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Location of Saxony
in comparison with other regions
2015

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Saxony is on a solid path
25 years of German unity and likewise 25 years of the Free State of Saxony – a story of success!
The initial years were not always easy. They demanded a great deal of all of us. Our State had
to struggle with high rates of unemployment and de-industrialisation. The people of Saxony
faced these challenges. Many embarked on difficult, untravelled and bumpy journeys – but with
unshakeable optimism, diligence and prowess they opened up new terrain.
A remarkable development has taken place in Saxony over the last 25 years.
The enterprises of Saxony have established themselves on the global market with their products
and services, and “Products - Made in Saxony” are in demand.
Never since the Reunification has the rate of unemployment been lower. Economic strength
has increased by over 20 percent just since the start of the new millennium; exports have more
than tripled. And employment has also continually risen over the last 10 years.
Many successful medium-sized companies are contributing to this pleasing development. Along
with the newly established enterprises, this has given rise to a multifaceted, flourishing business
environment. Highly qualified and motivated employees are contributing their skills here, working
towards the development of a successful Saxon economy.
Added to this is a research infrastructure that strives towards innovative products and solutions,
and underpins our efforts at ensuring that Saxony can continue to hold its own with the other
regions in the future.
Saxony bears comparison with the other regions. This extensive collection of facts and statistics
will allow the reader to become familiar with the current development status and the position
of Saxony in various areas.
We can look forward to diverse and complex tasks in the coming years. With Saxony‘s inventive
spirit, its adaptability in the face of new challenges and the courage of its convictions we will
succeed in assisting Saxony to master the age of the “fourth, digital revolution” so that it
continues to be a competitive business location on into the future.
With curiosity and candour, together we can shape a healthy future – join us and help build
another section of Saxony‘s road to success.
Yours
Martin Dulig
Saxon State Minister for Economic Affairs,
Labour and Transport
| 03
Martin Dulig
Foreword

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04 |
Content
1.
Overview of the fundamentals .............................................................................................................. 05
2.
The Free State of Saxony – an overview ............................................................................................ 06
3.
Saxony‘s position in Europe .....................................................................................................................07
4.
Gross domestic product per capita ...................................................................................................... 08
5. Economic strength of Saxony and Germany – a comparison .................................................... 08
6.
Employment rates of the EU Member States and German federal states .............................. 09
7. Changes in numbers of employed persons with social insurance obligation,
split according to German federal states .......................................................................................... 09
8. Unemployment rate ....................................................................................................................................10
9. Unemployment rates in the border areas of Saxony, Poland and the Czech Republic .......10
10. Proportion of economic sectors to gross value-added in Saxony .............................................11
11. Gross value-added within Manufacturing according .....................................................................11
12. Overnight stays by foreign guests in Germany ............................................................................... 12
13. Craft enterprises .........................................................................................................................................12
14. Innovation Index .........................................................................................................................................13
15. R&D intensity ...............................................................................................................................................14
16. Patent applications ....................................................................................................................................14
17. Road network length and density ........................................................................................................ 15
18. Gross electricity generation by energy carriers ............................................................................... 15
19. Foreign trade, Saxony ............................................................................................................................... 16
20. Exports by product groups ...................................................................................................................... 16
21. The most important importing and supplying countries for Saxony‘s foreign trade ........17
22. Investment rates of the old and new non-city states ................................................................... 18
23. Per capita debt of the new non-city states ...................................................................................... 18

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Robust medium-sized sector –
the backbone of Saxony‘s economy
Medium-sized enterprises play a central role in
the economy of Saxony. With over 59,000 se-
parate enterprises, crafts and trades accounts
for a good proportion in various segments of
manufacturing, construction and in trading
and services. In this respect the density of
trades continues to be extraordinarily high in
Saxony: at 14.6 enterprises per thousand in-
habitants it is clearly above the German ave-
rage of 12.4 and is ranked third in a compa-
rison of all German federal states.
Saxony‘s exports – a new record high
Exports grew by an appreciable 14.2 percent
year-on-year, and at 35.9 billion Euro they ex-
ceeded the previous high by more than 4 billi-
on Euro. Imports likewise reached a new peak,
i. e. 20.6 billion Euro. For the sixth time in a
row it was China that proved to be the top
importing country. Viewed as a whole, Asia
accounted for a good one-third of all of
Saxony‘s exports. Nevertheless, with a share
of 52 percent Europe remained the most im-
portant destination region for exports from
Saxony. An important contribution to this
figure was made in the trade with the neigh-
bouring countries Czech Republic and Poland,
the second and fourth most important trading
partners respectively.
Innovations from Saxony – largest rise
in patent applications in Germany
Research and development are fundamentally
important for the future development of Sa-
xony as a place to do business. In a European
comparison, Saxony is already well positioned.
The ratio of R&D expenditure to the gross
domestic product has increased by 16 percent
from 2005 to 2013. The growing success is
1. Overview of the fundamentals
Best economic performance in
eastern Germany
With a gross domestic product weighted accor-
ding to purchasing power of 24,100 Euro per
inhabitant, the Free State of Saxony is now at
91 percent of the EU average, putting it at the
head of all middle and eastern European Sta-
tes. Neighbouring countries such as Poland and
the Czech Republic, for example, lag some way
behind at 67 and 82 percent respectively.
The numbers of people leaving Saxony has been
permanently stopped. As a consequence, with
an net increase of 8,900 people Saxony has
registered a growth in population for the first
time since the political turn in 1989.
High level of investment intensity
in industry
Industry makes a significant contribution to
the economic success of the Free State; over
the last year it achieved growth of 5.9 per-
cent (price-adjusted), the second highest of
all of the German federal states. Germany‘s
industry grew by about 2.2 percent during
the same period.
Largest fall in the rate of unemployment
within the Federacy
The successes in the economic process of ex-
pan sion were also reflected in the labour mar-
ket. The level of employment in Saxony grew
by 0.5 percent year-on-year. From 2010 the
un employment rate has fallen from 11.8 to
8.8 per cent, whereas the rate among the new
German federal states taken as a whole only
fell from 12.0 to 9.8 percent. Together with
Berlin, the decrease in the unemployment rate
in Saxony was the highest when compared
nationally. This means that Saxony‘s unem-
ployment rate is significantly less than the EU
average for the fourth year in a row now.
Location of Saxony | 05
evident in the change in the number of patent
applications; with 2005 as the baseline, Saxo-
ny has registered an increase of 20 percent,
the highest of any German federal state. It is
therefore scarcely surprising that, in a com-
parison of all the German federal states, Sa-
xony has risen to 4th place in a comprehen-
sive innovation index prepared by VDI and ZEW.
First-class transport infrastructure –
the basis for a first-class economic
structure
A well developed transport infrastructure ful-
fils the fundamental prerequisite for the mo-
bility of people and the transport of goods.
Whether compared to area or the number of
inhabitants, the road network density is signi-
ficantly higher than the overall German ave-
rage.
Tried and trusted and successful –
solid public finances
Solid public finances are both a reflection of
economic strength as well as being a signifi-
cant prerequisite for the healthy future pros-
pects of any region as a location for business.
With an investment ratio of 18.6 percent (2014),
compared to the other German federal states
Saxony continually applies a significantly
higher proportion of its financial resources to
making investments; the new non-city states
(excluding Saxony) are still achieving a rate
of 13.5 whereas the old non-city states are
investing just 8.6 percent. At the same time
Saxony has a much lower amount of indeb-
tedness if com pared nationally. Saxony is
therefore setting itself on the right course for
the future: the freedom to make current and
future investments is only possible by having
a firm budget management policy with no
new borrowing.

2. The Free State of Saxony - an overview
06 | Location of Saxony
Saxony
Germany
Population 31 December 2014 (1,000 persons)
4,055.3
81,197.5
Area (km²)
18,420.3
357,340.1
Population density (Inhabitants per km
2
)
220
227
Gross domestic product 2014
billion Euro (nominal)
108.7
2,903.8
% compared to previous year (price-adjusted)
1.9
1.6
Index (2010 = 100, price-adjusted, chain-linked)
106.5
105.8
Euro/inhabitant (nominal)
26,857
35,882
D=100
74.8
100
Euro/employed person (nominal)
53,745
68,081
D=100
78.9
100
Employed persons 2014 (1,000 persons)
2,020.2
42,703.0
% compared to previous year
0.5
0.9
Unemployed persons 2014
Unemployment rate (% total civ. labour force)
8.8
6.7
Proportion of gross value added 2014 (%)
Manufacturing (in respective prices)
18.5
22.2
D=100
83.3
100
Construction (in respective prices)
7.4
4.8
D=100
154.2
100
Mining and Manufacturing 2014
(Enterprises with 20 and more employees)
Employees (1,000)
271
6,075
Change compared to previous year (%)
2.6
1.1
Net sales (billion Euro)
60.9
1,760.1
Change compared to previous year (%)
4.0
0.6
Export ratio (Foreign sales/Total sales)
37.5
46.3
D=100
81.0
100
Industrial density on 30 June 2014
Soc. insurance obligated Employees in Manufacturing per 1,000 inhabitants
76.0
81.7
D=100
93.0
100
Foreign trade 2014
Exports (million Euro)
35,907.1
1,123,745.9
thereof:
EU-28 in %
43.2
57.7
Imports (million Euro)
20,616.0
910,144.8
thereof:
EU-28 in %
66.3
57.9
Export ratio in GDP (%)
33.0
38.7
Medium-sized firms
Self-employed 2014 (annual average)
212,000
4,368,000
Self-employed as % of the labour force
11.0
10.9
D=100
100.9
100
Number of craftsman enterprises to 31 December 2014
59,255
1,007,016
D=100
5.9
100
Enterprises per 1,000 inhabitants
14.6
12.4
Number of cars to 01 January 2015
in 1000s
2,094.4
44,403.1
per 1,000 inhabitants
516
547
Registration brand new cars 2014
in 1000s
111.1
3,036.8
per 1,000 inhabitants
27
37
Level of qualifications of labour force 2014 (%)
with no job training qualification
6.5
16.5
Vocational training, vocational college
58.1
52.6
Master/technician training, technical school
16.5
10.7
University, University of Applied Sciences
18.9
19.7
Source: German Federal Office of Statistics, Saxony State Office of Statistics, “National Accounts of the Federal States” working group (as of April 2015),
“Official employment statistics of the federal government and state governments” working group (as of October 2015),
Federal Employment Agency, own calculations

Location of Saxony | 07
Area
2014
Population
01/01/2015
Employment
rate
2
2014
Unemployment rate
3
Gross domestic product
4
2014
Change
compared to
previous year
per capita
(PPS) 2013
Growth
2014/2013
(price-adjusted)
1,000 km
2
million
%
% -points
1,000
EU 28 =100
%
Saxony
18.4
4.1
74.9
7.2
-0.6
24.1
91
1.9
Germany
357.3
81.2
6
73.8
5.0
-0.2
32.6
122
1.6
France
632.8
66.4
5
64.3
10.3
0.4
28.4
107
0.2
United Kingdom
248.5
64.8
5 6
71.9
6.1
-1.5
28.9
109
3.0
Italy
302.1
60.8
55.7
12.7
0.5
26.3
99
-0.4
Spain
506.0
46.4
5
56.0
24.5
-1.6
25.0
94
1.4
5
The Netherlands
41.5
16.9
73.1
7.4
0.1
34.9
131
1.0
5
Greece
132.0
10.8
5 6
49.4
26.5
-1.0
19.4
73
0.8
5
Belgium
30.5
11.3
61.9
8.5
0.1
31.6
119
1.1
Portugal
92.2
10.4
6
62.6
14.1
-2.3
20.8
78
0.9
6
Sweden
438.6
9.7
74.9
8.0
-0.1
33.7
127
2.3
Austria
83.9
8.6
71.1
5.6
0.2
34.1
128
0.4
Denmark
42.9
5.7
72.8
6.6
-0.4
33.1
124
1.1
Finland
338.4
5.5
68.7
8.7
0.5
30.1
113
-0.4
Ireland
69.8
4.6
6
61.7
11.3
-1.8
34.5
130
5.2
Luxembourg
2.6
0.6
66.6
5.9
0.0
68.5
258
5.6
Poland
312.7
38.0
61.7
9.0
-1.3
17.9
67
3.4
Czech Republic
78.9
10.5
69.0
6.1
-0.9
21.9
82
2.0
Hungary
93.0
9.8
5
61.8
7.7
-2.5
17.6
66
3.6
Slovakia
49.0
5.4
61.0
13.2
-1.0
20.0
75
2.4
Lithuania
65.3
2.9
65.7
10.7
-1.1
19.4
73
2.9
Latvia
64.6
1.9
66.3
10.8
-1.1
17.0
64
2.4
Slovenia
20.3
2.1
63.9
9.7
-0.4
21.8
82
3.0
Estonia
45.2
1.3
69.6
7.4
-1.2
19.5
73
2.9
Cyprus
9.3
0.8
5
62.1
16.1
0.2
23.6
89
-2.3
5
Malta
0.3
0.4
62.3
5.9
-0.5
23.0
86
3.5
Bulgaria
111.0
7.2
61.0
11.4
-1.6
11.9
45
1.7
5
Romania
238.4
19.9
5
61.0
6.8
-0.3
14.5
54
2.8
Croatia
56.5
4.2
54.6
17.3
0.0
16.1
61
-0.4
EU-28
4,463.6
508.2
5 6
64.9
10.2
-0.6
26.6
100
1.4
3. Saxony‘s position in Europe
1
1
The data is standardised for the purpose of the international comparison and may therefore deviate from national data.
2
Employed persons aged between 15 to 64 compared against the population of the same age range
3
Unemployment rates are based on definitions corresponding to the recommendations of the International Labour Organisation.
Unemployed as percentage of labour force (employed and unemployed) aged 15 and over
4
Status as of September 2015, PPS = Purchasing Power Standard
5
provisional figure
6
estimated
Differences in totals caused by rounding
Source: Eurostat

08 | Location of Saxony
0
5,000
10,000
15,000
20,000
25,000
30,000
Saxony
1991
7,586
17,040
22,853
17,175
22,354
26,857
25,253
16,164
21,934
24,852
16,530
21,381
24,088
16,262
21,501
25,191
7,614
7,095
7,464
2000 2010 2014
1991 2000 2010 2014
1991 2000 2010 2014
1991 2000 2010 2014
1991 2000 2010 2014
Brandenburg
Saxony-Anhalt
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Thuringia
6,450
4. Gross domestic product per capita 1991, 2000, 2010 and 2014 (Euro)
GDP data 1991 according to ESA 1995, from 2000 according to ESA 2010; until 2010 population data updated on basis of population of 03/10/1990,
2014 population data updated on basis of census of 09/05/2011
Source: “National Accounts of the Federal States” working group (as of April 2015), German Federal Office of Statistics, own calculations
5. Economic strength of Saxony / Germany compared to the weakest and
strongest regions of the EU (NUTS level 2) 2012 (EU 28=100)
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
Inner London (UK)
Luxembourg (LU)
Bruxels-Cap./
Brussels Hfdst. (BE)
Hamburg (DE)
Groningen (NL)
Bratislavský kraj (SK)
Stockholm (SE)
Île de France (FR)
Germany (DE)
Leipzig (DE)
Saxony (DE)
Dresden (DE)
Chemnitz (DE)
Észak-Magyarország (HU)
Yugoiztochen (BG)
Severoiztochen (BG)
Nord-Est (RO)
Yuzhen tsentralen (BG)
Severen tsentralen (BG)
Severozapaden (BG)
Mayotte (FR)
323
264
210
197
179
177 176
123
96
89
89
85
39
38
37
33
32
31
28
28
The eight regions with the highest per capita GDP
1
The eight regions with the lowest per capita GDP
1
182
1
in Purchasing Power Standards (PPS)
Source: Eurostat (as of October 2015)

Location of Saxony | 09
6. Employment rates
1
of the EU Member States and the German federal states 2014 (%)
Labour force, total
Regions
Employment rate
1
Regions
Employment rate
1
Chemnitz
81.5
North Rhine-Westphalia
74.8
1.
Sweden
81.5
Saarland
74.6
Saxony
80.9
9.
Latvia
74.6
Dresden
80.8
10.
Cyprus
74.3
Thuringia
80.4
11.
Spain
74.2
Leipzig
80.2
12.
Lithuania
73.7
Brandenburg
80.1
13.
Czech Republic
73.5
Bavaria
80.0
Bremen
73.2
Saxony-Anhalt
80.0
14.
Portugal
73.2
Baden-Württemberg
79.2
EU 28
72.3
2.
The Netherlands
79.0
15.
France
71.1
Hamburg
78.7
16.
Slovenia
70.9
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
78.7
17.
Luxembourg
70.8
3.
Denmark
78.1
18.
Slovakia
70.3
Schleswig-Holstein
77.8
19.
Ireland
69.8
4.
Germany
77.7
20.
Bulgaria
69.0
Rhineland-Palatinate
77.2
21.
Poland
67.9
Lower Saxony
77.1
22.
Belgium
67.7
5.
United Kingdom
76.7
23.
Greece
67.4
Berlin
76.6
24.
Hungary
67.0
Hesse
76.5
25.
Malta
66.3
6.
Austria
75.4
26.
Croatia
66.1
7.
Finland
75.4
27.
Romania
65.7
8.
Estonia
75.2
28.
Italy
63.9
1
Labour force (employed and unemployed persons) aged between 15 to 64 compared against the population of the same age range
Source: Eurostat
7. Changes in numbers of employed persons with social insurance obligation,
split according to German federal states
Change at 30/06/2015 compared to 30/06/2010 (%)
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
2.0
3.7
5.9
9.5
9.5
11.5
4.9
6.4
7.4
8.7
9.0
9.4
10.1
11.2
12.3
12.7
Berlin
16.2
Bavaria
Lower Saxony
Baden-Württemberg
Hamburg
Germany
Schleswig-Holstein
Hesse
Rhineland-Palatinate
North Rhine-Westphalia
Bremen
Saxony
Saarland
Brandenburg
Thuringia
Mecklenburg-Western
Pomerania
Saxony-Anhalt
Source: Federal Employment Agency (provisional results according to the place-of-work principle, as of September 2014), own calculations

10 | Location of Saxony
8. Unemployment rate
1
(%)
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
17.0
2000
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
17.1
18.3
18.8
6.6
6.0
5.9
6.0
5.9
17.0
9.1
14.8
12.8
7.6
9.9
17.3
12.9
13.0
6.9
11.8
12.0
10.6
11.3
15.1
13.1
7.5
6.4
9.8
9.4
10.7
10.3
8.8
9.8
Saxony
New federal states incl. Berlin
Old federal states excl. Berlin
1
Unemployed as a % of total civil labour force, annual average values
Source: Federal Employment Agency
9. Unemployment rates
1
in the border areas of Saxony, Poland and the Czech Republic 2014 (%)
1
Unemployed as percentage of labour force (employed and unemployed) aged 15 and over
The definition of unemployment rates is based on definitions corresponding to recommendations of the International Labour Organisation (ILO),
therefore differences may arise in relation to the nationally determined unemployment rates.
Source: Eurostat
0
2
4
6
8
10
Saxony
NUTS 2 Region
Dresden
NUTS 2 Region
Chemnitz
Poland
Lubuskie
(Landsberg)
Dolnoslaskie
(Lower Silesia)
Severovýchod
(North-eastern
Bohemia)
Severozápad
(North-western
Bohemia)
Czech Republic
6.1
6.3
8.7
8.3
9.1
9.0
7.2
6.3
7.4

Location of Saxony | 11
Agriculture and forestry,
Fishing
Production
Trading, transport and storage,
Hotel and catering,
Information and communication
Public and other such
service providers,
Education and health,
Private households
Manufacturing
Construction
Financial, insurance and
corporate service providers,
Property and housing
0.9
0.9
1.4
1.6
31.8
30.6
30.1
36.0
17.0
15.8
7.4
6.8
11.4
20.0
18.4
22.4
22.8
26.5
27.0
21.3
11.1
27.7
31.3
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
18.5
18.8
9.3
18.7
19.6
2014
2010
2000
1991
10. Proportion of economic sectors to gross value-added in Saxony (%)
Data for 1991 according to ESA 1995; from 2000 according to ESA 2010
Source: “National Accounts of the Federal States” working group (as of April 2015)
11. Gross value-added within Manufacturing according to German federal states 2014
(price-adjusted, chain-linked), Index (2010=100)
Mecklenb.-Western Pom.
Bavaria
Baden-Württemberg
Lower Saxony
Schleswig-Holstein
Saarland
Germany
Thuringia
Saxony
Hamburg
Hesse
Rhineland-Palatinate
Bremen
Saxony-Anhalt
Brandenburg
North Rhine-Westphalia
Berlin
100
105
110
115
120
119.9
117.1
116.5
115.0
113.6
113.1
111.1
110.4
110.3
110.1
109.8
107.0
105.9
101.9
98.2
102.9
102.2
95
Source: “National Accounts of the Federal States” working group (as of April 2015)

12. Overnight stays by foreign guests in accommodation establishments and
at camping sites
1
in Germany 2014
1
Accommodation establishments with at least 10 beds and camping sites with at least 10 pitches
Source: German Federal Office of Statistics, own calculations
German federal state
Overnight stays by foreign guests
in total
1,000
Change compared to 2013
%
Share in all overnight stays
of foreign guests
%
Bavaria
16,571
4.1
21.9
Berlin
12,496
8.1
16.5
Baden-Württemberg
10,336
4.4
13.7
North Rhine-Westphalia
10,036
5.5
13.3
Hesse
6,699
5.1
8.9
Rhineland-Palatinate
5,263
0.8
7.0
Lower Saxony
3,556
0.0
4.7
Hamburg
2,936
10.3
3.9
Schleswig-Holstein
1,872
8.9
2.5
Saxony
1,843
-1.2
2.4
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
1,001
5.8
1.3
Brandenburg
913
9.9
1.2
Thuringia
596
5.8
0.8
Saxony-Anhalt
523
3.6
0.7
Bremen
485
9.7
0.6
Saarland
455
32.8
0.6
New German federal states incl. Berlin
17,370
6.8
23.0
Old German federal states excl. Berlin
58,208
4.6
77.0
Germany
75,578
5.1
100.0
13. Craft enterprises 2014
Source: German Confederation of Skilled Crafts, German Federal Office of Statistics, own calculations
German federal state
Number of craft enterprises as of 31 December 2014 (Schedules A simple activities, B1 and B2)
Number
Enterprises per 1,000 inhabitants
Proportion within Germany (%)
Baden-Württemberg
132,607
12.4
13.2
Bavaria
202,662
16.0
20.1
Berlin
30,433
8.8
3.0
Brandenburg
40,020
16.3
4.0
Bremen
5,397
8.2
0.5
Hamburg
15,196
8.6
1.5
Hesse
75,060
12.3
7.5
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
20,268
12.7
2.0
Lower Saxony
83,097
10.6
8.3
North Rhine-Westphalia
188,149
10.7
18.7
Rhineland-Palatinate
51,808
12.9
5.1
Saarland
11,957
12.1
1.2
Saxony
59,255
14.6
5.9
Saxony-Anhalt
28,403
12.7
2.8
Schleswig-Holstein
31,430
11.1
3.1
Thuringia
31,274
14.5
3.1
New German federal states incl. Berlin
209,653
13.1
20.8
Old German federal states excl. Berlin
797,363
12.2
79.2
Germany
1,007,016
12.4
100.0
12 | Location of Saxony

14. Changes to the Innovation Index of Saxony
1
Priority
German federal state
2007
Priority
German federal state
2010
Priority
German federal state
2013
1
Baden-Württemberg
0.63
1
Baden-Württemberg
0.78
1
Baden-Württemberg
0.83
2
Bavaria
0.53
2
Berlin
0.57
2
Bavaria
0.71
Old German federal states excl. Berlin
0.20
3
Bavaria
0.56
3
Berlin
0.55
3
Berlin
0.15
4
Hesse
0.36
4
Saxony
0.55
Germany
0.14
Old German federal states excl. Berlin
0.34
Old German federal states excl. Berlin
0.36
4
Hesse
0.13
Germany
0.25
Germany
0.35
5
Bremen
0.13
5
Saxony
0.23
5
Hesse
0.28
6
Saxony
-0.02
6
Bremen
0.21
6
Bremen
0.17
7
Hamburg
-0.16
7
Hamburg
0.18
7
Hamburg
0.10
8
Lower Saxony
-0.17
8
North Rhine-Westphalia
-0.01
New German federal states excl. Berlin
0.09
9
North Rhine-Westphalia
-0.18
9
Lower Saxony
-0.09
8
Lower Saxony
0.03
10
Rhineland-Palatinate
-0.22
New German federal states excl. Berlin
-0.15
9
North Rhine-Westphalia
0.00
11
Saarland
-0.30
10
Thuringia
-0.16
10
Saxony-Anhalt
-0.06
New German federal states excl. Berlin
-0.35
11
Rhineland-Palatinate
-0.18
11
Rhineland-Palatinate
-0.08
12
Schleswig-Holstein
-0.45
12
Saarland
-0.20
New German federal states excl. Berlin
and excl. Saxony
-0.13
13
Thuringia
-0.45
13
Schleswig-Holstein
-0.33
12
Thuringia
-0.14
New German federal states excl. Berlin
and excl. Saxony
-0.56
New German federal states excl. Berlin
and excl. Saxony
-0.36
13
Saarland
-0.21
14
Saxony-Anhalt
-0.58
14
Saxony-Anhalt
-0.38
14
Brandenburg
-0.23
15
Brandenburg
-0.66
15
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
-0.49
15
Schleswig-Holstein
-0.25
16
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
-0.78
16
Brandenburg
-0.63
16
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
-0.27
1
According to a standard score with a mean value of 0
Source: Saxon State Ministry for Economic Affairs, Labour and Transport (“Sächsischer Technologiebericht 2015”)
Location of Saxony | 13

15. R&D intensity
1
(%)
0.0
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
Industrial sector
State sector
University sector
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
0.64
0.65
1.08
0.41
0.34
1.68
0.58
0.64
1.10
0.59
0.66
1.34
0.65
0.72
1.42
0.40
0.34
1.72
0.40
0.34
1.71
0.44
0.37
1.80
0.70
0.83
1.19
0.48
0.40
1.84
0.76
0.83
1.19
0.49
0.40
1.82
0.75
0.85
1.21
0.50
0.41
1.89
0.76
0.79
1.24
0.51
0.41
1.96
0.82
0.81
1.1 1
0.51
0.42
1.91
Left bar – Saxony, right bar – Germany
1
Share of R&D expenditure in GDP, revised data, GDP status: February 2015
Source: German Federal Office of Statistics
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
20
30
Saxony
Lower Saxony
Baden-Württemberg
Bavaria
Brandenburg
Germany
Mecklenb.-Western Pom.
Berlin
North Rhine-Westphalia
Hamburg
Thuringia
Bremen
Schleswig-Holstein
Saxony-Anhalt
Saarland
Hesse
Rhineland-Palatinate
-52.7
-39.3
-35.3
-33.3
-23.8
-15.4
-13.3
-13.2
-11.1
-3.8
0,0
1.7
8.3
11.8
14.2
17.6
20.0
16. Patent applications per 100,000 inhabitants
Change in 2014 compared to 2005 (%)
Source: German Patent and Trademark Office, own calculations
14 | Location of Saxony

17. Road network length and density as of 01 January 2015
Road network length
Road network density
km
km per 1,000 km
2
km per 1,000 inhabitants
Germany
Saxony
Germany
Saxony
Germany
Saxony
National autobahns
12,949
567
36
31
0.16
0.14
Bundesstraßen
[federally maintained A roads]
38,917
2,345
109
127
0.48
0.58
Landesstraßen
[federally maintained B roads]
86,333
4,798
242
260
1.06
1.18
Kreisstraßen
[locally maintained roads]
91,950
5,741
257
312
1.13
1.42
Total
230,149
13,451
644
730
2.83
3.32
The length of the Federal autobahn network in Saxony comprises the following sections:
A 4
Aachen – Görlitz
211.1 km
A 9
Berlin – Munich
20.4 km
A 13
Berlin – Dresden
26.4 km
A 14
Magdeburg – Dresden
98.5 km
A 17
Dresden – Praha
44.6 km
A 38
Göttingen – Halle / Leipzig
38.2 km
A 72
Hof – Leipzig
126.6 km
Source: Saxon State Ministry for Economic Affairs, Labour and Transport
Lignite
Nuclear energy
Coal
Natural gas
Mineral oil products
Pumped-storage
hydroelectricity
Renewable energies
33.3 (77.9 %)
Miscellaneous
3.5 (8.3 %)
0.1 (0.2 %)
1.0 (2.4 %)
4.7 (11.1 %)
0.1 (0.0 %)
20.4 (3.2 %)
5.8 (0.9 %)
7.2 (1.1 %)
67.5 (10.7 %)
152.4 (24.1 %)
160.9 (25.4 %)
Saxony
42.8
Germany
633.2
121.7 (19.2 %)
97.3 (15.4 %)
18. Gross electricity generation by energy carriers 2013
1
in billion kWh (%)
1
Provisional data, as of February 2015
Source: AG Energiebilanzen, Saxony State Office of Statistics
Location of Saxony | 15
Source: German Federal Office of Statistics, Federal Statistical Offices and the statistical Offices of the German federal states, own calculations

19. Foreign trade, Saxony
Export
Import
million Euro
Change compared to
previous year
%
million Euro
Change compared to
previous year
%
1991
2,581.6
-
2,086.8
-
1992
2,587.2
0.2
2,641.2
26.6
1993
2,721.9
5.2
2,648.9
0.3
1994
3,099.3
13.9
3,319.4
25.3
1995
3,645.9
17.6
3,858.2
16.2
1996
3,804.6
4.4
4,315.4
11.9
1997
5,376.3
41.3
4,865.1
12.7
1998
7,873.7
46.5
5,785.0
18.9
1999
8,876.7
12.7
5,823.7
0.7
2000
10,425.4
17.4
7,327.2
25.8
2001
13,209.1
26.7
8,046.1
9.8
2002
13,931.7
5.5
8,309.3
3.3
2003
15,143.9
8.7
9,002.3
8.3
2004
16,259.6
7.4
9,732.2
8.1
2005
17,696.2
8.8
10,623.5
9.2
2006
19,589.9
10.7
13,746.9
29.4
2007
23,432.6
19.6
14,856.3
8.1
2008
23,200.0
-1.0
15,388.8
3.6
2009
19,501.1
-15.9
13,605.3
-11.6
2010
24,743.4
26.9
16,902.7
24.2
2011
29,408.4
18.9
20,252.9
19.8
2012
31,827.7
8.2
19,477.9
-3.8
2013
31,430.3
-1.2
18,988.8
-2.5
2014
35,907.1
14.2
20,616.0
8.6
Major foreign trade partners:
Export
Import
2014
China
Czech Republic
USA
Poland
United Kingdom
Russian Federation
France
Belgium
Poland
The Netherlands
Source: German Federal Office of Statistics, own calculations
16 | Location of Saxony
20. Exports by product groups 2014 (%)
Mechanical engineering products
Electro-technology products
Aircraft
Automotive products
Chemical and pharmaceutical
finished products
Fabricated metal products
Miscellaneous
12.5
0.6
44.8
3.0
25.3
3.0
10.7
14.6
42.4
3.6
7.7
9.5
Saxony
Germany
18.7
3.5
Source: German Federal Office of Statistics, own calculations

Location of Saxony | 17
21. The most important importing and supplying countries for Saxony‘s foreign trade in 2014 (million Euro)
0
200
400
600
800
1,000
1,200
1,400
1,600
1,800
Ukraine
Bulgaria
Serbia
Portugal
Israel
Canada
Ireland
Luxembourg
India
Brazil
Slovenia
Singapore
Finland
Norway
Denmark
Philippines
Mexico
Turkey
Rep. of Korea
Malaysia
Thailand
Romania
Taiwan
Sweden
Spain
Slovakia
Hungary
Switzerland
United Kingdom
Japan
USA
France
China
Austria
Italy
The Netherlands
Belgium
Russian Federation
Poland
Czech Republic
Supplying countries
Importing countries
Supplying countries (EU)
Other supplying countries
Importing countries (EU)
Other importing countries
1,800
1,600
1,400
1,200
1,000
800
600
400
200
0
China
USA
United Kingdom
France
Poland
Czech Republic
Italy
Belgium
Switzerland
Russian Federation
Taiwan
Austria
The Netherlands
Spain
Malaysia
Japan
Rep. of Korea
Hungary
Sweden
Slovakia
South Africa
Turkey
Canada
Australia
Mexico
Norway
Romania
Denmark
United Arab Emirates
India
Brazil
Finland
Saudi Arabia
Portugal
Hong Kong
Israel
Singapore
Ukraine
Thailand
Iran
6,433.4
3,367.0
1,898.0
1,772.0
3,786.9
Source: German Federal Office of Statistics

18 | Location of Saxony
22. Investment rates of the old and new non-city states (excluding Saxony) and Saxony (%)
1
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
30.7
23.5
11.3
28.0
19.8
25.5
18.0
21.5
16.3
10.7
18.6
13.5
8.6
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
Saxony
New non-city states (excluding Saxony)
Old non-city states
9.5
10.7
1
Rates as proportions of the adjusted figures (federal states budgets)
Source: German Federal Office of Statistics, Saxon State Ministry of Finance (figures for Saxony)
23. Per capita debt
1
of the new non-city states
Euro per inhabitant
1
Debts from credit market funds and in case of public budgets of the core budgets of the federal states (Saxony: budgetary debt level);
Inhabitants to 30 June of the year in question
Source: German Federal Office of Statistics, Saxon State Ministry of Finance
0
1,000
2,000
3,000
4,000
5,000
6,000
7,000
8,000
9,000
10,000
6,853
7,280
2,807
5,867
9,169
1991 1992
1994
1996
1998
2000
2002
2004
2006
2008
2010
2012
2014
Saxony-Anhalt
Thuringia
Brandenburg
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Saxony
1991
1992
1994
1996
1998
2000
2002
2004
2006
2008
2010
2012
2014
Saxony-Anhalt
168
906
2,130
3,512
4,409
5,154
6,111
7,172
7,857
8,259
8,761
9,103
9,169
Thuringia
266
637
1,907
2,882
3,731
4,460
5,069
5,945
6,803
6,724
7,243
7,437
7,280
Brandenburg
153
974
2,786
3,855
4,510
4,921
5,666
6,384
6,716
6,781
7,081
7,330
6,853
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
124
405
1,537
2,754
3,704
4,200
4,955
5,958
6,312
5,928
5,956
5,976
5,867
Saxony
325
734
1,377 1,883 2,180
2,317
2,511 2,752 2,849 2,849 2,847 2,844
2,807

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