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Anforderungen an Lagerung und Benutzung von
Archivgut – Bestandserhaltung im Sächsischen
Staatsarchiv
Barbara Kunze
Sächsisches Staatsarchiv, Archivzentrum Hubertusburg

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| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg | Barbara Kunze
2
Archivgesetz für den Freistaat Sachsen
(SächsArchivG)
Vom 17. Mai 1993
Rechtsbereinigt mit Stand vom 1. Februar 2014

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| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg | Barbara Kunze
3
Bestand StA
(Überlieferungsbeginn 948)
60.257 Urkunden
rund 104 lf km Akten und Amtsbücher
Fotos: Barbara Kunze

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| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg | Barbara Kunze
4
20619 Stadt Pegau Nr. 1220, 16. Jhd.
Schreibstoff Eisengallustinte
Fotos: Barbara Kunze
20619 Stadt Pegau Nr. 1983, 19. Jhd.

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| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg | Barbara Kunze
5
20619 Stadt Pegau Nr. 3651 u. 3654, 17. Jhd.
Schäden durch schlechte Aufbewahrungsbedingungen und durch
mangelnde Sorgfalt im Umgang
Fotos: Barbara Kunze
Oberflächenverschmutzung durch Staubablagerung
Wasserflecken und -ränder
Verfärbungen und Substanzabbau durch Mikroorgansimenbefall
Mechanische Schäden, Stauchungen und „Eselsohren“

1798 Langsiebpapiermaschine
(Patent von Nicolas Louis Robert)
1807 Rüttelmechanismus
(Patent von Nicolas Louis Robert)
1809 Rundsiebmaschine
(franz. Patent von Dickinson und Leistenschneider)
Kalander, Leimpresse, Streichwerke etc.
Literatur:
Günter Bayerl, Karl Pichol, Papier, Produkt aus Lumpen, Holz und Wasser, (Deutsches Museum) 1986, S. 11-24: Zeittafel.
The Paper Conservator 14 (1990) S. 58-61: A New Chronology of Papermaking Technology.
Dr. Alf-Mathias Strunz, Prof. Dr. Jürgen Blechschmidt, Hannelore Rost, Erfindung der Erzeugung von Holzschliff durch
Friedrich Gottlob Keller, in Wochenblatt für Papierfabrikation 1/2016
(http://apv-dresden.de/wp-
content/uploads/2016/04/WBP_2016-01_40-43_Keller1.pdf)
| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg | Barbara Kunze
6
Papierherstellung im 19. Jhd.
- Entwicklung der Papiermaschine -

1807 Harzalaunleimung
(Veröffentlichung durch Moritz Friedrich Illig)
1847 Holzschliff
(Patentanmeldung durch Friedrich Keller und Heinrich Voelter)
1871 Natronprozess
(erste Verwendung in Deutschland)
1874-1878 Sulfitprozess
(Einführung durch Mitscherlich)
1884 Sulfatprozess
(Einführung durch Dahl)
seit 1780 Kaolin als Füllstoff in allgemeiner Verwendung, 1823 Einführung von Gips
7
Papierherstellung im 19. Jhd.
- Neue Rohstoffe -
| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg | Barbara Kunze

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| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg | Barbara Kunze
8
Kopien (Formulare)
Brief(kopfbögen)- / Schreibpapier
Zellstoff, mit und ohne Wasserzeichen
Wirtschaftsschriftgut, Kassanda
Briefkopfbögen / Schreibpapier,
holzhaltig, mit und ohne unechtem
Wasserzeichen
Durchschlagpapiere,
holzfrei / holzhaltig, farbig
Formulardruck,
holzhaltig
Zeitungsdruck
holzhaltig
Sortenvielfalt, exemplarische Zusammenstellung, Aktenordner Mitte 20. Jhd.

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| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg | Barbara Kunze
9
12509 Sächsischer Kunstverein
19. Jhd.
Eisengallustinten + Farbstofftinten (19. Jhd.)
Fotos: Barbara Kunze

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Schreibmaschine
Durchschlagverfahren
| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg
| Barbara Kunze
10
Neue Schreib- und Kopiertechniken des 19./20. Jhd.
Fotos: Barbara Kunze

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Kopierbücher
(hier „ohne Anfeuchten“, Anfang 20. Jhd.)
| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg
| Barbara Kunze
11
Fotos: Barbara Kunze

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| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg | Barbara Kunze
12
Bestand StA
1.929.719 Fotos
Fotos: Barbara Kunze

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| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg | Barbara Kunze
13
728.137 Karten und Pläne
Bestand StA
Fotos: Barbara Kunze

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| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg
| Barbara Kunze
14
Verbräunung und Brüchigkeit, „saurer Papierzerfall“
Fotos: Barbara Kunze

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| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg
| Barbara Kunze
15
Verbräunung und Brüchigkeit, „saurer Papierzerfall“
Fotos: Barbara Kunze

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Kopierbücher „ohne Anfeuchten“:
Lesbarkeitsverlust durch Verblassen und durch Farbstoffdiffusion
| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg | Ba
rbara Kunze
16
Fotos: Barbara Kunze

endogene Ursachen
(Materialanfälligkeit)
| 7. Februar 2017
| Archivzentrum Hubertusburg |
Barbara Kunze
17
exogene Ursachen
(äußere Schadenseinflüsse)
Schadensprozesse

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| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg | Barbara Kunze
18
AV-Medien
Reine Tonträger, 9.884 Stück
Lauffilme, 9.421 Dosen
Videos, 5.354 Kassetten
Bestand StA
Foto: Regine Bartholdt
Foto: Barbara Kunze

| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg | Barbara Kunze
19
Original oder Kopie?

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| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg | Barbara Kunze
20
Das elektronische Staatsarchiv für die elektronische
Archivierung:

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Maßnahmen- und Kostenhierarchie
Quelle: Glauert / Kuhnau, Verwahren, Sichern, Erhalten,
Handreichungen zur Bestandserhaltung in Archiven, Potsdam 2005.
| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg | Barbara Kunze
21

Bestandserhaltung im StA
Aufbewahrungsbedingungen optimieren
Belastungen beim Umgang mit dem Archivgut minimieren
Notfallvorsorge
| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg | Barbara Kunze
22

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| 7. Februar 2017 |
Archivzentrum Hubertusburg | Barbara Kunze
23
1995
2013
2009
2011
2008
Bauliche Unterbringung, Baumaßnahmen
2001

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