The rich world
of Saxon monuments
Selected projects

The rich world
of Saxon monuments
A selection of projects of the
Special Federal and State Programme for the
Preservation of Historical Monuments
Saxon State Office for Conservation of Monuments

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(Markus Ulbig, Saxon State Minister of the Interior)
The rich world of Saxon monuments
(Rosemarie Pohlack, State Curator of Saxony)
Monument Conservation Support Programmes
Saxon State Special Development Programme
for Conservation of Monuments
Funded heritage sites
Aue-Zelle, Friedenskirche
(Udo Lorenz)
Beilrode, Großtreben district,
Brickworks, Ring Kiln
(Steffen Delang)
Burgstädt, City Church
(Steffen Delang)
Chemnitz-Hilbersdorf, Machine house
for the cable system of the former
marshalling yard
(Michael Streetz)
Delitzsch, City Church of St Peter and St Paul
(Alberto Schwarz)
Dohna, Gamig district, Manor Chapel
(Ralf-Peter Pinkwart)
Dresden, Chinese Pavilion
(Steffen Dörfel)
Dresden, Freed Estate Eschdorf
(Steffen Dörfel)
Geyer, Lotterhof
(Udo Lorenz)
Görlitz, Lutheran Kreuzkirche with Parish Hall
(Udo Frenschkowski)
Großenhain, Zabeltitz district,
Baroque Garden
(Henrike Schwarz)
Leipzig, Hotel de Pologne
(Alberto Schwarz)
Leipzig, UT Connewitz
(Alberto Schwarz)
Löbnitz, Lutheran Church
(Alberto Schwarz)
Lunzenau, Rochsburg Castle
(Steffen Delang)
Meißen, Convent Ruins “Zum heiligen Kreuz”
(Steffen Dörfel)
Moritzburg, Marcolini House
(Ralf-Peter Pinkwart)
Niesky, Konrad Wachsmann House
(Udo Frenschkowski)
Oschatz, Leuben district, Castle
(Steffen Delang)
Oybin, Castle and Cloister
(Ulrich Rosner)
Pegau, Kitzen district, St Nicholas’ Church
(Thomas Brockow)
Pegau, Wiederau district, Baroque Castle
(Alberto Schwarz)
Plauen, Lutheran St John’s Church
(Thomas Noky)
Schönfeld near Großenhain, Castle
(Steffen Delang)
Torgau, Spalatin House
(Steffen Delang)
Werdau, Königswalde district,
St James’ Church
(Torsten Remus)
Wildenfels, Blue Room of the Castle
(Christine Kelm)
Zittau, Epitaphs
(Christine Kelm)
Zittau, Noack’s House
(Ulrich Rosner)
Zwickau, Lower Granary
(Norbert Oelsner)

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Dear Readers,
Saxony is a land of historical monuments. With more
than 103,000 monuments we are the number 2 in Ger-
many and, together with the State of Saxony Anhalt,
we have the highest density of monuments. There is one
monument for every 39 people in the state.
Our monuments feature prominently in Saxon cities and
landscapes, they mirror our history. Memories and emo-
tions are tightly bound up with the historic old towns,
castles, churches and manors. Monuments are our home
and a part of our identity. They inspire the people in the
It is our task to care for and keep this cultural heritage
alive. We have achieved a lot since 1990. Working to-
gether with the federal government within the frame-
work of common urban development programme, we
have made more than 1 billion euros available for the
protection of monuments and we have invested almost
1 billion euros in the upkeep of monuments owned by
the state. In addition, more than 500 million euros were
spent through the Saxon State Development Program-
me for the Conservation of Monuments. In Saxony,
since 2003, we also have the Saxon State Special De-
velopment Programme for Conservation of Monuments
which co-finances programmes of the Federal Com-
missioner for Culture and Media and which also sup-
ports the protection, utilisation, conservation and care
of particularly valuable or nationally important cultural
Private sector involvement has been and continues to be
particularly important. The preservation of our cultural
heritage stands and falls with the people who get invol-
ved. Private monuments and initiatives put new life in-
to old walls. Foundations and organisations help where
federal and state programmes do not come to bear or
where there is a lack of private capital.
The success is clearly evident. Today, more than two-
thirds of our historic monuments have been restored and
a growing number of young people are actively involved
in the upkeep of these monuments. The State Govern-
ment in Saxony wants to keep this momentum going and
gives out an annual Saxon Children and Young People’s
Monument prize.
This brochure shows a multitude of examples of sites
that have been received financial support from the Spe-
cial Federal and State Programme for the Preservation of
Historical Monuments. I cordially invite you to let your
curiosity guide you through this brochure, to enjoy the
cultural heritage so that you may, in future, be guided by
your interests and your joy of life to work together with
us to keeping these things alive.
Markus Ulbig
Saxon State Minister of the Interior
us to keeping these things alive.
Markus Ulbig

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The rich world
of Saxon monuments
We can be proud of the large parts of the wonder-
ful world of Saxon monuments that we have regained,
which however are still in desperate need of our support
and care. Our successes are not always secure. The struc-
turally weak border regions are particularly threatened.
A lot has been achieved here, but there are just as ma-
ny monuments that have not been renovated. Often they
have stood empty for such long periods of time that they
can no longer be saved. Due to the demographic situa-
tion there are no financially strong investors or users.
That does not improve the attractiveness of these places
and the successful investments that have been made lo-
se their worth – the city centres are in danger of deteri-
orating. That is why we are glad that the funding for ur-
ban development is continuing and that, in addition, the
Special Federal and State Programme for the Preservati-
on of Historical Monuments, run by the state and federal
government has also been continued.
Saxony’s cultural landscapes are very rich and highly di-
verse, both the physical landscapes and its monuments.
The physical landscapes are very diverse and affluent.
Mountains rich in forests, ore, minerals and water alter-
nate beautifully with verdant foothills, lowlands, river
valleys and moorland. The conditions for the cultivation
of land and animal husbandry – the fertility of the soil,
the availability of water, the climate, local building ma-
terials etc. – vary widely.
Due to the varying natural conditions, very different
historic forms of settlement and building structures
were developed. The impressive abundance and quality of
Saxon monuments is in part due to the very early dis-
covery of silver in the Ore Mountains (Erzgebirge). This
economic and innovative impulse affected the whole
country. A vibrant architectural culture evolved, thanks
to the cultured, art-minded and representative dynasties
that set high standards – a fact that can clearly be seen
in many of the monuments that still exist today.
The Saxon Act for the Protection of Monuments defi-
nes monuments as “things and ensembles of things, parts
and traces of things created by people including their
natural basis, where their historic, artistic or scientific
Meißen, the castle hill with the Bishop’s castle, Albrechtsburg castle and cathedral

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significance or their influence on urban or rural lands-
capes means that their conservation is in the public inte-
rest.” These values must be seen, researched, documented
and cared for in close co-operation with the monument
owners and they must be conserved for future genera-
tions. It is the responsibility of the Saxon State Office
for the Conservation of Monuments to carry out this
task as defined in the Saxon Act for the Protection of
Here the Saxon Act for the Protection of Monuments
picks up on the principles set down in 1825 in the first
paragraph of the “Royal Saxon Association for the Inves-
tigation and Conservation of Relics of the Fatherland”.
The feeling of nationhood that had grown in Germany in
the years of the Napoleonic War lead to a greater appre-
ciation and increased interest in the “relics of the father-
land”. The conservation of historic buildings became par-
ticularly important, as these had become symbols of the
cultural identity of the country and now had to be saved
from the consequences of social changes and industria-
To this very day people are highly interested in their
past, their “roots” and their historic surroundings. The
countless number of private initiatives, the consis-
tent readership of the “Saxon Home place Pages”, the
calendar “Saxon Home place”, the “News from the Saxon
National Culture Protection Association” or the “Va-
lues of the German Home place” prove this. The fact
that the “Days of the Open Monument”, which is or-
ganised by volunteers, and the many environmen-
tal protection activities are all becoming more popular
or that more people are getting involved in the Saxon
National Culture Protection Association, can be seen as
an indication of growing public interest in their own
Some truly valuable, sustainable, innovative things
might be there, right on our doorstep, as something that
has long been part of the environment, but it has simply
been forgotten. In a very specific way, cultural monu-
ments represent intrinsic values. Monuments are authen-
tic national history built in stone and with a story to tell.
The roots of the German words for “value” and “dignity”
(“Wert” and “Würde”) are closely related.
Poppitz, half-timbered house from 1569
The wisdom and the skills of our ancestors are preserved
in our monuments. So is the energy they invested, their
countenance, the familiar way in which they dealt with
the landscape and the values that are given them by na-
ture – in an artistic, artisan, material-aesthetic and ethi-
cal sense.
Perhaps the knowledge and preservation of these valu-
es could help us to gain a clearer understanding of our
current values? If we follow this thought to its logical
conclusion then the decay and the endangering of the
monument and cultural landscapes endangers or at least
puts into question our own self-image. A loss of these
cultural values would mean a loss of a part of our digni-
ty, followed by a loss of self.
And this “no-longer-knowing” could go hand in hand
with a loss of ones roots, with no longer being “at home”
in the place where you live. On a larger scale, this would
mean a certain kind of homelessness. Seen on a Euro-
pean and global level, this would have fatal consequen-
ces in the long term. The loss of an own set of values,
the loss of a recognisable cultural identity and the loss
of our cultural imprint on the environment makes these
things random and unattractive, first for the tourists but
finally for the people who live there.
The practical participation in the conservation of monu-
ments in the home region however, assumes that there
are business opportunities or a means of livelihood in
the area. The lack of such opportunities is evident for
those who do not live in the affluent commuter belts of
larger urban centres, areas in which smaller industries
disappeared after 1990.

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The preservation of monuments is not an all-purpose so-
lution and renovation cannot be carried out as infinitum.
Where there are no users or owners, there are no peop-
le who can conserve and care, no one who is responsib-
le in the sense of the Saxon Law for the Preservation of
Monuments. However, within the framework of cultural
policy it should be checked to see if, in the interests of
history and the identity of the region, important objects
should be “carried through time” and saved for coming
generations even if they are not currently being used.
The Saxon State Office for Conservation of Monuments
has two important tasks. Our central priority is to recog-
nise, catalogue and conduct research into our cultural
monuments. The objects that are “recognised” – due to
their special intrinsic value – are entered into the list of
historical monuments. This list is constantly kept up to
date, with new objects being entered and those that ha-
ve deteriorated beyond repair, deleted. The list is a work
in progress and can never be complete. Currently the re-
sults of the “accelerated listing” introduced in the 1990s
are being evaluated. A value scale which is accepted ac-
ross all of Germany and which has been strengthened
by decisions made by the administrative courts is being
used as a reference. Saxony currently has 103,000 ent-
ries. Whereby we count every single house number. This
allows for a very precise registration and application of
legal processes, but it also leads to what seems to be ex-
aggerated numbers of monuments that cannot be com-
pared to the numbers generated in other German states.
Obercunnersdorf, view of the town
This is often overlooked. The coverage also includes sci-
entific collections – documentary collections, specialised
libraries, map and photo collections. These scientific
collections belong to the most important base material of
the Saxon State Office for Conservation of Monuments.
Following a long tradition, regional conservation provi-
des practical and competent help through area advisors
who help investors and users with respect to measu-
res being performed on heritage sites. Working in close
cooperation with the lower levels of the protection au-
thorities, this is one of the main activities of the Saxon
State Office for Conservation of Monuments. This work
also includes the accompanying research and documen-
tation. The area advisors are supported by specialists in
the area of building research, historical gardens, art his-
tory, technical heritage sites, construction technology,
urban planning, care and restoration of historic organs.
The great diversity of historic sites means that it is not
possible to have a so-called unified action plan that ap-
plies rigid concepts for the preservation of monuments
to all of Saxony. The work done at the monument, com-
parable to the work done by the doctor for the pati-
ent, is always unique and situation-specific, the possib-
le scope of action dependent on the agreements with the
In what follows you will see examples of the latest con-
servation measures and their results as applied to endan-

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gered monuments that are important for the region. These
measures were only possible thanks to financing from
the Special Federal and State Programme for the Preser-
vation of Historical Monuments.
This additional support is especially helpful for the “dif-
ficult” historic sites where the conservation and restora-
tion measures go far beyond the capacity of the owners
and investors, but which are essential for the historic
landscape – and where a quick demolition would forever
destroy what could be a great chance.
We have selected current and very diverse examples of
the last programme period. In addition to presentable re-
sults there are also many where construction is on going
or where construction has not yet started. We would like
to use this selection to point out the necessity and the
opportunities of further financial support. The successes
to date show that the courage to start conservation mea-
sures despite gruesome stages of decay can still be very
worthwhile – often at the very last minute – as is shown
by the Granary in Zwickau or the ring kiln in the Groß-
treben district of Beilrode.
For topical reasons, this brochure is an addition to our
yearbooks, workbooks, special publications and exhibits.
The contents of this brochure can be seen as a continu-
ation of the brochure we put out in 2011 together with
the Saxon State Ministry of the Interior “Denkmalschutz
Zeithain, Promnitz district, part of the still endangered castle
und Denkmalpflege im Freistaat Sachsen” (Monument
protection and conservation in the Free State of Saxony)
with examples of 20 years’ successful work on our mo-
The encouraging examples presented here will also be
used for a travelling exhibition, to create an awareness
for this topic in all of Saxony – just as our 2015 calen-
dar does.
Finally, there is one request aimed at the owners of mo-
numents and at all those who invest their time and ener-
gy in the active care and conservation of our monuments
and cultural landscape – regardless of your position and
concrete tasks. Truly sustainable success is only possib-
le if we work together – and if we involve our children.
Money and other non-personal forms of support are not
very helpful without the people who do the work and
support the monuments locally – helped by dedicated
Prof. Dr. Rosemarie Pohlack
State Curator of Saxony

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Monument Conservation Support Programmes
Saxon State Special Development Programme
for Conservation of Monuments
Saxony is rich in culture – shaped by a multifaceted his-
tory, by landscapes that are rich in historic old towns,
churches, castles and manors as well as monuments to
our industrial and our garden culture. They do not just
inspire us, but also people who come to us as guests, in-
vestors or immigrants. Our architectural heritage is an
important locational factor, which should be looked at
more closely.
In a period of almost 25 years, financial means from the
urban development programme “Urban Heritage Con-
servation” invested more than 1 billion euros, mainly
into the conservation of historic old towns. In the Saxon
State Development Programme for the Conservation
of Monuments a further 500 million euros was made
available for the conservation of monuments.
The duty of the owners to take care of the monuments,
to conserve them, within a reasonable framework and
in a suitable way, and to protect them from danger, is
balanced by financial support from the Free State of
With the Saxon State Development Programme for the
Conservation of Monuments, the state of Saxony has,
for almost 25 years now, supported the owners of mo-
numents in their activities to care for and conserve the-
se sites. Up to 60% of the additional costs that arise from
caring for a monument can be covered by the state. The
Lower Protection of Monuments Offices are responsible
for the approval process – i.e. the counties, independent
towns and some municipalities that have taken on this
task (Freiberg, Görlitz, Hoyerswerda, Pirna, Plauen and
Zwickau). Currently 5 million euros are made available
per fiscal year.
The Saxon State Special Development Programme for
Conservation of Monuments, first introduced in the bi-
ennial budget 2013/2014, is an addition to the state con-
servation programme. The programmes goal is to secure,
conserve, care for and utilise particularly valuable and
nationally important monuments.
That means castles, manors, stately homes, sacral and
industrial buildings, half-timbre houses and Umgebinde-
häuser (timber houses) where the restoration requires
special skilled advice from the Saxon State Office for
Conservation of Monuments. For the Saxon State Special
Development Programme for Conservation of Monuments
provides about 5 million euros per fiscal year.
This Saxon State Special Development Programme for
Conservation of Monuments is an important tool in or-
der to successfully take part in the funding programmes
of the Federal Government Commissioner for Culture
and the Media, in particular the historic site conservati-
on programme “Valuable National Cultural Monuments”
and the Special Programme for the Preservation of Indi-
vidual Historical Monuments.
Financial support from the state is a contribution to the
preservation of valuable monuments. Just as important
for the preservation of our monuments are the actions
of individuals, in particular their activities in friends’ as-
sociations, initiatives and foundations. The endeavours
of friends’ associations and foundations in Saxony such
as the German Foundation for Protection of Monuments,
the Foundation of the Ostdeutsche Sparkassen, the Ger-
man Federal Environmental Foundation or the KIBA
Foundation (Foundation for the Conservation of Histo-
ric Churches in Germany) are exemplary. Over time, they
enabled the restoration of many monuments and enabled
these monuments to be used today.
Thanks to the Saxon State Special Development Pro-
gramme for Conservation of Monuments, we can con-
tinue along this path towards the conservation of espe-
cially valuable cultural monuments.
Saxon State Ministry of the Interior
Division – Protection of Monuments

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A 4
A 38
A 4
A 14
A 72
12 13
A 72

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A 4
A 13
A 17
28 29

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Funded heritage sites 1
In its dominating position on the Zeller hill in Aue, the
Freedom Church (Friedenskirche) can be seen from far
away. It was designed in 1907 by the architects office
Rudolf Schilling & Julius Graebner in Dresden and was
built between 1912–14. The perpendicularly oriented,
centralising site shows its baroque influences. The wide
nave, with its kerb roof, has an impressive tower, with
vestibule, stairwells and a stepped, obtusely angled hel-
med roof, in the southwest. The rectangular chancel is
on the northeast side.
The light and airy interior is characterised by a stucco
ceiling with a flat dome in the centre and galleries run-
ning around three sides. The highly artistic décor uses
moderate Art Nouveau forms. The church has retained its
character, making it an authentic example of how chur-
ches were built in Saxony at the beginning of the 20
After the upper stories and the helmed roof were res-
tored between 2002 and 2005, thanks to financial sup-
port from the Free State of Saxony, the generous support
from the Special Federal and State Programme for the
Preservation of Historical Monuments made it possible
to continue the work on the façade of the Friedenskir-
che. The original fair faced plaster was largely renewed,
the architectural sculptures restored and the façade pain-
ted in a light, sand-coloured tone. In some cases const-
ructive safety measures were carried out on the masonry.
The windows underneath the gallery had to be replaced,
whereby the size, structure and profiles were kept. The
roofing, with its asbestos-cement slabs was replaced by
a double overlay of natural, red clay beaver tiles. The
renovation was finished on time for the early morning
church service to celebrate the 100
anniversary of the
church on March 23, 2014.
View from the hillside with roof valleys with beavertail roofing
Main portal

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Front of the tower and main portal

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Funded heritage sites 2
For decades the distinctive building located on the edge
of the village Großtreben, just north of Torgau, had a
rather inconspicuous existence. Production had alrea-
dy ceased back in the days of the GDR and in the last
few years a turkey farm had established itself with mul-
tiple stables on the grounds of the former brickworks.
At first, the owner was not very interested in the old
building. It started to deteriorate visibly. The chimney
in the middle had broken apart at the head and threa-
tened to fall apart completely. The wooden superstruc-
ture over the kiln, which served to dry the stones, had
lost its force-locked connection. The roof had already
caved in.
This was the situation when, in 2007, interested peo-
ple from the village and the surrounding area came
together on the initiative of a volunteer conservatio-
nist from Torgau. They were supported by a regional
umbrella organisation and tried to nurture a sense of
appreciation in the owner.
This civic commitment led to stocktaking, the draft of
concepts for securing the building and a search for pos-
sible financing. At the same time, research was carried
out that determined that the kiln was built in the years
1861–65. After a while, the researchers also determined
with certainty that the building was the oldest complete
Hoffmann style kiln, which had been patented in 1859,
in Germany.
With this unique feature serving as an additional
motivator and the support of the county, the project
went ahead. Starting in 2010, the necessary steps to
secure the endangered building were carefully carried
out followed by systematic repairs.
Financial support from the Special Federal and State
Programme for the Preservation of Historical Monu-
ments was used in 2011 to save the wooden construc-
tion once the head of the chimney had been successfully
Beilrode, Großtreben district
Brickworks, Ring Kiln
View into the ring-shaped kiln

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Exterior view
Drying loft with repaired roof
Repaired perimeter of the kiln

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Funded heritage sites 3
Ridge turret with a natural slate covering
Wooden roof construction
The late-gothic hall church, which very much domina-
tes the townscape of this little town to the northwest
of Chemnitz, was built, as is documented on the quire
buttress, in 1522. The stately nave ends in a closed pen-
tagonal choir with striking outer buttresses. To the west,
rising up above a massive substructure is a slender neo-
gothic tower with a spire. This was built during renova-
tion work in 1882. On the inside, the church has a ba-
roque compartment ceiling that was installed in 1717.
Arches can be found in the vestry and at the base of the
The last construction phase started in 2012. It became
evident that the work carried out on the roof structure
in 1934 was insufficient and that this had resulted in
damage to the roof. However, these remained unnoti-
ced. The originally planned repairs to the roofing requi-
red larger measures to ensure a sufficient load-bearing
This was a big challenge for the parish. Without special
financial assistance this vital repair would not have been
possible. With the help of the Special Federal and Sta-
te Programme for the Preservation of Historical Monu-
ments, traditional workmanship was used to repair the
damage to the roof in 2013, especially in the area of the
rafter shoes, and the necessary roofing work was carried
out. After that it was possible to start with the repairs to
the outside of the building – the plaster, the parts built
from virgin stone, cornices and window splays – work
which is still on going.
Thus it was possible to repair the serious damage to one
of the largest churches in the environs of Chemnitz and
to continue with the conservation work on the tower,
which had started more than 10 years ago.
City Church

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Exterior view

20 |
Funded heritage sites 4
From 1886 till 1902, the marshalling yard Hilbersdorf
grew and developed in the area to the north east of
the Chemnitz main train station. As the largest railway
cargo hub in southern Saxony it was in operation un-
til 1996. A marshalling yard takes the individual wa-
gons of a cargo train and regroups them according to
their destination. Normally the trains are pushed up a
“hump”. The wagons are decoupled at the highest point
and roll down the other side into a track harp. Shunters
slow down and stop the wagons before they reach the
standing ones.
To improve efficiency, a cable system replaced loco-
motives and manual labour in 1930. The cargo wagons
were then moved using a narrow gauge dolly that was
pulled under the wagons and temporarily attached using
a folding mechanism. These dollies, which ran inside the
standard gauge tracks, were attached to endless cables
driven from their own machine house.
Machine house for the cable system
of the former marshalling yard
View of the inside of the machine house with the three drive units of the endless cables
Built as a clinker construction in a clear, straightforward
design, the machine house is an integral part of the cable
system. The “Friends of the railway ‘Richard Hartmann’
Chemnitz e. V.“ have been working very hard to restore
this building.
In 2013, the restoration of the machine house became
pressing. Companies were hired to apply new roofing pa-
per, re-work the original windows and doors as well as
clean, repair and grout the clinker façade. In preparati-
on for and accompanying these activities, the members
of the association put in 1,500 hours of their own time.
They received financial support from the Special Federal
and State Programme for the Preservation of Historical
Monuments. The successful renovation protects the tech-
nical apparatus from further decay.

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Machine house of the cable system with mounted switch tower 2
Switch tower 2 with electro-mechanical switching technology
Two-tone grout typical for the era

22 |
Funded heritage sites 5
City Church of St Peter and St Paul
The gothic brick church with its 3 naves is the most im-
portant and the oldest building in the city of Delitzsch.
Starting in 1404, the original Romanesque church, parts
of which still exist in the basement under the western to-
wer, was replaced by a new gothic church. At the end of
the 15
century, the construction, which had often been
halted, was completely stopped and the church, which was
consecrated in 1494, remained unfinished. This meant
that the original tower, which was supposed to have be-
en torn down, remained. Its slightly disproportionate
spires were a kind of provisional solution. When the re-
novations for the Delitzsch municipal church, carried out
under the auspices of the Hannover-based master church
builder Conrad Wilhelm Hase, started in 1889 it was also
planned to change the tower, but this was not done for
financial reasons.
The ongoing renovations that started in 1993 did not
focus on the church tower either. At first the façade
and the roof were renovated. At the same time the late
Gothic interior was laid open and reconstructed. In 2006
the restored altar with its rediscovered panel paintings
was handed over to the church. Since that date Delitzsch
once again has one of the most beautiful church interi-
ors in northern Saxony.
The serious damage to the wooden structures of the chur-
ch tower were, for a long time, underestimated. The ex-
tent of the damage and the resulting dangers could only
be assessed after construction work started. The finan-
cing for this renovation work was only possible through
money from the Special Federal and State Programme
for the Preservation of Historical Monuments.
Altar retable from 1492

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View of the south side and the front of the west tower

24 |
Funded heritage sites 6
The first reports of the disgraceful condition and the da-
maged artworks of the Gamig Manor Chapel were from
the 1950s. The chapel had suffered from the post war
situation. Nor was there any repair or renovation work
carried out in the following decades either. By the 1990s,
this sacral building of the late middle ages was in danger
of collapsing and its valuable interior in danger of dis-
appearing. The new roof, which was put on in 1993/94,
did nothing to change this.
Finally, just in the nick of time, in the years 2003/06, it
became possible, using donations and subsidies, to carry
out initial effective safeguarding measures on the walls
and vaults, which were in danger of collapsing, the tow-
er and the inside stairs. The first comprehensive package
of conservation activities was the systematic renovation
of the quarry-stone walls, the late gothic stellar vaults
including the grooved pillars, the repair and renewal
of door jambs and window splays, tracery and glazing
as well as the renovation of the still existing parts of
the altar, pulpit, epitaphs and figurines. The necessary
financial support came from the Special Federal and Sta-
te Programme for the Preservation of Historical Monu-
ments and from donations.
This meant that the building had been saved and could
be used as an oratory. However, there was still work to
be done on the roof, the chamber on the upper floor and
above all on the façade. It was possible to carry out this
fourth and final conservation and renovation programme
thanks to further money from the Special Federal and
State Programme for the Preservation of Historical
Monuments and an accompanying co-financing from
the Free State of Saxony and the county. After decades
of neglect and decay, the manor chapel, built in the 15
century, enlarged and altered several times in the 16
and 17
centuries and transfigured with neo-Roma-
nesque forms at the beginning of the 19
century once
again shines the way such an historic monument should.
Dohna, Gamig district
Manor Chapel
Window with neo-romanesque tracery

| 25
Renaissance pulpit
Exterior view of the chapel in the manor park
Portal with an original Renaissance door leaf

26 |
Funded heritage sites 7
Built in 1911 in Shanghai, the so-called “Chinese Pavilion”
was the official contribution of imperial China to the first
“International Hygiene Exhibition” in Dresden, a semi-
nal endeavour of the growing “life reform movement”.
In 1912, the community of “Weißer Hirsch” which was
incorporated into Dresden in 1922, bought the imperial
pavilion and moved it to the “Rathausgarten” as a cultu-
ral urban focal point.
The pavilion is the only still existing structure from that
exhibition and as such an important and authentic ma-
nifestation of the “life reform movement” in Germany. It
is also a significant part of the history of how Chinese
culture was received in Saxony and Germany. Espe-
cially Dresden, with its collections and large buildings of
the 18
century must be seen as a special place for the
European “Asia enthusiasm”.
Chinese Pavilion
Originally used as a reading room and refreshment stand
in the spa facilities, for decades the structure later func-
tioned as a restaurant before it was damaged by a fire
in 1997. Empty and left to decay, it is largely thanks to
the association “Chinesischer Pavillon zu Dresden e. V.”
which was founded in 2007 specifically to save the buil-
ding, that this architectural gem in the heart of the for-
mer spa grounds has a future. The ambitious goal is to
establish the building as a vibrant place of cultural, sci-
entific and economic cooperation between China and
Germany. Through the financial contributions of nu-
merous citizens and paying members of the association it
was possible to do large parts of the necessary renovation
work. The Foundation of the Ostdeutsche Sparkassen, the
Rudolf-August-Oetker Foundation and the Special Fede-
ral and State Programme for the Preservation of Histo-
rical Monuments as well as the city of Dresden are just
a few of those who have made significant contributions.
Overall view on a post card from 1914

| 27
Detail during renovation

28 |
Funded heritage sites 8
Freed Estate Eschdorf
People interested in the property proposed tearing down
the existing buildings and putting up new ones that did
not fit the location. The “Quandt Manor” went through an
odyssey – just as many other manors did. It is thanks to
the extraordinary efforts of Dr. Herbert Fissan from Bad
Lippspringe, who acquired the property in 2007, that the
buildings, parts of which were in acute danger, have not
only been secured but also in large part renovated. Not
only have important parts of the ensemble been saved, but
parts that have up to now been unknown and room pain-
tings that point to the time of Quandt have been saved
and representative parts have been restored. In addition
to the financial support of the Free State of Saxony, the
financial support of the Special Federal and State Pro-
gramme for the Preservation of Historical Monuments was
particularly important.
Stables, probably built by Gottfried Semper
Also known as the “Quandt Manor” or “Semperhof”, with
a renown that goes far beyond the borders of Dresden, the
Freed Estate Eschdorf was expanded by Alexander von
Miltitz in 1685. The beginnings go much further back.
Charmingly located in a hollow underneath the Kirch
Mountain and complemented by a country park, it con-
sists mainly of four separate buildings from the 16
centuries built around a long, drawn out yard. The
manor achieved renown after 1830 when it became the li-
ving and working quarters of the famous writer and arts
patron Johann Gottlob von Quandt. A friend of Goethe,
Quandt supported many important artists of his era. The
construction he had carried out in the manor was in part
associated with his friend Gottfried Semper.
Soon after 1990, the run down estate, which had up to
then been used agriculturally, was given up and there
followed years of further, ever accelerating decay.

| 29
Interior view of the three rowed stables
View into the former Quandt manor
Detail of an illusionist ceiling painting

30 |
Funded heritage sites 9
The Lotterhof in Geyer is one of the most important tes-
timonies to civil Renaissance architecture in the Ore
Mountains. It goes back to the electoral Saxon master
builder Hieronymus Lotter, who came to Geyer because
of the inheritance of a tin mine. Lotter bought the ma-
nor, tore down the existing buildings and built a repre-
sentative house according to his own plans. He lived in
the house from 1574 until his death in 1580. The two-
storey building was built with quarry stones on top of an
angular base layout. The only slightly sloping roof struc-
ture is probably from the 18
The dormer was reconstructed in 1938 according to old
drawings. The rooms impress with their height, the regu-
larly spaced window axes and the disc-like wall struc-
ture with its window arches and decorated corbels. The
25 doorjambs with their different forms and lots of pro-
file and ornamentation are something really special. On
the first floor there is a panelled and painted compart-
ment ceiling from the 18
At the beginning of the 1990s the Lotterhof was vacant,
but in 1992 it was possible to put a new slate roof on
it. Several attempts to find a new owner or a suitable
use for the building failed and so the friends association
“Kulturmeile Geyer-Tannenberg” has been moving con-
servation and renovation measures forward step by step
since 2002. Financial support from the Free State of Sa-
xony and the German Foundation for Protection of Mo-
numents made it possible to renew some of the windows,
restore window splays and create a room book.
Through the financial support of the Special Federal
and State Programme for the Preservation of Historical
Monuments it was possible, in 2014, to carry out exten-
sive conservation measures on the walls, the vaults and
the floor and ceiling construction. The Foundation of the
Ostdeutsche Sparkassen also gave a generous donation
to support the continuation of the work.
View from the southeast

| 31
Panelled ceiling on the first floor
Panell with bits of frame
Exterior view with entrance portal

32 |
Funded heritage sites 10
This highly visible ensemble of historic buildings in
Görlitz Südstadt was created between 1913 and 1916
according to plans drawn up by the Bohemian born,
Dresden based architect Rudolf Bitzan (1872–1938). This
modern sacral building unites the elements of modernism,
Art Nouveau and neo-classicisms. Together with the
design of the open spaces, a well-formed architectural
unity was created. When the architect Bitzan was drafted
for the war, the Görlitz architect Paul Gerhard Röhr, who
had been chairman of the parish council since 1907 and
who, as a member of the jury had played a role in the
architecture competition that had preceded the construc-
tion, took over the construction management for free.
Inside and outside, and especially in the rich interior
decorations, the ensemble has largely kept its original
The conservation and restoration measures that took
place in the years 1982–1990 slowed the decay, but
did not stop it completely. Through the financial sup-
port of the Special Federal and State Programme for the
Preservation of Historical Monuments it has become
possible to save the parsonage and the parish house,
which had been acutely threatened by the damaged roof,
and to properly renovate the structure. This meant that
important spaces were made usable again. The represen-
tatives of the parish are now avidly tackling the planning
of further necessary conservation and renovation work.
Lutheran Kreuzkirche with Parish Hall
Approach with vestibule
Portal situation at the front of the tower

| 33
View of the side with parish house

34 |
Funded heritage sites 11
Großenhain, Zabeltitz district
Baroque Garden
View across the Mirror Basin to the palace and church
The residence in the Zabeltitz district of Großenhain,
which bears witness to the activities of the important
representatives of the Saxon electoral family and further
influential nobility, is almost completely preserved. With
the old castle – a characteristic example of late German
renaissance, the New Baroque Palace of Count von
Wackerbarth (1662–1734) and the high quality baroque
garden, this ensemble is an important part of the natio-
nal cultural heritage of architecture and landscaping.
The location of the residence in the flood plains of the
Große Röder and the accompanying abundance of wa-
ter led to the creation of the Zabeltitz “Water Art”. Maps
from the 16
century already document the creation
of the first ponds. They were given their strict geomet-
ric forms in the early 18
century. The largest of these
ponds – the island pond – is located to the west of the
baroque middle axis and is framed by avenues of linden
From the abundance of sources of the rococo era, the two
basic functions of a garden – to be beautiful and useful
– are documented for the island pond. It is not just a
location for fish farming but also a mirror of the heavens
in the garden. In it are the swan house and the island
with the arch bridge picturesquely staged “à la chinoise”.
The island was named after the guardian of the garden
in the second half of the 19
century, Princess Elisabeth
of Saxony (1830–1912).
The artificial waters were in an acute state of disrepair
through silt deposits and the decay of the bridge and
swan house. Due to washed out banks, the historic trees
on the avenues were in danger of falling over and whole
stretches of the avenues were in danger of going under.
Through the restoration, supported by the federal and
state governments, it was possible to free the island of
the surrounding silt, re-create the historic banks, the
avenues along the water’s edge and the swan house as
well as rebuilding the arch bridge to the Elisabeth Island.
Thus it was possible to stop the further decay of a part of
the Zabeltitz Water Art and to start important regenera-
tion measures to keep this monument alive.

| 35
Island pond in the castle gardens
View across the island pond
Bridge to Elisabeth island

36 |
Funded heritage sites 12
Hotel de Pologne
Created in 1895 according to plans of the Leipzig
architect Arwed Roßbach by modifying the prede-
cessor of the same name, the Hotel de Pologne (Hain-
straße 16/18) with its interior design by the Berlin ar-
chitect Ludwig Heim, was considered one of the finest
hotels in Leipzig. It was however already closed down
in 1917 because it was not economically viable. While
the façade oriented itself on the style of Florentine Re-
naissance palaces, the interior, and in particular the
three banquet halls, reflected Prussian Baroque.
From 1919 onward the former hotel served mostly as
a house for trade fairs and after 1954 it was the seat
of the Leipzig Trade Fair Office. After standing emp-
ty for 15 years, it was bought in 2009 by Patron Capi-
tal and Leipziger Stadtbau AG. This was the start of a
comprehensive renovation. It started with security mea-
sures for the roof structure which had dry rot, for the
façade and for the ceiling structures. The arcade struc-
ture, which had been destroyed by the shops that had
been installed, was put back in again.
Comprehensive renovation work was carried out on the
largely preserved banquet halls. After four years of con-
struction work it not only shows its Wilhelminian era
splendour and bears witness to the uniqueness of ear-
lier hotel culture, but is also much in demand today as
rooms with a sophisticated atmosphere. The rest of the
building is used as a trade, office, meeting and event
space. There are shops on the ground floor. The financi-
al support from the Special Federal and State Program-
me for the Preservation of Historical Monuments sees
itself above all as a support for the exceptionally high
costs due to the fact that the building is an historic
Banquet hall with gallery alcove

| 37
View into the banquet hall
Ceiling painting in the banquet hall
Façade facing Hainstraße

38 |
Funded heritage sites 13
UT Connewitz
The cinema, located in the courtyard at 12a Wolfgang-
Heinze-Straße in the Connewitz district of Leipzig, went
into operation in 1912. It counts as one of the earliest
cinematography theatres of the silent movie era and is,
according to the latest research, the oldest largely pre-
served cinema in Germany. The name UT goes back to
the “Allgemeine Kinematographen Gesellschaft Union-
Theater für lebende und Tonbilder GmbH” (General
Cinematography Association Union Theatre for living
and sound pictures) which was founded in 1906, and
which ran a chain of cinemas through out Germany un-
der the name U.T. A real rarity of this cinema is the
plaster framing of the screen with aedicule-like temp-
les façade.
To save the cinema from falling apart an association,
the Verein UT Connewitz e. V., was founded in 2001.
The association not only works to have safety and re-
novation work carried out, it also organises concerts,
screenings, readings and theatre events, making the
cinema into a cultural centre which is well known far
beyond the borders of the region. A part of the mo-
ney is used for the renovation. The dedication shown
by the association was honoured in 2012 by the Ger-
man Cultural Heritage National Committee through the
presentation of the “silver hemisphere”, the German
prize for the protection of Cultural Heritage. However,
UT Connewitz e. V. is dependent on regular support.
Money from the Special Federal and State Programme
for the Preservation of Historical Monuments were used
for the conservation of the outside of the building and
Roof during the re-roofing in 2006
the courtyard.

| 39
Original door opener
View of the plaster frame around the screen
Original door leaf leading to the stairwell

40 |
Funded heritage sites 14
Lutheran Church
The church in Löbnitz (near Delitzsch), which is already
mentioned in 1183/85, has significant rests of a roma-
nesque basilica and as such is one of the oldest churches
in Saxony. Parts of the central nave, which was made into
a hall church between 1688 and 1692, have been pre-
served. As the patronage church of the von Schönfeld
family, which has lived in the area for several hundred
years and is one of the most important aristocratic fa-
milies in Saxony, the church has an exceptionally rich
and from the viewpoint of art history valuable interior.
Most of it is from the 17
century and puts the church
far above standard village churches. Especially worthy
of note is the painted cassette ceiling. In 168 cassettes
it shows scenes from the Old and New Testaments, ima-
ges of the apostles, church fathers, Luther and Melan-
chthon, surrounded by grisaille painting and images of
angles playing music. The altar and the pulpit, the
View of the organ gallery during construction work
Gallery with original colours after the floor covering was removed
lavishly designed patronage box and the painting of
the gallery balustrade are also of great value. The re-
novation of the church, which has been ongoing since
2008, has primarily been carried out thanks to the de-
dicated work of a friend’s association. The work be-
gan with reconstruction of the external plaster on the
church spire and the renewal of the roof. The restora-
tion of the painted ceiling, the baptismal font and the
patronage box as well as the work to secure the sou-
thern façade, which was in danger of collapsing,
were further steps that were taken. The friends associa-
tion and the community had to raise a significant share
of the money every year. With the financial support from
the Special Federal and State Programme for the Preser-
vation of Historical Monuments it was possible to restore
the altar and pulpit, the floor, the painting on the gallery
and the baroque parts of the interior.

| 41
View of the south side of the nave and the western spire

42 |
Funded heritage sites 15
Built on a spur over the left bank of the Zwickauer
Mulde, the striking castle with its high tower and nu-
merous dwarf gables is one of the best known “palace
castles” in Saxony. Originally the site of a fortification
in the high Middle Ages, it already started to develop
into a residential castle of the early modern period at
the end of the 15
century through the actions of the
top electoral master builder Arnold von Westfalen. De-
cisive for its form today was however the rebuilding
of the castle by Wolf II of Schönburg after it was dest-
royed a number of times in the middle of the 16
tury. This was the time when the remaining buildings
were unified to create a seemingly closed, four-wing
structure with uniform eaves height.
Since the 1990s, the owner – originally the county of
Rochlitz, later the county of Mittweida and since 2008
the county of Mittelsachsen – has been trying to carry
out a systematic, comprehensive renovation of the
structure, which is being used as a museum. The huge
costs of renovation measures, which have not been
carried out on such a scale for decades, are a large bur-
den on the county, so that it was necessary to look for
financial support for this important and well-known
historic site.
With financial support from the Special Federal and
State Programme for the Preservation of Historical Mo-
numents, the side room of the chapel was restored in
2009/10 and, starting in 2013, the north wing of the
outer ward was restored. The main room of the chapel
had received a reticulated vault in 1522 and had be-
en restored 1991–97, however this did not include the
southern part of the room which had originally been
a part of the old bower. Already in the 16
this room had been opened through an arch, fitted as
an expansion of the narrow chapel room and given a
gallery. The work included repairs to the masonry and
vaults, structural reinforcements to the gallery and the
installation of new stairs.
After comprehensive restoration research, the enclosing
walls, gallery and built-in closets were newly painted.
Rochsburg Castle
Altar retable by Andreas Lorentz (1576)

| 43
Ribbed vaulting by Caspar Kraft (around 1523)
Start of the vaulting in its original form
Interior view of the gallery and altar

44 |
Funded heritage sites 16
Convent Ruins “Zum heiligen Kreuz”
The ruins of the convent “Zum Heiligen Kreuz” in Meißen
are located in the floodplains of the river Elbe under the
Meißen Castle Hill, only a few hundred metres from the
gates of the city. In 1217, as probably the first Cisterci-
an convent in the margraviate of Meißen, it is one of the
oldest still existing convents in the Free State of Saxony.
Its cultural importance, which extends far beyond the Sa-
xon borders, is a result of the prominent role it played in
the establishment of early gothic in Germany. The chan-
geover from romanesque to gothic in the Mark Meißen,
in the lead up to an era when many significant structures
were built, becomes comprehensible here in a significant
way. Relatively late – 1568 – the convent was closed. The
structure, which had been partly destroyed in the Seven
Years War, attained a certain importance as an inspiratio-
nal object for Romanticism. The decades of use as a plant
nursery during the 20
century ended in the 1990s.
Subsequently the threads of older conservation plans
were picked up again and step by step the ruin was made
secure. Large parts of the masonry and vaults were reno-
vated as well as significant fragments of the plaster from
the Middle Ages saved. It was also possible to reveal the
remains of a hidden stone altar and make large areas of
the basement, which had been built in the Middle Ages
and later filled in, useable. Responsible for these difficult
tasks was originally the city of Meißen, but in the course
of time they have, piece by piece, handed over the con-
vent to the “Meißner Hahnemannzentrum e. V.” associati-
on, which was founded in 1994 and has its headquarters
in the convent. The work was supported again and again
by single grants from organisations such as the German
Federal Environmental Foundation, the Special Federal
and State Programme for the Preservation of Historical
Monuments and not least by the Sparkasse Meißen.
View into the former convent grounds

| 45
Fragment of the convent church
Doorway into the convent between windows with three arches
View of the demolition edge of the former vaults

46 |
Funded heritage sites 17
Marcolini House
In 1770, Elector Friedrich August III erected the Litt-
le Pheasant Castle at the large Bärnsdorf pond near
the Moritzburg Castle. Conceived as an idyllic Rococo
scene, it has a jetty, lighthouse, harbour and Dardanelles.
Count Camillo Marcolini built the neighbouring Marco-
lini house a residence in the years 1771/72 by expan-
ding on an existing pheasant keeper’s house. Marcolini
had beautiful murals painted on the walls of a dining
room on the upper floor, comparable to the ones in the
Little Pheasant Castle. It has been possible to free them
from the coats of paint that had been put over them.
They are by the painter Johann Christoph Malcke and
his school, of which no further known works exist. After
the death of Marcolini in 1814, the house was made in-
to a forester’s lodge. After many years of neglect, a new
owner – a local restaurant owner –started restoring the
building in 2008. One of the wings, which was in danger
of collapsing, was secured, given a new roof structure
and new roofing.
New windows, dormers and interior fixtures were put in.
The rich baroque and post-baroque items were documen-
ted and evaluated; on a provisional basis it was possi-
ble to once again start up a restaurant. The restoration
of the middle part of the house with its valuable mu-
rals and a still damaged roof were too much of a burden
for the owner to carry by himself. Thanks to the finan-
cial support of the Special Federal and State Programme
for the Preservation of Historical Monuments in the ye-
ars 2012/13 it was possible to renovate the roof, where-
by the timbre work which held up a painted ceiling was
preserved thanks to a very work intensive construction
process. The murals were restored and made a part of a
reconstructed room setting. Original windows were re-
worked. The re-created room got a new fir wood floor
and new candelabras and can now be used for festive
Festive room on the upper floor

| 47
View from the yard
New roofing and test exposures on the street façade
Mural on the upper floor after exposure

48 |
Funded heritage sites 18
Konrad Wachsmann House
The building was built in 1927 according to plans made
by Konrad Wachsmann (1901–1980). It was to be the
“Director’s House” for the limited company Christoph &
Unmack AG which was located in Niesky. This house pays
excellent testimony to classic modern architecture and in
particular it documents the industrialisation of wood con-
struction in the early 20
century. It is the only known
building built by Wachsmann using block construction.
Apart from the summer house of Albert Einstein in Ca-
puth near Potsdam, it is also the only still existing woo-
den house in Germany built by this important architect
who started his international career with this Niesky buil-
ding. He later went on to teach design principles in the
USA that would become the basics of building develop-
ment and have worldwide influence. Together with other
modernist wooden buildings the Direktoren house deter-
mines the character of large parts of city. However, this
did not prevent it from being empty for 15 long years
starting in 1990. In 2005 it was acquired by the city of
Niesky with the aim of turning it into an exhibition, cul-
tural and information centre on „Wooden buildings of the
modernist era“. In the years 2010/2011, using funds from
the Special Federal and State Programme for the Preser-
vation of Historical Monuments it was possible to renova-
te the outer walls. By the end of the first quarter of 2014
the interior of the building was restored and usable. The
renovated building is an interesting venue, at the same
time also the first exhibit of this interesting museum. The
opening ceremony of the Konrad Wachsmann House with
its permanent exhibition was in October 2014.
View from the stairwell into a living room
Exterior view from the garden
Recessed grips of a sliding door

| 49
Staircase in original colours

50 |
Funded heritage sites 19
Oschatz, Leuben district
It could hardly have been more dramatic: at the end of
2004 a citizen’s association purchased the Leubener cast-
le, just in time to forestall impending collapse and secure
the ruined building from further damage with the help of
government funding.
The two-storey building, built in the middle of the 18
century, has a hipped roof, pilaster-strip-structured
façades and avant-corps on both sides. An exact building
date is missing as is as a builder’s name, but in its simple
and clear baroque design language it belongs stylistically
to the Electoral Saxon State Construction Office in Dres-
den and it’s master builder Johann Christoph Knöffel.
Built on behalf of the von Thielau family, members of the
Upper Building Authority were apparently consulted or
through relations to the court, plans were requested from
there. Ideas stemming from the construction of the castle
Hubertusburg at the nearby Wermsdorf played a not insi-
gnificant role. Starting in 1743, Knöffel was in charge of
restructuring the castle to make it the second residence of
the Elector of Saxony, Friedrich August II.
The extensive work to save the basic substance of the
building and the rebuilding of the roof, where large parts
had collapsed, quickly exhausted the limited financial
resources of the association, but it preserved the castle.
Still, the structure has not been developed, the building
is mainly used as a secured ruin for various events and
guided tours, mainly in the summer months.
With funding from the Special Federal and State Pro-
gramme for the Preservation of Historical Monuments
it was possible to repair the roof turret, crowned by an
obelisk, which gives the exterior view of the castle a
special character. Thanks to other financial supporters,
the ceiling over the foyer, which had been destroyed by
dry rot, could be completed; in preparation is the setoff
of the façades according to the historical findings.
View of one of the rooms

| 51
Foyer with completed wooden beam ceiling
View from the garden side

52 |
Funded heritage sites 20
Castle and Cloister
The castle and monastery Oybin is an architectural mo-
nument of national importance. Since the 19
century it
has generally been regarded as one of the most impres-
sive ruins of the Middle Ages in Germany. Harmonising
with the towering Oybin Rock, it is a landmark with an
incomparable impact. Situated on an important medie-
val trade route, it belonged for a while to the Bohemi-
an crown and thus documented the close economic and
political ties between Upper Lusatia and Bohemia.
Through the Cölestiner cloister, which Emperor Charles
IV founded on the castle grounds in 1369 as the first
branch office of this order, Oybin is also an important
example of monastic culture and a rare example of the
connections between monastery and castle. Built 1366–
1384, the monastery church is one of the most impor-
tant monuments of late-medieval Bohemian church
architecture (Parler period) in eastern Germany. The
former castle area to the northwest, with the mighty
ruins of the imperial house, the residential tower,
the administration building and the half-shell tower
clearly speaks of the historical significance of the buil-
The measures, subsidised by the Special Federal and
State Programme for the Preservation of Historical
Monuments, included the renovation of the half-shell
tower with the adjacent frontal wall and underground
distribution space (so-called weapons cellar) as well
as preparatory restoration, construction and scientific
studies of the residential tower. The preservation and
conservation of the medieval stone, while keeping its
character as a ruin, received special attention from a
conservationist point of view. This included looking at
the proper execution of grouting with a colour that mat-
ches that of the aged stones. This way a large part of the
castle ruins could be permanently secured.
View of the romantic ruins of the former cloister

| 53
Outcrop of the Oybin with the ruins of the cloister
Late gothic window in the former cloister
Interior tower gate

54 |
Funded heritage sites 21
Pegau, Kitzen district
St Nicholas’ Church Hohenlohe
The St Nicholas’ Church in Kitzen, a small town southwest
of Leipzig, is no ordinary village church. Its architec-
tural features, which stem mainly from several cons-
truction phases in the 12
centuries – the single
nave, cross-shaped floor plan, the mighty cross tower
on the west side and a straight eastern end – are all
associated with a convent of nuns who had settled
here in the early 13
century. The more recent history of
this church is also quite unusual: although used by the
local parish, it actually belonged to the municipality un-
til they renounced their property rights in 2006 and the
church was abandoned.
This lack of ownership meant that for years necessary
repairs and renovation measures were not carried out. In
2007, the “Friends of the Cross Church of St Nicholas
Hohenlohe-Kitzen e. V.” assumed responsibility for the
church, became the owner and began the necessary
work. By that time, the church was in a vulnerable state:
the roofing was broken, the roof work already seriously
damaged (dry rot), the walls extremely damp.
View from the east
The most important measures have now been comple-
ted: first the masonry was dried and the late-romanesque
southern portal renovated. The elaborate repairs to the
roof and the re-roofing work are completed. It was also
possible to start renovating the façade and repairing the
windows. In addition to the support from the Special
Federal and State Programme for the Preservation of
Historical Monuments, the site received funding from the
German Foundation for Protection of Monuments, the
Catherine and Gerhard Hoffmann Foundation and the
ILEK (Integrated Rural Development Concepts).
The measures were accompanied by intensive archaeo-
logical and historical-architectural studies that provided
important insights and again confirmed: the St Nicholas’
Church in Kitzen-Hohenlohe has an exceptional historical
and art historical significance that extends far beyond
the region.

| 55
Portal at the southern transept
Romanesque capital in the portal frame
View of the southeast side

56 |
Funded heritage sites 22
Pegau, Wiederau district
Baroque Castle
Finished in 1705 for Baron von Fletcher (the ennobled
Leipzig merchant and alderman David Fleischer) Wieder-
au Castle is one of art- and architectural-history‘s most
valuable testimonies of baroque architecture in sou-
thern Leipzig. Particularly important are the murals on
the walls and ceiling in the banquet hall, painted by the
Italian Giovanni Francesco Marchini, as well as the stuc-
co decorations. Wiederau is also well known thanks to
Johann Sebastian Bach‘s secular cantata Angenehmes
Wiederau (Pleasant Wiederau), which he composed in
1737 during his time as the cantor of the Thomas Church
and in honour of the new landlord and influential official
at the Dresden court, Count Johann Christian von Henni-
cke. After the castle, both in its external appearance and
with its partially preserved baroque interior furnishings
survived for a long period without significant changes,
View from the north
it was threatened by decay from the 1970s onward due
largely to problems with the foundation.
Only provisionally secured, it stood empty from 1976 on-
wards. Between 1994 and 1997 the foundation was secu-
red and the façade renovated. As the owner of the castle,
the city of Pegau spent nearly 20 years looking for a
financially strong investor. Finally, in 2011, it was possible
to close a purchase contract.
The financial support the new owner received from the
Special Federal and State Programme for the Preserva-
tion of Historical Monuments was used for the reconst-
ruction of the baroque windows and the reconstruction
of the historical façade colours as well as for preparatory
measures for the interior renovation.

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Ceiling painting in the banquet hall by Giovanni Francesco Marchini

58 |
Funded heritage sites 23
The St John’s Church in Plauen rises above the valley of
the Weiße Elster and the Syra rivers and is visible for mi-
les around. The twin towers, which define the cityscape,
were built during the construction phase from 1548 to
1556. In the 17
century they were given curved tow-
er hoods. Several major modifications altered the exteri-
or and the interior of the church and today its character
is determined by the reconstruction that had to be car-
ried out after the church was badly damaged by Ame-
rican and British bombers in World War II. Particularly
valuable in terms of architectural history is the small po-
lygonal chapel for the reeves of Plauen, which is located
between choir and north transept and was built in 1322.
Today, the St John’s Church is one of the outstanding
cultural monuments of the city of Plauen.
Due to the new interior design that was carried out in the
years 1912–13 and removal of the old peal of bells due
to the First World War, the belfry in the north tower was
rebuilt after the war and chilled cast iron bells installed.
Lutheran St John’s Church
Interior view looking to the choir
After over 100 years of service for the large bell and
50 years of service for the two smaller bells, they had
reached the end of their life cycle and the damage to the
tower became ever clearer. The bells had to be silenced
because of the towers insufficient strength.
Through the financial support of the Special Federal
and State Programme for the Preservation of Historical
Monuments the parish of the St John’s Church had the
opportunity to completely renovate the bells and the
belfry and to secure the static of the tower. The shaft of
the north tower was stabilised by needling. The belfry
was rotated 90° and renewed using historical oak wood
to accommodate new bronze bells.
The results of the renovation can be described as very
successful. It meets the highest demands of monument
conservation. With its new bells, the St John’s Church
can once again be heard in the entire city of Plauen.

| 59
View from the northeast, looking at the nave and double towers

60 |
Funded heritage sites 24
Schönfeld near Großenhain
The Schoenfelder castle was completely renovated for
Baron von Burgk starting in 1882. At the time, he was
one of the greatest entrepreneurs in the coalmines of the
Döhlener basin (now known as Freital). Architecturally,
the castle is one of the most sophisticated historicism pa-
laces in Saxony. Its builder, Gotthilf Louis Moeckel is con-
sidered one of the most prolific architects of historicism
in Saxony and Mecklenburg. He created the castle using
the materials of an older renaissance building and deve-
loped rich and high quality neo-renaissance architecture.
In contrast to many other castles after 1990, this castle,
which served as a school in the former German Demo-
cratic Republic (GDR), remained in the possession of the
community and was restored in parts. But soon the initi-
ally abundant sources of funding dried up and the com-
munity Schönfeld had to limit itself to essential mainte-
nance work.
A major concern of the Castle’s friends association is
the use of the former bower on the ground floor of this
large castle, which had become unusable due to infes-
tation with real dry rot in the stucco ceiling. The work
to eliminate the damage that had been done lasted more
than ten years. The problems piled up, both technolo-
gically and financially, exceeding the capabilities of
the community and the friend’s association to deal with
Only after grant funding from the Special Federal and
State Programme for the Preservation of Historical
Monuments was it possible to start the work in 2013.
Experienced restorers developed a restoration concept
that was quickly implemented. Both the necessary wood
preservation and supplements to the ceiling structure
could be ensured as well as the preservation of the ori-
ginal stucco ceiling. After meticulous examinations, the
colours of the room were returned to their original
state. The room now appears in the bright colours of
historicism. In future the room is supposed to be used to
exhibit porcelain. That is why this project is named
“Porcelain Room”.
Detail of a hollow stucco moulding

| 61
View from the castle park
View into the banquet hall with mural and panelled barrel vault
Porcelain room in the tower

62 |
Funded heritage sites 25
Spalatin House
With its cubature and fundamental architectural struc-
tures, the little gable-ended house (Katharinenstraße 8)
dates from 1493, making it one of the oldest surviving
buildings of the town of Torgau. Before it was sold to
Georg Spalatin by the Elector, it functioned as the house
of a priest. Spalatin – court chaplain, private secretary,
confidant and adviser of Frederick the Wise – owned the
house from 1523 to 1533. This was a time when impor-
tant political decisions were made in Torgau and his pre-
sence was frequently required at court. Luther also lived
in the house of Spalatin.
The house was formerly a completely half-timbered buil-
ding with evenly-hewn floors. Over the years, repairs and
renovations “petrified” parts of the house. Apparently,
right from the beginning the timber that still exists to-
day was lined with bricks. While there were no real divi-
sions on the ground floor, the upstairs had a hall, kit-
chen, chamber and a sitting room towards the back. Later
they put in a new division of rooms.
Detail of the façade facing the yard
Late gothic roof construction with new roof over top, detail
The best-conserved part is the roof, stemming mainly
from the original construction period.
The building is unique, both from an urban as well as an
urban-historical point of view. It also makes the events of
the reformation in the capital city of Torgau understan-
dable. As the owner of the building, the Association for
Monument Preservation in the city of Torgau is pursuing
a methodologically harmonised concept of gentle, careful
restoration. Once restored the building is to be used as a
museum for the workings of Spalatin and Johann Walter,
the founder of the Protestant church music. With fun-
ding from the Special Federal and State Programme for
the Preservation of Historical Monuments, the associa-
tion was able to realise a first crucial stage of construc-
tion, securing the roof with its historic structure. In view
of the damage, this was only possible by means of auxi-
liary constructions, a roof over the roof. The half-timb-
re construction that faces the street, which had not been
preserved, was then built the way the rear gable was.

| 63
Gable facing Katharinenstraße

64 |
Funded heritage sites 26
The present appearance of what, at its core, is a roma-
nesque church hall, is largely determined by the redesign
carried out by Oskar Mothes in 1884. The building is an
excellent example of the zeitgeist of the late 19
In the course of its 800 years, the Church had developed
considerable cracks on the outer perimeter walls. This
constructional problem was worsened by the use of red
sandstone, a material which is used frequently in the re-
gion and which has inherent static instability. The cracks
led to moisture entering the outer walls. This was further
augmented by the renovation work that had taken place
in 1884. At the time they had used plaster for the inside
walls that had a high percentage of cement. This does
not allow for the diffusion of water vapour. The penetra-
tion of the moisture into the inner walls reached a height
of two to three meters. With the funding granted by the
Special Federal and State Programme for the Preserva-
tion of Historical Monuments, it was possible to carry
out measures to preserve the building and secure the cei-
ling. The intention now is to return the interior to what
it looked like in 1884. So far, the entire choir area, in-
cluding the wooden ceiling of 1432/33 with its angels
that were painted onto the ceiling in the 17
century has
been restored. The restoration process included a very
elaborate detoxification that removed older wood protec-
tion measures. The moisture regulation of the choir walls
was substantially improved by taking off the blocking
plaster. The choir was painted in the colours used by
Oskar Mothes in 1884. The work of the second phase of
construction is currently being carried out in the nave.
Werdau, Königswalde district
St James’ Church
View into the choir with compartment ceiling and late gothic altar

| 65
Pulpit at the Triumph Arch
Nave with early baroque compartment ceiling and a view of the choir
Angel as drummer on the compartment ceiling in the nave

66 |
Funded heritage sites 27
Castle Wildenfels, with its so-called “Blue Room”, is an
outstanding example of the art of interior design of the
late 18
century. The centrepiece is the glorious Otto-
man silk wall coverings with their rich embroidery
(from around 1700). A restoration concept for the wall
coverings was developed at the Cologne University of
Applied Sciences as part of a thesis in the Department of
Textile Conservation.
The room, with its stucco ceiling, parquet flooring,
panelling and wall coverings must be seen as a single
entity that needs to be restored to the same high conser-
vation standards as was applied to the restoration of the
textiles in order to bring out the full worth of the wall
For the conservation and restoration of the room it was
primarily a matter of restoring the individual pieces.
Blue Room of the Castle
With widely different levels of damage and visual im-
pairment due to previous restoration work, the goal was
to restore everything in such a way that a certain le-
vel of aging is respected while at the same time bringing
everything to the same level so that they are aestheti-
cally balanced and bring out the original design intent.
The reconstruction of the interior shutters not only let
the historical impressions of the room come to life again,
it also serves as light protection for the silk – a positive
aspect of conservation, which also serves to stabilise the
indoor climate.
The restoration of the wall covering was made with the
generous support of the Foundation of the Ostdeutsche
Sparkassen, the restoration of the interior with funds
from the Special Federal and State Programme for the
Preservation of Historical Monuments.
Section of the wall before the restoration with an alcove for an oven

| 67
Section of the wall with silk wall covering
Section of the wall after the restoration with an alcove for an oven
Detail of the silk wall covering after restoration

68 |
Funded heritage sites 28
In Zittau, over 80 epitaphs of renowned citizens from
the time following the Reformation up to the 18
tury have been preserved. This abundance is unique in
central Germany and bears witness to a special civic
culture of representation and remembrance in Zittau. In
addition to the artistic value of the paintings and car-
vings, the epitaphs, together with the still existing homes
and places of work, have an extraordinary historical and
cultural historical importance.
The epitaphs are partly owned by the city museum,
partly by the parish. Since the 1930s, with few excep-
tions, no conservation or restoration measures have been
carried out. Numerous pieces have been dismantled and
stored over the years, partly under unfavourable condi-
Accordingly, some were in a highly vulnerable state. In
the context of this project, all of the epitaphs were viewed
and sorted. Working under the stipulation that the funds
should be used to maximum effect, the restoration work
focused on conservation. Surface cleaning alone was ab-
le to recover much of the former splendour for about 50
Particularly welcomed from a monument conservation
point of view is the desire to not simply present the con-
served epitaphs in a museum, but, as far as possible, to
bring them back to their original locations in the churches.
The project was supported not only by funds from the
Special Federal and State Programme for the Preserva-
tion of Historical Monuments, but also by the State Of-
fice for Museology, since the epitaphs are both cultural
monuments and museum objects. Other supporters we-
re the Hermann Reemtsma Foundation of Hamburg, the
Friends of the Cultural Foundation of the States and two
trusts of the German Foundation for Protection of Mo-
numents. Particularly noteworthy is the help of private
Restored epitaphs, in their temporary storage on the gallery of the Church of St Peter and St Paul

| 69
Lutheran Church of St Peter and St Paul, epitaphs for Gottfried Benjamin Martini († 1733, left) and Johanna Dorothea Böttiger († 1758, right)
Epitaphs in the choir of the Frauenkirche, before the renovation of 1897
Epitaph for M. Weise from 1615 during cleaning

70 |
Funded heritage sites 29
Noack’s House
The house at 4 Market in the centre of the old town of
Zittau, consisting of a four-storey front house facing
the market, two wings and a back building going out to
Johannisplatz, was built by the Zittau merchant and tax
collector Andreas Noack in 1689. The house, which once
served as both a residential and a commercial building,
with its two representative façades, high-quality sand
stone work and the partially preserved baroque interior
fittings is one of the most valuable and prestigious patri-
cian houses of the early baroque in East Saxony.
The restoration funding went mainly to the repair of the
two representative sides and the façades of the small
courtyard. In addition to the partial renewal of the plas-
ter, there was a special focus on the careful preserva-
tion of the elaborate stone elements, as well as the metal
panelling that had been expertly put on exposed com-
ponents. Restorers carefully dealt with the question of
colour before work began.
Entrance hall on the first floor of the front house, before the restoration
Since it was not possible to determine the original
baroque colour, especially on the market side, the natural
stone colour arrangements were left largely intact. How-
ever, a clear glazing was used on the upper surfaces to
make the whole thing a bit calmer optically. The polished
surfaces were given a slightly contrasting light sand co-
lour. On the side facing Johannisplatz the showy “giant
order” as well as the plinth and area around the eaves
were given a grey trim and the sandstone walls glazed
correspondingly. The windows of the two main faça-
des were also renewed based on a window type that is
still preserved in the courtyard and documented, at least
photographically, for the market façade.
Overall, the funding from the Special Federal and
State Programme for the Preservation of Historical Mo-
numents made it possible to complete the external re-
pairs of the house which had been empty for many years
and which had become structurally vulnerable. This also
means that the necessary preconditions have been set for
the planned interior renovation and for future use.

| 71
View of the façade facing the market

72 |
Funded heritage sites 30
Lower Granary
View from the southwest
Roof truss after strengthening
The Lower Granary was built in 1480/81 by the Zwickau
citizen and senior civil servant Martin Roman, a close
confidant of the Saxon electors and dukes. At 64 m long
and 19 m wide, it is the largest medieval granary in
Saxony and one of the major storage buildings in
Germany. Built at the time of the re-emergence of silver
mining in the Ore Mountains in the late 15
century, it
bears witness to the enormous financial prowess of the
bourgeoisie of that time in one of the economically and
culturally leading German territories.
Of exceptional historical value is the huge roof const-
ruction with its six floors. The “liegender Stuhl” frame
is one of the earliest such constructions in Germany. The
Lower Granary combined with the state-of-the-art forti-
fications to be the most powerful fortress of the Zwickau
city fortifications.
Once used for grain storage, armoury, part of the prison
castle Osterstein and last for service and administration,
the structurally neglected building stood empty ever
since it was sold in 1993. Because of the now acute dan-
ger of collapse and the owner’s application for demoli-
tion in 2009 the building stood in danger of losing its
entire roof. The decision by the city of Zwickau to acqui-
re the Granary that is so essential to its cultural identity
and to immediately start with emergency safety measu-
res created the basis for the conservation of this outstan-
ding monument. The emergency safety measures, with its
spectacular steel structure in 2009 and the further meas-
ures which took place in 2010/2011 would not have been
possible without the support from the Special Federal
and State Programme for the Preservation of Historical
Monuments. Municipal funds alone would not have
been enough. Now converted into a public library, the
Zwickau Granary was opened to the public on September
14, 2014 as one of the most modern libraries in Saxony.

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Gabel of the granary with new construction on top of the floor plan of the former cloth maker’s bastion
View into the roof truss

Saxon State Office for Protection of Monuments
Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Sachsen
Schloßplatz 1, 01067 Dresden
Telephone: +49 351 48430-400
Fax: +49 351 48430-499
Saxon State Office for Protection of Monuments
Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Sachsen
Authors: see contents
Schweitzer Sprachendienst
Blaurock & Nuglisch Werbeagentur, David Nuglisch – all photos except: Max Messer
(pp. 1, 14–15, 18–19, 20–21, 30–31, 42–43, 58–59, 64–65, 67 top and bottom left,
72–73); SMI (p. 5); Landesamt für Denkmalpflege Sachsen (pp. 6–10, 22 right, 34, 57,
66, 67 bottom right, 69 bottom left, 70); Matthias Helm (p. 26); UT Connewitz e. V.
(p. 38); Dagmar Groß (p. 58); Gisela Hempel (p. 69 bottom right)
Design and typesetting:
Blaurock & Nuglisch Werbeagentur, Dresden
Neue Druckhaus Dresden GmbH
Editorial deadline:
February 2015
Number of copies published:
1.000 pieces
This brochure is available free of charge from:
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Hammerweg 30, 01127 Dresden
Telephone: +49 351 2136-71 or +49 351 21036-72
Fax: +49 351 21036-81
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