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1
Regional
Policy
Cross-border cooperation
It ain't what you do,
it's the way that you do it ...
Görlitz, 10 October 2013
Guus Muijzers

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Regional
Policy
1. Cohesion Policy 2014-2020
2. European Territorial Cooperation
3. CBC Germany - Poland

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Regional
Policy
1. Cohesion policy 2014-2020
Why do we have Cohesion Policy?
How does it work?
Proposals for the period 2014-2020
Where are we now in the preparation process

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Regional
Policy
Cohesion policy: why?
Treaty (TFEU), art.174: “... to promote its
overall harmonious development, ... leading to
the strengthening of its economic, social and
territorial cohesion
Excessive disparities endanger the internal
stability, the internal market, monetary union,
and the credibility of the integration process
itself
Every union needs a stabilisation mechanism

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Cohesion policy: how?
Multi-annual programming
Shared management - partnership
“Horizontal multi-level governance”
Not a subsidy, but joint investment
EU money as vehicle for better policy cycle

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Regional
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Reform of cohesion policy
Key improvements needed:
Better management systems, governance
Thematic concentration - focus on key needs
Result orientation - what change?
Two goals:
Investment for growth & jobs
European Territorial Cooperation

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Regional
Policy
Legislative package
Common provisions regulation
Fund specific regulations - ERDF, ESF, CF
ETC regulation
EGTC regulation

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Rules 2014-2020: main points
Thematic concentration: max 4 TOs (ETC 80%)
Cooperation: preparation + implementation
+ financing or staffing
Simplifications: incl. lump sum < 100,000 €
Instruments ITI, CLDD, JAP

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Regional
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2. European Territorial Cooperation
Art.174: “Among the regions concerned, particular attention shall
be paid to rural areas, areas affected by industrial transition, and
regions which suffer from severe and permanent natural or
demographic handicaps such as the northernmost regions with
very low population density and island,
cross- border
and
mountain regions.
Cross-border regions: just another handicap ?
Eliminating the detrimental impact of borders is
the essence of EU integration

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Regional
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ETC is about ...
Partnership - trust - transparency
Long-term, stages, maturity
People, not countries
Good for all, but does not come
naturally > some help needed
Something special ...
ECF ?

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3: CBC Germany - Poland
2007-2013
3 programmes
Not easy (geography, partnership)
Not fast (absorption, decommitments?)
2014-2020
Working basis: continue with 3, but ...
EC: reflect on common approach / merge ?
Possible structure like DE-NL?

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Geography
Symmetry
Central level
Money
Euroregions
SN
BB
MV
ZP
LB
DS

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Joint approach because ...
Administrative borders
reality, needs
Single management structure, subsidiarity
Common procedures, rules, criteria, control
Strategic context, flagships
A political signal

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Common structure can work if ...
Core needs of each partner are met
Strategy differentiated
Decentralised project selection
Assurances on shares in funding

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The process ...
EC draft list of programme areas
- consultation MS expert group
Council, EP to agree on budget & rules
Commission adopts regulations
Acts on funding, geography, etc.
Draft programmes - March 2014 ?
Adoption of programmes, start < end 2014

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Regional
Policy
Thank you for your attention!
For more information:
Your regional offices
InfoRegio: ec.europa.eu/inforegio
guus.muijzers@ec.europa.eu