workshop on water tourism
44
Influence of the flooding of lowlands of the river Havel on the flooding
of the Elbe
45
Risk prevention and water tourism
46
Analysis of navigability in Saxony-Anhalt
47
Review of flood retention areas, evaluation of risk resulting from flood
and pollutants and recommendations for adapted uses
48
Cross and inter project exchange: The LABEL-SAWA Conference
“Elbe without borders”
49
Study trip from the Tisza to the Elbe
50
LABEL mobile exhibition
51
Film and articles about LABEL on behalf of the EU Commission
52
Integrated regional concept „Lower Middle Elbe“
53
Flood risk mapping at polders in the Hungarian Tisza catchment
GENERAL MAP OF ACTIVITIES

image
image
38
Republic towards the European Commission regarding the principle of
“reporting duty”. The standardization minimum was especially devel-
oped for clients and professional producers of maps, in order to achieve
homogeneous results for the mapping projects for the whole of the
Czech Republic. For every catchment and every river section with a poten-
tially high flood risk, there are three reports planned on the mapped area:
an “explanatory report”, a “technical report –hydrology models and flood
hazard maps” and a “technical report – flood danger and flood risk maps”.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC
FURTHER INFORMATION:
WWW.POVIS.CZ, SECTION “KE STAŽENÍ” – IMPLEMENTACE
POVODŇOVÉ SMĚRNICE
4
COORDINATION WITH THE INTERNATIONAL
COMMISSION FOR THE PROTECTION
OF THE ELBE (ICPE)
A cooperation between the representatives of LABEL and the Interna-
tional Commission for the Protection of the Elbe took place on one
hand by presentations of the representatives of LABEL at numerous
meetings of the working group “Flood protection” of ICPE. On the
other hand, representatives of ICPE took part in political workshops of
LABEL, e.g. 13-14 April 2011 in Prague. The aim was the exchange of
information about working projects and the subsequent activities, as
well as joint cooperation.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
MINISTRY FOR THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC AND
SAXON STATE MINISTRY OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND AGRICULTURE (SMUL)
5
TESTING THE REPORTING TO THE EU IN
CONNECTION WITH THE FLOOD RISK
MANAGEMENT DIRECTIVE
The EU flood risk management directives stipulate that the results of the
individual phases must be made openly accessible for the European
Commission by means of data reporting through the WISE system. For
this purpose, the Czech Ministry of Environment tested the final version
of the reporting entry form for the preliminary assessment of flood risks
- taking the valid procedures in the Czech Republic into consideration.
A data reporting model was created for the data required in the entry
form and a proposal was developed for an efficient way to fill out the
form. Furthermore, the ministry created a record for the Czech part of
the international Elbe catchment and sent it provisionally to the WISE
system. These findings were taken into consideration in the actual sub-
sequent data reporting.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/RESULTS0.HTML
1
COMPARISON OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF
EU FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT DIRECTIVES IN THE
LABEL REGIONS
Flood risk management directives schedule three phases for the imple-
mentation of flood risk management: preliminary assessment of flood
risks/creation of hazard and risk maps/ development of flood risk man-
agement plans. In this project, the procedures of the LABEL countries
and states, Czech Republic, Austria, Hungary, Thuringia and Saxony
were compared and alignment recommendations were developed. The
recommendations are the results of both the diverse LABEL pilot pro-
jects and of the intensive experience exchanges of the LABEL working
groups RISK and sub-RISK. They are coordinated with each other and
supported by all project partners. These implementation-oriented core
messages are contained in the document “LABE-ELBE 2012 plus – Re-
sults and Recommendations from the LABEL project”.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
SAXON STATE OFFICE FOR ENVIRONMENT, AGRICULTURE AND
GEOLOGY (LFULG) AS LEADER OF THE WORKING GROUP RISK
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/RESULTS0.HTML
2
METHODOLOGY OF PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT OF
FLOOD RISKS AND DEFINITION OF AREAS WITH
HIGH FLOOD RISK
According to the European flood risk management directive (FRM-Dir),
the flood risks were preliminarily assessed for the whole catchment in
the Czech Republic. This assessment was carried out homogeneously
and using the spatial analysis instrument of the GIS. The basis of which
was accessible information and standard databases from the Czech Re-
public. Two essential criteria were selected; according to which the ef-
fects of flood risk could be quantified: the number of residents and the
value of the assets which would be affected by floods of varying prob-
ability of occurrence - the so-called risk scenarios: HQ5, HQ20 and
HQ100. In this way, areas with a potentially high flood risks were de-
fined. Additionally, river sections in towns were identified, which would
be affected by a 100 year flood.
Currently, flood hazard and flood risk maps are being created for areas
with potentially high flood risks.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC
FURTHER INFORMATION
: WWW.POVIS.CZ, SECTION “KE STAŽENÍ” – IMPLEMENTACE
POVODŇOVÉ SMĚRNICE
DEFINITION OF CATCHMENTS WITH POTENTIALLY HIGH FLOOD RISKS IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC
(ATTACHMENT_1_APSFR)
3
STANDARDIZATION MINIMUM CRITERIA FOR THE
CREATION OF FLOOD HAZARD AND FLOOD
RISK MAPS
The aim of flood hazard and flood risk maps which were created out-
side of LABEL are based on a procedure intended to identify the extent
of flooding risks in the flooding areas and the determination of the ex-
tent of potential flood damage to houses, buildings, infrastructure, and
industrial and agricultural production. The standardization for the crea-
tion of flood hazard and flood risk maps defines the standardized mini-
mum requirements for drawing up maps by the state enterprises in the
river basin area. Consideration was also given to the duty of the Czech
39
6
EFFECTS OF THE CZECH AND GERMAN DAMS
ON ELBE FLOODS
In the catchment of the river Saale (DE) and the river basins of Vltava
and Ohře (CZ) there are numerous dams, which played an important
role as reservoirs and flood outlets, during the significant Elbe floods in
2002, 2006 and 2011.
For the first time, within a transnational project the German and Czech
partner examined together the positive effects for the Elbe.The effect of
the dams, during thr historic floods of 2002, 2006 and 2022, as well as
30 artifically generated flood modes were analysed. The project showed
that the flood retention measures in Czech Republich and the manage-
ment of the Saale dam in Thuringia ensured that druing the mentioned
floods on the whole of stretch of free flowing German Elbe, there
ocurred considerably less flooding (several decimetres) than if had been
no use of measures. The measures of the upstream riparians contribut-
ed a great deal to reducing the flood danger for the downstream ripar-
ians on the upper and middle Elbe in Germany.
FLOOD DRAINAGE ON THE ORLIK DAM ON 14.08.2002 (SOURCE: IKSE)
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
GERMAN FEDERAL INSTIUTE FOR HYDROLOGY (BFG) IN COOPERA-
TION WITH, T. G. MASARYK WATER RESEARCH INSTITUTE (PRAGUE, CZ), AQUALOGIC
CONSULTING (PSÁRY, CZ)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
BFG (2012): HYDRODYNAMIC- NUMERICAL- DRAINAGE
SIMULATIONS FOR THE VLTAVA, OHŘE AND ELBE TO DEMONSTRATE THE EFFECTS OF
TECHNICAL DAMS ON EXTREME FLOODING ON THE VLTAVA AND OHŘE IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC
AND ON THE ELBE IN BOTH THE CZECH REPUBLIC AND GERMANY. REPORT BFG-1725. GERMAN
FEDERAL INSTITUTE FOR HYDROLOGY, KOBLENZ
7
ELBE-ATLAS II: DAMAGE POTENTIALS IN THE
ELBE CATCHMENT
The German State and Czech region members of LABEL created joint
maps for Elbe Atlas II for damage assessment along the Elbe. For this,
asset values were determined for the entire Elbe catchment. Where wa-
ter heights of extreme floods of the Elbe were available, damage poten-
tial was calculated. These complement the existing maps of the first El-
be-Atlas. Furthermore, potentially hazardous sites were added on the
maps and the affected populations in the flood areas displayed. With
the addition of risk maps to the existing Elbe Atlas, important require-
ments of the EU-Flood risk management directives are met. Apart from
information for experts, the information of the public on flood protec-
tion in the Elbe catchment area will also benefit from the usage of the
data from this atlas.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
SAXON STATE OFFICE FOR ENVIRONMENT, AGRICULTURE AND
GEOLOGY (LFULG)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/RESULTS0.HTML
8
TOURIST AND LEISURE GUIDE
“WASSERKULTURLANDSCHAFT ELBE”
(WATERCULTURELANDSCAPE ELBE)
Together, all the LABEL partners along the Elbe created the brochure
“WasserKulturLandschaft Elbe
(WaterCultureLandscape Elbe)
- traces
and testimonials of water” and a complementary website. The objective
is to sensitise tourists and residents for water resource themes and to
raise the public awareness of this subject. The handy brochure guides
the reader to 185 points of interest, both natural and man-made, like
sources, dams, dykes, water-gauges, high and low water markings,

image
image
40
tion measures thereby range from the development of climate-adapted
concepts, the change of usage in vulnerable areas to the implementa-
tion of structural changes. Suitable adaptation measures for the Elbe
region are currently being compiled and evaluated systematically in a
study.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
SAXON STATE MINISTRY FOR ENVIRONMENT, AGRICULTURE AND
GEOLOGY (SMUL)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/DE/RESULTS0/FURTHER-TOPICS
11
MEDIA COMPETITION ON FLOOD PROTECTION
Everyone can contribute to flood protection - with very little effort...
In order to communicate this message in a more attractive and enter-
taining way, a media competition has been launched under the motto
“Is everything flowing all right?” The objective is to present to the pub-
lic, using the media, tips and behaviour patterns on flood protection.
Those interested in taking part in the competition were contacted and
informed via a homepage, flyers, placard and Facebook. The best ideas
in the categories placard, film and creativity have been evaluated by an
expert jury and will be awarded a prize at the LABEL final conference.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
SAXON STATE OFFICE FOR ENVIRONMENT, AGRICULTURE AND
GEOLOGY (LFULG)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.MEDIENWETTBEWERB-HOCHWASSERSCHUTZ.ORG/
12
CREATION OF DOCUMENTS FOR THE MAPPING
OF FLOOD RISKS AND FLOOD HAZARDS
IN THE HRADEC KRÁLOVÉ, PARDUBICE AND
LIBEREC REGIONS
Within the framework of a pilot project, the Czech regions of Hradec
Králové, Pardubice and Liberec drafted joint documents to create flood
hazard and flood risk maps for the river basín area of the river Orlice
(Adler), a part of the river basin area of the Divoká Orlice (Wilde Adler )
and for the river basin area of the Jizera (Iser), including the most im-
portant tributaries. Here, every region mapped the located rivers in their
region. The survey gives an overview on historic floods and flood areas
with the probability of repeat floods categorized from HQ5, HQ20, and
HQ100 to HQ active (“active zone” in the Czech Republic). Further-
more, they demonstrate which road sections could be affected by
floods at different high water levels and which objects are at risk of
damage. Natural retention areas were mapped and existing flood pre-
vention measures like polders or dams were marked and identified.
Within the framework of a pilot project in the Padubice and Liberec re-
gions, a flood area was determined for test purposes with a probability
of HQ500.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
REGIONS OF HRADEC KRÁLOVÉ, PARDUBICE AND LIBEREC
FURTHER INFORMATION:
THE RESULTS OF A STUDY WERE PRESENTED IN SEMINARS AND
WORKSHOPS TO REPRESENTATIVES OF MUNICIPALITIES AND STATE ADMINISTRATION, AS WELL
AS TO A SPECIALIST AUDIENCE. FURTHERMORE, THEY WERE MADE ACCESSIBLE TO THE PUBLIC
ON INTERNET SITES IN THE CORRESPONDING REGIONS: WEBSITE OF THE LIBEREC REGION:
HTTP://MAPY.KR-KRALOVEHRADECKY.CZ/LABEL/HTML/). FURTHERMORE, INTEREST GROUPS
RECEIVED THE STUDY ON DVD.
canals and estuaries. The brochure is meant to complement existing
travel guides and contains maps, coordinates, short explanations, as
well as photos. The guide is available in German and Czech.
For further information, there is an internet site which provides consid-
erably more places of interest and extensive background information.
The information can be easily updated and is also available in English.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
SAXON STATE OFFICE FOR ENVIRONMENT, AGRICULTURE AND
GEOLOGY (LFULG)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
WWW.HOCHWASSERZENTRUM.SACHSEN.DE
WWW.WASSERKULTURLANDSCHAFT-ELBE.DE
WWW.REKA-LIDE-KRAJINA-LABE.CZ
9
MUNICIPAL FLOOD PARTNERSHIP LABE-ELBE
Effective flood protection is only possible, if all those involved along the
river pull together. The flood partnership Elbe is a voluntary union of all
affected municipalities, cites and districts who are supported by compe-
tent expert authorities. Through this exchange of experiences and co-
operation between all the people involved, plans are agreed upon, con-
flicts resolved and strategies to improve the local flood prevention and
catastrophe defence are developed and optimized. Cities and munici-
palities from the German states of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Lower
Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Schleswig Holstein, as well as the Euro re-
gion of Elbe/ Labé. The union is open to further members. The partner-
ship has the following objectives:
Information and raising the awareness of flood danger among the
residents, industry and businesses
Setting up of a network between all those involved in a river
catchment area
Exchange of knowledge and experiences in the field of flood prevention
A workshop held at the end of August 2011, already managed to bring
to one table the existing and future members, institutions and stake-
holders who are active in the area of flood prevention, flood coverage
and flood management. The focal points of the event were: municipal
urban planning, progress reports from the municipalities on the han-
dling of floods, solutions for driftwood management, advantages of
dyke removal and renaturation measures and the implementation of EU
flood risk management directive.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
COUNTY OF LUDWIGSLUST-PARCHIM
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/DE/RESULTS0/FURTHER-TOPICS/
FLOOD-PARTNERSHIP-ELBE.HTML
10
ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN
THE ELBE CATCHMENT
The impacts of climate change will also become apparent in the Elbe
catchment. Climate change will mean that, future winters in the Elbe
catchment will be frequently milder and wetter, while the summers will
be dryer on average. In addition, a general accumulation of extreme
weather events, including heavy rain is forecasted. This suggests that in
future, the Elbe catchment will have to deal with more floods but also
more low water situations. Against this background, flexible and sus-
tainable solutions to adapt to the impacts of the current and future cli-
mate change are needed. In the affected sectors, such as water man-
agement, regional planning or tourism, both sector specific and cross
sector adaptation measures need to be implemented. Possible adapta-
41
13
ELBE TOURISM IN THE HRADEC KRÁLOVÉ REGION
LABE AT HRADEC KRÁLOVÉ
The region of Hradec Králové commissioned a study on the use of the
Elbe for touristic navigation. The study is in the form of catalogue pag-
es, which each contain a map with location markers and photos of the
finishing and starting points. In total three places were selected for the
Hradec Králové region, which could be use for navigation purposes: the
Elbe section from the border to the region of Parbudice at Předměřice
nad Labem, the section at Smiřice and at the town of Kuks.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
HRADEC KRÁLOVÉ REGION
FURTHER INFORMATION:
THE CATALOGUE PAGES CAN BE PRINTED OUT AND ARE ALSO
AVAILABLE ON CD. THEY WERE PRESENTED AT THE CONFERENCE IN PRAGUE, TO THE
SPECIALIST PUBLIC, WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE PROJECT. THE CATALOGUE PAGES WERE
ALSO MENTIONED AT THE “WATER AND WATER TOURISM” CONFERENCE IN HRADEC KRÁLOVÉ,
WHICH WAS DESIGNED FOR BOTH AN EXPERT AUDIENCE AS WELL AS THE WIDER PUBLIC
14
DOCUMENTATION ON AREAS WITH HIGH FLOOD
RISK – PILOT PROJECT IN THE TOWN OF PŘEPEŘE
PLANS ON FLOOD RISK MANAGEMENT
The documentation on areas with high flood risk (czech : Dokumentace
oblasti s významným povodňovým rizikem) relates to another LABEL pi-
lot project on flood risk maps compiled for the Jizera river on the Mladá
Boleslav-Turnov segment. The model documentation is limited to a sin-
gle area- the town of Přepeře. This model is to be the basis of decision
making for the implementation group “Flood risk management” of the
Environment Ministry. On the one hand, it is to be the foundation for
the standardization of plans of existing risks in the Czech Republic, and
it also acts as prototype to work out a joint and binding model of a
flood risk study for the whole of the Czech Republic.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
ELBE RIVER BASIN AUTHORITY
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/RESULTS0.HTML
15
RISK ATLAS ELBE – CREATION OF FLOOD HAZARD
MAPS AND FLOOD RISK MAPS – PILOT PROJECT
ON THE JIZERA RIVER
The objective of this work was to find a cost effective and at the same
time reliable and precise method to create flood danger and flood risk
maps, according to EU flood risk management directives. The demands
of the assessment of the level of flood protection for the upper and
middle reaches of the Elbe were also to be taken into consideration. The
creation of the maps dealt with the river Jizera, on the segment of
Mladá Boleslav-Turnov. This section of the river covers flood areas,
which were defined according to diverse geodesic documents and dif-
ferent flow models. A further objective was to examine the possible use
of flood risk maps to define the active zones of the flooded area; espe-
cially the lower parts of the river with extensive flood areas. The risk
maps were created by means of a risk matrix.
The pilot project was divided into three sections; in each section a new
mathematical model was used. The pilot project served as a basis for
the creation of a standardization minimum. The Environment Ministry
in the Czech Republic used it to test a data system for the storage of
flood hazard and flood risk maps. The results of the individual flood sce-
narios HQ5, HQ20, HQ100 and HQ500 were elevation maps, flow
speed maps as well as flood danger and flood risk maps.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
ELBE RIVER BASIN AUTHORITY
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/RESULTS0.HTML
16
MATHEMATIC MODEL TO SIMULATE
HYDROLOGICAL CONDITIONS IN THE ELBE
CATCHMENT AREA
Based on the experiences with the progression of the 2002 Elbe flood,
the Czech state Elbe water association company wants to develop an
instrument for the prognosis of the water levels and flow behaviour of
this important river. Within the framework of LABEL, a mathematical
model to simulate the hydrological conditions in the Elbe catchment
was created. The objective is to be able to predict the expansion of the
flooding areas and the water levels and flow paths in selected sections
of the Czech part of the Elbe. The creation of the mathematical model
which covers an area of 250km was made with a combination of 1D
and 1D+ models. Additionally, a 2D model was used for the small areas
and, with regard to currents, complicated segments of the river at the
confluence of the Elbe and Vltava in Mělník and at the confluence of
Elbe and Ohře at Litoměřice. The outputs of the model are the estimat-
ed water level and flow patterns in the individual river profiles. The find-
ings from this method were presented to the public in the form of a
web application created within a further LABEL sub-project.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
ELBE RIVER BASIN AUTHORITY
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/RESULTS0.HTML

image
image
image
image
42
17
STUDY OF THE RETENTION AREAS IN THE VLTAVA
RIVER BASIN
The aim of the study was to assess the contribution of more important
existing and potential retention capacities for flood protection. The
Rožmberk reservoir was assessed, in view of its existing retention effect,
as well as on the potential increase in its retention volume. Moreover,
the Krkavec dam was examined, as to what extent it could be used as
potentially important reservoir on the Nežárka river.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
VLTAVA RIVER BASIN AUTHORITY
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.PVL.CZ/PLANOVANI-OBLASTI-VOD/PROJEK-LABEL
18
FLOOD RISK AND HAZARD MAPS FOR RIVER
ESTUARIES
43
The pilot study deals with the creation of flood danger and flood risk
maps in the confluence areas of selected rivers. The problem with con-
fluences is very specific as it is difficult to connect the heterogeneous
data and the mathematical model. Here attention should be paid to the
correct entries of the boundary conditions for the calculations.
The results of the study are a proposal for a standardized procedure
which will be used in the creation of flood hazard and risk maps for the
Czech Republic.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
VLTAVA RIVER BASIN AUTHORITY
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.PVL.CZ/PLANOVANI-OBLASTI-VOD/PROJEK-LABEL
19
TOURISM AT THE EUROPEAN WATERSHED
BETWEEN DANUBE AND ELBE
The Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water
Management of Austria compiled a study within the project LABEL in
which cross border strategies for adaptation to the rising flood risk in
the Austrian Elbe catchment area are developed. A characteristic in the
area is the Schwarzenberg‘sche Schwemmkanal, a man made water
way over the watershed between Danube and Elbe, which was primar-
ily created for timber transport to Vienna. In close cooperation with the
Czech Region of South Bohemia the sustainable touristic use combined
with environmental aspects, will be enhanced across borders.
Special focus is paid to environmental education of the visitors regard-
ing the water related protection function of the forest. Also, the recent
political history of the border region has hardly been touched on. The
following ways of improving the tourism potential are planned:
Completion of the visitor information system at the canal
Development of a educational trail along the alluvial canal
Design a Folder
Development of programmes for schools
Reconstruction of the guiding system for visitors alongside
the alluvial canal
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
FEDERAL MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, ENVIRONMENT
AND WATER MANAGEMENT (AUSTRIA)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/ABOUT-LABEL/PILOT-PROJECTS/
PILOT-ACTION-12.HTML
20
INFLUENCE OF CHANGES IN LAND USE ON
FLOODS AND TORRENTS IN AUSTRIA
The role of land use and land coverage in river basin areas of torrents,
in view of their protective effect against erosion, mudslides, floods and
avalanches is well-known. In LABEL the potential hazards was reviewed
with the aid of an improved method. The comparative review of the last
decade revealed that the accelerated structural change in the agricul-
ture and forestry has led to a deterioration of hydrological conditions. In
other flood formation areas extensive damage has been caused by the
mining of lignite in the past, as well by secondary damage induced by
forest pests, insects, fungi and other parasites.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
FEDERAL MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, ENVIRONMENT
AND WATER MANAGEMENT (AUSTRIA)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/RESULTS0.HTML
21
REGIONAL STUDY ORLIK
The study area of the Orlík Dam is one of the areas of particular region-
al importance. It is an economically weak region where sustainable de-
velopment and the preservation of regional characteristics must be en-
couraged. There are competing interests between water management,
power generation, tourism, infrastructure and environmental protec-
tion. Therefore, it is important to identify sustainable and risk-adapted
development options: the pilot action is contributing to the risk-adapted
touristic development of the Orlík area.
The current situation, its general conditions and future development op-
tions for flood-adapted tourism have been examined in the regional
study Orlík. The results of the completed study will be used for the up-
dating and further development of the principles of spatial development
for the South Bohemian region. Manuals, which will in future serve as a
basis for local decision-makers and administrations, are part of the
study. The project is in line with the Programme for Regional Develop-
ment of the South Bohemia region.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
REGION OF SOUTH BOHEMIA
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/ABOUT-LABEL/PILOT-PROJECTS/
PILOT-ACTION-15-19.HTML

image
image
image
image
44
22
TOURIST TRAFFIC AND FLOOD PROTECTION
IN SOUTH BOHEMIA
The Region South Bohemia has analyzed potential locations for the de-
velopment of water tourism and tourist navigation along the rivers Vl-
tava, Otava and Lužnice. The different locations were evaluated regard-
ing their flood risk, their influence on the discharge in case of a potential
flood, their traffic connection and connection to public infrastructure as
well as concerning their attractiveness for tourism in the region. The
most important result of the study is a catalogue about existing and po-
tential tourist navigation infrastructures, as well as camping sites or rec-
reation centres. This catalogue puts together all relevant information on
the different locations: facilities, tourist connections, traffic connec-
tions, legal aspects and flood risks.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
SOUTH BOHEMIAN REGION
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/ABOUT-LABEL/PILOT-PROJECTS/
PILOT-ACTION-15-19.HTML
23
ANALYSIS OF THE RETENTION POTENTIAL IN THE
REGION OF PILSEN
The region of Pilsen lies in the upper part of the Elbe catchment. In this
mountainous area with relatively high precipitation it is important to
slow down the surface run-offs. The company IRI devised an analysis of
the retention potential in the Pilsen region (in Czech Posouzení
retenčních kapacit území Plzeňského kraje), in which the natural reten-
tion conditions and the significance of the existence of the planned ba-
sin to slow down the river flow was assessed. This was done with the aid
of a retention capacity model taking into consideration the natural gen-
eral conditions and the management and the spatial distribution of the
new reservoirs. Furthermore, the effects of the flood protection meas-
ures were analysed. A model was newly designed to protect the natural
retention area. Moreover, the study shows further possibilities to im-
prove the water resource management in the region. For example, to
guarantee the water reserves in dry periods or the drainage by extreme
rainfall. The results of the study were included in the update of the re-
gion spatial development plans, as well as in the area planning of the
local municipalities.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
PILSEN REGION
FURTHER INFORMATION:
WWW.PLZENSKY-KRAJ.CZ/CS/ARTICLE/STUDIE-LABEL
24
WATER TOURISM IN THE PILSEN REGION
The possibilities for water tourism in the Pilsen region have not yet been
realised to their full potential. Apart from the lack of tourist infrastruc-
ture, the further development and use is also hindered by existing flood
risks. The association DHV CR GmbH carried out the study “Evaluation
of the conditions for water tourism in Pilsen Region” and proposed
measures to improve the required infrastructure and flood protection on
the rivers Berounka and Otava.
Particular attention was paid to the comprehensive use of the tourism
potential. Flood risk areas were identified and possible solutions were
suggested. Among the 36 locations for water tourism, 6 were judged to
be completely unsuitable. The planned measures for improving water
tourism in the Pilsen region will be integrated into development plans of
the municipalities, as well as that of the region.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
PILSEN REGION
FURTHER INFORMATION:
WWW.PLZENSKY-KRAJ.CZ/CS/ARTICLE/STUDIE-LABEL
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/ABOUT-LABEL/PILOT-PROJECTS/PILOT-ACTION-12.HTML
45
24
WATER TOURISM IN THE PILSEN REGION

image
image
image
image
image
46
25
CONCEPT OF REGIONAL FLOOD PROTECTION
MEASURES IN CENTRAL BOHEMIA REGION
The conception of flood protection measures in Central Bohemia assess-
es the current flood situation within the context of the natural environ-
ment in the Central Bohemia region. The level of protection of the
existing settlements along the most important rivers is analysed. The fi-
nal part of the concept contains concrete measures to improve the flood
protection for 100 communities of the region.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
CENTRAL BOHEMIA REGION
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.KR-STREDOCESKY.CZ/LABEL_PROTIPOVODNOVA_
OPATRENI/
26
IMPROVEMENT OF WATER TOURISM
INFRASTRUCTURE IN CENTRAL BOHEMIA
Good conditions exist in the region of Central Bohemia for the develop-
ment of water tourism along the Elbe and Vltava rivers, thanks to func-
tioning, reconstructed manned locks. However, the necessary infra-
structure along these rivers is still lacking. In a study, the region proposed
53 locations in the Elbe catchment area which are suitable for the build-
ing of landing stages/facilities. These locations will be categorized ac-
cording to what facilities are available (stopping places, landing stages,
marinas and protected harbours). Furthermore, the study revealed a so-
lution which combines flood protection with touristic navigation. It is
based on the calculated expansion of the corresponding flood areas in
diverse flood scenarios (HQ5, HQ20, HQ100) and the “active” zones.
Four selected locations were proposed in the event of a flood situation
as protected harbours.
There is a catalogue and a flyer on every one of the proposed locations.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
CENTRAL BOHEMIAN REGION
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.KR-STREDOCESKY.CZ/LABEL_REKREACNI_PLAVBA/
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/ABOUT-LABEL/PILOT-PROJECTS/PILOT-ACTION-12.HTML
27
SIGNIFICANCE OF ELBE NAVIGATION IN CENTRAL
BOHEMIA
The international agreement on inland navigation plans an improve-
ment of the navigability parameters of the Elbe to the city of Pardubice.
This intention has a significant influence on the natural environment,
drinking water sources, urban development and cultural value, as well
as on the public infrastructure, including the measures for flood protec-
tion, to which no attention has been paid up to now. Therefore, the re-
gion of Central Bohemia commissioned a regional study which named
the influences and values in the affected region. It also compared the
plan to reshape the water way (in a water way of category Vb) with a
version of a consistent upkeep of the Elbe based on the existing param-
47
eters (category IV) and presented a compromise which would see an im-
provement of the parameters to category Va. This category complies
better to the characteristics of the river and would considerably contrib-
ute towards avoiding the existing conflicts about the assets of the re-
gion and ultimately lead to a reduction in investment costs. The recom-
mendation also takes into consideration a confirmed agreement
between Germany and the Czech Republic made in 2006.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
CENTRAL BOHEMIA REGION
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.KR-STREDOCESKY.CZ/LABEL_UZEMNI_STUDIE/
28
POLITICAL WORKSHOP “FLOOD PROTECTION –
ON A LOCAL AND INTERNATIONAL LEVEL” AND
THE ELBE CONFERENCE
The Czech Ministry of Environment organized two actions with an inter-
national presence, within the framework of LABEL. The political work-
shop “Flood protection – on a local and international level” from 13-14
April 2011 in Prague concerned flood prevention. The Elbe conference,
which took place in Prague on 07 February 2012, made the participants
aware of the problems in the fields of flood protection, water tourism,
and navigability and navigation traffic, against the background of LA-
BEL. The objective of these events was to make in particular an expert
audience familiar with the findings of the LABEL projects and of their
possible current and future usage.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
CZECH MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/DE/VERANSTALTUNGEN.HTML
29
WEB APPLICATION TO PRESENT SELECTED DATA
ON FLOOD AREAS
WEB APPLICATION
A web application was created, with which the forecasts gathered with-
in the scope of the LABEL sub-project “Mathematical model to simulate
the hydrological conditions in the Elbe catchment” is accessible to the
wider public. The web tool is designed as a functional self-contained ap-
plication system, which is linked via an interface to the information data
bank required for visualization. On the basis of the predicted flow rates,
the user receives information about the forecasted expansion of the
flooded areas on the individual Elbe sections. The presentation of this
information is based on a previously created series of map cards. Using
the cards, the flow rates predicted for a certain period of time show the
extent of the resulting nearest flooding area in each case. The informa-
tion should only be available at times of flooding.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
ELBE RIVER BASIN AUTHORITY
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/RESULTS0.HTML
30
REGIONAL FLOOD PROTECTION MEASURES IN THE
USTI REGION
The pilot project prepares all the necessary steps to protect the munici-
pality of Chodouny-Lounky from a 100 year flood. The small municipal-
ity lies in a hollow on the right bank of the Elbe between the towns
Roudnice nad Labem and Litoměřice. In the last years, it was hit many
times by floods. In the northern part of the area a reinforced concrete
wall is planned. A damm and a further reinforced concrete wall are in-
tended for the south of the area. The flood protection is moreover com-
plemented by mobile and, if required, integrated structural elements.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
USTI REGION
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.KR-USTECKY.CZ/VISMO/ZOBRAZ_DOK.ASP?ID_
ORG=450018&ID_KTG=98479&P1=178642

image
image
48
31
WATER TOURISM IN THE USTI REGION
For many years now, the region of Usti has been promoting leisure nav-
igation and water tourism on the Elbe. While devising a catalogue of
places to establish an infrastructure for touristic navigation, already ex-
isting Elbe tourism attractions were linked in. From the available loca-
tions in the region, twelve sites were chosen which could be potentially
further developed. The selection was diverse and made according to dif-
ferent level of facilities available; marinas, landing stages stopping
points etc. Moreover, new plans were conceived connecting interesting
places nearby (cultural monuments, touristic and cyclist paths, natural
attractions). It is worth noting that the new harbour project “Marina
Labe” in Píšťany is now also seen as a priority site for its “protection
function” in the event of an unpredicted situation. Even if several pro-
jects have been successfully implemented, the potential of the Elbe for
water tourism has not yet been exhausted.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
USTI REGION
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.KR-USTECKY.CZ/VISMO/ZOBRAZ_DOK.ASP?ID_
ORG=450018&ID_KTG=98479&P1=178642
32
FLOOD RETENTION IN THE CZECH ORE
MOUNTAINS
A study about the flood formation areas in the Ore Mountains assessed
the vulnerability of different locations for floods and shows the main
run-off direction and the corresponding potential dangers. The study
shows that the ecological stability and the capacity for retention of the
area have to be promoted. Here, the following could be introduced:
erosion protection measures, the naturalization of river systems with a
better structure of the river bed and banks, the conversion of arable
land into permanent green land, the correction of badly implemented
soil improvement measures, the creation of a constant vegetation cover
as well as adaptation of grazing in the surroundings of the preflooders.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
USTI REGION
LINK:
HTTP://WWW.KR-USTECKY.CZ/VISMO/ZOBRAZ_DOK.ASP?ID_ORG=450018&ID_
KTG=98479&P1=178642
33
IMPROVEMENT OF WBS FLAB (KNOWLEDGE-
BASED SYSTEM OF AREAS WITH SIMILAR RUN-OFF
GENERATION) AND COMPARISON OF THE
DETERMINATION OF FLOOD GENERATION AREAS
IN SAXONY AND CZECH REPUBLIC
The developed methods used to determine flood generation areas in
Saxony by ELLA, the predecessor project of LABEL, were achieved with
the help of the expert system WBS FLAB. In order to ascertain transna-
tional flood generation areas, the Czech soil types were categorized us-
ing the same system for the German soil types in project LABEL and the
data was entered into the WBS-FLB archive. It is thus possible, to iden-
tify the run-off properties of the soil for the transnational river basin ar-
eas (D//CZ) according to a standardised method.
The data base and the procedure used in all the three regions compared
in Saxony and Czech Republic are similar. A large difference only occurred
when considering rainfall due to the different objectives of the studies
used. The applied methods are suitable to illustrate the run-off behaviour
of the areas cartographically. For the transnational determination of flood
generation areas it is nevertheless essential to use databases which are as
similar as possible.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
SAXON STATE OFFICE FOR ENVIRONMENT, AGRICULTURE AND
GEOLOGY (LFULG)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/ABOUT-LABEL/PILOT-PROJECTS/
PILOT-ACTION-9.HTML
34
ASSESSMENT OF THE DĚČÍN LOCK
The objective of this pilot project was the assessment of diverse concepts
on the construction of a lock in Děčín, in view of its influence on the sus-
tainable development of the area. The study consists of two parts: part 1
contains an analysis of the navigability of the affected river section. Part 2
is the actual assessment of the plan, as well as a recommendation for the
update of spatial planning instruments on both state and regional levels.
The study was to also examine the problematic river section on this impor-
tant waterway between the city Ustí nad Labem and the German border.
How would constant navigation have an impact on the environment, the
economic development of the region, civic solidarity and the problem of
flood protection? The benefits of the potential of the Elbe, as the only wa-
terway which connects the Czech Republic with the North Sea harbours,
is a priority for the region of Ustí. At the same time, the benefits for rec-
reation and tourist navigation should also be supported and a contribu-
tion made to the containment of floods thus improving the living condi-
tions of the residents.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
USTI REGION
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/ABOUT-LABEL/PILOT-PROJECTS/PILOT-AC-
TION-15-19.HTML
49
35
PROJECT DAY WITH SCHOOL CHILDREN
In July 2011, 36 children between the ages of 6 and 10 years took part
in a project day named “Life on the river”. The focal point of the day
was to inform the children about how floods occur and what can be
done to minimise the damage. For this purpose, experiments were car-
ried out on infiltration; infiltration and saving of rain water by looking at
several different land uses and soil types. The concepts and materials,
such as experiment boxes, instructions and children’s work sheets which
were developed within the scope of LABEL are now available for further
educational work.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
SAXON STATE OFFICE FOR ENVIRONMENT, AGRICULTURE AND
GEOLOGY (LFULG)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/RESULTS0.HTML
36
INVOLVEMENT OF MUNICIPALITIES IN FLOOD RISK
MANAGEMENT
The pilot action deals with current issues of spatial planning and flood
prevention: Almost all municipalities in eastern Saxony are affected by
flood hazards in the planning region Upper Elbe Valley / Eastern Ore
Mountains. In recent years, many plans for flood protection systems
started and have been implemented. Flood protection systems however
offer only limited protection so the problem itself was not solved. If land
use behind the dykes is intensified, if new settlements are created, or
more and more vacant building lots are filled in, the risk increases for
extreme floods when dikes overflow. More and more damage from
these events is the result, more and more people are affected and need
to be evacuated by local authorities. One solution is to adapt the build-
ing uses to the flood risk. But the communities are facing difficult chal-
lenges here. Conflicts of interest must be handled and planning princi-
ples have proved to be insufficient. This is where the pilot action applies:
together with the communities, ways to improve risk prevention are to
be found.
Based on an evaluation for land use planning in flood areas in Saxony
conducted by the State Directorate Dresden, interviews were conducted
with selected local planners and decision makers. These were aimed at
identifying problems in the implementation of risk management and
protection measures in urban planning and at discussing alternatives.
The results of the surveys were compiled in profiles of the individual mu-
nicipalities. These findings were presented and discussed in a workshop
on 19th May 2010 in Dresden to develop joint solutions.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
SAXON STATE MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR (SMI)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/ABOUT-LABEL/PILOT-PROJECTS
PILOT-ACTION-8.HTML
37
WORKSHOP ON LEGAL MATTERS “UPSTREAM AND
DOWNSTREAM RIPARIANS”
A workshop on legal matters in international river basin areas was held
between 20 and 21 January 2011 in Dresden. The workshop dealt with
the relation between upstream and downstream riparians in measures
of preventative flood protection on international rivers. The starting
points were the existing legal instruments of national, cross-border, Euro-
pean and international laws which contain regulations on the relationship
between upstream and downstream riparians. It was discussed whether
the present instruments are necessary, suitable or adequate and which
further measures would be necessary to reconcile the interests between
upstream and downstream riparians. Here both the formal and informal
instruments of the cooperation were taken into consideration.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
SAXON STATE MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR (SMI)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/DE/VERANSTALTUNGEN.HTML
38
FURTHER DEVELOPMENT OF FLOOD MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM INGE
The flood information & alert service in the Free State of Saxony is man-
aged by the Saxon Flood Centre based in the Saxon State Agency for
Environment and Geology. It is a software (INGE) which provides an
overview of the alarm status for endangered locations and objects. INGE
provides the local authorities and relief workers with an instrument
which will help them with the planning and implementation of catastro-
phe defence measures. The software originated out of the EU supported
and financed project ELLA. In the LABEL project, GIS components which
were subject to payment were replaced with components which are
free of charge. Furthermore, current water guage data and predictions
are integrated into the system, which enables the alarm system to react
to water levels. Moreover, the planning of measures has been consider-
ably improved and simplified, the GIS illustration of the location map
has been further developed and a training concept has been designed.
In the towns of Berga/Elster,Thuringia, a reference location was created
to use the software. The objective is to establish the software in further
municipalities of Thuringia. Before the end of the project LABEL (July
2012) a Thuringia /Saxony meeting of INGE users will take place.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
SAXON STATE OFFICE FOR ENVIRONMENT, AGRICULTURE AND
GEOLOGY (LFULG), THURINGIA MINISTRY FOR AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, ENVIRONMENT AND
CONSERVATION (TMLFUN)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
WWW.HOCHWASSERZENTRUM.SACHSEN.DE
39
PILOT IMPLEMENTATION OF EU FLOOD RISK
MANAGEMENT DIRECTIVE FOR THE WHITE ELSTER
For the basin of the White Elster river, a sub catchment of the Elbe, a
flood risk management plan was created according to the specifications
of the EU flood risk management directive. The objective of the pilot
project was an alignment of the methodology between the Federal
States, Saxony, Thuringia and Saxony-Anhalt, as well as with the Czech
stakeholders involved in the LABEL working group „RISK“. A preliminary
assessment of the flood risk was carried out for the whole of White El-
ster. Hazard and risk maps with a standardized layout and largely uni-
form specialist content for areas with significant flood risks were creat-
ed. The FRM-plan for the White Elster was worked out and aligned for
three stretches of water (running through Saxony, Thuringia and Saxo-
ny-Anhalt) and added to the whole plan “White Elster”, which was in-
cluded in the FRM plan for the Elbe catchment. The experiences and re-
sults won were transferable to other areas and have already been used.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
SAXON STATE OFFICE FOR ENVIRONMENT, AGRICULTURE AND
GEOLOGY (LFULG), THURINGIAN MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, ENVIRONMENT
AND NATURE PRESERVATION (TMLFUN)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/ABOUT-LABEL/PILOT-PROJECTS/PILOT-ACTION-2.HTML

image
image
image
image
50
40
LABEL AT THE EUREGIA
At the specialist trade fair euregia 2010 in Leipzig, the project LABEL
presented its first findings. At the specialist event, the participants could
inform themselves about LABEL activities. Furthermore, an exchange
took place with other projects and concepts. A focal point was climate
change, especially the handling of climate change in the Elbe catch-
ment. Moreover, the strategies to adapt to flood risks in the Elbe basin
and the pilot activities with the emphasis on risk-adapted spatial uses
were presented and discussed.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
SAXON STATE MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR (SMI)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/DE/VERANSTALTUNGEN.HTML
41
RECONSTRUCTION OF THE COURSE OF THE ELBE
RIVER FROM SCHÖNA TO GEESTHACHT IN THE
FIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY
ELBE FLOW MAP WITH FLOOD BORDER OF THE 1890 FLOOD AND A CROSS-SECTION
(ELBE-KM 81-84; MAPBASE OF THE WSA DRESDEN)
In a new study, the German Federal Institute for Hydrology (BfG) recon-
structed the historical course of the free flowing Elbe, based on maps
from the 19th Century. Analogue plans were researched, digitalized;
georeferenced for the river section between the Czech-German border
and Geesthacht in Schlewsig-Holstein and then GIS data was derived.
The reconstruction of the water status focussed on the period of around
1830, as on the one hand there were already high-quality river cards for
this period available and on the other hand it was at the time that the
systematic development of the river was just beginning. Furthermore,
the dyke lines of individual flow sections have been changed decidedly
since.
With the conclusion of this project, for the first time, digital data exists
for the course of Elbe during the first half of the 19th Century, which
has a scale of 1:20.000 and is scientifically valuable for various scientific
questions and investigations.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
GERMAN FEDERAL INSTITUTE FOR HYDROLOGY (BFG)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
BFG (2012): RESEARCH AND PREPARATION OF THE CONTENTS OF
HISTORICAL MAPS OF THE ELBE TO USE WITH THE RIVER HYDROLOGICAL SOFTWARE FLYS.
REPORT BFG-1724. GERMAN FEDERAL INSTITUTE FOR HYDROLOGY (BFG): KOBLENZ
42
THE RIVER HYDROLOGICAL SOFTWARE FLYS, THE
WATER LEVEL INFORMATION SYSTEM OF THE BFG
FLOODING MAPS OF THE ELBE CREATED BY FLYS
“What will the water level be at a random place of a water body de-
pending on the outflow?” In order to answer this classic hydrological
question, the Federal Institute for Hydrology (BfG) and its partners have
developed the river hydrology software FLYS. FLYS is not a hydraulic
flow model but processes model results as well as the geographical ba-
sic data and the geo specialist data. It permits the consideration of the
water levels of a river from different perspectives: at a specific point,
longitudinal section, cross profile and as flooding area.
Within the framework of the LABEL, the system was extensively re-
worked and further developed. The demands of the users were here-
with taken into consideration. The software is now accessible as a web
application on the BfG information portal GGInA for a wider, more in-
ternational circle of users; functions have been improved and new mod-
ules have been implemented. The expansion of the database, especially
for the Elbe catchment area, has also been pushed forward. “The use of
the software to realize the FRM-Dir was tested on the Thuringian stretch
of the Saale, within the framework of LABEL.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
GERMAN FEDERAL INSTITUTE FOR HYDROLOGY (BFG), THÜRINGER
MINISTERIUM FÜR LANDWIRTSCHAFT, FORSTEN, UMWELT UND NATURSCHUTZ (TMLFUN) (FOR
THE TEST ON THE SAALE)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
WWW.BAFG.DE/M2, SECTION “FLIESSGEWÄSSERMODELLIERUNG”
43
POLITICAL WORKSHOP ON WATER TOURISM
Out of the results of the regional tourism studies, which are part of the
project LABEL, the wish for a joint politics workshop on the topic of wa-
ter tourism emerged. The aim is to discuss the common aspects which
have been identified and to communicate them to the relevant stake-
holders. Besides the administrative regions and touristic associations,
many small and medium touristic enterprises of the Elbe region showed
interest in the workshop. Furthermore, regional and national adminis-
trations as well as chambers of industry and commerce took part. The
workshop focused on networking. In different working groups the op-
portunities and potentials of tourism along the Elbe were defined and
concrete recommendations for improvement of a risk-adapted water
tourism were compiled. Furthermore, all representatives asked for a
closer cooperation in the Elbe area. This is no easy task due to large dif-
ferences in infrastructural facilities in the regions. For further develop-
ment of the infrastructure along the Czech part of the Elbe, the Czech
Ministry for Regional Development announced the possibility of subsi-
dies. The Ministry of Economy Saxony-Anhalt affirmed its intentions for
51
closer coordination of water tourism activities along the Elbe. Repre-
sentatives of existing water-tourism networks underlined that a future
joint marketing of the Elbe tourism should be aspired.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER: MINISTRY OF STATE DEVELOPMENT AND TRANSPORT, SAXONY-ANHALT
(MLV), COUNTY OF LUDWIGSLUST-PARCHIM
FURTHER INFORMATION: HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/EVENTS/PAST-EVENTS/WORKSHOP-ON-
WATER-TOURISM-MAGDEBURG.HTML
44
INFLUENCE OF THE FLOODING OF LOWLANDS OF
THE RIVER HAVEL ON THE FLOODING OF THE ELBE
SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM OF THE POLDER SYSTEM IN THE HAVEL LOWLANDS (SOURCE: WSV)
With the linked 1D river model of the Elbe and the lowlands of the Havel
simulation calculations were carried out which quantified the effect a
flooding of the Havel polder would have on the 100 year Elbe flood. For
this, on the basis of diverse boundary conditions (number of flooded
polders, maximal water level in the Elbe etc), numerous scenarios of
flood formation were defined. Also, models were used which had al-
ready been generated as part of the EU ELLA project and are based on
the 2002 and 2006 floods.
The model results show that it cannot be assumed that there is one gen-
eral effect of the Havel polder on the flood levels of the Elbe. For a typ-
ical summer flooding with short flood waves, a much higher water peak
level reduction occurred (approx 50-60 cm) than for the Spring flooding
with a longer duration (20-25 cm). The results of the study show that
the flooding of the Havel lowlands can only be effectively and practical-
ly carried out if flood outflow does not occur at the same time in the
Havel as well.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
GERMAN FEDERAL INSTIUTE FOR HYDROLOGY (BFG) IN COOPERA-
TION WITH WATERWAY AND NAVIGATION OFFICE (WSA) IN BRANDEBURG, MINISTRY OF
ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH AND CONSUMER PROTECTION OF THE FEDERAL STATE OF BRANDEN-
BURG, STATE OFFICE FOR ENVIRONMENT AND AGRICULTURE WEST MECKLENBURG (STALU
WM), LOWER SAXONY MINISTRY FOR ENVIRONMENT, ENERGY AND CLIMATE PROTECTION.
STATE OFFICE FOR FLOOD PROTECTION AND WATER MANAGEMENT OF SAXONY-ANHALT,
FURTHER INFORMATION:
BFG (2011): DETERMINATION OF THE INFLUENCE ON THE
FLOODING OF THE HAVEL LOW LANDS ON THE FLOOD OF THE ELBE IN THE AREA OFHQ100.
REPORT BFG-1726. 62 S. GERMAN FEDERAL INSTITUTE FOR HYDROLOGY (BFG), KOBLENZ
45
RISK PREVENTION AND WATER TOURISM
TOURISTIC NAVIGATION PORT IN FRONT OF THE MAGDEBURG CATHEDRA
Saxony-Anhalt has positioned itself for several years to promote the
field of water tourism with the “Blue Band”
(www.blauesband.de).
In
cooperation with the Ministry of Economy of Saxony-Anhalt the pilot
action identifies measures to stimulate the Blue Band and adapt it to
flood risk. The focus of the evaluation will therefore lie on tourism mar-
keting and strategy development. A close cooperation with Czech part-
ners will be pursued as relevant results from different regional studies
will feed into supra-regional strategies and actions. First synergies were
already identified: German water tourism suppliers named the lack of
tourism infrastructure in the Czech Republic as an obstacle to better
cross-border water tourism; LABEL will counteract this matter.
In their pilot studies the Regions of Southern and Central Bohemia will
focus on the development of flood risk adapted infrastructure and op-
portunities for boosting tourism, e.g. through risk-adapted anchorages.
Thus, good opportunities exist to strengthen risk-adapted water tourism
through regional cooperation.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
MINISTRY OF STATE DEVELOPMENT AND TRANSPORT, SAXONY-AN-
HALT (MLV)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
WWW.BLAUESBAND.DE
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/ABOUT-LABEL/PILOT-PROJECTS/PILOT-ACTION-12.HTML

image
image
52
46
ANALYSIS OF NAVIGABILITY IN SAXONY-ANHALT
The pilot action, developed in cooperation between the German and
Czech partners, is in many ways an interesting challenge. First, transna-
tional focuses were identified that are related to navigability, such as
flood risk, environment, climate change and economic aspects. Each re-
gion must meet specific requirements – for some regions spatial plan-
ning issues are of special importance, for others social cohesion is more
important. Another challenge is the fact that the issue of navigability of
the rivers Elbe and Saale has in the recent past become a “hot topic” in
public debate, especially in Germany. Many studies since the year 2002
testify that in this respect ecological and economic interests diverge.
Due to the fact that a further study did not seem useful, the existing
studies were evaluated and an overview was established with the objec-
tive of bringing together ecological and economic aspects.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
MINISTRY OF STATE DEVELOPMENT AND TRANSPORT,
SAXONY-ANHALT
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/ABOUT-LABEL/PILOT-PROJECTS/
PILOT-ACTION-15-19.HTML
47
REVIEW OF FLOOD RETENTION AREAS, EVALUA-
TION OF RISK RESULTING FROM FLOOD AND
POLLUTANTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR
ADAPTED USES
The “Elbe corridor” was the observation area for this study. It consists
of the flood plains and flood-endangered regions along the Elbe as well
as in the confluence zones of the tributaries in the entire cooperation
area of the communal working groups from 7 regions in Lower Saxony,
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Brandenburg, and Saxony-Anhalt.
In the first part of the study, restrictions on use and risks and the use al-
ternatives which can be then derived are shown. A second part of the
survey will review the condition of the flood retention areas, their pre-
sent and potential future dimensioning as well as the technical safety
measures, in particular special dykes, polders and retention areas. In
particular, the following tasks will be realized:
Presentation of existing and potential flood retention areas and their
dimensioning
Description of function and usages in the shown areas
Presentation of the existing essential risks of utilization and of the
utilization restrictions under the special consideration of pollution by
floods
Derivation of recommended uses in the areas shown including the
nature conservation related marginal conditions and development ideas
Derivation of recommendations for adapted utilizations including
utilization alternatives as contribution to the regional concept “Lower
Middle Elbe”
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
COUNTY OF LUDWIGSLUST-PARCHIM
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/DE/VERANSTALTUNGEN.HTML
48
CROSS AND INTER PROJECT EXCHANGE: THE
LABEL-SAWA CONFERENCE “ELBE WITHOUT
BORDERS”
Sustainable flood risk management requires expert, river basin-wide co-
operation beyond state, regional and funding programme borders.
Against this background, the conference “Elbe without borders -flood
risk prevention in the INTERREG projects LABEL und SAWA” was held
from 14-15.06.2011. The conference was organized by the Free and
Hanseatic City of Hamburg and the Saxon State Ministry of the Interior
together with 42 project partners from 8 states. It allowed a deeper ex-
change between the project activities of LABEL and SAWA, their project
partners, professionals and regional interested stakeholders. At the con-
ference, common ground was identified where a more intensive ex-
change should take place. An example is the subject of presenting infor-
mation about floods in schools.
Differences also came to light here, for example regarding the kind of
territory involved: In LABEL, the binding element is the river Elbe, on the
other hand, in the SAWA partner regions, the experts exchanged infor-
mation on the theme of flood risk management who come from regions
with diverse natural landscapes.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
SAXON STATE MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR (SMI)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/DE/VERANSTALTUNGEN.HTML
49
STUDY TRIP FROM THE TISZA TO THE ELBE
From August 8th to August 11th 2011, a group of experts from the
Middle-Tisza Water Directorate in Hungary and project partners in LA-
BEL visited locations of expert interest along the Elbe. The Czech and
German project partners presented their daily work and the LABEL ac-
tivities to their guests. The study trip focused on the exchange of meth-
ods and best-practice examples for flood risk management.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
MIDDLE-TISZA WATER DIRECTORATE, ELBE CATCHMENT AUTHORITY,
REGION OF USTÍ, SAXON STATE OFFICE FOR ENVIRONMENT, AGRICULTURE AND GEOLOGY
(LFULG)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/DE/VERANSTALTUNGEN.HTML
50
LABEL EXHIBITION
Based on the moving exhibition of the project ELLA, an updated version
was developed for the LABEL project. The placards cover themes such as
historic flood catastrophes, spatial planning, flood hazard and flood risk
maps, personal precautions and emergency measures. The exhibition
was shown in the whole of the Elbe catchment area and has already
been loaned to other projects.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
SAXON STATE MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR (SMI)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/MOVING-EXHIBITION2.HTML
53
51
FILM AND ARTICLES ABOUT LABEL ON BEHALF OF
THE EU COMMISSION
The EU Commission, Directorate General Regional Policy has chosen LA-
BEL as an exemplary INTERREG project for a new publication as well as
an image film about European Territorial Cooperation. The films can be
watched on the LABEL website.
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
SAXON STATE MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR (SMI)
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/DE/DOWNLOAD/SONSTIGES.HTML
52
INTEGRATED REGIONAL CONCEPT „LOWER
MIDDLE ELBE“
The integrated regional concept (IREK) considers the rural area on the
left and right side of the river Elbe between the cities of Magdeburg and
Lüneburg. The aim of the regional development concept was to create
an identity giving strategy to the districts working together in the mu-
nicipal working group (“Kommunale Arbeitsgemeinschaft”): Börde, Jer-
ichower Land, Ludwigslust, Lüchow-Dannenberg, Lüneburg, Prignitz
and Stendal as well as for all municipalities in the area.
The studied area is heterogeneous and had never been jointly and sys-
tematically analysed in this way. The different districts have a distinctive
but common feature: they are situated along the Elbe with its tributaries
and back waters within the Middle Elbe Biosphere Reserve.
The region understands itself as a model or pilot area for sustainable
and environmentally friendly development, in which economic, ecologi-
cal and social development stand equally side by side. The topics ana-
lysed within the concept IREK, flood protection, climate change mitiga-
tion, river related economy and settlement development/demographic
change are the binding links between the different districts and munici-
palities.
The concept was worked out with a broad participatory process. Despite
several expert working groups and expert interviews, a public participa-
tory workshop was set up. The concept identifies 19 possible practical
measures. In the meantime, a first meeting took place which dealt with
networking and integrated spatial planning along the Elbe. .
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
COUNTY OF LUDWIGSLUST- PARCHIM
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/RESULTS0.HTML
53
FLOOD RISK MAPPING AT POLDERS IN THE
HUNGARIAN TISZA CATCHMENT
In the Hungarian Tisza catchment, two flood risk mappings were made:
at polder 2.49 and 2.37.
The flood polder 2.49 is situated at the lower third of Zagyva-Tarna wa-
ter system, on the Zagyva river, between the towns of Jászberény and
Újszász. Two settlements, Jászberény and Jánoshida, are endangered by
flooding. The inner part of Jánoshida is protected by a dyke. In the study
of the polder, the following was investigated: Access time, water depths
during flooding, maximal inundation level and access time of the maxi-
mal inundation level.
In the flooding area 2.37 (Laskó-Tisza-Zagyva-Tarna), a possible dyke
breach on the left bank of the Zagyva river was simulated. There are 16
settlements in the flood polder area which are endangered of a possible
Zagyva river dike break. Szolnok city is the most endangered regarding
population and damage potentials. The following was investigated:
Different dyke breach scenarios
Modelling of flooding scenarios
Analysing access time and inundation levels for the various scenarios
Based on the modelling results, production of a proposal for regional and
municipal measures
RESPONSIBLE PARTNER:
MIDDLE TISZA WATER DIRECTORATE
FURTHER INFORMATION:
HTTP://WWW.LABEL-EU.EU/RESULTS0.HTML

54
55
FOOTNOTES
1
Territorial Agenda of the European Union. Towards a more competitive and sustainable Europe of diverse regions,
25 May 2007
2
European Commission (1999): ESDP - European Spatial Development Perspective. Towards Balanced and
Sustainable Development of the Territory of the European Union. Luxembourg
3
For example LABEL is funded by the programme CENTRAL EUROPE, Priority 3: Using our environment
responsibly with the area of intervention “Reducing risks and impacts of natural and manmade hazards”
4
DIRECTIVE 2007/60/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 23 October 2007 on the
assessment and management of flood risks
5
Council Regulation (EC) No 2012/2002 of 11 November 2002 establishing the European Union Solidarity Fund
6
In the part of the Elbe catchment, generally the 200-year flood is used as extreme flood, in the Czech Republic
the 500-year flood is used (flood hazard and risk maps). If historical flood events are known, which were higher
than the defined extreme flood, these are additionally taken into account.
7
In Germany priority and restricted areas; in the Czech Republic, according to building and area legislation,
analytic documents and spatial planning documentation.
8
In December 2010 the German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development published the
second edition of “Hochwasserschutzfibel“, which gives construction companies, house owners and people
renting accommodations useful hints on protecting their property and building precautions (BMVBS, 2010).
PHOTOS
title
INFRASTRUKTUR & UMWELT, Professor Böhm and Partner
page 2
Andreas Kühl
page 3
Saxon State Ministry of the Interior
page 6/7
Helena Minarová, Ustí Region
page 10/11
Pilsen Region
page 12/13
INFRASTRUKTUR & UMWELT, Professor Böhm und Partner
page 14/15
Petr Háp
page 17
INFRASTRUKTUR & UMWELT, Professor Böhm and Partner
page 18
UPPER: Ministry for Environment of the Czech Republic / LOWER: Saxon State Office for Environment,
Agriculture and Geology (LfULG)
page 19
Vltava River Basin Authority
page 20/21
Andreas Kühl
page 22
UPPER: Pilsen Region / LOWER: Federal Office for Hydrology (BfG)
page 22/23
Andreas Kühl
page 24
UPPER: Regina Hille / LOWER: Usti Region
page 25
Petr Háp
page 26
Saxon State Office for Environment, Agriculture and Geology (LfULG)
Figure “Risk awareness”: 2002, International Commission for the Protection of the Rhine (ICPR)
page 27
UPPER: Rene Herold / LOWER: INFRASTRUKTUR & UMWELT, Professor Böhm und Partner
page 28
UPPER: Pilsen Region / LOWER: Saxon State Office for Environment, Agriculture and Geology
page 28/29
INFRASTRUKTUR & UMWELT, Professor Böhm and Partner
page 29
UPPER: Petr Háp / LOWER: Helena Minichová
page 30
Petr Háp
page 31
Matthias Grafe
page 34/35
Usti Region
page 38–53
respective responsible partner
Translation:
Martina Matern / KERN / INFRASTRUKTUR & UMWELT, Professor Böhm und Partner
Copyright:
This brochure is copyrighted. All rights reserved. This applies in particular to texts, pictures and graphics. Pictures,
graphics, text or other data files may be entirely or partially the copyright of the project partners. Reproduction is permitted only
under permission of the publisher. This brochure was prepared with the greatest possible diligence in order to ensure that the
information provided in all parts is correct and complete. We do not assume any liability for their contents or accuracy.
Distribution note:
This brochure is free of charge and not for sale. It may not be used to canvas a cause. Even without the time related reference to
an upcoming election, the publication may not be used in a way which could be interpreted as the state government endorsing
a single political party.

73
2
4
6
75
71

image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
image
This project is implemented through the CENTRAL EUROPE programme and co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF).
72
74
76