Title: Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf: In the so-called target chamber the high-power laser beam
meets the electron beam of the ELBE accelerator at the High-Power Radiation Sources Centre. The objective is
to generate brilliant X-ray beams. | Photo: HZDR / Frank Bierstedt

Saxony – the Science State

02 |
Table of Contents
Welcome Note
Historical notes
Saxony – the Science State
University of Cooperative Education BA Sachsen
Facts and figures
Research promotion
Technology promotion
Dresden Science Region
Technische Universität Dresden
Carl Gustav Carus Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus
Dresden Academy of Fine Arts
Carl Maria von Weber University of Music Dresden
Palucca Hochschule für Tanz Dresden
Dresden University of Applied Sciences
Zittau/Görlitz University of Applied Sciences
Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
The German Centre for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) – Dresden site
German Centre for Diabetes Research – Paul Langerhans Institute Dresden
German Consortium for Translational Cancer Research – University CancerCentre Dresden
The Max Planck Society
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems
Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e. V.
Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies and Systems IKTS
Fraunhofer Institute for Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP
Fraunhofer Research Institution for Organics, Materials and Electronic Devices COMEDD
Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM, Dresden Branch
Fraunhofer IVV, Branch Lab for Processing Machinery and Packaging Technology Dresden
Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits IIS, Design Automation Division EAS
Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology IWS
Fraunhofer Institute for Transportation and Infrastructure Systems IVI
Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems IPMS
Fraunhofer Institute for Reliability and Microintegration – Centre “All Silicon System Integration Dresden – ASSID”
The Leibniz Association
Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development
Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research Dresden
Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden
The Senckenberg Natural History Collections Dresden
The Senckenberg Museum of Natural History Görlitz
The Institute of Saxon History and Cultural Anthropology
The Sorbian Institute/Serbski institut, Bautzen/Budyšin
Hannah Arendt Institute for Research on Totalitarianism at the TU Dresden
NaMLab (Nanoelectronic Materials Laboratory) gGmbH
VKTA – Radiation Protection, Analytics
Disposal Rossendorf Inc.
Institutions in the Dresden Science Region

| 03
Chemnitz Science Region
Technische Universität Chemnitz
Westsächsische Hochschule Zwickau
Hochschule Mittweida – University of Applied Sciences
Fraunhofer Institute for Electronic Nano Systems ENAS
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU
Kurt-Schwabe-Institut für Mess- und Sensortechnik e. V. Meinsberg
Institutions in the Chemnitz Science Region
Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg
Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource Technology
Fraunhofer Technology Centre for Semiconductor Materials THM
Institutions in the Freiberg Science Region
Leipzig Science Region
Leipzig University
Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Leipzig
University of Music and Theatre “Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy” Leipzig
Academy of Visual Arts Leipzig
Leipzig University of Applied Sciences
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences
Fraunhofer-Zentrum für Mittel- und Osteuropa MOEZ
Fraunhofer Institute for Cell Therapy and Immunology IZI
Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research
Leibniz Institute of Surface Modification
Leibniz Institute for Regional Geography
Saxonian Academy of Sciences and Humanities in Leipzig
Leipzig Centre for the History and Culture of East Central Europe
Simon Dubnow Institute for Jewish History and Culture
Institutions in the Leipzig Science Region

Welcome Note
Nutrition, health, energy, climate change, communications, peaceful coexistence – these are
just a few of the huge challenges facing our society. What is at stake is the Earth itself, its
atmosphere and the survival of the diversity of life forms to be found on this planet. But what is
also at stake in this context are economic interests and jobs. The issues are consumerism and
renunciation, affluence in one part of the world and poverty in the other. How can and must
society, with all its contradictory interests, be drawn into the essential decision-making processes?
When problems are complex, solutions have to be complex, too. This is where research comes in.
It is the task of science to apply its methods to elaborating the areas of tension between the
various interests and poles and to identify scope for action. This is a challenge that is being met
by researchers at institutions in Saxony. Already today, the Free State can boast an internationally
visible, cutting-edge research performance in microelectronics, nanotechnology, mechanical
and automotive engineering, materials science, biotechnology, neuroscience, medical engineer-
ing and environmental research, whilst its humanities scholars also achieve outstanding results.
Our highly productive science state of Saxony thrives on these people, who apply their curios-
ity and perseverance in very different areas in order to address the issues that will face us in
the future. Today’s researchers are thus part of a fine tradition: great names like Gottfried
Wilhelm Leibniz, Carl Gustav Carus and Wilhelm Ostwald are linked with outstanding scientific
achievements. Over the centuries, Saxony has been the hub for a wealth of cultural, scientific
and economic developments and discoveries.
Building on Saxony’s scientific traditions during the last 25 years, it has been possible to create
a close network embracing 14 institutions of higher education – four universities, five universities
of applied sciences and five universities of fine arts – as well as to build up a mass of non-
university research institutions: 14 institutes and facilities belonging to the Fraunhofer-Gesell-
schaft, six Max Planck institutes, six institutes in the Leibniz Association, two Helmholtz centres,
a Helmholtz institute and nine institutions financed by the Free State itself. BA Sachsen Uni-
versity of Cooperative Education with its seven academies and its special dual approach to
academic training is another strong component on the Saxon educational landscape.
At the heart of the science state of Saxony are our universities which connect research and
teaching across a broad spectrum of subjects ranging from the humanities to mathematics,
computer science, natural science and technology. Universities are places of intellectual en-
counter; they critically generate new ideas for our state and are a top draw for motivated
people. The varied and attractive portfolio of study programmes at our universities has con-
Dr Eva-Maria Stange,
Saxon State Minister
for Higher Education, Research and the Arts
04 |

vinced school-leavers from all parts of the country and beyond to study in Saxony. But we still
have to acquaint even more young people with the diversity of occupational fields in the natural
sciences, some of which are already crying out for specialists in vain – and this trend will be-
come more pronounced. We need far-reaching and well-coordinated professional and academic
advisory services, high-quality teaching, intensive preparation for students entering employ-
ment as well as close cooperation not only between universities and research institutes but
also commercial enterprises. After all, we do not only want young people to study in Saxony
but to find sustainable job prospects here as well.
In order to consolidate our university locations, a dialogue should be held with the universities
to extend the Saxony Higher Education Development Plan until 2025. The aims are to coordinate
study programmes statewide, determine focus areas for each individual location and dovetail
the research fields to a greater extent within the various science regions. A further task is to
continue extending fundamental as well as applied research by employing all the available
funding instruments in a targeted and non-bureaucratic fashion.
Apart from the financial security that is necessary if a strong academic landscape is to thrive,
Saxony also needs a climate of social inclusion that welcomes people from all parts of the world.
This is equally applicable to students as well as academics and their families. Such cosmopoli-
tanism implies recognition and respect for other people and their cultures. It means enriching
all aspects of society and seeking to shape it together. We shall only be able to find solutions
for the complex problems that confront us by working together and practising mutual respect.
Our brochure is designed to give you an initial overview of “Saxony – the Science State”. We
called on our universities and research institutes in the various science regions to present short
profiles of themselves. For more detailed information, links are provided.
Happy reading!
Dr Eva-Maria Stange
Saxon State Minister for Higher Education, Research and the Arts
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06 | Saxony – the Science State – Outline Map

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Saxony – the Science State – Outline Map | 07
Fraunhofer institutes and establishments
1 Number of institutions
Helmholtz institutions
Sites of German Centres
for Health Research
Max Planck institutes
Free State financed
research institutions
Leibniz institutes
Affiliated institutes at universities
Universities, plus the Zittau site
Universities of Applied Sciences
Universities of Fine Arts
University of Cooperative Education
With 14 state institutions of higher education – as
well as an abundance of non-university research
institutions – 14 institutes and facilities belonging
to the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, six Max Planck
institutes, six institutes in the Leibniz Association,
two Helmholtz centres, a Helmholtz institute and
nine institutions financed by the Free State itself –
Saxony enjoys an excellent position as a science

Saxony. A Place of Great Names.
Then as now: Great names are linked with outstanding scientific achievements:
Adam Ries,
mathematician and court arithmetician, who taught in Annaberg from 1523;
Gottfried Wil-
helm Leibniz,
born in Leipzig in 1646 – a universal genius;
Carl Gustav Carus,
Professor of Obstetrics and head of the maternity hospital in Dresden, where he co-founded the
Surgical-Medical Academy;
Amalie Dietrich,
born in Siebenlehn, who discovered nearly 640
species of plants;
Wilhelm Wundt,
known as the founder of the independent discipline of
psychology who, over a period of 45 years working in Leipzig, created the basis for the consoli-
dation of scientific psychology;
Wilhelm Ostwald,
who worked in Leipzig from 1887 where he
held the world’s only Chair in physical chemistry and produced ground-breaking results;
who built innovative motor vehicles in Zwickau from 1904;
Manfred von Ardenne,
conducted research at his own institute in Dresden from 1955, and whose life’s work produced
600 patents.
In 1993, the very last shift left the Knappenrode
Briquette Factory. Turbines, dryers and presses were
all stopped. What has remained is a remarkable
piece of industrial history which has been opened
to today’s visitors.
The factory buildings house a complete historical
briquette production line. In the turbine hall, three
impressive steam turbines bear witness to the skill
of German engineers. | Photo: Michael Lange
Just like the Energy Factory in Knappenrode, the
Ehrenfriedersdorf Tin Mine – with underground mine
tours and a mineralogical museum – is part of the
Saxon Museum of Industry.
Here visitors can find out about industrial gallery ore
mining and the potential use of the treasures still
slumbering in Saxon soil. | Photo: Michael Lange
08 | Historical notes

Over the centuries, Saxony became the hub
of countless cultural, scientific
and economic developments and discoveries. Outstanding achievements were
made in law, philosophy, theology, physics, chemistry, astronomy, and particu-
larly in mining science.
Saxon inventions have made a crucial impact on the economic prosperity of
Europe. Saxony built the first German engines as well as the first mechanical
textile weaving looms. The Free State developed into an important centre of the
humanities: at Leipzig University, which was founded in 1409, the seeds of the
German Enlightenment were sown, and researchers there fostered scientific contacts
worldwide. Shaped by its strong focus on the humanities and social sciences, in the course
of time, Leipzig University evolved into a hub of scientific and political debate – vital for the
economic, cultural and social development of Saxony.
The centuries-spanning success of mining in the
established Saxony’s affluence.
Amongst the men who worked in the concomitant academic discipline were some of the great
names in their field:
Ulrich Rülein von Calw,
author of the first mining treatise in 1501,
physician, town planner and Mayor of Freiberg; then
Adam Ries
and also
Georgius Agricola,
who worked in Chemnitz from 1531 to 1555. The humanist and naturalist was the founder of
three sciences – mineralogy, geology and mining science – and wrote his major work on mining,
De re metallica,
in Chemnitz. The principle of sustainability was first formulated by mining
Hans Carl von Carlowitz
in Freiberg in 1713.
Industrialisation in Saxony began with
textile manufacturing.
In 1799, the first spinning mill
was built in Chemnitz and in 1836, the Royal Mercantile College was established. By 1837,
490,000 spindles were operating in 120 Saxon spinning mills. The construction of textile
machinery – initially based on British models – heralded the dawn of mechanical engineering
as an important element of life in Saxony at the time. Chemnitz became the “Saxon Manchester”.
As a result of the boom in mining
in the 12th, 16th and 17th centuries, as well as Saxony’s
leading role in industrialisation in the 19th century, the Free State became one of the most
advanced regions in Germany, technologically, scientifically and economically. Hence, over the
centuries, Saxony’s industrial progress in mining, textiles, mechanical and automotive engineer-
ing shaped the development of the state. This was accompanied by the early and intensive
involvement with the economic, social, aesthetic and cultural dimensions of the industrial age.
In order to foster and develop Saxon industrial culture
as the foundation of Saxony’s
cultural wealth and an element of its regional identity, the Saxon State Ministry for Higher
Education, Research and the Arts established the Coordinating Office for Industrial Culture. The
state-wide Industrial Culture Network is developed and maintained via the information and
com munication platform
The Mathematisch-Physikalischer Salon was founded
in 1728 during the reign of August the Strong
(1694 – 1733) and is still one of the world’s most
important museums of historical scientific instruments
even day. The museum in the Dresden Zwinger reveals
how humankind has measured the world for centuries.
The exhibits include highly-polished burning mirrors,
exquisite historical timepieces and mechanical devices,
telescopes, astronomical models, and historic globes
featuring the earth and the heavens.
Photo: Hans Christian Krass
Moon globe, Ernst Fischer, 1875.
Photo: Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden
Historical notes | 09

University and
Research Location

Saxony – the Science State.
Scientists from all over the world cooperate
with one another at research-intensive universities
and non-university research institutions and
implement projects together with partners
in industry.
Leipzig University, Faculty of Chemistry and Mineralogy. | Photo: Waltraud Grubitzsch

12 | Saxony – the Science State
Saxony. A Great Address for Top Research
How do you do research in the nanoworld? What is the world made of? How did the univer-
se come into being? How will we live tomorrow?
Taken from the programme of the Long Night of Science in Dresden
Science thrives on curiosity. Every year, when the Long Night of Science in Dresden and Leipzig,
the DeltaX School Lab at the
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
or TU Chemnitz’ Future
Truck invite the public to conduct experiments, people stream to the Science State in their
Attractive university location
It is also in their thousands that students and researchers from all over the world make their way
to the Free State of Saxony. No fewer than 112,000 young people – 15,000 of whom come from
abroad – study here and generate new impetus. And this is what guarantees a place its future:
bright minds and their vitality, creativity and thirst for discovering new paths. With its four major
universities, five universities of fine arts and five universities of applied sciences, Saxony is a
first-class location for higher education with a diverse and modern portfolio of study opportuni-
ties. Prospective students can choose between internationally-recognised Bachelor’s and Master’s
degrees, state examinations to acquire teaching qualifications or the highly-respected
Engineering. This is one of Saxony’s particular strengths: Almost 30 per cent of all students enrol
in courses leading to engineering degrees. The outstanding quality of training at universities, the
efficiency of course structures, the excellent mentoring as well as the extremely good facilities
with modern labs, libraries and computer working places – these are the reasons why increasing
numbers of school leavers from outside Saxony as well as from within are taking the decision to
study in Dresden, Leipzig, Chemnitz, Freiberg or in one of the smaller university towns. The
figures for freshers from the old Federal states of Western Germany have grown most satisfac-
torily in the last few years: whereas in 2008, only 2,000 freshers came from the old Federal states,
of the 20,605 who started to study at Saxon universities in 2013, 4,744 came from the old Federal
“Get your education moving in Saxony!” is the slogan
of a joint campaign run by the Saxon State Ministry for
Higher Education, Research and the Arts and the univer-
sities and colleges in Saxony. Launched in 2008, it provides
information on the advantages of studying in Saxony.
Pupils from Dresden’s Dreikönigschule Gymnasium during project week at the DeltaX School Lab at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf. | Photo: HZDR

Closely-knit research network
Anyone interested in doing scientific work in Saxony will find a dense network of excellent
research institutions. Scientists and scholars can pursue their research at six institutes in the
Leibniz Association (WGL), which are jointly funded by the Federal Government and the Free
State, as well as at two Senckenberg research centres associated with WGL, two Helmholtz
centres, a Helmholtz institute and three German Centres for Health Research, 14 institutions
in the
six institutes in the Max Planck Society and nine research
institutions financed by Saxony. Important pillars of natural and engineering sciences include
regenerative medicine, materials sciences, biotechnology, micro-/nano-electronics, resource
technology/environmental research/energy technology, automotive and mechanical engineer-
ing and systems engineering. Social scientists and humanities scholars address the issue of
change – in politics, business, academia, culture and technology.
All these institutions are closely inter-connected, both amongst themselves and with business.
They share scientific ideas and conduct joint research projects in various different fields. This
networking helps to drive the process both of turning research results into industrial applica-
tions and of applying scientific analysis to issues generated by industry.
University research with a wide spectrum
Together with the many non-university research institutions, the universities are the main
pillars of the Saxon research landscape. The spectrum of university research ranges from basic
research to applied research and development for industry. The universities have created inde-
pendent research centres and affiliated institutes which act as ever more efficient intermedi-
aries between academia and regional business and expedite technology transfer to companies
in the respective science region.
Applied research is one of the particular strengths of higher education in the Free State of
Saxony. At three of the five universities of applied sciences, research centres have been
established that offer a platform for interdisciplinary collaboration between partners of dif-
ferent disciplines at home and abroad as well as for projects involving industrial alliances – a
special vehicle for promoting technology transfer.
Unique feature: diversity of the research landscape
Non-university research institutions cooperate closely with the universities. Many professor-
ships and institutes are linked by joint appointments and the directors of research institutions
are also engaged in teaching at universities. There are almost 50 non-university research
institutions in the Free State, working on a wide range of fields such as micro- and nano-
electronics, materials sciences, production technology, energy, environmental science, bio-
technology, natural science and medicine. Germany-wide, such diversity is a unique feature of
Saxon university research is excellent
The decision, taken in June 2012, to promote top re-
search at universities in the context of the Excellence
Initiative, which is funded by the Federal Government
and the Länder, heralded Saxony’s admittance to the cir-
cle of the strongest research locations in Germany. In a
fierce contest,
Technische Universität Dresden
(TU Dres-
den) and
Technische Universität Chemnitz
(TU Chemnitz)
were able to win through. TU Dresden now holds the
title of “University of Excellence” based on two Clusters
of Excellence and a Graduate School. TU Dresden’s suc-
cessful proposal includes the institutional strategy, “The
Synergetic University”, which is designed to make TU
Dresden one of the leading universities in the world. Top-
level research is conducted in the Clusters of Excellence,
Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden (cfaed) and
Center for Regenerative Therapies TU Dresden – CRTD.
Since 2006, Dresden International Graduate School for
Biomedicine and Bioengineering (DIGS-BB) has develo-
ped into the flagship for international doctoral
mes in Germany. Currently, young researchers can
choose from three different doctoral programmes. 91
working groups at 11 institutions offer doctoral candi-
dates the opportunity to gain scientific experience across
a broad palette of topics. DIGS-BB’s thematic focus com-
plements the CRTD Cluster of Excellence.
TU Chemnitz made its mark with its Cluster of Excellence,
Merge Technologies for Multifunctional Lightweight
Structures (MERGE). The cluster’s main objective is the
fusion of fundamental technologies suitable for the re-
source-efficient mass-production of lightweight
tures with high-performance and functional density.
Funding for all the projects approved began in November
2012 and will continue for five years.
Left: The Saxon State and University Library Dresden
(SLUB) is one of the largest and most comprehensive
academic libraries in Germany. It is the library of
Technische Universität Dresden, the state library of
Saxony and a major innovation and coordination hub
in the German and European library systems.
Photo: SLUB
Research in the Faculty of Sport Science at Leipzig
University. | Photo: Christian Hüller

Research institutions financed by the Free State
Besides the institutions financed jointly by the Federal Government and the
institutions funded by the Free State have also been established. In the last few years, for
example, Saxony has expanded research in the humanities outside the university context. Today,
there are six humanities research institutions in Saxony funded by the Free State: the Saxonian
Academy of Science and Humanities in Leipzig, the
Institut für Sächsische Geschichte und Volks-
in Dresden, the Simon Dubnow Institute for Jewish History and Culture at Leipzig Univer-
sity, the Hannah Arendt Institute at TU Dresden, the Centre for the History and Culture of East
Central Europe at Leipzig University and the
Sorbisches Institut (Serbski Institut)
in Bautzen.
In addition to these institutions conducting research in the humanities, in the field of techno-
logy the Kurt Schwabe Institute for Measuring and Sensor Technology in Meinsberg, the VKTA –
Radiation Protection, Analytics
Disposal Rossendorf Inc. and the NaMLab (Nanoelectronic
Materials Laboratory) in Dresden are also financed by the Free State.
University-affiliated, non-university research institutions
are closely associated with industry
and conduct application-related research – another link in the chain between applied research
and industrial applications. Some institutions are affiliated to universities.
Research at museums
Collecting, preserving, researching, communicating and educating are the pillars of museum
activity. The spectrum of research approaches and methods used at the museums is broad. It
not only embraces subjects firmly rooted in the humanities like art history, history, ethnology
or social anthropology but also natural science disciplines. A modern research approach is an
interdisciplinary research approach: Hence the museums are not only centres of expertise in
the humanities but are also a forum for exchange between the humanities and the natural
Amongst the institutions that have conducted intensive research for many years and for which
international academic exchange plays a major role are the
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen
with their 12 museums. This is reflected in a wealth of different research projects such
as the famous Daphne Project on provenance research. The Archaeological Heritage Office in
Saxony and the new State Museum of Archaeology Chemnitz, can also look back on decades
of interdisciplinary research and communication activities. Both institutions are tasked with
investigating prehistoric and early-historic archaeology in the Free State of Saxony on the
basis of national and international collaborative research projects, and communicating the
results in the form of scientific exhibitions, publication programmes, specialist conferences and
workshops. Networking with universities and research institutes as well as a variety of cultural
conservation and funding institutions is an essential prerequisite.
Established in 2008, the Deutsches Biomassefor-
schungszentrum in Leipzig is solely funded by the Fede-
ral Government. Some 160 researchers work here inves-
tigating the best ways of exploiting the potential of
The Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, the
Archaeological Heritage Office, the
Deutsches Hygiene-
Museum Dresden
, the
Militärhistorisches Museum
Dresden and the Saxon State and University Library
Dresden (SLUB) together with a number of other scientific
institutions are all members of the DRESDEN-concept.
This alliance between TU Dresden and strong partners in
academia and culture aims to showcase the excellence of
research in Dresden.
Scientific staff at the Professorship for Machine Tools
and Forming Technology at TU Chemnitz carrying out
tests in a virtual environment. | Photo: Wolfgang Thieme
14 | Saxony – the Science State

Research in Saxony: An Infrastructure Paradise.
Silicon Saxony:
With consistent government support from the Free State of Saxony since
1990, the metropolitan area around Dresden, in particular, has developed into Europe’s chief
economic and academic centre for
micro- and nanotechnology.
About 50,000 employees
work in microelectronics in Saxony today. With some 300 companies and research institutions,
Silicon Saxony is Europe’s largest industry association for the semiconductor, electronics and
microelectronics industries. Manufacturers, suppliers, service providers, universities and re-
search institutions founded this alliance in Dresden in 2000. Today, it is the largest microelec-
tronics network in Europe.
Automotive and mechanical engineering
have a time-honoured tradition in Saxony. In these
fields, the technical universities and universities of applied sciences, along with non-university
research institutions, have particularly close ties with industry. This is mainly true for small and
medium-sized enterprises in the Free State of Saxony, for example in the field of supply, al-
though academia also collaborates with large corporations whose research and development
departments tend to be located outside of Saxony.
Materials science
provides basic insights for new applications and developments in mechanical
engineering as well as nano- and microelectronics, and biomedical engineering. The universities
and Max Planck institutes, in particular, as well as applied research institutions (Leibniz Associa-
tion, Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, institutions in the
universities) conduct basic research in these focus areas.
Valuable support comes from the Materials Research Network Dresden with its 20 university,
non-university and industrial research institutions.
Its glow is an intense blue and it is considered one of
the important semiconductor materials of the future:
gallium nitride. At the Gallium Nitride Centre Freiberg
(opened in October 2013), scientists from Dresden
NaMLab gGmbH,
TU Bergakademie Freiberg
and Freiberg
Compound Materials GmbH explore the new material’s
potential to drive the performance of microelectronics
even further. The Free State of Saxony contributed ap-
proximately 1.6 million Euros to help set up the research
facilities at the Gallium Nitride Centre, which was foun-
ded in 2011.
Above: The virtual forest at the Visualisation Centre
of the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
(UFZ) Leipzig. A computer model showing different
tree species helps researchers understand the role
of forests in climate change. This shot made photo-
grapher André Künzelmann one of the winners of
the German Science Photography Prize, conferred in
November 2013. | Photo: UFZ/André Künzelmann
Saxony – the Science State | 15

In the vein of sustainable development,
resource technologies, environmental research and
energy technologies
are represented across Saxony’s science regions. Universities and institu-
tions in the Helmholtz Association work on these topics, as does industry in collaboration with
institutions in the
The major topics are raw materials such as non-
ferrous metals, rare earth elements or fossil energy sources, treatment of water and waste water,
application of regenerative energies, development of energy-efficient systems and energy
storage. In the field of
hydro technologies,
Saxon science and industry already have an excel-
lent infrastructure and are gaining international visibility.
Within a few years, the biosaxony Alliance of biotechnology research institutions and businesses
has earned Saxony national and international prestige as a biotechnology hub. It has grown into
one of Europe’s most dynamic biotechnology regions. In 2000, the state government of Saxony
helped spark this development with its biotechnology campaign in Dresden and Leipzig, providing
financial support amounting to approximately 200 million Euros. This was complemented by
third-party private and public funding of more than 800 million Euros by autumn 2013, in the
form of additional investments in industry and research, new research centres and junior re-
search groups. Today, the Free State of Saxony is home to one of Germany’s most dense biotech
research landscapes, ranked amongst Germany’s top five biotechnology regions. This high-tech
industry is a kaleidoscope of more than 30 excellent university and non-university research
institutions, about 200 internationally-staffed working groups, over 65 biotechnology companies
with more than 2,000 employees, as well as ten pharmaceutical companies and about 70 inno-
vative service providers, with a total of more than 6,000 mostly highly-qualified employees.
UNU Flores:
The United Nations University Institute
for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of
Resources (UNU-FLORES), supported by the Free State of
Saxony, addresses the sustainable use and integrated
management of resources such as water, soil or waste.
Its cooperation with TU Dresden and other research ins-
titutions in Saxony will help advance these topics at in-
ternational level and set them in a global context – for-
ging another link to the international science community,
to UN agencies and to practitioners and decision makers,
particularly in developing countries.
Zebra fish colony at the DFG Research Center for
Regenerative Therapies Dresden –Cluster of Excellence
(CRTD), which was able to confirm its status as a DFG
Research Centre for the third time in June 2012 with
its successful application for continued support under
the Excellence Initiative.
Currently, there are only six DFG-funded centres of
this kind nationwide. | Photo: Karsten Eckold

Medicine/biomedical technology/neurosciences
are growing into an equally promising field.
Thanks to their faculties of medicine and university hospitals, Leipzig and Dresden are home to
important regional science centres for medicine. Their work is complemented by institutions in
the Max Planck Society and
the Research Centre for Life Science En-
gineering at Leipzig University of Applied Sciences, as well as LIFE Leipzig – Leipzig Research
Centre for Civilization Diseases and OncoRay Dresden – Center for Innovation in Radiation
As a result, Saxony today enjoys a solid infrastructure in medicine, biomedical engineering and
neurosciences. This scientific landscape thrives on the collaboration of its engineers, natural
scientists and medical practitioners from universities, universities of applied sciences and re-
search institutions in Leipzig, Dresden and Chemnitz.
In this context, the foundation of German Centres for Health Research, with the central mis-
sion of exploring widespread diseases, has been of special importance to Saxony. In a national
selection process to determine six German Centres for Health Research, Dresden researchers
were able to acquire three of these national centres for institutions located in the Saxon
capital: the German Centre for Diabetes Research – DZD, the German Centre for Neuro-
degenerative Diseases and the German Consortium for Translational Cancer Research – DKTK.
With the founding of the National Cohort, Germany now has a unique resource for biomedical
research. This representative, population-based, long-term study will produce reliable state-
ments about the causes of widespread diseases in interplay with genetic predisposition, life-
style and environmental factors. In Saxony, the research site for the National Cohort is the
Medical School at Leipzig University.
With more than 500 researchers, Saxony and Saxony-
Anhalt are building one of the largest centres for water
research in Europe, the Centre for Advanced Water Re-
search – CAWR. TU Dresden and the Helmholtz Centre for
Environmental Research – UFZ Leipzig signed a coopera-
tion agreement to this effect in October 2013. Both part-
ners will pool their existing capacity at the new centre to
help solve global problems of integrated water resource
Scientists from the Free State of Saxony were extre-
mely successful in the Twenty20 – Partnership for Inno-
vation competition run by the Federal Ministry of Educa-
tion and Research. Five of the ten winning consortia are
coordinated by Saxon researchers. The winning projects
will receive federal funding amounting to 45 million Eu-
ros each. Nine other projects made it to the second
round of the competition, four of them spearheaded by
Saxon researchers. These projects will receive funding of
one million Euros each.
Saxony – the Science State | 17
Staff at the German Centre for Neurodegenerative
Diseases in Dresden | Photo: Steffen Giersch

A Saxon Recipe for Success.
BA Sachsen University of Cooperative Education
Hands-on studies in biomedical engineering in Bautzen, event and sports management in Riesa
or automobile management in Glauchau – in Saxony, students can do all of the above in three-
year programmes. BA Sachsen University of Cooperative Education has gained a firm foothold in
the Free State over the past two decades with its courses in social studies, technology and busi-
ness at seven academies in Bautzen, Breitenbrunn, Dresden, Glauchau, Plauen, Leipzig and Riesa.
What makes it special:
Theory and practical application are closely intertwined in these
three-year dual academy programmes with a business, technical or social focus. Students are
prepared for their professional careers both at the academy and in the field with their partner
in industry. Currently, BA Sachsen has about 10,000 industrial partners. The programme is open
to candidates who hold higher education entrance qualifications, such as
Abitur, Fachabitur,
other subject-specific qualifications, a German
diploma (in the respective subject) with
equivalent prior education credentials, or those who pass an entrance examination. For anyone
looking for fast, hands-on professional training, BA Sachsen is the right address.
The advantages of a BA Sachsen programme:
Alternating between theoretical studies at one
of the academies and practical training with a recognised industrial partner, students can obtain
a Bachelor’s degree within three years while enjoying individual mentoring in small seminar
groups, compact schedules, and no
numerus clausus
(restricted admission depending on average
marks in higher education entrance qualifications). Another plus for students: The business
partners, with whom applicants sign a training contract, pay salaries averaging about 550 Euros
per month, depending on the company. After successfully completing the BA programme, the
Free State of Saxony confers an internationally recognised Bachelor’s degree, which qualifies
graduates to embark on a Master’s course at a university. The Saxon economy benefits greatly, as
well, harvesting cohort after cohort of well-trained BA Sachsen specialists.
BA Sachsen’s
success story
over the last 20 years can boast 20,000 successful graduates. From
its beginnings with just 81 students at three academies, enrolment figures have now grown to
4,600 young students in seven different locations.
Above: Studying at BA Sachsen means closely
combining theory and practical application.
This includes project work, as shown here in the
Business Informatics Programme at the academy
in Bautzen. | Photo: University of Cooperative
Education Bautzen
18 | University of Cooperative Education

Investing in the Future.
More third-party funds:
The 2012 Technology Report, published by the Saxon State Ministry
for Higher Education, Research and the Arts, contains various performance indicators for re-
search in Saxony. These include expenditure on research, data on successful third-party fund-
raising, participation in federal and EU programmes, as well as the success rate for the acqui-
sition of private sector research contracts. Whilst university professors in Germany were able
to raise an average of 261,700 Euros in third-party funding in 2010, researchers in Saxony
averaged 360,650 Euros in the same year.
Billions invested:
In 2011, the Free State of Saxony spent 2.92 per cent of its GDP on research
and development. The European Union, the Federal Government and the Free State of Saxony
as well as businesses provided 2.8 billion Euros for research and development. Based on GDP,
only Baden-Württemberg, Berlin, Bavaria and Hessen invested more in research and develop-
ment in Germany.
Virtual reality at TU Bergakademie Freiberg. | Photo: TU Freiberg
Facts and figures
| 19
The green laser beam at TROPOS – Leibniz Institute
for Tropospheric Research can be seen above Leipzig
at night. Researchers developed a lidar system
that emits laser pulses into the atmosphere
which are then reflected by small particles.
Photo: Tilo Arnhold/TROPOS

Extensive research connections:
Universities and non-university research institutions are well
connected in Saxony. Most heads of non-university research institutions are also professors at
Saxon universities, which ensures stable collaboration. Universities and non-university re-
search institutions also collaborate on research projects and training junior researchers.
Well-built partnerships:
It takes quality cooperation between science and industry to transfer
scientific insight into innovative products and services quickly. The Saxon State Ministry for
Higher Education, Research and the Arts has set up Science Forums to strengthen networking
and partnerships within Saxony’s science regions. This has the advantage that, today, Saxony’s
scientific research focus areas reflect those of Saxon companies that are continuously engaged
in research and development.
Strong industrial research:
Saxon companies have been able to increase their research and
development activities significantly in recent years. Over the past decade, expenditure on
research and development (R&D) increased by approximately 60 per cent. Whilst Saxon com-
panies that are continuously engaged in research and development invested 665 million Euros
in R&D in 2001, they increased this amount to 1.2 billion Euros in 2011. However, commercial
investment in R&D in the Free State still falls short of the level appropriate for an industrial
state like Saxony (the target being at least two thirds of total R&D). This is due mainly to the
persisting fragmentation of the Saxon economy. In contrast to the West German
Saxony, just like the other East German
, still relies to a large extent on its small and
medium-sized enterprises to engage in continuous research and development. There are not
enough large corporations which might assume R&D leadership.
The toolkit of technology promotion, in particular for collaborative projects, is a decisive force
driving overarching creative and innovative processes in science and industry in Saxony. Pro-
grammes like
encourage companies that do not yet conduct their own research
and development to enter into dialogue with research institutions. For companies that are
already engaged in successful R&D of their own, the focus is on intensifying collaborative
partnerships with Saxon research institutions. Knowledge-based spin-offs from universities
and non-university research institutions remain indispensable.
For the Technology Report visit
For the Research Report visit
20 |
Facts and figures
The Federal Cluster of Excellence MERGE Technologies
for Multifunctional Lightweight Structures at TU
Chemnitz is Germany’s only cluster in the pivotal and
highly competitive field of “lightweight construction”
Photo: TU Chemnitz/Hendrik Schmidt

Promoting Research.
In addition to institutional support for universities and non-university research institutions,
which amounted to approximately 866 million Euros in 2013 (not counting university medici-
ne), the Free State of Saxony also promotes research and research infrastructure projects. The
objective is to empower Saxon research to perform at the highest level, to extend its interna-
tional academic connections, and to enhance networking between the institutions themselves
and with industry. The Free State therefore funds individual and collaborative research projects,
preferably in pivotal, interdisciplinary areas, and projects to prepare third-party grant applica-
tions or to acquire industrial research contracts.
The European Regional Develepmont Fund (ERDF) and the Free State co-finance projects to
improve research infrastructure (e.g. new construction/renovation of buildings or equipment
investments), but also fund innovative, application-oriented research ideas and projects with
the aim of improving knowledge and technology transfer to industry.
Major funder: The German Research Foundation DFG
For years, Saxon universities have successfully been raising funds for research projects from
science-funding organisations, federal and
ministries, foundations, businesses and
other institutions. The major funder is the DFG which provides support for important program-
mes in Saxony such as SFBs (Collaborative Research Centres), DFG research centres and gradu-
ate schools.
Collaborative Research Centres (SFBs)
are long-term research centres at universities where
scientists cooperate in the context of cross-disciplinary research programmes (TU Dresden has
eleven SFBs, Leipzig University has four, TU Chemnitz three,
TU Bergakademie Freiberg
Focus Programmes
are established when the coordinated promotion of a certain specialist
field holds the promise of major scientific advancement.
The objective of
DFG Research Centres
is to concentrate one university’s academic expertise
on particularly innovative research fields. This enables universities to develop temporary re-
search focus areas with high international visibility.
The Saxon State Ministry for Higher Education,
Research and the Arts supports a special humanities
programme by contributing at least 800,000 Euros per
year. The projects are selected in a competition held by
the Saxonian Academy of Sciences and Humanities.
An example for support from the European Regional
Develepmont Fund (ERDF) is the Translational Centre for
Regenerative Medicine (TRM) in Leipzig. The B-wing of
the former gynaecology department of the university
hospital, which is a listed building, was modernised and
renovated on the strength of ERDF funds of 9.75 million
Euros and Saxon state funds of 3.25 million Euros. The
mission of the centre is to intensively study the self-
healing powers of the human body. The research is ex-
pected to yield new therapy approaches to Parkinson’s
disease, paraplegia, cancer and diabetes.
Research promotion | 21
Lab research at TU Dresden’s Institut für Angewandte Photophysik. | Photo: Karsten Eckold

The hallmark of DFG research centres is the extent to which they are interdisciplinary, inter-
nationally-minded and interconnected. The 7th DFG research centre focussing on biodiversity,
German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research – iDiv,
was approved in 2012 and
connects Leipzig University with the universities of Halle-Wittenberg and Jena. The grant also
includes support for eight non-university research institutions which, together with the uni-
versities, are now driving forward the establishment of the centre.
Center for Regenerative Therapies TU Dresden (CRTD)
has been receiving support since
Researcher groups
are alliances of several researchers who collaborate on a particular research
topic. Their work often helps establish new research directions at the universities.
Graduate Schools
are long-term, but non-permanent institutions at universities to promote
junior researchers (PhD candidates) by involving them in research (TU Dresden: 6, Leipzig Uni-
versity: 4, TU Chemnitz: 1; as well as the international Graduate Schools: Leipzig University/
Netherlands, TU Chemnitz/China and the Integrated Graduate Schools at Collaborative Re-
search Centres: TU Dresden: 3, Leipzig University: 1, TU Chemnitz: 1, TU Bergakademie Freiberg: 2).
Smart Support for Smart Minds
Saxony is particularly supportive of young scientists and is the first federal state to use funds
from the European Social Fund (ESF) for this purpose on a large scale (187 million Euros
between 2007 and 2013). A number of different support tools are used to keep these bright
minds in the Free State, continue their training and utilise their potential. For instance, 362
PhD projects received support amounting to almost 25 million Euros, and 95 junior research
groups received a total of 105 million Euros from the European Social Fund and the Free State
of Saxony. In addition, Saxony built and expanded its career services, research networks and
post-graduate education opportunities.
Saxon Excellence Initiative
The Saxon Excellence Initiative was launched in June 2007. Until 2014, the Free State of
Saxony is providing some 160 million Euros from the European Regional Develepmont Fund
as well as from its own funds for top-level research.
Functional Structure Design of New High-performance Materials by Atomic Design and
Defect Engineering (ADDE) –
TU Bergakademie Freiberg
European Centre for Emerging Materials and Processes Dresden (ECEMP) – TU Dresden
Energy-efficient Product and Process Innovations in Production Engineering (eniPROD) –
TU Chemnitz
Leipzig Research Centre for Civilization Diseases - LIFE – Leipzig University
OncoRay – National Center for Radiation Research in Oncology – TU Dresden, Carl Gustav
Carus University Hospital, and
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
At the internationally renowned DFG-Research Cen-
ter for Regenrative Therapies TU Dresden – Cluster of
Exzellence (CRTD), scientists from 28 different nations
are exploring the self-healing powers of the human
body in order to develop new regenerative therapies.
CRTD scientists work across disciplines with more than
90 Dresden-based research groups at TU Dresden, Carl
Gustav Carus University Hospital, the Max Planck Insti-
tute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics as well as
the Max Bergmann Centre of Biomaterials and other
partners. The core groups conduct their research in the
new 6,700 square metre CRTD building in the immediate
vicinity of TU Dresden’s Biotechnology Centre (BIOTEC)..
22 | Research promotion
Junior engineers from four departments at Leipzig
University of Applied Sciences are looking for ways
of preserving the existing building fabric whilst
design ing buildings as ecologically as possible. The
project received 900,000 Euros from the European
Social Fund (ESF) and the Free State of Saxony.
Photo: Kristina Denhof

Implementing Bright Ideas Fast.
The speed at which a new insight makes its way from the lab to the market often determines
economic success, a mantra that applies to individual companies as well as entire federal sta-
tes. The Saxon Technology Report is published at regular intervals to inform the public about
the technological performance of the Free State of Saxony. It determines Saxony’s position in
relation to other regions and uses various indicators to analyse strengths and weaknesses as
well as opportunities and risks. Overall, Saxony has held and continuously improved its posi tion
in the upper mid-field of German federal states.
The vision is to make the Free State of Saxony, both academically and economically, one of
Europe’s leading regions by 2020. To achieve this, Saxon technology policy pursues the following
Strengthen the technological competitiveness of Saxon businesses, in particular small
and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)
Facilitate projects in research and development that would not be possible without
public support
Bring the world’s best know-how to Saxony’s small and medium-sized enterprises
Provide incentives for businesses to entrust junior researchers with more tasks in
research and development
Encourage close collaboration between research institutions, universities and businesses
Increase and improve commercial exploitation of Saxony’s research and
Increase the participation of Saxon businesses and research institutions in
national networks and European technology collaborations
Strengthen technology-related networks and clusters in key technologies
Drive forward the internationalisation of Saxon businesses
Enhance Saxony’s appeal as a high-tech location for national and international
investors and researchers
Boost the effectiveness and efficiency of products and processes
(e. g. for resource conservation)
Technology policy thus contributes significantly to stable economic growth, sustainable deve-
lopment and helping to secure existing as well as creating new future-proof jobs.
Technology promotion | 23
Above: Innovation made in Saxony. In his role as
innovation assistant, Dr Martin Schneider, a specialist
in precision-farming technology, has developed a
new method to measure differences in pH values
on agricultural land, which helps exploit it more effi-
ciently. Agri Con GmbH was able to employ Dr Martin
Schneider with support from the European Social
Fund. | Photo: Jörn Haufe

A 4
A 17
A 13
A 4
For an overview of the institutions in the Dresden Science Region,
please refer to p. 60 ff.
Fraunhofer institutes and establishments
Number of institutions
Helmholtz institutions
Sites of German Centres
for Health Research
Max Planck institutes
Free State financed
research institutions
Leibniz institutes
Universities, plus the Zittau site
Universities of Applied Sciences
Universities of Fine Arts
University of Cooperative Education
Affiliated institutes at universities

Science Region
Photo: TU Dresden


Knowledge generates excellence.
Technische Universität Dresden
New therapies for previously incurable diseases; unconventional approaches to Electronics;
bridges made from textile-reinforced concrete; monasteries as innovation centres – the
breadth of research topics at
Technische Universität Dresden
leaves no doubt that it has
established and will continue to expand its profile as a comprehensive university.
Technische Universität Dresden
is one of the top universities in Germany and Europe: it is
strong in research, offers study programmes that excel in both range and quality, and is also
closely connected with the arts, business and society. A modern comprehensive, multi-
discipline university with 14 faculties, its broad and diverse academic spectrum is matched by
only few other universities in Germany. It is Saxony’s largest university. TU Dresden’s extensive
campus community embraces 37,000 students and approximately 7,700 employees. About 4,300
of these positions (including 492 professorships) are funded by the Free State of Saxony, the
remaining 3,400 by third-party funds.
On 15 June 2012, TU Dresden earned the title of University of Excellence in the first phase of
the German federal and state governments’ Excellence Initiative. It was recognised for its
Institutional Strategy or
– “The Synergetic University”, its Cluster of Excel-
lence Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden (cfaed) and the two follow-up proposals,
Center for Regenerative Therapies TU Dresden – CRTD and Dresden International Graduate
School for Biomedicine and Bioengineering – DIGS-BB. TU Dresden is thus one of Germany’s
eleven universities of excellence and the only one in the eastern German states outside of
This success in the Excellence Initiative corroborates TU Dresden’s recent performance as well
as the quality of its future strategy and potential for development.
The Synergetic University” spells out TU Dresden’s vision for the future and is funded for a
five-year period to the tune of 60.2 million Euros in total. According to this strategy, TU
Dresden is pursuing four central objectives: first of all, to attract the best scientists, staff and
students from all over the world to TU Dresden. This includes, for instance, an innovative
appointments procedure, special development programmes for outstanding students and
junior researchers, as well as the development of a Graduate Academy. The second objective is
to establish new IT systems and improve structures to provide optimum support for all
Scientists in the cleanroom at the TU Dresden Nanoelectronic Materials Laboratory (NaMLab). | Photo: Frank Johannes
Student preparing samples at a scanning force
microscope. | Photo: Lothar Sprenger
Dresden Science Region – University | 27
Students in the Institute for Planetary Geodesy.
Photo: Lothar Sprenger

students, teachers and researchers. This is closely linked to the third objective, which is to
create integrated and efficient structures by consolidating the 14 faculties into five sections.
The aim of the new sections is to generate greater independence, stronger synergies, more
interdisciplinarity, greater scope and flexibility. It is assumed that the synergies sparked by this
new structure will be felt both in research and teaching. The new sections will enjoy much
greater flexibility and independence in terms of staffing, finances and strategic planning than
the faculties do at present. Research, in particular, could fund new projects jointly, build shared
research infrastructures, and implement new joint PhD programmes. The fourth pillar of the
Institutional Strategy is the science network, DRESDEN-concept. Synergies between TU
Dresden and non-university research institutions will further hone Dresden’s scientific profile
and enhance its appeal as a science location.
By far the most comprehensive measure within the Institutional Strategy is Open Topic Tenure
Track professorships, first announced in 2013. It is an absolutely novel programme to enlist the
world’s best minds for research and teaching. These professorships are completely unrestricted
in terms of contents and offer scientists the prospect of tenured employment if they sustain
their performance for a period of five years. This novel programme has attracted enormous
interest worldwide. TU Dresden received more than 1,300 applications, a quarter of them from
women. The quality of the submissions proves that TU Dresden is perceived as a coveted
employer nationally as well as internationally. Researchers from universities that are ranked
amongst the world’s top ten expressed their interest in TU Dresden’s Open Topic Tenure Track
professorships. Numerous applicants have already distinguished themselves in academia and
received renowned awards and honours.
TU Dresden continually competes for the best students, the best researchers and teachers, and
for third-party funds. This requires it to adopt a serious economic mind-set and practices as
well as to build functioning partnerships with science, industry and the business community.
Leading companies have recognised TU Dresden’s commitment to practice-related teaching
and research by sponsoring, amongst other things, a total of fifteen endowed chairs. TU
Dresden is a member of the university alliance TU9.
As early as 1994, TU Dresden launched a patent initiative, unique in Germany, to secure the
intellectual property rights for its inventors and facilitate the rapid transfer of their inventions
into marketable products. TU Dresden is the source of about a third of all the patents that are
registered by the nine leading universities of applied sciences in Germany.
TU Dresden is a very successful third-party fundraiser. In 2012, it raised 227.1 million Euros.
Most of these third-party funds stem from public sources such as the Federal Ministry of
Education and Research, the German Research Foundation and the European Union. Direct
earnings from contract research are a growing source of income, as well.
Practical orientation and cooperation across disciplines benefit students, too. The guiding
principle of teaching and research at TU Dresden is to involve students in on-going research at
an early stage.
It is hard to imagine how all of Dresden’s important new industries could have settled in the
Saxony capital in recent years without the potential of TU Dresden. Names like Infineon,
GLOBALFOUNDRIES and Volkswagen are shining examples of the many high-tech firms in the
Dresden metropolitan area and the region known as Silicon Saxony.
About 37,000 young people from around the world
study at TU Dresden. | Photo: Lothar Sprenger
28 | Dresden Science Region – University

Dresden Science Region – University | 29
Scaling the heights.
Carl Gustav Carus Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus
Over the past two decades, the Carl Gustav Carus Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital
have joined the top ranks of German university medicine. This holds true for patient care and
research as well as for teaching: the model, Dresden Integrative Problem-, Application- and
Patient-Oriented Learning, originally established in cooperation with Ivy League university
Harvard, set nation-wide trends. Its forward-looking strategic focus on three core research
areas earned Dresden’s university medicine an excellent national and international reputation.
As a result of their great success as a science location, the Hospital and Medical School have
also developed into a significant economic factor. Today, numerous external funders sponsor
excellent research projects in Dresden’s university medicine, funding more than 700 additional
positions in biomedical research. In 2012, the Medical School was able to increase its third-
party funding by another 65 percent compared to the previous year. At about 77 million Euros,
this is the best third-party funding total since the School was founded in 1993.
Another key to the success of Dresden’s university medicine is the unique connection between
research activities and innovative patient care solutions. Expert physicians and nurses at the
University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus provide services for patients from the region in all areas
of in- and out-patient care. As a maximum care hospital and a medical teaching facility, the
hospital is a partner for general practitioners and hospitals in Dresden and eastern Saxony.
To best serve its patients, the University Hospital seeks to connect all its medical departments.
Specialists collaborate closely in interdisciplinary, quality-certified centres in order to optimise
the outcomes of therapy. Thanks to the great dedication of more than 6,000 staff at the
Hospital and Medical School, the University Hospital earned another top slot in the 2013
rankings of German hospitals published by the news magazine FOCUS.
Above: Modern, state-of-the-art teaching of dentistry
in the new phantom classroom featuring 32 inter-
connected and fully digitised dental simulation units.
Photo: Carl Gustav Carus University Hospital
Operating theatre at the Hospital and Outpatients’
Department for Visceral, Thoracic and Vascular
Surgery at Carl Gustav Carus University Hospital
Dresden. | Photo: Carl Gustav Carus University


Unique atmosphere.
Dresden Academy of Fine Arts
They create monsters and save Madonnas. They make trees out of foam and turn modelling
clay into art. They work with velvet and silk and run ideas through a compactor – these are the
students and teachers at the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts. In its 250-year history, the
Academy has produced numerous famous artists, and transformed itself time and again. Its
special blend of programmes makes for a unique atmosphere.
Almost 600 students are in enrolled in five courses of study at the Dresden Academy of Fine
Arts. The Fine Arts programme has a time-honoured tradition and, at the same time, strives to
radiate into the present and future. The course in Art Technology and Conservation of Works
of Art operates in the present to preserve artworks of the past. The courses in Stage Setting
and Costume Design, on the other hand, address the fleeting moment of action in the theatre
or other short-lived staged productions. In the post-graduate course in Art Therapy, artistic
methods meet therapeutic approaches.
Students are able to use a number of art studios and workshops, amongst them the “graphics
workshop”, the “sculpture workshop”, the “open media lab” and the “video studio”. In addition,
each programme has further specialist facilities, for example the excellent, up-to-the-minute
restoration lab wing. The Academy buildings form part of a genius loci, a place with a
distinctive atmosphere. Anyone who sets foot in the imposing Academy building on the
Brühlsche Terrasse
or takes a look around the remarkable
exhibition space is
captivated by this special quality. The recently refurbished Academy building on
or the sunlit studios and workshops on
are equally fascinating.
Above: The Dresden Academy of Fine Arts on the
Brühlsche Terrasse
opens its doors to art lovers every
year to showcase the products of its
In addition to temporary stage presentations, the
display of the graduation pieces is a visual Eldorado
attracting about 10,000 visitors annually.
Photo: Andrea Weippertt
Dresden Science Region – Universities of Fine Arts | 31
Setting up an annual exhibition.
Photo: Matthias Rietschel
Photo on the left: Stephan Floss

A state-of-the-art learning strategy.
Carl Maria von Weber University of Music Dresden
Hochschule für Musik Carl Maria von Weber Dresden
, one of the oldest academies of its
kind in Germany, teaches more than 600 students from around the world as well as 150 pupils
from the
secondary school. With its courses at the university and the
affiliated secondary school as well as its children’s classes, the University of Music offers one
of the most innovative and modern musical education concepts nationwide. The curriculum
includes all classical disciplines, complemented by additional specialisations such as Chamber
Music, Rhythm Training/Early Childhood Musical Education, Early Music, Improvisation (piano)
and 20th-century Classical Music.
The Opera class performs regularly at the
Schauspielhaus Dresden;
and tours through Germany,
Italy and Switzerland bear witness to the standard of training. Orchestra classes benefit from
the Academy’s close ties to the excellent orchestras,
Sächsische Staatskapelle
The University of Music in Dresden was one of the first in Germany to make
Popular Music an integral part of its teaching profile: Its department for Jazz/Rock/Pop,
founded in 1962, significantly shapes this profile. Big Band, Jazz and Rock ensembles comple-
ment the portfolio and make for memorable moments in the daily life of the university, which
also comprises special institutions, such as the institutes for Musicology, 20th-century Classi-
cal Music, Music Pedagogy and Learning, Performing Arts Medicine as well as the Centre for
Music Theory, the Heinrich Schütz Archive and the Studio for Electronic Music.
With its new concert hall, its small auditorium, as well as numerous outside venues such as the
, the university is the most prolific concert organiser in the region. More than 400
events are held every year – from children’s concerts to opera, from workshops to master
classes, from competitions to jazz gigs, from “Song in Dresden” to “Professors in Concert”, right
through to symphony, graduation and chamber concerts.
Above: Making music takes dedication and persis-
tence. Sometimes, it also takes courage, passion and
a sense of humour, as proven by students at the Carl
Maria von Weber University of Music Dresden in their
opera production of “Falstaff” – a co-production with
Staatsschauspiel Dresden
and the Dresden Academy
of Fine Arts in conjuction with the Dresden Music
Festival. | Photo: HL Böhme
32 | Dresden Science Region – Universities of Fine Arts

Expanding boundaries through dance.
Palucca Hochschule für Tanz Dresden
The guiding principle of the
Palucca Hochschule für Tanz
in Dresden is to foster creative lear-
ning, to encourage all students to discover their own unique language, regardless of whether
they are training to become a dancer, dance instructor or choreographer, to learn, grow and
become a creative, autonomous artist. Building on more than 85 years of tradition, the univer-
sity has offered interdisciplinary dance training since 1925.
More than 200 students from 27 nations study on the new university campus where they are
offered solid artistic/academic training that combines Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees. The
curriculum focusses on individual expression, comprising the elements of Ballet, Contem-
porary/Modern Dance, and Improvisation, encouraging students to explore these three
complementary disciplines. The idea is that the boundaries between Ballet, Improvisation and
Contemporary Dance should disappear in order to inspire new forms of artistic expression.
Continuous course development is designed to ensure the programmes are stimulating and
inspiring from the first steps through to the Master’s courses.
Dance has deep roots in Dresden. Artists like Wigman, Dalcroze, Kreutzberg, Palucca and today,
Forsythe, embody the tradition of exploring new paths, progressing, and having the courage to
be experimental. Today, the
Palucca Hochschule für Tanz Dresden
shares this vision for Dance
with the Semperoper Ballet, the
Festspielhaus Hellerau
and the Forsythe Company, which
enables the academy to generate numerous new initiatives and collaborations for the enrich-
ment of all.
Palucca Hochschule soirée at the Dresden
“Serenade”, choreography by George Balanchine
© The George Balanchine Trust.
Photos: Bettina Stöß/Stage Picture
Dresden Science Region – Universities of Fine Arts | 33

Achievement through experience.
Dresden University of Applied Sciences
Dresden University of Applied Sciences (HTW Dresden) is the second largest university in the
Saxon capital. Founded in 1992, it now ranks among Germany’s leading universities of applied
sciences. Technology, Economics, Design, and “Green” Studies shape the course profile at HTW
Dresden. The university`s eight faculties offer a broad spectrum of practice-oriented courses
and a variety of applied research opportunities.
With approximately 5,400 students and 170 professors, the university strives to initiate major
collaborations by networking its faculties and administrative offices. At the same time, HTW
Dresden promotes personal contact between staff and students and facilitates individual
Research at HTW Dresden primarily focusses on its four profile areas: Mobile Systems and
Mechatronics, Foundations of Sustainable Living, Information Management Systems as well as
Business Management and Start-ups. The university also has a large number of excellently
equipped laboratories
The centrepiece of the profile area Foundations of Sustainable Living, is the “Sustainable
Campus HTW Dresden”, a research project to develop an exemplary university campus in
Saxony that unites all three dimensions of sustainability – ecological, economic and socio-
At HTW Dresden, education and research are closely linked and strongly practice-oriented, as
expressed in its slogan “Hands-on works better”. Students can get involved in research projects
at an early stage in their Bachelor’s,
and Master’s courses. The best students can obtain
a doctorate in the framework of a collaborative PhD programme.
Its application- and industry-oriented research makes HTW Dresden an important business
partner in particular for small and medium-sized enterprises but also for large corporations in
Saxony and beyond. The curriculum is aligned with current industrial requirements, and many
of the faculties’ research projects are conducted on behalf of industry.
The lab-greenhouses at the Pillnitz Campus are used
for teaching and research in Horticulture. The students
shown here are working on biological plant protection
measures. | Photos: P. Sebb/HTW Dresden
Studying e-beam treated samples at the eblaboratory at HTW Dresden.
34 | Dresden Science Region – Universities of Applied Sciences

In 2012, HTW Dresden raised more than nine million Euros in third-party funding. The increase
in the number of projects with foreign partners demonstrates the university`s growing involve-
ment in international research.
HTW Dresden operates an office for research coordination/knowledge and technology transfer,
which maintains permanent contact with the region’s businesses and promotes the transfer of
knowledge and technology to industry. The HTW Dresden start-up office serves as an incubator,
supporting young entrepreneurs from the students’ community as they develop and launch
technology-oriented businesses and connecting them with partners in business and industry.
HTW Dresden is a member of HAWtech, the “University Alliance for Applied Sciences”. The aim
of this alliance, which involves five other universities, is to promote cooperation in teaching,
research, technology transfer, continuing education, and university management amongst
universities with a strong technical focus in different German federal states.
The ZAFT Centre for Applied Research and Techno-
logy cooperates closely with HTW Dresden to support
research activities, especially with regard to cross-
disciplinary and cross-faculty projects. The strong in-
terdisciplinary networking amongst faculties as well as
cooperation with business, research institutions and
technology centres creates a professional environment
that generates innovative products, processes, and
Central building of HTW Dresden
on the Friedrich-List-Platz Campus.
Above: The motioncapture system at HTW Dresden is
Germany’s first markerless facility that can capture
motion in real time to create a 3D-surface.
Dresden Science Region – Universities of Applied Sciences | 35


Study without borders.
Zittau/Görlitz University of Applied Sciences
It is hard to imagine a place that could provide better opportunities to “study without borders”
than Zittau and Görlitz. Here, amidst the delightful landscapes of the tri-border region between
Germany, the Czech Republic and Poland, students enjoy courses with a hands-on focus and
intensive personal support.
Low living costs, no tuition fees – as is the case throughout Saxony – a warm, intimate atmo-
sphere, state-of-the-art facilities, and numerous contacts with regional, national and inter-
national businesses and institutions make the Zittau/Görlitz University of Applied Sciences an
ideal setting for effective learning. Graduates have excellent career prospects. High graduate
placement rates testify to the excellence of teaching and research.
Overall, the university offers 40 Bachelor’s,
and Master’s programmes in Engineering, the
Natural and Social Sciences as well as Economics. All Bachelor’s and Master’s courses are accre-
dited. Its dual studies programme, a cooperative course with integrated practical training (KIA),
is an excellent way to combine academic education with vocational training.
Intensive research activity is the basis for both solid academic teaching that is attuned to the
current needs of industry as well as for the early involvement of students in research. Zittau/
Görlitz is one of Germany’s most successful universities of applied sciences in the field of
At Zittau/Görlitz University of Applied Sciences, 3,750 students benefit from ideal conditions with
122 professors and more than 360 other members of staff.
At the “Transparent Mechatronics Lab”.
Photo: Peter Hennig
Photo on the left: the entrance hall of the Z IV building on the Zittau Campus. | Photo: Peter Hennig
Acoustic measurements | Photo: Peter Himsel/Stifterverband 3
Dresden Science Region – Universities of Applied Sciences | 37

Building tomorrow with sustainable research.
Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
The Helmholtz Association has good reasons for invoking the name of
Hermann von Helmholtz in its title. One of the greatest natural
scientists of the 19th century, Helmholtz championed an approach to
the natural sciences that connects medicine, physics and chemistry.
Today, about 36,000 employees work in 18 Helmholtz Association
research centres dedicated to the natural sciences/technology and
The Helmholtz Association works in six research areas to help address
the major, crucial issues facing society, science and industry: Energy,
Earth and Environment, Health, Key Technologies, Structure of Matter
as well as Aeronautics, Space and Transport. Researchers work in the-
se fields to secure mobility and energy supply, preserve an intact
environment for future generations and develop therapies for previ-
ously incurable diseases.
The Free State of Saxony is home to two Helmholtz Centres and one
branch institute, as well as the sites of three German Centres for
Health Research.
The Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, which is based in
Leipzig, explores the complex interactions between humans and their
environment in developed and damaged landscapes, especially in
densely populated urban and industrial metropolitan areas, as well as
in semi-natural environments. In this context, water research is an
important field. The
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
ducts research in Health, Energy and Matter. In the field of Health,
cancer research is a significant focus. In cooperation with
TU Bergaka-
demie Freiberg,
the Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource Techno-
logy – which is part of HZDR – develops new industrial technologies
for the more efficient supply and use, as well as the ecological re-
cycling of raw materials containing minerals and metals. The Free
State of Saxony is home to three German Centres for Health Research
focussing on neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, and diabetes: The
German Centre for Neurodegenerative Diseases, the German Consor-
tium for Trans lational Cancer Research and the German Centre for
Diabetes Research.
Dresden physicists at the Helmholtz-Zentrum
Dresden-Rossendorf working on compact laser
accelerators for proton cancer therapy.
Photo: Rainer Weisflog
38 | Dresden Science Region – Helmholtz establishments

Dresden Science Region – Helmholtz establishments | 39
Research for tomorrow’s world.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
How can cancer be more precisely visualised, characterised and more
effectively treated? How can resources and energy be utilised in an
efficient, safe, and sustainable way? How do matter and materials
behave under the influence of strong fields and at the smallest scale?
Collaborating closely with universities and research institutes around
the world, the
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
endeavours to find answers to these questions and conduct cutting-
edge research in Energy, Health, and Matter.
A member of the Helmholtz Association, HZDR develops and operates
large-scale equipment of international renown. Many guest re-
searchers are able to take full advantage of Europe‘s highest pulsed
magnetic fields – like those produced at the Dresden High Magnetic
Field Laboratory – for their measurement needs. The main focus is on
new materials, because the stronger the magnetic field, the more
precisely substances can be examined that are eligible for use in novel
electronic components and even superconductors. Intense particle
beams are also able to reveal many latent material properties. Whilst
researchers at the Ion Beam Centre pursue new physical approaches
to electronics, magnetism, and optics in an effort to advance storage
and computer technologies, highly diverse kinds of particles and
beams are used at ELBE – Centre for High-Power Radiation Sources,
both for basic research and for cutting-edge accelerator tech nologies.
ELBE researchers are developing a particularly high-power laser to
speed up the particles and build new laser-based accelerators. HZDR
is working closely with its partners – Carl Gustav Carus University
Hospital and TU Dresden – to establish a new proton therapy facility,
which, in addition to a conventional ion accelerator to treat cancer
patients, will also house the first laser accelerator for reference
studies. Concurrently, Dresden researchers are working on radio-
labeled substances for application in cancer diagnostics and therapy.
Some 1,000 staff are currently employed at three HZDR sites: the main
site in Dresden-Rossendorf, a research site in Leipzig, and the HZDR
Beamline at the European Synchrotron (ESRF), a large-scale research
facility in Grenoble, France. The Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for
Resource Technology also belongs to HZDR. Here, Helmholtz scientists
cooperate closely with their colleagues at
TU Bergakademie Freiberg
research new ways of processing, refining and recycling high-tech
metals with the ultimate goal of securing stable industrial supply on
a long-term basis.
At the High Magnetic Field Laboratory Dresden, researchers investigate current
topics in Solid State Physics. | Photo: Jürgen Jeibmann
Above: Terahertz radiation is in great demand worldwide as it enables researchers
to examine processes in organisms or materials particularly effectively. A facility is
being built at the ELBE Centre for High-Power Radiation Sources, which will be
able to emit radiation across a large wavelength range. | Photo: Frank Bierstedt

Developing new approaches to therapy.
The German Centre for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) – Dresden site
The brain is a dynamic organ and its structure is directly linked to its
function. This reciprocal relationship is known as “plasticity”. Re-
searchers at the Dresden site of the German Centre for Neuro-
degenerative Diseases investigate plasticity mechanisms in the adult
and the ageing brain to understand how the brain can compensate for
degeneration. The objective is to use findings from stem cell and
plasticity research for the prevention and treatment of neuro-
degenerative diseases. Scientists develop biologically based strategies
using the body’s endogenous regenerative and compensatory
mechanisms. Stem cells in the brain play an important, but not the
only, role in this process. Stem cells generate neurons that are
retained by the brain throughout life and have an elementary impact
on neuroplasticity. If new neurons can be generated at any time,
reserves can be built up in the brain to protect it from degenerative
processes. In addition, stem cells can be used to develop new and
improved models of complex neurodegenerative diseases.
The clinical focus in Dresden lies in identifying neurodegenerative
diseases at an early stage and elaborating treatment strategies for
early intervention.
Focus on Diabetes.
German Centre for Diabetes Research – Paul Langerhans Institute Dresden
When the German Centre for Diabetes Research (DZD) was founded in
2009, the Paul Langerhans Institute Dresden (PLID) was established at
University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden. It has since established
itself, both nationally and internationally, as a major player in the field of
diabetes research. For more than ten years, diabetes research has been
one of the pillars of the Medical School, and the appointment of eminent
professors from Germany and abroad has further enhanced its out-
standing performance.
The main research focus at the Paul Langerhans Institute Dresden is on
pancreatic islets, the hormone-producing cell clusters in the pancreas.
Beta cells, which are the most prolific cell type in pancreatic islets, play a
central role in diabetes as they produce insulin in the human body. The
main objective in Dresden is to prevent the destruction of beta cells and
to treat insufficient insulin production.
The Paul Langerhans Institute Dresden also has a singular position as the
only German transplant centre for human pancreatic islets. Generally,
interdisciplinary cooperation plays a key role at PLID. Experts from dif-
ferent scientific disciplines like Genetics, Immunology, Cell- and Develop-
mental Biology collaborate closely with the clinical departments of Inter-
nal Medicine and Visceral-, Thoracic- and Vascular Surgery, implementing
a translational research approach that applies basic research outcomes to
clinical practice. The outstanding scientific infrastructure in Dresden is the
foundation for future scientific excellence. The development of a human
pancreatic islet biobank, for example, will facilitate diabetes research on
humans directly and may ultimately lead to new diabetes drugs. Current-
ly, Dresden scientists are testing a vaccine for the prevention of type 1
diabetes in children. A platform for high-throughput screening will enable
the future identification of active agents.
Microscope workstation at the German Centre for Diabetes Research –
Paul Langerhans Institute Dresden. | Photo: Michael Haggenmüller
At the German Centre for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) –
Dresden site. | Photo: Steffen Giersch
40 | Dresden Science Region – Sites of German Centres for Health Research

Optimum cancer therapy.
German Consortium for Translational Cancer Research
University CancerCentre Dresden
The University CancerCentre (UCC) guarantees optimum, multi-
disciplinary and personalised state-of-the-art cancer therapy. UCC
focusses on trans-disciplinary clinical care as well as advancing
cancer research and teaching, a close interconnection that produces
formative standards for high-quality oncological patient care. Many
experienced UCC specialists not only work as physicians, but are also
involved in university teaching and cancer research. This ensures that
important scientific projects in Oncology are conducted at the highest
level, based on the latest state of research.
The University CancerCentre Dresden was founded jointly in 2003 by
the University Hospital and the Carl Gustav Carus Faculty of Medicine.
It was one of Germany’s first university Cancer Centres and the first
of its kind in the eastern German states. Following an intensive
evaluation, the German Cancer Association,
Deutsche Krebshilfe e.V.,
listed the Dresdner University CancerCentre as an “Oncological Centre
of Excellence” for the first time in 2007.
UCC covers all oncological specialties: Daily tumor conferences for
various types of cancer are held at which specialists from all the
necessary disciplines synchronise each patient’s individual therapy plan.
German Consortium for Translational Cancer Research
University CancerCentre Dresden | Photos: University CancerCentre Dresden
Dresden Science Region – Sites of German Centres for Health Research | 41

42 | Dresden Science Region – Max Planck institutes
“Insight must precede application”
Max Planck
The Max Planck Society
Since its establishment in 1948, no fewer than 17 Nobel laureates
have emerged from the ranks of the Max Planck Society’s scientists,
putting it on a par with the best and most prestigious research
institu tions worldwide. Max Planck Institutes are exclusively built up
around the world‘s leading researchers. They themselves define their
research subjects and are given free rein in selecting their staff. This
is the core of the time-proven Harnack principle, which dates back to
Adolph von Harnack, the first president of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society,
which was established in 1911.
82 Max Planck Institutes with more than 17,000 employees, including
5,400 scientists, currently conduct basic research at the service of the
general public in the Natural Sciences, Life Sciences, Social Sciences
and Humanities. Max Planck Institutes focus on research fields that
are particularly innovative, or that are especially demanding in terms
of funding or time requirements.
Since 1990, six institutions have been founded in the Free State of
Saxony under the umbrella of the Max Planck Society, a strong basis
for long-term excellence in fundamental research in the Life Sciences
and Natural Sciences. The Max Planck Institute (MPI) for the Physics
of Complex Systems was the first institution in Saxony, founded in
Dresden in 1993. In 1994, today’s Max Planck Institute for Human
Cognitive and Brain Sciences was established in Leipzig, and in 1995,
two additional institutions opened their doors, the Max Planck
Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences (MIS) in Leipzig and the Max
Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids in Dresden. In 1997, the
two latest additions opened up: the Max Planck Institute of Molecular
Cell Biology and Genetics in Dresden and, in Leipzig, the Max Planck
Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Saxony’s Max Planck Insti-
tutes have continued to expand and maintain their research perfor-
mance since 1997. One of the Max Planck Society’s most important
projects in the period up to 2017 is the development of a centre for
Systems Biology at the Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology
and Genetics in Dresden.
In 2009, the Free State of Saxony became the patron of one of five
international Max Planck Society institutes, the Bibliotheca Hertziana
in Rome, Italy, which dates back to 1913 and is now the Max Planck
Institute for Art History. It is one of the oldest institutions within
the Max Planck Society and explores Italian art in Roman post-
Research at the Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics. | Photo: MPI-CBG

Dresden Science Region – Max Planck institutes | 43
Focus on Theoretical Physics.
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems
The institute researches the physics of complex systems from classical
to quantum physics and focusses on three main areas, reflecting the
research in its three permanent divisions. The Condensed Matter
division studies quantum solid state physics whilst the Finite Systems
division investigates the nonlinear dynamics of atoms, molecules and
clusters with the help of semi-classical (micro-local) methods; the
Biological Physics division explores dynamic processes in biological
One permanent and six temporary research groups as well as five
junior research groups strengthen and connect research on topics
such as X-rays in Quantum Optics, Collective Dynamics of Cells,
Computational Biology and Evolutionary Genomics or Complex
Dynamics in Cold Gases. The institute has a large visitors’ programme
with about 60 post-doc positions for a maximum of two years as well
as an extensive workshop and seminar programme averaging 20
annual events lasting from a few days to two months. The objective of
these events is to showcase new research trends and familiarise junior
researchers with rapidly evolving new research topics faster than has
been the case in the past. Together with the university and the City of
Dresden, the institute also organises “Science at the Town Hall”, a
series of sessions open to the citizens of Dresden, which have been
held at the Town Hall since 1999.
Scientists at an international workshop. | Photo: René Gaens
Searching for new phenomena.
Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids
The aim of the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids is
the experimental investigation of inorganic materials with novel
chemical and physical properties. An international team of chemists
and physicists uses the latest synthesis and analytical methods, in
particular to explore the interplay between crystal and electronic
structures and the properties of these materials.
The research focus lies on the design and synthesis of new com-
pounds, investigating phase equilibration and phase transformations,
and on searching for completely new phenomena under extreme
conditions in materials in which electrons interact strongly. The
institute also cooperates with partners from research and industry for
its application-relevant research, for example in the development of
what is called thermoelectric materials – which convert waste heat
into electricity – or materials for spintronic devices which promise
new functionality by exploiting the intrinsic spin of the electron in
charge transfer.
Ultrahigh vacuum facility for the production and study of thin layers.
Photo: Steffen Giersch

Pioneers at work: researchers at MPI-CBG reveal the barely visible. | Photo: MPI-CBG
“Best place to work”.
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics
The Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics (MPI-
CBG) was founded in 1998 and started working in its new building in
Dresden-Johannstadt in 2001. The institute combines Developmental,
Cell and Systems Biology to investigate how cells form tissues. More
specifically, researchers are interested in how the morphology of cells
and tissues emerges from the interactions between individual
molecules and cells. The research programmes span multiple scales of
magnitude, from molecular assemblies to organelles, cells, tissues,
organs and organisms. 25 research groups are currently searching for
insights into basic cellular processes using model organisms such as
nematodes, drosophila, zebrafish, and mice.
A special feature of the institute is its structure: There are no depart-
ments, but a network with a non-hierarchical structure that guaran-
tees interactions and communication amongst the research groups.
Half of the institute’s total staff of 400 is international, representing
45 nations. In 2009,
The Scientist
voted the MPI-CBG the “Best place
to work” for post-docs and academic staff. It was ranked number one
amongst the top ten research institutions outside of the USA and is
the only German institution in the top ten. In 2012, the institute re-
ceived the Innovation Award of the capital city of Dresden as the city’s
“most family-friendly company”.
44 | Dresden Science Region – Max Planck institutes
The drosophila melanogaster fruit fly helps us understand human biology: it serves as a quick and easy reference
for studying the impact of genetic defects. | Photo: MPI-CBG

Dresden Science Region – Fraunhofer institutes and establishments | 45
Research for practical applications.
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
“Cleaning test” at the Fraunhofer Institute for Process Engineering and Packaging IVV, business unit of Processing and Packaging Machinery in Dresden. | Photo: IVV
It all began with an office with a staff of three in 1949. Today, Fraun-
hofer is a vital, large and influential player in Germany’s business and
science world. It owes its name to Munich-based scholar Joseph von
Fraunhofer (1787–1826), who enjoyed equal success as a scientist,
inventor and entrepreneur.
With more than 22,000 employees, today’s
Europe’s largest organisation for applied research, currently operating
66 Fraunhofer institutes and independent research facilities. With its
central mission of “research for practical applications”, the
cooperates closely with private and public sector
clients to drive innovation and the development of key technologies.
Its research revolves around human need, in terms of health, safety,
communication, mobility, energy and the environment.
Today, the Free State of Saxony is a geographic hub of the
This success is due to the Free State’s early and decisive
commitment to making itself a welcoming location for application- and
industry-related research institutions.
Since 2003, the number of Fraunhofer institutes and facilities in
Saxony has increased from ten to currently 14. Dresden is home to 9
institutes, which makes it the city with the greatest density of Fraun-
hofer institutions in Germany. The broad spectrum of topics at Saxon
Fraunhofer institutions ranges from biological research to materials
research, traffic systems and manufacturing engineering to nano and

46 | Dresden Science Region – Fraunhofer institutes and establishments
Using clean bioenergy.
Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies and Systems IKTS
The Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies and Systems IKTS
with its two sites in Dresden and Hermsdorf (Thuringia) covers the
entire spectrum of ceramic technologies from initial basic research to
applications. At Fraunhofer IKTS scientists develop application-
related, modern ceramic high-performance materials, powder
metallurgical technologies and prototype components for industry.
Research and development projects with collaborative partners work
on concepts for materials for production and process innovation in
many economic sectors.
The institute has core competence in the development of environ-
mentally-friendly system concepts for the clean, economic produc-
tion, storage and use of energy, particularly bioenergy. At the Bio-
energy Application Centre (AZB) in Pöhl/Vogtland, Fraunhofer IKTS
researchers run a biogas pilot plant exclusively on straw, a raw mate-
rial with enormous energy potential. The biogas, which is purified
using ceramic membranes, can be used to fuel vehicles, be fed into the
natural gas grid and is suitable for the efficient, clean generation of
electricity in high-temperature fuel cells (SOFC).
Biomass fermentation plant at Fraunhofer IKTS.
Photo: IKTS
An eye to quality and durability.
At the beginning of 2014, the Dresden site of the Fraunhofer Institute
for Nondestructive Testing IZFP, a branch of Materials Diagnostics MD,
was integrated into the Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies
and Systems IKTS. Research and development activities focus on
applied microelectronics and complex sensor systems.
In the field of device manufacturing and service for materials and
component diagnostics, condition monitoring, nano-analysis and
sensors as well as bio- and environmental technology, the quality and
durability of customers’ products are secured, and production tech-
nologies in connection with assembly and packaging are optimised.
At present, Fraunhofer IKTS-MD focusses, for example, on quality
assurance in lightweight construction, the development of high-
precision testing electronics for a variety of applications, multi-scale
materials characterisation as well as life cycle management and
Fraunhofer IKTS-MD coordinates a large number of research projects
including the “Cool Silicon” cluster of excellence. This has generated
new jobs in Saxon companies and advanced innovative technologies.
Robust structural sensors and electronics. | Photo: IKTS-MD

Dresden Science Region – Fraunhofer institutes and establishments | 47
Partner for innovative coatings.
Fraunhofer Institute for Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP
The Fraunhofer Institute for Electron Beam and Plasma Technology
FEP uses and develops efficient vacuum-coating and electron beam
technologies to process materials. Sputtering technology, plasma-
activated high-rate deposition, plasma-enhanced chemical vapour
deposition (PECVD) using microwave or high frequency (HF) and
Glass substrate with transparent, conductive titanium dioxide coating –
the electrode material of the future? | Photo: Fraunhofer FEP
electron beam technology are the core competencies, which are
constantly being developed further for use in diverse branches of in-
dustry. In nearly all economic sectors, coatings and surface modifica-
tions are required for high-quality products. Mechanical engineering,
solar energy, packaging, biomedical engineering and agriculture are
just a few examples.
With its research and service portfolio, Fraunhofer FEP helps partners
in industry, small and medium-sized enterprises as well as public
sector clients to turn research into applications. The institute provides
support from the drawing-board right through to industrial im-
plementation, for instance in developing new technologies for coating
and treating large surface areas and integrating them in appropriate
systems engineering and existing production processes.
On 1 July 2014 Fraunhofer COMEDD and Fraunhofer FEP amalga mated.
OLED – the light of the future.
Fraunhofer Research Institution for Organics, Materials and Electronic Devices COMEDD
Fraunhofer COMEDD was founded as a research institution in the
in order to transfer the results of research
and development in the field of organic materials and systems to
production. The institution combines research and development to
produce electronic devices based on organic semiconductors. Fraun-
hofer COMEDD understands its mission to lie in the customised,
applied research, development and pilot production of novel module
concepts and manufacturing methods for these organic electronic
devices, especially OLED lighting, organic solar cells, and OLED micro
displays and sensors.
The institution is thus one of Europe’s leading production-related
research and development centres for organic semiconductors focus-
sing on organic light-emitting diodes and vacuum technology. In a
number of cleanrooms, the COMEDD infrastructure consists of a pilot
line for the manufacture of OLEDs on 370 x 470 mm² substrates, two
pilot lines for 200 mm wafers for OLED integration on silicon substra-
tes as well as a research line for roll-to-roll manufacture on flexible
OLED from the roll to roll process line. | Photo: COMEDD

Materials for the future.
Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM,
Dresden Branch
The Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced
Materials in Dresden specialises in basic and applied research to
develop new sintered and composite materials as well as cellular
metallic material based on innovative powder metallurgic tech-
nologies. The spectrum of activity includes the industrial implementa-
tion of research results as well as the construction of prototype
components. Solid technological and materials expertise facilitate the
development of cellular metallic and composite materials with
customised properties. Special technologies underpin materials and
component development with a focus on lightweight construction
materials, metal-matrix composites, special materials for functional
and structural applications, materials for thermal management as well
as high-temperature materials and hydrogen storage materials for
applications in traffic engineering, electronics, energy technology,
medical technology and mechanical engineering.
The Accredited Powder Metallurgy Testing Lab characterises powders
and tests sintered materials according to DIN/ISO standards.
Examples of materials, components and technologies developed at Fraunhofer
IFAM Dresden. | Collage: IFAM
Properly packaged.
Fraunhofer IVV, Branch Lab for Processing Machinery and
Packaging Technology Dresden
The Fraunhofer IVV – Branch Lab for Processing Machinery and
Packaging Technology Dresden is a specialist provider of high-quality
research and development services to industry, focussing on the
processing of natural and synthetic materials, primarily for food and
pharmaceutical production and the manufacture of packaging
systems. Activities involve an integrated approach to all automatic
processing steps, from the starting materials right through to cus-
tomised product packaging applying resource-efficient processing.
Fraunhofer IVV concentrates on industrial, market-oriented R&D,
examining in particular the needs of small and medium-sized enter-
prises as well as large concerns with the aim of transferring
fundamental research knowledge into feasible solutions as quickly as
possible. Research is conducted in fields such as thermal bonding
processes for polymer and polymer-coated packing materials, easy
open and close packaging, gentle and efficient forming of web-shaped
packaging, development of special testing and diagnostic tools,
hygienic design – especially the cleaning properties of machine
surfaces and pipework systems, cleaning monitoring and the valida-
tion of cleanability (certificate that residues remain below a certain
tolerance level).
Foil running in the web transport test rig. | Photo: IVV
48 | Dresden Science Region – Fraunhofer institutes and establishments

Applied microelectronics.
Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits IIS,
Design Automation Division EAS
The Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits IIS is one of Germany’s
most important research facilities for the development of micro-
electronic systems.
Scientists in the Design Automation Division EAS in Dresden develop
methods and tools for the reliable design of ever more complex
electronic and mechatronic systems. They thus optimise and ac-
celerate the implementation of product requirements in circuits,
devices and complex sensor systems. Another focus of activities in-
volves original innovative developments in fields such as image sensor
technology or building energy management systems. One of the key
research objectives is to close the gap between novel production tech-
nologies and system design.
The institution is connected with other research institutions both
nationally and internationally and is involved in a host of standardi-
sation activities. The results of its work flow into areas like communi-
cations technology, automotive engineering and automation technology.
Working with the COSIDE® design environment. | Photo: Jürgen Lösel
Dresden Science Region – Fraunhofer institutes and establishments | 49
Customised light.
Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology IWS
Laser and surface technology are the focus of work at the Fraunhofer
Institute for Material and Beam Technology IWS. The development of
technologies and systems using tailored laser light and the production
of functional surfaces are exciting research areas with great potential
for the future.
The research and development conducted at Fraunhofer IWS is based
on sound expertise in materials science combined with extensive tech-
nical capabilities for materials and component characterisation.
Materials are a key element of today’s manufacturing technology,
whilst nanotechnology is increasingly gaining importance in both
materials development and manufacturing. Fraunhofer IWS Dresden
has established and expanded its core competence in both areas.
Fraunhofer IWS works closely together with equipment and system
manufacturers to offer customers one-stop solutions that are usually
derived from novel concepts, based on an integrated analysis of
manufacturing systems, processes, materials and component per-
formance. IWS continuously expands its facilities to guarantee
efficient project execution utilising state-of-the-art equipment at the
highest level.
Laser beam hardening of turbine blades. | Photo: Jürgen Jeibmann

Designing environmetally-friendly mobility.
Fraunhofer Institute for Transportation and Infrastructure Systems IVI
The Fraunhofer Institute for Transportation and Infrastructure Systems
IVI is home of the world’s longest bus and the octocopter HORUS, a
flying sensor platform for photo and video recordings. The institute,
founded in 1999, was originally a branch of the Fraunhofer Institute
for Information and Data Processing in Karlsruhe, specialising in
process control. With four departments and two research groups, the
institute employs more than 80 researchers and cooperates with TU
Dresden and
TU Bergakademie Freiberg.
It is equipped with efficient
laboratory facilities, innovative test platforms and vehicles, state-of-
the-art IT structures, and, since 2013, new technical facilities with an
adjacent vehicle test track.
The institute’s research and development topics range from electro-
mobility, traffic planning, traffic ecology, and traffic information via
vehicle propulsion, sensor technologies and traffic telematics to infor-
mation and communication as well as disposition and logistics.
Fraunhofer IVI has attracted widespread interest with its electronic
ticketing application, its mobile public transport navigation solution
SMART-WAY and its cross-border disaster prevention system. Recently,
the 30.7 m long AutoTram® Extra Grand – the world’s longest bus –
which is equipped with hybrid propulsion technology and an electronic
multi-axle steering system, has been the particular focus of attention.
Where light is shaped.
Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems IPMS
The 220 employees of the Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Micro-
systems IPMS conduct research in electronic, mechanical and optical
components and their integration into the tiniest ‘intelligent’ devices
and systems. Fraunhofer IPMS’s particular expertise lies in the use of
light, i.e. the application of optical properties and components, and
their developments are implemented in areas as diverse as semi-
conductor lithography, food control, medical technology and optical
The focus of the development and production services lies in the
industrial application of unique technological know-how in the fields
of (optical) micro-electromechanical systems and wireless micro-
systems. The portfolio of services ranges from idea via product deve-
lopment to serial pilot production in the in-house cleanroom – from
a single component to a complete system solution. The Fraunhofer
Institute for Photonic Microsystems IPMS has an annual research
budget of 24 million Euro, more than two-thirds of which is covered
by commissions from industry and publicly financed projects.
On 1 January 2013, the Fraunhofer Centre for Nanoelectronic Tech-
nologies CNT became a department of Fraunhofer IPMS. Some 50
scientists work on nano- and microelectronics in the fields of func-
tional electronic materials, processes and systems, device and integra-
tion, maskless lithography and analytics. For this purpose, approx.
800 m² of cleanroom space has been made available on the Infineon
site in Dresden.
Testing microsystem components in the cleanroom.
Photo: Fraunhofer IPMS
AutoTram® Extra Grand. | Photo: Fraunhofer IVI/Elke Sähn
50 | Dresden Science Region – Fraunhofer institutes and establishments

Key to a smart world.
Fraunhofer Institute for Reliability and Microintegration –
Centre “All Silicon System Integration Dresden – ASSID”
Whether for fast data processing in medical equipment or the energy-
efficient steering of e-cars, microelectronic systems are required to be
ever tinier and more energy efficient, to perform better and to
combine even more functions. 3D system integration is a key techno-
logy which enables the three-dimensional assembly of the most
diverse electronic components (sensors, ASICS, memories, etc.) in a
miniaturised system in package (SiP).
The centre “All Silicon System Integration Dresden – ASSID” has
Germany’s first complete 300(200)mm process line for the develop-
ment and prototype production of electronic 3D systems. The elec-
trical connection is provided by copper-metalised through-silicon vias
(TSVs). The line conception allows both the application-related
develop ment of processes and the qualification and prototype pro-
duction, amongst others for 3D wafer level system in packages (SiPs),
CSP under industrial conditions. Thus in projects, too, scientists at
IZM-ASSID are able to elaborate customised solutions for the very
different clients in industry and research, drive forward system solu-
tions and develop innovative 3D systems in cooperation with other
scientific institutions. It was in the context of the ENIAC JU-Project
JEMSIP_3D, for example, that the first successful demonstration of 3D
Cu-TSV technology on an active wafer (Co. NXP) was conducted in
Heterogeneous 3D system integration on 300mm wafers.
3D TSV chip, tenfold
Dresden Science Region – Fraunhofer institutes and establishments | 51
ASSID, as part of Fraunhofer IZM, and, since 2009, a regular feature of
the Dresden research landscape, has established itself not only as a
competent partner in networks and collaborations but also as a reliable
service provider.

Combining basic research
and applications.
The Leibniz Association
Detail of microscope, Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research Dresden | Photo: Jürgen Jeibmann Photographik, Dresden
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, who has the reputation of being perhaps
the last universal genius, is the man after whom the Leibniz Associa-
tion is named. A good choice, especially as the Leibniz Association
incorporates the very quality of universality that has become the
hallmark of scholars. The Leibniz Association connects 89 independent
research institutions that range in focus from the natural, engineering
and environmental sciences via economics, spatial and social sciences
to the humanities. Leibniz institutes – which employ some 17,500
staff, including more than 8,000 researchers – conduct knowledge-
driven and applied basic research (Figures/source: Leibniz Association
Annual Report 2014). Leibniz institutions cooperate intensively with
one another as well as with universities, institutes and other research
organisations, private sector enterprises, state institutions and social
organisations at national and international level.
The Leibniz Association institutes in Saxony are of supreme importance
to the Free State due to their size, structure and focus. They help to
shape the research landscape in the Dresden/Leipzig area by their po-
tential in materials and environmental research. Thanks to the combi-
nation of basic and applied research they are important partners for
universities and innovative companies.
Since 1 January 2009, the former State Natural History Collections in
Dresden and the Natural History Museum in Görlitz have been part of
Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung
(with headquarters
in Frankfurt/Main). As such, they are also members of the Leibniz
52 | Dresden Science Region – Leibniz institutes

Dresden Science Region – Leibniz institutes | 53
For the quality of life in cities and regions.
Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development
Sustainable environmental development and its concomitant global
and local challenges are the issues addressed by the Leibniz Institute
of Ecological Urban and Regional Development IOER Dresden. IOER
investigates how cities and regions can be developed at a reasonable
cost in order to offer the population a high quality of life and nature
with the necessary scope to flourish. It also conducts research on the
efficient use of resources, on reducing land use and on providing
appropriate measures to prevent environmental risks.
Established in 1992, the institute has some 120 staff from different
disciplines, which facilitates the analysis of urban, regional and en-
vironmental development from varying perspectives. IOER cooperates
closely with practitioners, for example in drawing up an integrated
climate change adaptation programme for the Dresden region. On the
basis of its findings, the institute advises government and society.
IOER is actively involved in the DRESDEN-concept, an association of
research institutes located in the Dresden region, and promotes young
scientists. Together with TU Dresden it has established an internatio-
nal graduate school (DLGS) to examine issues relating to the resilience
of cities and regions.
Research for the future: IOER’s work is of major importance to future generations.
During the Long Night of Science the institute therefore offers insights into
ecological spatial development.| Photo: IOER/Ludewig
Top: Committed to ecology: the institute building was extended using passive
building technology, which won IOER the European Commission’s Green Building
Award. It is certified as operating on the ECOPROFIT model.
Photo: IOER/Tramsen

Innovative materials and technologies.
Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research Dresden
The Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research Dresden (IPF) is one of the
largest polymer research facilities in Germany.
The institute’s scientists and engineers work together closely both
with one another and with partners in the local DRESDEN-concept as
well as with research groups worldwide on fundamental innovations
for materials, technology, and systems development. Fields such as
medicine, sensor technology, communication technology, light-weight
construction, mobility and energy all benefit from this research.
Car tires that provide comfort and safety as well as lower environ-
mental impact during production and use; composite materials that
enable significantly lighter and more energy-efficient construction
components; ‘smart’ fibre-reinforced plastics und textiles with in-
tegrated sensors to monitor structural health; charged polymers for
reliable, efficient, and environmentally-conscious separation proces-
ses and wastewater remediation; novel polymer structures for organic
photovoltaics and electronics or for drug delivery systems; films that
repel water or bacteria by mimicking structures found in nature;
polymer layers for the construction of cell culture devices that allow
lab-based tracking of biomolecular and physical signals of a cell’s
natural microenvironment - these are just a few examples that show
the broad scope and high impact of research topics at IPF.
Novel functional polymers are synthesized for hightech applications in medicine
(e. g. transport and controlled release of drugs within the organism),
organic electronics (e.g. polymeric transistors), or sensor technology.
Photo: Jürgen Jeibmann Photographik, Dresden
Searching for new materials.
Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden
Modern materials science based on fundamental physics and
chemistry: research work at the Leibniz Institute for Solid State and
Materials Research Dresden covers a wide range of activities from
basic research in physics and chemistry to the technological develop-
ment of new materials and products.
The research programme focusses on physical and chemical pheno-
mena in solids that may and can be used for applications in new
functional materials. In particular, it addresses materials that exhibit
special physical or chemical properties due to quantum mechanical
phenomena like superconductivity and magnetism, and nanoscale
materials, such as metallic glasses, nanoparticle, nanotubes, nano-
wires and rolled-up nanomembranes,
The institute is also tasked with the advanced training of junior
scientists and technical staff as well as transferring the institute’s
research outcomes to industry. IFW Dresden is a legally independent
non-university research institute and a member of the Leibniz As-
The electronic structure of new materials is investigated in a vacuum,
at low temperatures and high magnetic fields. | Photo: IFW Dresden
54 | Dresden Science Region – Leibniz institutes

6.5 million objects of research.
The Senckenberg Natural History Collections Dresden
The Senckenberg Natural History Collections Dresden form one of the
oldest natural history museums in the world. Their roots can be traced
back to the art and natural history collections of August, Elector of
Saxony (1526-1586). With some 80 employees, the institute has been
part of the
Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung
since 2009
and thus a member of the Leibniz Association.
Approximately 6.5 million objects, covering most fields of organic and
inorganic nature, are used for purposes of documentation, presenta-
tion and exploration of the geological and biological evolution and
diversity of the Earth, as well as to conserve original items. These
scientific collections are an essential element in addressing the most
important challenges of the present day, such as biodiversity- and
climate research, understanding relations and dependences in nature
and for application as future life models.
The Museum of Zoology has nine departments and three special sec-
tions, a modern molecular genetic laboratory, and a preparation labo-
ratory for large animals. With name-bearing types of more than
14,000 species, the collections are internationally relevant. Research
centres on taxonomy, phylogeny, phylogeography, and population
genetics of molluscs, insects, and vertebrates.
The research focus of the Museum of Mineralogy and Geology is
geobiodiversity. Fossilised traces of life in the Earth’s history are the
research base for palaeozoology and palaeobotany. Isotope geo-
chemical and sedimentary studies combined with basin analyses and
palaeogeography, as well as mineral topography, specialised
mineralogy, and gemmology, are also core themes. Modern methods
such as isotope-based age determination of minerals (LA-ICP-MS
techniques for U/Pb ages on zircon and other minerals) help to define
sediment provenance areas and unravel uplift histories of rock com-
Collaborative projects with university and non-university institutions
on six continents emphasize the international importance of the
Senckenberg Natural History Collections Dresden. Involvement in
university teaching and supervision (Bachelor’s, Master’s and doctoral
students) ensures that junior scientific staff receive a solid academic
Research results are communicated to the public in an easily com-
prehensible form at exhibitions in the Japanese Palace as well as
touring exhibitions.
An impression of the “Biodiversity Today” exhibition | Photo: Steffen Giersch
Reptile and amphibian collection. | Photo: Senckenberg

The fascination of nature. Research for the future.
The Senckenberg Museum of Natural History Görlitz
Predatory mammals, various groups of soil animals, ants, fossils,
minerals, vascular plants, fungi and lichens: its extensive scientific
collections with about 6.5 million objects form the basis of all re-
search activities at the Senckenberg Museum in Görlitz. More than 40
scientists from around the world investigate the diversity of life –
with one ambitious goal: to preserve biodiversity on Earth and develop
strategies for the sustainable use of our planet. As the leading re-
search institution in the border triangle between Germany, the Czech
Republic and Poland, Senckenberg Görlitz is a driving force in natural
history research and science communication both within and beyond
national borders.
Natural history research has a long tradition in Germany‘s eastern-
most city: the people of Görlitz have been exploring the diversity of
Earth since 1811. In 1860, they opened one of the oldest public natural
history museums in Germany, and in 2009, the former State Museum
of Saxony became part of a unique research institution, the Sencken-
berg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung, and thus a member of the
Leibniz Association.
What makes Senckenberg Görlitz so special is its expertise in soil
zoology. Using state-of-the-art technologies, biologists in seven de-
partments study the biodiversity and ecological significance of soil
organisms. Research also focusses, for example, on the speciation of
ants, the evolution of mating behaviour and reproduction in slugs, as
well as geological phenomena such as volcanism. The analysis of the
feeding habits of central European wolf packs is of particular rele-
vance to Saxony and Germany as a whole. Amongst other things, the
museum’s botanists investigate the impact of global change on the
vegetation of Tibet.
Senckenberg Görlitz is particularly engaged in the education of young
scientists – in academic teaching as well as in the mentoring of Ph.D.
students. At the same time, modern exhibitions in the heart of the city
of Görlitz showcase research results, ensuring the transfer of know-
ledge to a broad general public. The museum’s touring exhibitions
reach hundreds of thousands of people across Europe.
A scientist in the field collecting the droppings of Lusatian wolves to analyse their
feeding habits. | Photo: Senckenberg
Children at the exhibitions: the most important visitors. | Photo: Andrzej Paczos
56 | Dresden Science Region – Leibniz institutes

Dresden Science Region – Free State financed research institutions
| 57
Unique collections – available online.
The Institute of Saxon History and Cultural Anthropology
Investigating the history and everyday life of Saxony is the aim of the
Institute of Saxon History and Cultural Anthropology. The institute
was founded in 1997, based on an act of the Saxon state parliament.
Cultural exchange with its neighbours, Poland and the Czech Republic,
is an important field of study. The focus of basic research lies in the
documentation of sources, from the edition of documents on the
mediaeval history of Saxony or the letters of Elisabeth of Saxony,
dating from the Protestant Reformation, to currently collected data,
such as interviews or photographs. The institute runs numerous con-
ferences on the history and culture of Saxony to connect science and
society. In addition, ISGV provides expert support for regional ex-
hibitions in Saxony and Brandenburg as well as museum projects in
Saxony and the Czech Republic. It also edits three publication series
and two journals. Furthermore, ISGV publishes its outcomes on the
internet: the
Sächsische Biografie,
Historisches Ortsverzeichnis
von Sachsen,
Lebensgeschichtliches Archiv für Sachsen
and the
digital image archive
Visuelle Quellen zur Volkskultur in Sachsen
are all
freely available for download.
The “Sächsische Biografie” – the online encyclopaedia on Saxon history – includes
information on more than 10,000 important figures from the Middle Ages to
the present-day Free State of Saxony. In addition to a database with extensive
research options a constantly increasing number of encyclopaedia entries on
personalities from all walks of life – science and art, politics and administration,
business and technology, trade and transport, schools, churches and social life –
are available to download.
Sorbian culture, language, history.
The Sorbian Institute/Serbski institut, Bautzen/Budyšin
The language, history and culture of the Sorbs (Wends) in Upper and
Lower Lusatia are the objects of study at the Sorbian Institute/
In the library and archive the relevant manuscripts and
documents are collected, prepared for research purposes and made
available to the public. The institute also actively records cultural and
historical monuments. With its combination of scholarly research and
practical support for preserving ethnic identity, the institute’s strategy
is unique.
The minority institute, based in Bautzen with a working section in
Cottbus, was founded on 1 January 1992. It is an association, estab-
lished by the Free State of Saxony and the State of Brandenburg, with
antecedents in the
Institut für sorbische Volksforschung,
a research
institute in the GDR Academy of Sciences, which was active from 1951
to 1991. Since 1993, the institute has received institutional funding
from the Foundation for the Sorbian Nation. The staff teach at univer-
sities and institutions of higher education, especially in Saxony and
Brandenburg. Every two years, the institute hosts a renowned inter-
national summer school for Sorbian language and culture.
Photo: Archive TMGS/Rainer Weisflog

| Dresden Science Region – Free State financed research institutions
Investigating dictatorships.
Hannah Arendt Institute for Research on Totalitarianism at TU Dresden
Shortly after German reunification and the foundation of the Free
State of Saxony, the Saxon parliament decided to establish the
Hannah Arendt Institute for Research on Totalitarianism (HAIT). The
name was chosen in honour of the German-Jewish emigrée philo-
sopher and political scientist, Hannah Arendt (1906–1975), whose
works vividly demonstrate that dictatorships with a totalitarian inten-
tion destroy the very meaning of politics, which is freedom.
The Institute devotes itself to the systematic research of Communism
and National Socialism, ideological dictatorships which crucially
shaped the 20th century and still have an impact to the present day.
In addition to the interdisciplinary analysis of the political and social
structures of the two dictatorships in Germany, the institute’s statutes
also stipulate that it should investigate the resistance against tyranny
and pay tribute to the victims. Comparative perspectives of other
fascist and socialist state systems complement research on dictator-
ships in Germany.
Other fields of research include comparative studies of post-socialist
transformation processes from dictatorship to democracy in eastern
Central Europe since 1989/90. Critical scrutiny of political extremism
in the past and present is also an important activity at the Hannah
Arendt Institute.
HAIT’s specialist library comprises some 48,500 volumes and is open to the public.
Photo: Steffen Giersch
Future nanoelectronic products.
NaMLab (Nanoelectronic Materials Laboratory) gGmbH
The Nanoelectronic Materials Laboratory gGmbH (NaMLab), an
institute affiliated to TU Dresden, conducts application-related
research in material sciences for electronic applications in the nano-
meter range. The institute focusses on the development of materials
for reconfigurable and energy-efficient semiconductors of the future.
Ever smaller structures in the semiconductor industry, which, in just a
Coating silicon wafers in the NaMLab cleanroom.
Photo: Uwe Schröder/NaMLab
few years, will be found in the range of just a few atomic layers, need
new, dedicated materials. NaMLab develops these materials, integrates
them in components and investigates their electrical and structural
properties. The discovery of ferroelectricity in hafnium oxide, for
example, was used to make the world’s smallest storage device in this
field. By using silicon wires with a diameter of just 30 silicon atoms
universal transistors can be manufactured.
In October 2013, the Saxony GaN Research Centre was opened in
Freiberg. At this branch of NaMLab gGmbH, the institute works
together with the Freiberg Compound Materials GmbH and the TU
Bergakademie Freiberg on gallium nitride and its potential as one of
the semiconductor materials of the future. To this end, power
transistors are fabricated and characterised on GaN substrates
produced by this Saxon manufacturer.

Dresden Science Region – Free State financed research institutions
| 59
Expertise in radiation protection.
VKTA – Radiation Protection, Analytics
Disposal Rossendorf Inc.
Starting in 1992, the VKTA – Radiation Protection, Analytics
Rossendorf Inc. was commissioned by the Free State of Saxony to
decommission the old nuclear power plants at the Dresden-Rossen-
dorf research facility. This includes the safe disposal of residues and
radioactive waste. As well as its decommis sioning activities, VKTA is
also responsible for radiation protection at the Dresden-Rossendorf
research site.
In addition to the dosimetric monitoring of people and facilities
(dosimeters measure exposure to radiation), VKTA operates an incor-
poration measuring point. Another important task is the monitoring
of radioactive emissions and immissions in and around the Rossen-
dorf research site. In this process, flue exhaust air and wastewater are
continuously monitored and documented to ensure they comply with
specified limits for the discharge of radioactive substances.
VKTA’s experts also regularly take part in national and international
studies and research projects on security-related topics. On top of
these various tasks, the staff – currently a team of approximately 100
highly qualified scientists, engineers, lawyers, laboratory assistants,
technicians and students – are involved in intensive professional edu-
cation and training.
For specific tasks and advanced measurement methods and analytical
processes there is an accredited laboratory for environmental and
radionuclide analysis.
Radiation protection measurement:
decommissioned waste at the Rossendorf interim
storage facility. | Photos: Jan Gutzeit
The facilities, measuring and technical equipment are specifically designed
to determine radio activity.

in the Dresden Science Region
Universities, colleges and research institutions
Universities and colleges
Technische Universität Dresden
p. 26
Dresden Academy of Fine Arts
p. 30
Carl Maria von Weber University of Music Dresden
p. 32
Palucca Hochschule für Tanz Dresden
p. 33
Dresden University of Applied Sciences
p. 34
Zittau/Görlitz University of Applied Sciences
p. 36
University medical institutions
Carl Gustav Carus Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus
p. 29
University of Cooperative Education
University of Cooperative Education Dresden
p. 18
University of Cooperative Education Bautzen
p. 18
University of Cooperative Education Riesa
p. 18
United Nations University
p. 16
Helmholtz institutions
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden Rossendorf
p. 39
Sites of German Centres for Health Research
The German Centre for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) – Dresden site
p. 17, 40
German Centre for Diabetes Research – Paul Langerhans Institute Dresden
p. 17, 40
German Consortium for Translational Cancer Research - University CancerCentre Dresden
p. 17, 41
Max Planck institutes
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems
p. 43
Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids
p. 43
Max Planck Institute of Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics
p. 44
Fraunhofer institutes and establishments
Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies and Systems IKTS
p. 46
Fraunhofer Institute for Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP
p. 47
Fraunhofer Research Institution for Organics, Materials and Electronic Devices COMEDD
p. 47
Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Advanced Materials IFAM, Dresden Branch
p. 48
Fraunhofer IVV, Branch Lab for Processing Machinery and Packaging Technology Dresden
p. 48
Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits IIS, Design Automation Division EAS
p. 49
Fraunhofer-Institut für Werkstoff- und Strahltechnik IWS
p. 49
Fraunhofer Institute for Transportation and Infrastructure Systems IVI
p. 50
Fraunhofer Institute for Photonic Microsystems IPMS
p. 50
Fraunhofer Institute for Reliability and Microintegration –
Center “All Silicon System Integration Dresden - ASSID”
p. 51
60 | Dresden Science Region

Universities, colleges and research institutions
Leibniz institutes and Senckenberg museums
Leibniz Institute of Ecological Urban and Regional Development
p. 53
Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research Dresden
p. 54
Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden
p. 54
The Senckenberg Natural History Collections Dresden
p. 55
The Senckenberg Museum of Natural History Görlitz
p. 56
Ifo Institute – Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich;
Free State financed research institutions
The Institute of Saxon History and Cultural Anthropology
p. 57
The Sorbian Institute/Serbski institut, Bautzen/Budyšin
p. 57
Hannah Arendt Institute for Research on Totalitarianism at TU Dresden
p. 58
NaMLab (Nanoelectronic Materials Laboratory) gGmbH
p. 58
VKTA – Radiation Protection, Analytics
Disposal Rossendorf Inc.
p. 59
Affiliated institutes at universities / TU Dresden
Institute of dendrochronology, Tree Maintenance and Wood Management Tharandt
German Institute of Direct Democracy in Factual Cases
Dresden International University GmbH
Europäisches Institut für postgraduale Bildung
Institut zur Erforschung und Erschließung der Alten Musik in Dresden e.V.
SMM Structure and Material Mechanic Research GmbH Dresden –
Technical University Dresden Affiliated Institute
Institute for Research and Development of Musical Instruments
Life Science Inkubator Sachsen GmbH
Co. KG
Hannah Arendt Institute for Research on Totalitarianism) at TU Dresden
p. 58
NaMLab (Nanoelectronic Materials Laboratory) gGmbH
p. 58
Institut für Holztechnologie Dresden gemeinnützige GmbH
p. 58
Research Centres at Universities of Applied Sciences
Centre for Applied Research and Technology at Dresden University of Applied Sciences
p. 35
Cluster of Exzellence
Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden – TU Dresden (cfaed)
p. 13, 27
DFG-Research Center for Regenerative Therapies Dresden –
Cluster of Exzellence (CRTD)
p. 13, 22,
International Graduate School for Biomedicine and Bioengineering (DIGS-BB)
p. 13, 27
Saxon Excellence Initiative
European Centre for Emerging Materials and Processes Dresden – TU Dresden
p. 22
OncoRay – National Center for Radiation Research in Oncology – TU Dresden
p. 22
Dresden Science Region | 61

A 13
A 4
A 14
A 4
A 38
A 4
A 9
A 72
A 72
For an overview of the institutions in the Chemnitz Science Region,
please refer to p. 72 ff.
Fraunhofer institutes
Number of institutions
Universities of Applied Sciences
University of Cooperative Education
Leibniz institutes
Free State financed
research institutions
Affiliated institutes at universities

Science Region
The Department of Lightweight Structures and Polymer Technology at TU Chemnitz
and the Fraunhofer Institute for Electronic Nano Systems cooperate on research in
the field of mechanical sensor and actor systems. | Photo: Hendrik Schmidt


Chemnitz Science Region – University | 65
Excellent in many ways.
Technische Universität Chemnitz
Situated in the heart of the metropolitan science region of Chemnitz,
Technische Universität
(TU) Chemnitz
is home to more than 11,000 students from 75 countries. With some 2,000
academic, technical and administrative staff, TU Chemnitz is one of the leading employers in
the region. Today, TU Chemnitz stands for distinctly-profiled, top-level research. The scientists
in its key research areas, such as Energy-Efficient Production Processes, Smart Systems and
Materials and Human Factors in Technology, work on solutions for the challenges of tomorrow.
The central topic in economic and social developments is added value, which is particularly
influenced by momentous changes in globalisation, demographics and the availability of re-
sources. By interconnecting these key research areas, TU Chemnitz has created a constellation
of expertise that spans all of its eight faculties and is unique in Germany. Chemnitz is now on
its way to becoming an internationally highly competitive research hub for future value crea-
tion processes.
The Federal Cluster of Excellence Merge Technologies for Multifunctional Lightweight Structu-
res (MERGE) undertakes fundamental research in the key research area of Energy-Efficient
Production Processes. With funding of 34 million Euros, this Cluster of Excellence is the only
one in Germany dedicated to the trend-setting technology field of Lightweight Engineering.
The breeding ground for this great success story was provided by the Saxon State Cluster of
Excellence Energy-efficient Product and Process Innovations in Production Engineering (eni-
PROD), which was established jointly with the Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and
Forming Technology (IWU). Three DFG-funded Collaborative Research Centres on intelligent
materials and energy-efficient production technologies complement this field.
Within the key research area “Smart Systems and Materials”, scientists at TU Chemnitz are also
involved in the Federal Cluster of Excellence “Center for Advancing Electronics Dresden” (cfAED).
Further input is provided by the Niño System Integration Network of Excellence (Nanett),
funded by the Federal Government, as well as by the high-performance cluster COOL SILICON
“Energy Efficiency Innovations from Silicon Saxony”. Several DFG Researcher Groups are work-
ing in this field. In addition, TU Chemnitz will be the home of the “Center for Materials,
Architectures and Integration of Nanomembranes” (MAIN), which is unique in Europe.
Top researchers from Germany and abroad work within the Federal Cluster of Excellence “Technology Fusion for Multi-Functional Lightweight Structures” | Photo: Hendrik Schmidt
Exploring scenarios with digital human models in the
Virtual Reality Lab in the Department of Computer
Graphics and Visualisation at TU Chemnitz.
Photo: Wolfgang Thieme
p. 64: The “cleanest room” at TU Chemnitz
is located in the Centre for Microtechnologies.
Photo: Jürgen Lösel

Transdisciplinary cooperation is one of the main features of
Technische Universität Chemnitz,
and that is also true for the key research area “Human Factors in Technology”, represented for
example by the Competence Centre “Virtual Humans” and the DFG Graduate School “Connect-
ing virtual and real social worlds”.
Junior researchers enjoy excellent support and career opportunities in several (international)
junior research groups. For instance, TU cooperates with Chinese partners in its international
Graduate School “Materials and Concepts for Advanced Interconnects and Nanosystems”.
Another future-oriented feature of TU Chemnitz are its increasing connections with businesses
and extramural research institutions in the Chemnitz metropolitan science region. In close
cooperation with non-university research institutions and TU-affiliated institutes as well as the
City of Chemnitz and business partners, the university provides an ideal environment that
combines practice-related training with basic and applied research. The start-up network of TU
Chemnitz, SAXEED, and the Technology Centre Chemnitz provide advice and support services
to young entrepreneurs in order to facilitate a smooth transition from the lecture hall to
operating their own business. So far, 168 start-ups have been launched, generating about
800 new jobs, which has earned TU Chemnitz its reputation as one of Germany’s leading uni-
versities for prospective entrepreneurs.
Networking is crucial for TU Chemnitz. One example is the Smart Systems Campus, which was
built very near the university campus and is now the location of the newly-constructed Insti-
tute of Physics, including a cleanroom at the Centre for Microtechnologies, as well as the
Fraunhofer Institute for Electronic Nano systems ENAS, a “start-up” building and commercial
On the international level, TU Chemnitz cooperates with 126 partner institutions in 39 coun-
tries, including the 20-member international university network Academic Consortium for the
21st Century (AC21).
About 2,500 students were enrolled in Bachelor’s or Master’s programmes for the first time in
the winter semester 2013/2014. The university offers a total of 35 Bachelor’s and 50 Master’s
programmes, which have a strong transdisciplinary focus. A new course of study leading to a
degree has been introduced to train teachers at primary/elementary level.
TU Chemnitz is determined to provide ideal general conditions for its students. For this reason
its development agenda includes a comprehen sive action plan to further strengthen its suc-
cess- and demand-oriented teaching by a distinctive graduate profile. An extensive quality
campaign has been launched to achieve this goal with the support of the Federal Ministry of
Education and Research within the project “Quality Pact for Teaching” as well as the Saxon
Centre for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, which is funded by the Saxon State
Ministry for Higher Education, Research and the Arts.
In order to further enhance the attractiveness of the city of Chemnitz as “the place to learn,
live and work”, the
Alte Aktienspinnerei
(Old Spinning Mill) will be transformed into the new
Central University Library and other university institutions will be located along the tram route
included in the “Chemnitz Model”, a plan for reorganising public transport in Chemnitz. Finally,
TU Chemnitz was certified as a family-friendly university for the third time in 2012.
The Central Lecture Hall and Seminar Building at
TU Chemnitz provides space for 2,576 people in eight
lecture halls and ten seminar rooms.
Photo: Dirk Hanus
The State Cluster of Excellence Energy-efficient
Product and Process Innovations in Production
Engineering (eniPROD) investigates the visualisation
of energy flow as a milestone towards an emission-
neutral factory.
Photos: Wolfgang Thieme/Jürgen Lösel

Producing engineers with research expertise.
Westsächsische Hochschule Zwickau
The beginnings of the
Westsächsische Hochschule Zwickau
(WHZ) date back to the 15th
century. Today, it still enjoys an excellent reputation, not only as a factory for engineers, but in
general as a university of applied sciences in the fields of Technology, Business and Quality of
In summer 2012, WHZ celebrated its 20th anniversary as a university of applied sciences. These
two decades may seem like a very short time in Zwickau‘s 150-year history as a centre for
student education, but they were years of rapid growth. Never before has there been such a
wide range of courses, never have there been so many students from so many different
countries enrolled at the university, and never has the income from third-party funding been
higher. In 2013 the university conducted research in third-party projects to the tune of
7.21 mil lion Euros. This makes WHZ one of the strongest research universities of applied scien-
ces in Germany.
WHZ offers science-based, practice-related education to about 5,000 students in 40 courses of
study. A sophisticated infrastructure featuring state-of-the-art facilities and equipment, as
well as excellent relations between students and teaching staff guarantee a maximum level of
personal guidance and a friendly, warm atmosphere. New courses of study, newly-founded
institutes, and ultimately, the construction or refurbishment of numerous university buildings
have reshaped the university’s image in the past few years and extended its academic range
even further.
WHZ conducts application-related research in order to secure the long-term sustainability of
its capabilities in teaching and learning and to make its own contribution to the development
of the region by taking on research and development contracts for business partners.
Traditionally, the hallmark of research in Zwickau were innovative solutions for the develop-
ment and construction of motor vehicles. Recent years have seen this research spectrum grow
tremendously, with key areas in applied engineering.
Chemnitz Science Region – Universities of Applied Sciences | 67
An important factor in university research is the Re-
search and Transfer Centre e.V. (FTZ), established in No-
vember 1994. FTZ operates as an independent institu-
tion, cooperating closely with WHZ on the basis of a
collaborative agreement and contributing independent,
practice-related, flexible and market-related
ment work and transfer to practical applications. FTZ
caters specifically to the region’s small and medium-
sized enterprises, which usually cannot afford either the
costly R&D
or the sophisticated lab and test field
nology required for innovative product and process
development themselves.
The electric racing cars of the WHZ Formula-Student Team rank third in the world. | Photo: Westsächsische Hochschule Zwickau

The following research areas have been established at the university: Innovative Automobile
and Mechanical Engineering, Smart Technologies, Products and Services; Development of Sur-
face Technologies, Microsystems and Materials, Intelligent Solutions for Electrical Engineering
and Computer Science, Management and Information Concepts for Network Systems, Health,
Social Work and Nursing; Architecture, Applied Arts and Manufacturing Musical Instruments,
as well as Creating Economic Development Potential with a Regional Focus.
Three research profile lines have been created in order to further sharpen the research profile
in the medium term: mobility and vehicles under the motto “Innovation Meets Tradition”;
making energy-efficiency climate-friendly and affordable; and securing health care from a
technological, social and economic perspective.
Engine test bench in the Department of Automotive
Engineering. | Photos: WHZ
Physical Technology course, focus area: Energy and
the Environment (Department of Physical Technology/
Computer Sciences).

High energies – small structures.
Hochschule Mittweida – University of Applied Sciences
Hochschule Mittweida
– University of Applied Sciences combines a tradition that spans three
centuries with a clear, future-looking focus through its interdisciplinary courses of study, its
close cooperation with industry in the region, and its strong emphasis on research. Mittweida
University is one of the universities of applied sciences with the strongest research focus. Its
field of excellence is laser technology.
Engineers and physicists in the university’s Laser Institute, amongst them many Bachelor’s and
Master’s students of Laser Technology, investigate possible uses of laser radiation in rapid
micro-tooling for the fast manufacturing of microstructures in diverse applications, such as
tool manufacturing, or in microsystems technology. Mittweida University conducts research in
pulsed laser deposition of super-hard thin layers for application in anti-wear- and anti-slip-
protection, or in high-rate, high-productivity laser processing. Apart from this, nano- and
micro-laser processing will also gain momentum using Spintronics, which can accurately
deposit magnetic layers on the nanometre scale, create precise structures with ultra-short
laser pulses, and selectively magnetise them in a novel laser radiation procedure. Further key
focus areas are the development of laser components and fibre lasers as well as computer
simulation. At present, more than 30 laser facilities are available. From 2016, the new building
of the Laser Research Centre will further improve the teaching and research environment.
The Excellence Area of laser research at Mittweida University is based in the Faculty of Mathe-
matics/Natural Sciences/Information Technology. Just as in the other five Faculties – Electrical
and Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Economics, Social Work and Media – re-
search and teaching are closely interlinked. At an early stage, students can become practically
involved in small study groups within their courses, many of which are interdisciplinary.
Individual mentoring, modern equipment and close contact between students and professors
ensure that students can personalise their learning and research according to their own
interests and talents. Students and business both benefit from the school’s close cooperation
with companies in the region.
The campus at the heart of the university town of Mittweida will expand considerably in 2014
with the new Centre for Media and Social Work, and in 2016 with the new Laser Research
Chemnitz Science Region – Universities of Applied Sciences | 69
Working at the laser micro-sintering machine in the Laser Institute at the Hochschule Mittweida. | Photo: Mittweida University
Over the past few years, the University has con-
sistently developed and extended its application-rela-
ted, interdisciplinary research profile: 1. Laser
logies, Product and Process Development; 2. Smart
Systems in Technology and the Natural Sciences; 3. In-
novative Media Technologies 4. Challenges of Econo-
mic and Social Change.

70 | Chemnitz Science Region – Fraunhofer institutes
From idea to tested prototype.
Fraunhofer Institute for Electronic Nano Systems ENAS
The Fraunhofer Institute for Electronic Nano Systems ENAS in Chem-
nitz focusses on research and development in the field of smart
systems integration using micro and nano technologies. Today, smart
systems are integral parts of many products. Applications range from
semiconductor technologies via medical engineering, mechanical
engineering, the automotive industry and logistics to aerospace.
Fraunhofer ENAS offers comprehensive research and development
services from the idea to the tested prototype. The institute’s product
and service portfolio covers high-precision sensors for industrial
applications, sensor and actuator systems with control units and
evaluation electronics, printed functionalities such as antennas or
batteries, 3D integration, as well as material and reliability research
for microelectronics and microsystems technology. The focus of
development is on micro and nano sensors, methods and technologies
for system integration, as well as new sensor and system concepts
based on innovative material systems.
Efficient and sustainable production.
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU
“Research for the Future” is the creed of the Fraunhofer Institute for
Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU. For more than 20 years,
it has successfully conducted application-oriented research and
development in production technology for automotive and mechani-
cal engineering. With a highly qualified staff of over 590, Fraunhofer
IWU is recognized as one of the leading research and development
institutes in the field of production engineering today.
The research expertise at the locations Chemnitz, Dresden, Zittau and
Augsburg ranges from machine tools, forming technology, mecha-
tronics, precision engineering to virtual reality and medical engineer-
ing. As the leading institution for resource-efficient production pro-
cesses, Fraunhofer IWU cooperates closely with the Institute for
Machine Tools and Production Processes (IWP) at TU Chemnitz to find
solutions for improving resource efficiency and in order to prepare
them for practical implementation. At the “E3 Research Factory
Resource-Efficient Production”, opened in May 2014, researchers
explore and test new concepts for energy and resource efficiency as
well as for integrating the human factor into production.
Developing new technologies for cost- and resource-efficiency in mechanical
and plant engineering as well as automobile production.
Photo: Fraunhofer IWU
Wafer inspection on a 200mm wet bench. | Photo: ENAS/Lösel

Chemnitz Science Region – Free State financed research institution
| 71
Expertise and years of experience.
Kurt Schwabe Institute for Measuring and Sensor Technology e.V. Meinsberg
The Kurt Schwabe Institute for Measuring and Sensor Technology e.V.
Meinsberg is operated by the Free State of Saxony. Its long history of
proven experience in modern sensor research has included solid
electrolyte sensor technology and planar thick-film sensor technology.
State-of-the-art technology for the preparation of biosensors in the new innovation lab. | Photos: KSI
Over the past few years, the institute has established new, future-
oriented research fields by strategically building labs that are
equipped for biotechnology, analysis and lithography. These facilities
allow it to meet the growing international demand for miniaturised
on-site sensor technology. The institute combines electrochemical
and biological sensor principles in order to develop process and ana-
lytical technologies which are applied in the ever-more sophisticated
fields of environmental analysis and biochemical process control.
Another work focus, in addition to basic research on the development
of new sensor materials and principles, is applied research in sensor
tech nology. The objective is to transfer research outcomes to com-
mercial application as fast as possible. The Kurt Schwabe Institute for
Measur ing and Sensor Technology e.V. Meinsberg cooperates closely
with a large number of domestic and international research institu-
tions and industrial corporations.
Manufacturing miniaturised sensors with the help of
screen-printing technology at KSI Meinsberg.

72 | Chemnitz Science Region
in the Chemnitz Science Region
Universities, colleges and research institutions
Technische Universität Chemnitz
p. 64
Westsächsische Hochschule Zwickau
p. 67
Hochschule Mittweida – University of Applied Sciences
p. 69
University of Cooperative Education
University of Cooperative Education Glauchau
p. 18
University of Cooperative Education Plauen
p. 18
University of Cooperative Education Breitenbrunn
p. 18
Fraunhofer institutes
Fraunhofer Institute for Electronic Nano Systems ENAS
p. 70
Fraunhofer Institute for Machine Tools and Forming Technology IWU
p. 70
Leibniz institutes
Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden (Chemnitz)
p. 54
Free State financed research institutions
Kurt Schwabe Institute for Measuring and Sensor Technology e.V. Meinsberg
p. 71

Universities, colleges and research institutions
Affiliated institutes at universities / TU Chemnitz
Cetex Institut für Textil- u. Verarbeitungsmaschinen gemeinnützige GmbH
KVB Institut für Konstruktion und Verbundbauweisen gemeinnützige GmbH
Institute of Mechatronics
TUCed - TU Chemnitz Education Institute for Continuing and Distance Education
Sächsisches Textilforschungsinstitut e. V.
Affiliated institutes at universities / Zwickau
mi GmbH – Zentrum für angewandtes Management
Campus Concept - Non-Profit Institute of education
for medical and social care professions Westsachsen registered association
Affiliated institutes at universities / Mittweida
Laserinstitut Mittelsachsen e. V.
Management Institut Mittweida e. V.
Sensorikzentrum Mittelsachsen e. V.
Research Centres at Universities of Applied Sciences / Zwickau
FTZ – Research and Transfer Centre
p. 67
Cluster of Exzellence
Merge Technologies for Multifunctional Lightweight Structures – TU Chemnitz
p. 13, 65
Saxon Excellence Initiative
Energy-efficient Product and Process Innovations in Production Engineering (eniPROD) –
TU Chemnitz
p. 22, 65
Chemnitz Science Region | 73

74 |
A 4
A 17
A 13
A 4
A 14
A 4
A 4
A 72
For an overview of the institutions in the Freiberg Science Region,
please refer to p. 80.
Fraunhofer institutes and establishments
1 Number of institutions
Helmholtz institutions
Affiliated institutes at universities

| 75
Science Region
Photo: TU Bergakademie Freiberg

Sustainable, shiny, new.
Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg
As Germany’s leading resource university
Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg
has its
sights set on securing raw materials along the entire value creation chain. Its portfolio covers
the whole range from exploring new repositories via environmentally-friendly extraction of
raw materials or developing alternative energy technologies and efficient materials to recycl-
ing. All its activities are guided by the principle of sustainable development. TU Bergakademie
Freiberg is thus laying the foundations for meeting society’s resource needs ecologically, which
is indispensable for global economic growth.
TU Freiberg’s unique resource profile stems from its research and teaching, which is geared
towards the sustainable economy of materials and energy, as well as its four key areas Geo,
Materials, Energy and the Environment. Founded in 1765, it is the world’s oldest University of
Mining Engineering. It conducts practice-related research in intensive cooperation with Saxon
industry and international corporations. In terms of income from third-party funding, Berg-
akademie is one of Germany’s top ten universities and actually heads the field amongst the
eastern German
In order to establish the guiding principle of sustainable development as a core component of
academic training on an international level,
founded the Freiberg World Forum
of Resource Universities for Sustainability in 2012. This goal of embracing the challenges
facing contemporary society has been the hallmark of TU Freiberg for some 250 years: It was
that Ferdinand Reich and Theodor Richter discovered the element indium, and
Clemens Winkler found the element germanium in ores around Freiberg; Abraham Werner
founded the academic discipline of Mineralogy and Geology in the Silver City whilst Wilhelm
Lampadius developed Continental Europe’s first gas lighting in Freiberg.
76 | Freiberg Science Region – University
The lab in the Institute for Deep Drilling Technology analyses, amongst other things, bores and core samples.
Scientists are searching, for example, for alternative methods of breaking hard rock, which would not only
facilitate the production of oil or gas, but could also a become pathway to harnessing geothermal energy at
several thousand metres depth as an energy source of the future. | Photo: Wolfgang Thieme
Above: The research and teaching mine Reiche Zeche
not only provides hands-on training for students,
it is also an underground research facility with a
detonation chamber to study new materials, as well
as many other test areas. In addition, Freiberg is
planning other projects such as a wind tunnel and
devices to extract high-tech metals with the help of
bacteria, which are hoped to be a key to “green”
mining. | Photo: Detlev Müller

Today, TU Freiberg embraces numerous projects in applied resource research. For instance,
researchers at TU Freiberg are working on novel manufacturing techniques to combine steel
and ceramics to make higher-performance, more energy-efficient materials. At the German
Centre for Energy Resources Freiberg, researchers from the Resource University are developing
technologies for a post fossil fuel world.
TU Bergakademie Freiberg
cooperates with the Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource Tech-
nology, which is part of the
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
and which explores new
ways of exploiting high-tech metals such as gallium or indium.
Lastly, the objective of the Biohydrometallurgical Centre – funded exclusively by the private
Krüger Foundation, Germany’s largest state university-based foundation – seeks to herald in
an age of ‘green’ mining with the help of bacteria.
Indispensable for research and teaching, and fascinat-
ing to visitors, are the 40 or so scientific collections
belonging to TU Bergakademie Freiberg. In 2004, the uni-
versity was donated one of the largest and most sig-
nificant private collections of minerals to add to its
mous mineralogical collection. The most beautiful
exhibits are on display at Schloss Freudenstein in the
permanent exhibition “terra mineralia”. In October 2012,
in the immediate vicinity, the exhibition “Mineralogical
Collection of Germany” opened in the restored Krüger-
haus. Bergakademie has thus established a museum
complex for minerals in the Silver City which is unique in
A clean thing: The magnetron sputtering facility in the central cleanroom lab at TU Bergakademie Freiberg
produces thin layers of just a few nanometers for micro-electronic storage devices. The cleanroom lab is used
for both teaching and research and is operated jointly by the Departments of Physical Sciences and the
Department of Electronics and Sensor Materials. | Photo: Jürgen Lösel

78 | Freiberg Science Region – Helmholtz institute
New technologies
for important industrial raw materials.
Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource Technology
How can both industry and society be supplied with strategically im-
portant industrial raw materials in the long term? Research at the
Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource Technology (HIF), one of the
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf‘s
(HZDR) research sites,
strives to answer such questions. Research at HIF involves elements
like germanium, gallium, indium, and the rare earth metals – all of
which are integral to many modern-day electronic devices and facili-
ties, from mobile telephones, screens, and energy saving light bulbs to
solar cells and wind turbines. But global demand for these resources
far exceeds their supply, intensifying global competition for these
These coveted natural resources are found in their primary state as
mineral deposits in the Earth‘s crust and in their secondary state in
worn-out technology products. The recycling process, in particular,
needs to be developed significantly. HIF currently investigates geo-
bio-technological processes involving bacteria, which could prove to
be a very promising approach. Bacteria-based methods are also being
considered for application in metal processing. To optimise the recycl-
ing process, HIF scientists are exploring alternative options: Working
closely with their colleagues at
TU Bergakademie Freiberg,
they are
searching for valuable resources in Saxony‘s old mine tailings. In
addition, the institute coordinates the networking, evaluation, and
transfer of research findings as part of a nationwide research alliance
with a special focus on the recycling of and alternatives for natural
resources. The Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource Technology
also operates at the very beginning of the metallurgic supply chain
and, along with its Saxon and national partners, drives the search for
natural resources in the deeper layers of the Earth – right on the
institute‘s doorstep, in Saxony‘s Ore Mountains.
In an effort to develop new technologies for the extraction, utilisation,
and recycling of mineral or metalliferous raw materials, the German
federal government founded the Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for
Resource Technology in 2011. HIF’s mission is to make an important
contribution to the national natural resource strategy. The Institute
uses HZDR‘s unique large-scale equipment and collaborates closely
TU Bergakademie Freiberg.
Its competencies and projects
strengthen Freiberg’s status as a natural resource hub.
Crystal aggregate of copper pyrite, galena, sphalerite and calcite, containing indium, germanium, silver and others. | Photo: Jürgen Jeibmann

For affordable, innovative materials.
Fraunhofer Technology Centre for Semiconductor Materials THM
The Fraunhofer Technology Centre for Semiconductor Materials THM
is operated as a joint department of the Fraunhofer Institute for
Integrated Systems and Device Technology IISB in Erlangen and the
Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems in Freiburg. On the one
hand, research at Fraunhofer THM focusses on reducing the manu-
facturing costs of semiconductor substrates and developing new
types of energy storage and energy conversion materials. On the
other, it also addresses the analysis of material-related effects in solar
modules and storage systems as well as the further development of
separation technologies for the PV and semiconductor industries.
In addition to optimising materials for micro-, opto- and power elec-
tronics, Fraunhofer THM actively contributes to the energy transition
by increasing the use of renewable energies through the application
of innovative materials and technologies. THM’s achievements are
impressive, as evidenced by the Georg Weber Innovation Prize, which
it was awarded by the
Förderverein für die Mikroelektronik
for the Promotion of Microelectronics) in 2009 and the 2010 Solar-
world Junior Einstein Award, which THM won for its outstanding
The Wafering research group at the Technology Centre for Semiconductor Materials
THM Freiberg concentrates on the sawing process in the production of wafers.
For this purpose, it has two saws on site, a slurry wire saw and a saw that has been
specifically modified for diamond wire. The main focus is on basic research into the
sawing process and on comparing the two technologies. | Photo: THM
Freiberg Science Region – Fraunhofer establishment | 79
Loading the Laue XRD scanner to determine the properties of semiconductor materials. | Photo: THM

80 | Freiberg Science Region
in the Freiberg Science Region
Universities, colleges and research institutions
Universities and colleges
Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg
p. 76
Helmholtz institutions
Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource Technology
p. 78
Fraunhofer institutes und establishments
Fraunhofer Technology Centre for Semiconductor Materials THM
p. 79
Affiliated institutes at universities / TU Freiberg
IBExU Institut für Sicherheitstechnik GmbH
Research Institute of Leather and Plastic Sheeting
Stahlzentrum Freiberg e. V.
Institute for Corrosion Protection (IKS) Dresden GmbH
UVR-FIA GmbH (Verfahrensentwicklung, Umweltschutztechnik und Recycling –
Forschungsinstitut für Aufbereitung)
DBI – Gastechnologisches Institut gGmbH Freiberg
Saxon Excellence Initiative
Functional Structure Design of New High-performance Materials by Atomic Design and
Defect Engineering (ADDE) – TU Bergakademie Freiberg
p. 22

A 13
A 4
A 14
A 4
A 38
A 4
A 9
A 9
A 72
A 72
For an overview of the institutions in the Leipzig Science Region,
please refer to p. 102 ff.
Fraunhofer institutes and establishments
1 Number of institutions
Helmholtz institutions
Max Planck institutes
Free State financed
research institutions
Leibniz institutes
Universities of Applied Sciences
Universities of Fine Arts
University of Cooperative Education
Affiliated institutes at universities

Science region
Leipzig University, Biotechnology-Biomedical Centre (BBZ)
at Deutscher Platz 5. | Photo: Swen Reichhold


| 85
A tradition of crossing boundaries.
Leipzig University
Leipzig University has been the academic home of scholars of global repute such as Christian
Thomasius, Wilhelm Wundt, Wilhelm Ostwald, Ernst Bloch and Werner Heisenberg. Amongst
the students recorded in its registers are famous names like Thomas Müntzer, Gottfried
Wilhelm Leibniz, Johann Wolfgang Goethe and Robert Schumann. The list of eminent alumni
continues with Hans-Dietrich Genscher, Angela Merkel and Uwe Tellkamp – the university has
a total of 150,000 alumni around the globe.
Founded in 1409, Leipzig University is the second oldest university in Germany with an un-
broken history of teaching and research. As a traditional university, it embraces nearly all
academic fields with a special focus on the Humanities, Natural Sciences and Medicine.
Committed to the idea of a
universitas litterarum,
it unites a broader range of academic
disciplines than most younger universities. Under its guiding motto, “A Tradition of Crossing
Boundaries”, Leipzig University seeks to reassert its place at the forefront of Europe’s leading
Today, more than 450 professors and approximately 2,500 academic staff teach and conduct
research in 14 faculties and more than 150 institutes. Some 28,500 students are enrolled in
courses of study ranging from A, as in African Studies, to Z as in
The broad and diverse research spectrum at Leipzig University ranges from basic via applied
research right through to contract work for industry. Research at the university is particularly
excellent in the fields of Biodiversity, Digital Humanities, Global Interaction, Biomedicine
(metabolic and lifestyle diseases), Materials Science and Biotechnology as well as Mathematics
– areas in which the university is well connected in national and international research
alliances. In cooperation with non-university research institutions in Leipzig, which include
three Max Planck Institutes, the Fraunhofer Institute for Cell Therapy and Immunology, three
Leibniz institutions, the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, UFZ and innovative
businesses in the BioCity Leipzig, the university has developed profile areas that generate
internationally competitive research and make Leipzig a great place for doctoral studies.
University Library “Bibliotheca Albertina”. | Photo: Jan Woitas
Excellent learning environment at the Institute of
Anatomy, Histology and Embryology.
Photo: Swen Reichhold
Leipzig Science Region – University | 85
p. 84: Photo: Waltraud Grubitzsch

86 | Leipzig Science Region – University
The Research Academy Leipzig, opened in 2006, is dedicated to supporting junior researchers
and combines all post-graduate programmes at Leipzig University right across the depart-
ments. Doctoral candidates, a third of whom come from abroad, work under excellent con-
ditions, have access to a dense network of international collaborations and opportunities to
obtain a bi-national doctorate from Leipzig and a partner university abroad.
There are also numerous research alliances that have gained an international reputation for
their research performance, such as the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
(iDiv), the Centre for Biotechnology and Biomedicine (BBZ), the Translational Centre for Re-
generative Medicine (TRM), the Leipzig Research Centre for Civilization Diseases (LIFE), the
Integrated Research and Treatment Centre Adiposity Diseases and the Centre for Area Studies
Academic excellence at Leipzig University also stems from a large number of small, inter-
nationally renowned projects in ‘exotic’ subjects, mainly in the Humanities and Social Sciences.
The Alexander von Humboldt Professorship in Digital Humanities is also a crucial component
of the university’s Humanities profile.
The university is currently in the process of strategically refining its research profile, with a
special focus on networking at the research location Leipzig. In addition to its status inter-
nationally, the university wants to strengthen its position as a partner for knowledge and
technology transfer in central Germany as well.
The university’s activities in various areas of life-long learning are also gaining momentum,
such as continuing academic education for postgraduates. Diverse partnerships with universi-
ties around the world, as well as internationally focussed courses, make Leipzig an appealing
choice for prospective students and researchers worldwide. Numerous international contacts,
high mobility rates and internationally connected research and teaching are the university’s
traditional hallmarks. Leipzig University operates student exchange programmes with more
than 350 ERASMUS partner universities in 150 European cities. In addition, it has concluded
nearly 100 bilateral agreements at university and faculty level, more than two thirds of them
with partner universities outside of the European Union. It also fosters particularly close
research ties to Stellenbosch University, South Africa, and Vanderbilt University in Nashville, TN
For centuries, today’s Augustusplatz at the heart of Leipzig has been home to the university’s
main buildings. Two particular buildings not only provide an ideal learning environment, but
also house artistic gems from more than six centuries of university history: the
with the main hall and the
currently being built as a tribute to the Uni-
versity Church of St. Pauli, which was demolished in 1968. The
– auditorium and
University Church of St. Pauli will be used for various purposes in the life of the university, such
as functions, concerts and conferences, as well as religious and other external events.
The university itself enriches the city of Leipzig in its role as an important cultural institution,
preserving and making its treasures accessible to the public in three museums (Egyptian
Museum, Museum of Classical Antiquities, Museum of Musical Instruments), its more than
450-year-old University Library, the University Archives, the Art Collection of the University
and in Germany’s oldest Botanical Garden, as well as numerous teaching collections.
It fulfils its role as an intellectual motor for the city of Leipzig by holding lecture and event
series, such as Studium Generale, “Talk on Sunday”, a Book Fair Academy, a TransferMeeting
and the Long Night of Science. The 24-hour library on Augustusplatz is open to the public. And
last but not least, the presence of thousands of students and academics from Germany and
beyond give Leipzig a special flair: they concurrently enjoy and generate Leipzig’s diverse and
cosmopolitan cultural scene and have thus left their mark on the city and its spirit for
On the nature trail – Biodiversity research at the
German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research
(iDiv). | Photo: Swen Reichhold
Campus Augustusplatz: The Neues Augusteum and
the Paulinum – Auditorium and University Church of
St. Pauli. | Photo: Swen Reichhold

Leipzig Science Region – University | 87
First-rate medical training and care.
Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Leipzig
Outstanding research, excellent teaching and optimum healthcare are the hallmarks of Leipzig
University Medicine. To achieve this level of quality the University Hospital and Leipzig
University’s Faculty of Medicine work together closely. The daily efforts of more than 6,000
staff revolve around just one thing: human health.
At the heart of the welcoming, cosmopolitan city of Leipzig, the Medical Campus in Liebig-
straße has some of Europe’s most advanced architectural and technological infrastructures:
minimally invasive surgery methods, computer-assisted planning and performance of medical
interventions, unique diagnostic possibilities, development and application of innovative the-
rapies and optimum interdisciplinary networking between the individual medical fields ensure
full-range healthcare of the highest quality, providing in- and out-patient services to more
than 350,000 people every year.
The close connections between the University Hospital and Leipzig University’s Faculty of
Medicine, as well as other institutes and research institutions, facilitate the rapid and efficient
transfer of the latest insights in research to medical practice.
Education, too, is of a very high standard and amongst the best Germany has to offer. More
than 3,000 medical and dentistry students enjoy innovative teaching concepts and immediate
practical application from the very start, preparing them for their future role as physicians or
researchers. Moreover, Leipzig University Hospital is one of the region’s largest teaching
facilities for the caring professions. A total of 800 students and apprentices train for various
occupations in healthcare.
The “Learning Clinic Leipzig” at the Faculty of
Medicine gives students the opportunity to practise
their skills on more than 200 human simulators.
Photos: Ines Christ
Photo: Stefan Straube

Highest international standard.
University of Music and Theatre “Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy” Leipzig
When the Leipzig Conservatory opened its doors on 2 April 1843, on the initiative of Felix
Mendelssohn Bartholdy – the then musical director of the
– and other fine-arts-
minded citizens, it was the first institution of higher education for musicians within the
boundaries of today’s Germany. During its first 40 years, it was housed in the courtyard of the
Old Gewandhaus, before moving to the Conservatory building designed by Hugo Licht at
Grassistraße 8 on 5 December 1887.
The university’s academic range expanded significantly in 1992 when it merged with the
Academy of Theatre “Hans Otto”, which had been founded in 1953, to create the University of
Music and Theatre “Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy” (HMT) Leipzig. The Great Hall, destroyed in
World War II, was rebuilt, dedicated in 2001, and awarded a prize by the Saxon chapter of the
Association of German Architects in 2004. In 2002, about half of the thirteen departments and
institutes moved into the second central building at Dittrichring 21.
With 700 events a year, HMT is the most prolific of the comparable training institutions. Its
symphony concerts, operas, organ recitals, jazz gigs, theatre productions and competitions are
staples of Leipzig’s cultural scene. The university cooperates with the city’s major cultural
institutions in the fields of music and performing arts (
Gewandhaus Leipzig,
the Leipzig Opera,
Leipzig Musical Comedy Theatre, the municipal theatre, the MDR Symphony Orchestra).
About 1,000 students are currently enrolled at the university. The core mission of HMT is to
train professional musicians, music teachers and actors at the highest international level. Many
famous teachers and alumni of the university have left a permanent mark on the international
cultural landscape.
88 | Leipzig Science Region – Universities of Fine Arts
The University Symphony Orchestra at its annual concert at the Gewandhaus Leipzig. | Photo: Gert Mothes
Students at the University of Music and Theatre
“Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy” Leipzig in their opera
production of “The Magic Flute”.
Photo: Siegfried Duryn

Internationally renowned.
Academy of Visual Arts Leipzig
Founded by Saxon Elector Friedrich Christian together with the Dresden Academy of Arts and
a school of drawing at the Meissen porcelain factory as an “Academy for Drawing, Painting and
Architecture”, the Academy of Visual Arts Leipzig (HGB) is one of Europe’s oldest art academies,
celebrating its 250th anniversary in 2014.
About 600 students are enrolled in the Academy’s four
courses in Painting/Graphic
Arts, Book Art/Graphic Design, Photography, and Media Art. A Master’s programme in “Cultures
of the Curatorial” was added in summer 2009.
HGB’s Institute for Theory teaches and conducts research in Philosophy, Art History, Visual
Studies, Media Theory, History and Theory of Photography, Graphic Design and Book Art. In
2008, HGB obtained the right to grant doctorates.
It lives up to its ambition to be innovative whilst honouring tradition with its excellently
equipped workshops for Xylography and Woodcut, Artistic Off Set Printing, Lithography,
Etching, Silk-Screen Printing, Book Printing, Book Binding and manual typesetting as well as
its audio-visual lab and 3-D studio.
The university’s equally time-honoured Institute for Book Art produces refined, unusual and
highly innovative publications which routinely earn citations and awards in national and inter-
national competitions.
HGB opened its own gallery in 1980. With its remarkable exhibitions, the gallery and the
Institute for Book Art are an important interface between the Academy and the public.
Leipzig Science Region – Universities of Fine Arts | 89
HGB’s silk-screen printing workshop.
Photos: HGB/Marion Herzberg
Viewing the 2013 HGB exhibition, class for photography in contemporary art.

Knowledge connects.
Leipzig University of Applied Sciences
Leipzig University of Applied Sciences (HTWK Leipzig) with its seven departments is only twenty
years old, yet the traditions of many of its precursors reach back much further – for instance,
the Royal Saxon Building School, founded in 1838, the Book Printing Academy (1869), the
Municipal Trade School (1875), or the Specialist School for Library Technology and Administra-
tion (1914).
Today, HTWK Leipzig offers an exciting and diverse range of application- and future-oriented
courses of study in Engineering, Economics and Social Studies, Computer Sciences and Mathe-
matics as well as Applied Media, Information and Cultural Studies. Networking is paramount:
in teaching and research and through interdisciplinary cooperation within the university and
with numerous external partners. Third-party funding amounting to approximately 8.4 million
Euros in 2012 testifies to the strength of HTWK Leipzig’s research. More than 80 ongoing col-
laborative PhD projects contribute their share to this successful record, which is significantly
boosted by the HTWK Leipzig Research and Transfer Centre, founded in 1997.
Whilst its strategy of utilising multi-layered interconnections has shaped HTWK Leipzig’s
development goal of becoming a top university for applied sciences for a number of years, its
university strategy 2020 has defined and refined its academic profile: the focus areas are
“Energy-Building-Environment”, “Software and Media Technologies”, “Life Science Engineering”
and “Engineering
Business”, bundling its activities across all disciplines and departments.
This involves closely interconnected teaching, research and technology transfer. In each of its
profile areas, HTWK Leipzig tackles pressing social challenges – the issues of ever-scarcer re-
sources or how to deal with information overflow in a knowledge society, the question of
health in our ageing society, or the task of handling economic processes efficiently and
responsibly with a view to future generations.
At the time it was founded, HTWK Leipzig was scattered all over the city, but now a unified
university campus is emerging and claiming a distinct space south of the city centre. Univer-
sity life gravitates more and more towards a host of university buildings housing state-of-the-
art facilities. They bear the resounding names of famous scholars: the Geutebrück, Zuse or
Lipsius Buildings, for instance. The university library and media centre – which both opened in
2009 – are award-winning architectural highlights in the cityscape. The Faculty of Mechanical
and Energy Engineering will move from Markkleeberg to a new site, setting another accent in
urban development.
90 | Leipzig Science Region – University of Applied Sciences
Students in Leipzig‘s Karl-Liebknecht-Straße with the distinctive tower of HTWK Leipzig’s Geutebrück Building in the background. | Photo: HTWK Leipzig
Interdisciplinary research at HTWK Leipzig: capillary
pressure sensors for the aftertreatment of concrete,
developed jointly by engineers at the Faculties
of Civil Engineering and Electrical Engineering and
Information Technology, help to prevent early
damage. | Photo: Stephan Thomas

The past and future are bridged at two historic locations with modern uses: The historic build-
ing of the former Municipal Trade School in Wächterstraße will continue to be the home of the
Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology. And in the historic buildings
of the former Leipzig Children’s Hospital, HTWK Leipzig has established a centre for priority
research on highly-topical issues of Health and Medical Technology.
For students, the
as the Karl-Liebknecht-Straße is affectionately known, represents both
the geographical centre and the essence of their lifestyle. This is where student life and applied
scientific work often fuse. Every other year, students and staff in the Media Faculty captivate
audiences with their spectacle “Phänomedia”, which transforms surfaces, such as the media
centre façade, into a gigantic screen. The football robots of Team Nao score great successes in
competitions at home and abroad; the Leipzig Marathon is all about getting involved: Year
after year, HTWK Leipzig competes with the largest team.
Scientists at HTWK Leipzig are developing a “sensitive machine” which automatically adapts its movements to the
workpiece being processed. | Photo: Stephan Thomas
HTWK Leipzig Research and Transfer Centre (FTZ)
works at the interface between the university’s research
expertise and practical application – its mission being to
bring innovations to the marketplace. To achieve this, the
centre cooperates closely with businesses and research
institutions from the region and beyond. FTZ conducts
its own research and development projects, manufac-
tures functional samples and low-volume product lines,
carries out technical testing and writes reviews. It focus-
ses on Construction, Energy, Electrical Engineering and
Electronics, Media and Health Care.

92 | Leipzig Science Region – Helmholtz establishment
Tackling environmental problems.
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
As an international competence centre for the environmental sciences,
the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ) explores how
global change impacts the complex interactions between man and
nature. In close cooperation with decision-makers and social stake-
holders, scientists at UFZ develop system solutions to improve the
management of complex environmental systems and to tackle
UFZ works, for example, on water resource management, the impact
of changing land use on human environments and biodiversity, the
effects of chemicals on the environment and on human health as well
as strategies to adapt to climate change. But successful solutions
require more than a solid scientific basis. Environmental research,
which is usually dominated by the natural sciences, must be more
closely connected with the humanities, social sciences and law.
Environmental research should be guided by the environmental issues
at hand, and must learn to deal with complexity, uncertainty and
practical relevance. This means sharing knowledge, developing a com-
mon understanding and communication, pooling different skill sets
and fields of expertise, integrating decision-makers and stakeholders
from politics, industry and the general public – in short, the highest
possible level of integration. The aim is to strike a balance between
economic and social progress on the one hand and the long-term
preservation of the very foundations of human life on the other.
Founded in 1991, UFZ currently employs more than 1,100 staff from
more than 40 countries at its Leipzig, Halle and Magdeburg sites.
Approximately 250 PhD candidates are studying for their doctorates
in the framework of international cooperation whilst some 55 ap-
prentices are being trained for eleven different trades and vocational
academy degrees.
The portfolio of UFZ research also includes developing
modern remedial technologies. Scientists are, for
example, experimenting with radio waves which
might be of great use in soil rehabilitation and
building restoration or in the processing of biogas.
Photos: André Künzelmann/UFZ

p. 92 top: The Visualisation Centre (Vislab) at UFZ
allows scientists to gain new insights into complex
environmental systems by using realistic and
graphical visualising 3-D models.
Bottom: Decisions on environmental policy cannot
be made without reliable data on environmental
con ditions or changes. With the help of direct push
technologies samples can be taken rapidly and

94 | Leipzig Science Region – Max Planck institutes
Tracing history in the bones.
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Founded in 1997, the five departments of the Max Planck Institute for
Evolutionary Anthropology study the history of mankind with the help
of comparative analyses of genes, cultures, cognitive abilities, lan-
guages and social systems of past and present human populations as
well as those of other closely related primates.
The Department of Evolutionary Genetics thus investigates the
genomes of Neanderthals and their close relatives, the Denisovans.
Researchers in the Department of Human Evolution analyse the fossil
remains of hominins in order to reconstruct their biology, behaviour
and cultural evolution. The Department of Primatology studies pri-
mates in their natural habitats whilst the Department of Develop-
mental and Comparative Psychology focusses on topics like coopera-
tion. According to studies, children prefer solving tasks together
rather than alone – in contrast to primates. The Department of Lin-
guistics investigates the diversity of human languages in terms of
their common properties and differences.
Studying the bone fragment of a Neanderthal in the institute’s ultra-clean room. | Photo: Frank Vinken
Researchers obtained the majority of the DNA used in their study from the bone
fragments of three female Neanderthals who were excavated in the Vindija Cave in
Croatia. | Photo: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology

Leipzig Science Region – Max Planck institutes| 95
The wonderful world of Mathematics.
Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in the Sciences
Founded in Leipzig in 1996, the Max Planck Institute for Mathematics
in the Sciences works at the interface of mathematics and the
sciences. Today, it is one of the world’s leading research institutions in
mathematics, excellently connected with partners at local level – like
Leipzig University –, but also with outstanding institutions at national
and international level.
Mathematical models and methods play an increasingly important
role in today’s society. They form the basis for fundamental processes,
whether in economics, production, medicine or politics. Yet funda-
mental questions arising from the sciences have also always inspired
mathematicians to search for new mathematical methods and struc-
tures. It is the mission of the institute to promote this interaction
between mathematics and the sciences. Researchers at the institute
address a broad spectrum of questions in the fields of pure and
applied mathematics, for example the efficient treatment of huge
amounts of data, the mathematical analysis of materials, the investiga-
tion of complex biological systems and economic processes, topics in
geometry and theoretical physics as well as in information theory of
cognitive systems.
Language – emotions – behaviour.
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences
Research at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain
Sciences in Leipzig revolves around human cognitive abilities and
cerebral processes, with a main focus on the neural bases of higher
brain functions, such as language, emotions and human social be-
haviour, music, and action. Researchers also investigate plastic chan-
ges in the brain and their influence on various cognitive abilities as
well as the neuronal and hormonal basis of “lifestyle diseases” like
high blood pressure and obesity. Another focal point of research at the
Institute is the advancement of imaging methods for the neuro-
About 160 staff work in the Departments of Neuropsychology, Cogni-
tive Neurology, Neurophysics and Social Neurosciences. Especially in
the light of Leipzig’s long-standing tradition of psychological and
neuroscientific research, the Institute’s state-of-the-art technical
equipment underlines the appeal and innovative power of the re-
search fields explored there.
The shape of independence. | Photo: Stephan Weis
Reading room in the institute library. | Photo: Gunter Binsack
Preparing a 4-year-old study participant for an MRT scan.
Photo: Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences


Leipzig Science Region – Fraunhofer institutes and establishments | 97
Strategies for global action.
Fraunhofer-Zentrum für Mittel- und Osteuropa MOEZ
Fraunhofer MOEZ studies and designs internationalisation processes
at the intersections between industry, science, politics and society. On
behalf of both private business clients and public institutions, the
institute develops solutions to position corporations and regions in
the global knowledge economy. Fraunhofer MOEZ thus opens up the
potential for generating added value, competitiveness and prosperity.
The service portfolio of Fraunhofer MOEZ is organised in five business
fields that address complex challenges and correspond with the real-
life economic and political players in internationalisation processes.
For instance, Fraunhofer MOEZ works together with small and me-
dium-sized enterprises to access international markets. Its political
consultancy focusses on knowledge and technology transfer. With its
economic and sociological expertise and its firm international outlook,
Fraunhofer MOEZ’s mission is to complement the technological
institutes in the
Fraunhofer Gesellschaft.
Focussed on clinical practice.
Fraunhofer Institute for Cell Therapy and Immunology IZI
The Fraunhofer Institute for Cell Therapy and Immunology IZI studies
and develops specific solutions to problems at the interface of me-
dicine, life sciences and engineering. The institute conducts contract
research for biotechnological, pharmaceutical and medical-techno-
logical companies, hospitals, diagnostic laboratories and research
Fraunhofer IZI develops, optimises and validates methods, materials
and products in the fields of Drugs, Cell Therapy, Diagnostics and
Biobanks. Its core competencies are regenerative medicine, in particu-
lar in the therapeutic areas of oncology, ischemia and autoimmune,
inflammatory and infectious diseases. The institute has a focus on
clinical practice, conducts quality checks and manufactures clinical
test samples in compliance with Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)
guidelines to ensure quality in production processes and environ-
ments for pharmaceuticals and their ingredients. Moreover, the
institute helps its partners obtain manufacturing licences and ap-
provals for new therapies.
The institute currently employs a staff of more than 300.
Fraunhofer MOEZ headquarters in the Städtisches Kaufhaus, Leipzig,
workplace of an international and interdisciplinary team of 40 researchers.
Photo: Fraunhofer MOEZ
The foyer of Fraunhofer IZI
Photo: Fraunhofer IZI
p. 96: Scientists manufacture and develop cell-based therapeutics for clinical
studies in the cleanroom facility at Fraunhofer IZI. | Photo: Fraunhofer IZI

98 | Leipzig Science Region – Leibniz institutes
Worldwide field studies – and a cloud lab.
Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research
The Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research (TROPOS) focusses on
tiny airborne particles called aerosols and on clouds. The TROPOS
research profile is unique in the world: It explores the troposphere, the
layer of the atmosphere affecting weather and climate, which
stretches from the ground to an altitude of about 7 to 18 kilometres
and contains the bulk of aerosol and cloud particles.
Human activity causes system changes, which themselves then affect
humans, not only through regional and global climate and water cycle
changes, but also directly in the form of health effects caused by
inhaling fine dust particles and fog droplets. To shed light on these
processes and develop strategies to curb them, TROPOS conducts field
studies in polluted regions around the globe and develops its own
analytical procedures for aerosol and cloud research. These tools are
also applied in extensive lab studies, which are another work focus at
the institute. For this purpose, TROPOS operates a cloud lab that
simulates basic cloud processes and the impact of humans on clouds.
In addition to field studies and lab experiments, the institute has a
third important research pillar: numerical models, from process
models to simulations of the regional formation, transformation and
effects of tropospheric multiphase systems.
TROPOS belongs to the Leibniz Association, employs a staff of over
140 and is financed by the Free State of Saxony and the Federal
Government with institutional funding of about four million Euros per
year. In addition, the most recent figures for third-party funding were
also in the region of four million Euros.
The Leipzig Aerosol Cloud Interaction Simulator
(LACIS) at the Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric
Research (TROPOS).
Photo: Patric Seifert/TROPOS
Top: Studying ice clouds at the high alpine research
station Jungfraujoch (3,580 m altitude)
in January/February 2013 as part of the measurement
campaign “INUIT JFJ.”
Photo: Tilo Arnhold/TROPOS

Leipzig Science Region – Leibniz institutes | 99
Ultra-precise surface modification.
Leibniz Institute of Surface Modification
The Leibniz Institute of Surface Modification (IOM) was founded in
1992 to conduct application-related fundamental research on the
interaction of radiation with matter, and to translate its insights into
technological applications. The institute, currently with a staff of 150,
uses ions, plasma, electron and laser radiation to modify surfaces and
areas near the surface specifically for different applications. Re-
searchers focus on ultra-precise surface modification, structuring at
the micro- and nano-metre-level, synthesising thin layers and nano
structures, manufacturing scratch- and wear-resistant surfaces and
applying bio-compatible implants. In 2012, the
Leipziger nanoAnalyti-
(LenA), which is financed by the EU and the Free State of Saxony
and features state-of-the-art equipment such as electron micro-
scopes, was launched at the institute. Research and development at
IOM is undertaken in close collaboration with businesses in the
optical, chemical and semiconductor industries as well as mechanical
engineering. This type of cooperation has led, for instance, to Carl
Zeiss Jena und JENOPTIK GmbH endowing a professorship at IOM
Leipzig and TU Dresden.
Geography between
basic research and transfer of knowledge.
Leibniz Institute for Regional Geography
Demographic change, urban development, return migration of Eastern
Germans to their original home – the palette of research themes is
broad at the Leibniz Institute for Regional Geography (IfL), Germany’s
only non-university research institution for Geography. It ranges from
spatial structures and current developments that have a spatial im-
pact in Europe to the theoretical and historical foundations of Regio-
nal Geography. Under the heading “New Geographies of Europe”, IfL
researchers conduct transnational comparative studies to analyse
current trends, in particular in Central and Eastern Europe.
Research at the institute focusses on three areas: the Production of
Space, History of Geography and Geovisualisation. IfL thus makes a
significant contribution to our understanding of spatial organisation
and social development. It also provides a transdisciplinary platform
for scientific discourse on space and spatiality in the humanities and
social sciences.
Another section of the institute is devoted to presenting research
outcomes to specialist as well as to general audiences. For this
purpose, it continuously develops traditional media such as maps and
atlases, but also creates and tests innovative ways of visualising
geographical knowledge and geographical information online. IfL
developed the National Atlas of Germany, for instance, which presents
examples of exhaustive, academically valuable research findings in a
comprehensible form.
View into the Ultra-High Vacuum Chamber of a Surface Analysis System.
Photo: IOM
At IfL, maps are an important medium for knowledge transfer. | Photo: IfL

| Leipzig Science Region – Free State financed research institutions
Discourse across disciplines.
Saxonian Academy of Sciences and Humanities in Leipzig
Ever since it was founded as the “Royal Saxonian Society of Sciences
and Humanities” in 1846, the Saxonian Academy of Sciences and
Humanities has been committed to the academy tradition conceived
by Leibniz at the turn of the 18th century – a learned society that
brings together leading scholars of very different disciplines for
regular discourse and long-term research. Former and current mem-
bers of the Leipzig Learned Society include famous Nobel laureates
such as Theodor Mommsen, Wilhelm Ostwald, Max Planck, Gustav
Hertz and Karl Alexander Müller.
In its catchment area of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia, the
Academy is currently conducting more than 20 research projects. They
are part of the Academies’ Programme, Germany’s largest humanities
research programme, which is coordinated by the Union of the
German Academies of Sciences and Humanities with an agenda for
long-term academic research that is unique in the world. The
Saxonian Academy of Sciences and Humanities, for example, is
producing annotated editions of the complete works of Felix Mendels-
sohn Bartholdy, dictionaries and editions of correspondence, such as
those of Schumann and Gottsched, and more. The Academy also
facilitates intense public debate on key issues affecting the future of
Villa Klinkhardt, at the
gateway to Leipzig’s
Musikviertel at Karl-
Tauchnitz-Straße 1, has
been the home of the
Saxonian Academy of
Sciences and Humanities
since 1995.
Photo: Dirk Brzoska
Top: The Academy Forum and the Academy Colloquium are two event series that
gather together experts from academia and politics in order to advance public
debate on current issues in society and science policy – a dialogue which is
con tinued in the Academy’s own journal, Denkströme. | Photo: Dirk Brzoska

Leipzig Science Region – Free State financed research institutions
| 101
Unearthing historical structures.
Leipzig Centre for the History and Culture of East Central Europe
The Centre for the History and Culture of East Central Europe (GWZO)
is a research institute associated with the University of Leipzig (as an
“An-Institut”). Its basic financing is provided by the Federal State of
Saxony (Saxon State Ministry for Higher Education, Research and the
Arts) and the current research program is financially supported mostly
by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research. The Centre’s scientific
interest focuses on a historically evolved region between the Baltic,
the Black and the Adriatic Sea that was constituted by states behind
the Iron Curtain, the majority of which are members of the European
Union today. The GWZO discloses the historical structures of a linguistic,
cultural and national diversity of this region that had been even greater
before the military conflicts of the 20th century.
Researchers of various academic disciplines in the centre’s 16 project
groups analyse historic developments while covering a period from
the early Middle Ages to the present. Their research objects range from
archeological finds to written documents and artwork, to print mate-
rial and digital media. A highlight of their work was the international
exhibition “Europa Jagellonica. Central European Arts and Culture under
the Reign of the Jagiellonians 1386-1572” which was shown in Kutna
Hora, Warsaw and Potsdam in 2012 and 2013.
Elucidating Jewish contexts.
Simon Dubnow Institute for Jewish History and Culture
The Simon Dubnow Institute for Jewish History and Culture at Leipzig
University, named after the Russian-Jewish historian Simon Dubnow
(1860–1941), was established in 1995 on the basis of a resolution by
the parliament of the State of Saxony. As an independent affiliated
institute, it is associated with Leipzig University by a cooperation
agreement. From the perspective of Cultural Sciences in the broadest
sense, the institute explores Jewish contexts in Central and Eastern
Europe in their interaction with non-Jewish environments, from the
Middle Ages to the present day. Using interdisciplinary approaches,
the institute explores universal Jewish history: religious, intellectual
and political currents within Judaism, the emancipation of the Jews,
economic and social history, and migration movements from the East
and West. The institute’s research into the cultural interaction of Jews
with one another and with their environment also incorporates
languages, literature and art. As a research facility, the institute helps
define and intellectualise the academic field of Jewish Studies
through its programme of publications, international cooperation,
scientific events and conferences, and the exchange of visiting