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Circular Flow Land Use Management (CircUse)
CIRCUSE – the project, not a circus
Anna Starzewska-Sikorska, CircUse Project Coordinator
CircUse Forum at the TerraTec
in Leipzig on 31st January 2013

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© Susanne Stromberg
Circular land use management
page 2
CircUse project background
Traditional approaches of spatial planning failed to
deliver land
use
sustainability and therefore new
integrated land management approaches and
policy mixes are needed to address the
stakeholders varied interests in land more
comprehensively.
New governance approaches are also needed,
which can reach above the local authorities´
jurisdiction and can protect specific public interest
in land
use
from a broader regional level.
In the past 5-7 years, a search for an optimum
solutions resulted in preparation of new
national/regional policies, targets and programs,
which were supported by collective efforts of many
consultants and research teams. But the actual
outcome of these new policies and programs in the
Central Europe so far, has not yet delivered the
desired goals and targets.
Project CircUse focused on pragmatic approaches
supporting urbanised land recycling
.

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© Susanne Stromberg
Circular land use management
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Level of land sealing and level of built up
areas in selected EU countries

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© Susanne Stromberg
Circular land use management
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CIRCUSE concept
Circular land use management represents
an integrative policy and governance
approach, which presupposes a changed
land use philosophy with regard to land
utilization.
This modified land use philosophy can be
expressed with the slogan:
avoid – recycle – compensate
Similar approach as to recycling
of
other
valuable
resources
(paper, metal, glass est.) is
applied.

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© Susanne Stromberg
Circular land use management
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CircUse Goals
Integrated approaches to land use
Broad city/regional cooperation
Support sustainable forms of land uses
Activation of the inner development
potential of already urbanized land
Reduction of newly deregulated land for
urbanization
Capping increases in size of build up
areas
Steering of private investments onto
already urbanized land
Cordination of public investments with a
perspective of sustainable land use

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Circular land use management
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CircUse Partners
Institute for Ecology of Industrial Areas
(IETU),
Poland,
Lead Partner
City of Piekary Śląskie
, Poland,
German Institute of Urban Affairs
, DifU,
Germany
Saxon State Office for the Environment,
Agriculture and Geology (LfULG),
Germany
UBA Environmental Agency Austria Ltd.
,
Austria
Telepark Barnbach, Voitsberg
Austria,
University of Bratislava,
Slovakia,
City of Trnava
, Slovakia
SiTi Higher Institute for Innovation in
Territorial Systems,
Italy,
Municipality of Asti
, Italy
IURS Institute for Sustainable
Development
, Czech Republic,
Usti Region
, Czech Republic

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Circular land use management
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Instrument mix
• Legal, planning and
economic instruments
• Cooperating steering
approaches
Planning
Use
Abandonment
Cessation of use
Reintroduction
Interin use
c.
a.
b.
The CircUse process is visualized in this
figure, showing land use as a cycle with
three major phases:
a. Release of new sites for construction
in the green belt
b. Rejection of land not suitable for new
uses on a long-term basis
c. Activating land potentials
brownfields, empty buildings, gaps
between buildings and vacant land urban
renewal and redevelopment sites, sites
undergoing planning
The end and the beginning of each
phase are crucial decision points.
Life cycle of land (source:
Research group „Flache im Kreis”, 2005)

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Circular land use management
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CircUse Strategy theses
1. Common problems can be faced by a
common strategy
2. The setting of quantified and qualified targets
is a necessary requirement
3. Comprehensive definition of land types is
necessary
4. The development and application of
information instruments and data management
is necessary
5. Integration of all relevant stakeholders
interests and considerations
6. Combination of decentralized and central
steering instruments
7. The implementation of action plans need the
selection of an applicable policy mix,
stakeholder institutions, financing sources that
meet the regional demands.
8.New forms of organization need to be
implemented by the stakeholders
9. Permanent knowledge acquisition and
awareness of circular flow land use
management

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Circular land use management
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CircUse outputs
Integrated Strategy of Circular Flow
Land Use Management
A position paper on land
management practice
Educational module focused on city
and regional stakeholders
Educational module focused on
secondary school children
Action plans supporting
implementation of strategy
Inventory databases of land
suitable for development activities
(vacant land, brownfields, gaps,
greenfield sites est.)
Circular land use management
maps
Institutional models for land use
management governance
Pilot projects

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Circular land use management
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Action Plan
Action Plan is a process designed to cohere
regional departments, towns, regional
institutions and land owners to participate in
improving urbanised land use sustainability in
the region.
Action Plan:
- sets up a common vision, goals,
priorities, actions and activities
- identifies the leaders of the planned
activities and allocates responsibilities
- sets up an implementation program
- estimates cost of individual actions and
activities
- identifies funding sources for these
activities

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Circular land use management
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Action Plan Asti
Objectives:
Reduction of environmental impact
Blocking exploitation of new soil
minimise water demand and reduce
waste production, minimise energy
demand and produce renewable
energy on the site,
For the political part, while
promoting renewal the
administration must integrate the
reuse of brownfield sites into urban
development, for an holistic
strategic vision.

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© Susanne Stromberg
Circular land use management
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Action Plan Saxony
Objectives definition
New Saxonian development plan acc. to
the circular land use management
Indicators and targets on land
consumption based on reg. dev. plan
acc. to the circular land use management
Recommendations of integration into the
regional development plan land cycle
aspects
Development of data management tool
Stakeholders awareness raising by
workshops

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Circular land use management
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Action Plan Trnava
The vision is the development of
functioning, efficient and flexible
cooperation structure and interlinks
between different aspects of micro-
regional development, different
actors and interests in one
interlinked strategy as a reaction to
existing problems with brownfields
areas, abandoned buildings and
growing requirements concerning
new capacities of public services
and land for private investments.

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Circular land use management
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Action Plan Usti
Objective: to focus onto a
support for the sustainable
land use in the Ústí region and
for setting up urbanised land
use management on a regional
scale. This AP was structured
to help the departments and
stakeholders communication,
cooperation and cohesion, in
order that they can concentrate
on achieving their agreed
goals.

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Circular land use management
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Action Plan Voitsberg
Reduction of land consumption
and soil sealing and providing a
long-term concept for land
management in the Region of
Voitsberg. The future use of
large derelict mining areas will
be analysed and the potential
to establish pilot biomass
plantations shall be explored
and tested.

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© Susanne Stromberg
Circular land use management
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Action Plan Piekary
Objective: Revitalization of
Brzeziny district in Piekary
including brownfields
redevelopment. Step-by-step
actions towards attracting new
investors. Pilot investment
consisting in planting trees and
bushes on the site between
brownfield and residential area.
Two fuctions of the pilot area:
insulation zone and a belt of
public space for leisure and
recreation function

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Circular land use management
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CircUse pilot investment in Piekary
The investment is located in Brzeziny – the district
of Piekary Śląskie in Poland. It consists in
redevelopment of a selected post-industrial site of
14 ha. The investment includes:
- Reuse of postindustrial areas through making it
suitable for business activity (production, storage,
recycling connected activity)
- Establishing green zone separating industrial
areas from residential complexes, what will not
only create a natural buffer, but also increase
recreational value of the area.
- Restoration of the urban areas, in particular
rising the standard of residential and shop-service
buildings, improve esthetics of public areas,
especially in the central part of historical value.
- Taking actions against unemployment and social
detachment of the locals.

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Circular land use management
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© Susanne Stromberg
Circular land use management
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Circular land use management
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Circular land use management
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Circular land use management
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Circular land use management
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Circular land use management
structures
Concept of institutional solutions serving to
management of circular land use was one of
the most important outputs of the project. Two
different approaches have been taken:
1. Based on the existing institution, to which
additional tasks and competencies have been
transferred – it is the case of Industrial Park –
Ekopark in Piekary or the case of an
institutional solution for the Czech regions.
2. Establishing new agency especially for
management of circular land use. This one was
created in the region of Voitsberg in Austria.
Both solutions of institutions acting as local
operators for management of circular land use
as implemented structures can serve as a good
practice for other European towns and regions.

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Circular land use management
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Conclusions
1. Apart from the technical effects of the
Project implementation very important
conclusions resulting from this co-
operation should be emphasized:
- strengthening co-operation between
municipalities in regions,
- mutual learning,
- ides of further common projects,
- contacts by contacts (chain of contacts,
transnational networking).
2. CircUse idea should be promoted by
next steps including implementation of
action plans, training, further activities
aiming at use of this idea and strategy in
concrete premises of future European
documents concerning protection of the
space to make it renewable resource.

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Circular Flow Land Use Management (CircUse)
Thank you for your attention
www.circuse.eu
Posters by:
Hibner, Olbiński, Młodożeniec,
Neugebauer, Pągowski,
Piwoński, Starowieyski,
Szemelowski