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Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
UFIPOLNET: Purpose – Partner - Project

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Department 2 Integrierter Umweltschutz,
Air/Climate, Radiation
Subdepartment 22 Air quality
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Gerwig et al.
UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Slide 2
UFIPOLNET:Purpose – Partner - Project
23-Oct-2007
UFIPOLNET: Purpose – Partner - Project
H. Gerwig, G. Löschau
LfUG - Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology, Dresden, Germany
L. Hillemann
UBG – Staatliche Umweltbetriebsgesellschaft, Radebeul, Germany
B. Wehner, A. Wiedensohler
IfT - Leibniz-Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig, Germany
A. Zschoppe, C. Peters, A. Rudolph
Topas GmbH, Dresden, Germany
C. Johansson
ITM –Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
J. Cyrys, M. Pitz, R. Rückerl
GSF National Research Centre for Environment and Health, Neuherberg, Germany
J. Novak
CHMI – Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, Prague, Czech Republic
H.G. Horn, R. Caldow, G.J. Sem
TSI Gmbh, Aachen, Germany and Shoreview, Minnesota, USA

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Department 2 Integrierter Umweltschutz,
Air/Climate, Radiation
Subdepartment 22 Air quality
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Gerwig et al.
UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Slide 3
UFIPOLNET:Purpose – Partner - Project
23-Oct-2007
1.
UFIPOLNET
2.
Purpose
3.
Partner
4.
Project
5.
Summary
UFIPOLNET: Purpose – Partner - Project
photo: Diesel soot, Martin Ebert, Umweltmineralogie, TU Darmstadt

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Department 2 Integrierter Umweltschutz,
Air/Climate, Radiation
Subdepartment 22 Air quality
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Gerwig et al.
UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Slide 4
UFIPOLNET:Purpose – Partner - Project
23-Oct-2007
UFIPOLNET
U
ltra
fi
ne
p
article size distributions
in air p
ol
lution monitoring
net
works
EU LIFE Environment project
12-2004 – 3-2008 (11-2007)
868 kEUR total budget
UFIPOLNET

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Department 2 Integrierter Umweltschutz,
Air/Climate, Radiation
Subdepartment 22 Air quality
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Gerwig et al.
UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Slide 5
UFIPOLNET:Purpose – Partner - Project
23-Oct-2007
PM10
(
< 10 μm
)
• show
adverse health effects
in Epidemiological studies
EU directive
EU/1999/30
to reduce PM10
is in force
Ultrafine Particles
(
< 100 nm
= UFP):
Particle number concentrations
of
UFP partly
raised
during winter periods
1991 – 1999 in Erfurt
(Cyrys et al. 2002)
and 2001 - 2005 Dresden (Löschau 2006).
toxicological effects
EU wants
more
spatial
and
time scale
information
Today:
measured only
in a few routine
measuring stations
in Europe
Purpose
mucous
membrane of
Nose
>10 μm
larynx
4.7 – 6.8 μm
trachea and
bronchial tubes
3.3 – 4.7 μm
sec. + terminal
bronchial tubes
1.1 – 3.3 μm
alveole
< 1.1 μm
size dependent
depth
of penetration of
particulate matter
into human
mucous
membrane of
Nose
>10 μm
larynx
4.7 – 6.8 μm
trachea and
bronchial tubes
3.3 – 4.7 μm
sec. + terminal
bronchial tubes
1.1 – 3.3 μm
alveole
< 1.1 μm
size dependent
depth
of penetration of
particulate matter
into human
Nachrichten aus der Chemie, 51, Dez. 2003

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Department 2 Integrierter Umweltschutz,
Air/Climate, Radiation
Subdepartment 22 Air quality
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Gerwig et al.
UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Slide 6
UFIPOLNET:Purpose – Partner - Project
23-Oct-2007
Ultrafine Particles size distributions
create an
easy to use +
reasonably priced instrument
for
routine measuring stations
spatial and time scale information:
5 years at 4 places
Purpose: Objectives
MDR, Sachsenspiegel, Februar 2007
Photo: Gerwig 2007

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Department 2 Integrierter Umweltschutz,
Air/Climate, Radiation
Subdepartment 22 Air quality
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Gerwig et al.
UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Slide 7
UFIPOLNET:Purpose – Partner - Project
23-Oct-2007
7 partners
3 nations:
CZ, SE, DE
4 organization types:
• research institutes
• university
• monitoring networks
• big company
• small company
Partner
Leipzig, IfT 2006, photo: Kunze/Gerwig

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Department 2 Integrierter Umweltschutz,
Air/Climate, Radiation
Subdepartment 22 Air quality
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Gerwig et al.
UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Slide 8
UFIPOLNET:Purpose – Partner - Project
23-Oct-2007
LfUG
Saxon State Agency for Environment and
Geology, Dresden, Germany
and UBG – Staatliche Umweltbetriebsgesellschaft,
Radebeul, Germany
IfT
- Leibniz-Institute for Tropospheric Research,
Leipzig, Germany
TOPAS
GmbH, Dresden, Germany
ITM
– Department of Applied Environmental Science,
Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
GSF
National Research Centre for Environment and
Health, Neuherberg, Germany
CHMI
– Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, Prague,
Czech Republic
TSI
Gmbh, Aachen, Germany and Shoreview,
Minnesota, USA
Partner

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Department 2 Integrierter Umweltschutz,
Air/Climate, Radiation
Subdepartment 22 Air quality
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Gerwig et al.
UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Slide 9
UFIPOLNET:Purpose – Partner - Project
23-Oct-2007
2001 - now in Dresden
DMPS
=
Differential Mobility
Particle Sizer
Built
by IfT
3 -800 nm
(2 DMPS)
Reduction for database
of routine measuring
network:
From minutes to
half hour
average
8
Particle size
classes
100
1.000
10.000
100.000
1
10
100
1.000
100
1.000
10.000
100.000
1
10
100
1.000
(Löschau, 2005)
Partner LfUG: Experience

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Department 2 Integrierter Umweltschutz,
Air/Climate, Radiation
Subdepartment 22 Air quality
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Gerwig et al.
UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Slide 10
UFIPOLNET:Purpose – Partner - Project
23-Oct-2007
Partner LfUG: Sampling station
Schlesischer Platz,
50,000 cars per day, 8 % heavy duty vehicles
Dresden, Schlesischer Platz 2007, photo: Gerwig

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Department 2 Integrierter Umweltschutz,
Air/Climate, Radiation
Subdepartment 22 Air quality
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Gerwig et al.
UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Slide 11
UFIPOLNET:Purpose – Partner - Project
23-Oct-2007
Project Management:
6 Tasks
1.
Management
2.
Designing
3.
Implementation
4.
Measuring activities
5.
Evaluation
6.
Dissemination
Project
T5
Evaluation
T1
Management
T6
Dissem-
ination
T4
Measuring activities
T3
Implementation
T2
Designing

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Department 2 Integrierter Umweltschutz,
Air/Climate, Radiation
Subdepartment 22 Air quality
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Gerwig et al.
UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Slide 12
UFIPOLNET:Purpose – Partner - Project
23-Oct-2007
6 Particle size classes
>20|>30|>50|>70|>100|200-800 nm
half hour average
in database
Implemented
in routine
measuring stations
Same sampling
conditions
comparison
with reference
instrument for sum of particles
and single ranges
good.
Next
comparison Jan-2008
(long term stability)
Project result: UFP 330
Dresden: UFP 330, TOPAS (middle)
+ reference Twin-DMPS, IFT (right),
07.02.2007, photo: Gerwig

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Department 2 Integrierter Umweltschutz,
Air/Climate, Radiation
Subdepartment 22 Air quality
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Gerwig et al.
UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Slide 13
UFIPOLNET:Purpose – Partner - Project
23-Oct-2007
Project result: 4 measuring stations
Stockholm
:
Hornsgatan (street canyon)
Dresden
:
Schlesischer Platz (main crossing)
Prague
:
Strahovský tunnel (above tunnel exit)
Augsburg
:
Friedberger Straße (urban background)

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Department 2 Integrierter Umweltschutz,
Air/Climate, Radiation
Subdepartment 22 Air quality
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Gerwig et al.
UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Slide 14
UFIPOLNET:Purpose – Partner - Project
23-Oct-2007
UFP particle number
concentrations
Augsburg < Dresden
Stockholm = 2 * Dresden
(Löschau, 2004)
Mean
particle number
concentrations and
NOx
(1 hour basis), June 2007
0
3000
6000
9000
12000
15000
Augsburg
Dresden
Prague
Stockholm
Particle number [cm
-
³]
0
30
60
90
120
150
NOx [μg
.
m
-
³]
UFP 20 - 800 nm
NOx
Project result: 4 measuring stations compared
NOx
Prague = Dresden
Stockholm = 2* Dresden
Augsburg = ½ Dresden

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Department 2 Integrierter Umweltschutz,
Air/Climate, Radiation
Subdepartment 22 Air quality
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Gerwig et al.
UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Slide 15
UFIPOLNET:Purpose – Partner - Project
23-Oct-2007
0
3 000
6 000
9 000
12 000
15 000
18 000
00
02
04
06
08
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
time of day
Particle number [cm
-3
]
0
30
60
90
120
150
180
210
40 times soot concentration
and NOx [μg
.
m
-
³]
20-30 nm
30-50 nm
50-70 nm
70-100 nm
100-200 nm
>200 - 800 nm
NOx
soot *40
Particle size
distributions
20 – 800 nm
Average working day:
Min
imum
3:00
h
Max
imum
8:00
h
particle number
concentration during
average working day
shows
similar pattern
like NOx and soot
(Löschau, 2004)
average working day (UFP 330, Dresden 24.1-19.3.07)
Average working day
(Mo-Fr) Dresden: UFP, NOX, soot, (24/01-19/03/2007)
Project result: Particle size distribution

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Department 2 Integrierter Umweltschutz,
Air/Climate, Radiation
Subdepartment 22 Air quality
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Gerwig et al.
UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Slide 16
UFIPOLNET:Purpose – Partner - Project
23-Oct-2007
SUMMARY
UFIPOLNET: EU LIFE project with
7 partners
from
3 nations
Project Management:
6 Tasks
UFP 330:
particle size distributions
20 – 800 nm
measurements in
Dresden, Augsburg, Stockholm, Prague
comparison
with reference instrument
good
Particle number concentration
highest
in Stockholm
street canyon,
lowest
in Augsburg
city background
particle number concentration
during average
working day
shows
similar
pattern like
NOx and soot

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Department 2 Integrierter Umweltschutz,
Air/Climate, Radiation
Subdepartment 22 Air quality
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Gerwig et al.
UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Slide 17
UFIPOLNET:Purpose – Partner - Project
23-Oct-2007
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Thanks for helpful discussions to organize an European project:
D. Palenberg
and
T. Kipp
from blue! advancing european projects
D. Pardo-Lopez
, PD
A. Kaschl
,
F. Vassen
and
P. Grzesikowski
from the
European Commission
M. Reisenberger
from LIFE Monitoring Team –Astrale GEIE – Particip
GmbH
Dr. H.-G. Kath, M. Lohberger
and
S. Sorkalle
from UBG
J. Naacke, U. Lindner, S. Burkhardt, C. Beasley, A. Leon, W. Sommer,
Dr. A. Hausmann, H. Gräfe, Dr. H. Schwarze, A. Bobeth
and
Dr. M.
Böttger
from Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology,
• very important technical help:
Prof. C. Helsper
from FH Aachen
Several co-workers of the project partners not named
here, who helped
a lot in making this project possible, like i.e. in the financial administration
and in technical fields.

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Department 2 Integrierter Umweltschutz,
Air/Climate, Radiation
Subdepartment 22 Air quality
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Gerwig et al.
UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Slide 18
UFIPOLNET:Purpose – Partner - Project
23-Oct-2007
Thank you for
your Attention!
UFIPOLNET is financed by the LIFE financial instrument of the
European Community
under No. LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
www.ufipolnet.eu

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Department 2 Integrierter Umweltschutz,
Air/Climate, Radiation
Subdepartment 22 Air quality
Saxon State Agency for Environment and Geology
Gerwig et al.
UFIPOLNET LIFE04 ENV/D/000054
Slide 19
UFIPOLNET:Purpose – Partner - Project
23-Oct-2007
REFERENCES
Cyrys
et al. (
2002
): Cyrys, J.; Heinrich, J.; Peters, A.; Kreyling, W.; Wichmann, H. E.: Emission,
Immission und Messung feiner und ultrafeiner Partikel. 7, 67-77, Umweltmed. Forsch. Prax.
EU to CAFE and TSAP
:
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/05/1170&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
(Sep
2005)
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/06/1447&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
(Okt 2006)
UBA 2005:
www.umweltbundesamt.de/uba-info-presse/hintergrund/feinstaub.pdf
Gerwig 2005
: Eigenforschungs-Report über Inhaltsstoffe
www.umwelt.sachsen.de/lfug/luft-laerm-klima_5356.html
Gerwig et al (2006) Quellgruppenquantifizierung von PM10 an einer Verkehrsmessstation
in Dresden;
Gerwig, H.; Bittner, H.; Brüggemann, E.; Gnauk, T.; Herrmann, H.; Löschau, G.;
Müller, K. Gef. Reinhalt. Luft, 2006, 66, 175 – 180
Löschau
, G. (
2006a
): Partikelanzahl in verkehrsnaher Außenluft – Teil 1: Belastungsniveaus und
Tendenz. Gefahrenstoffe – Reinhaltung der Luft 66 (2006) Nr. 10, S. 431-435
Löschau
, G.
(2006b
): Partikelanzahl in verkehrsnaher Außenluft – Teil 2: Einfluss der
Meteorologie und erste Ursachenanalyse. GRdL 66 (2006) Nr. 11/12, S. 483-488