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Practically relevant and
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Köllitsch teaching and research farm
Publisher:
Sächsisches Landesamt für Umwelt,
Landwirtschaft und Geologie (LfULG)
Pillnitzer Platz 3, 01326 Dresden
Telephone: +49 351 2612-0
Fax: +49 351 2612-1099
Email: lfulg@smul.sachsen.de
www.lfulg.sachsen.de
The LfULG is a subordinate authority of the Saxon State
Ministry of Energy, Climate Protection, Environment and
Agriculture (SMEKUL). This publication is financed by taxes
on the basis of the budget adopted by the members of the
Saxon state parliament.
Editorial department:
Ondrej Kunze
Lehr- und Versuchsgut Köllitsch
Am Park 3, 04886 Köllitsch
Telephone: +49 34222 46-2601
Fax: +49 34222 46-2699
Email: ondrej.kunze@smul.sachsen.de
www.smul.sachsen.de/lvg
Photos:
LfULG: B. Puhlmann, B. Lehmann
Cover picture is by M. Bär
Layout and typesetting:
Sandstein Kommunikation GmbH
Serviceplan Solutions 1 GmbH & Co. KG
Print:
Harzdruckerei GmbH
Editorial deadline:
16.11.2020
Circulation size:
800 pieces
Paper:
Printed on 100 % recycled paper
Supply:
This brochure is available free of charge from:
Zentraler Broschürenversand
der Sächsischen Staatsregierung
Hammerweg 30, 01127 Dresden
Telephone: + 49 351 2103-672
Fax: + 49 351 2103-681
Email: publikationen@sachsen.de
www.publikationen.sachsen.de
Distribution note
This information brochure is published by the Saxon State
Government as part of its constitutional obligation to
inform the public. It may not be used by political parties,
their candidates or their supporters for the purpose of
campaigning for elections during the six months preceding
an election. This applies to all elections.
Smart farming test and
demonstration field
The teaching and research farm runs a test and demonstration field for smart
farming technologies in cooperation with other agricultural businesses. At
the teaching and research farm several interlinked digitalisation projects
are incorporated into everyday farming processes. The focus is on the use of
fertilisers and plant protection measures in arable farming, the use of digital
technologies in animal husbandry, and the use of farm management informa-
tion systems (FMIS).
A further aspect is the establishing of comprehensive internet coverage and
state-of-the-art transmission technologies. The aim is to make the teaching
and research farm a model farm where processes ranging from production
and internal administration to documentation are structured in an intercon-
nected way. The intention is to incorporate the resulting digitalisation exper-
tise into practical agricultural operations.
Current focuses:
Site-specific and economic fertiliser application using near-infrared
spectroscopy (NIRS) sensors
Site-specific herbicide application through offline and online processes
Site-specific tillage through the use of a soil scanner
Site-specific manuring through the use of hyperspectral remote sensing
(drone/satellite)
The use of digital biotechnological resources for insect biodiversity
evaluations
Telemetry – automated recording of data
smart assistance systems for the rearing of calves
Health checks and oestrus detection in cattle via a passive monitoring system
Digital livestock protection
Applied research and testing
The targeted use of scientific and research findings is an important factor
for the economic success and social acceptance of agricultural businesses.
That is the reason why the teaching and research farm exists as a mul-
ti-functional test facility for the State Office of Saxony for the Environment,
Agriculture and Geology (LfULG). Around 40 different research projects, tri-
als and demonstrations are currently being carried out at the training and
research farm. Foremost among them are innovative, interconnected solu-
tions for protecting natural resources and consumers. But numerous trials
in the field of digitalisation are also a key focus of our work The results of
the trials and projects are made public within the context of practical basic
and further training and professional development as well as at specific
events, in technical journals, online, and via the LfULG’s publications.
Current focuses:
New cultivation and tillage procedures – including procedures that are
part of ecological farming methods – in the light of the specific effects
of climate change
The trialling of digitalisation solutions in agriculture
Implementation of the National Action Plan for Plant Protection (NAP)
Investigations into the rearing, feeding and preventive healthcare of
cattle, pigs and sheep
Forage conservation, and feeding and grazing management for
dairy cattle
An investigation into animal welfare criteria in the rearing of pigs
and cattle
Implementation of the “Betriebsplan Natur” (Nature Action Plan),
including demonstrations of plant varieties and flower mixtures
Renewable energy in agriculture (biogas, short rotation coppicing,
woodchip heating plants, agrophotovoltaics)

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Agricultural and environmental
management
To ensure sustainability the Köllitsch teaching and research farm uses
a farming system in which there is a healthy balance between the produc-
tivity of the land and the conservation and sustaining of natural resources.
New research findings which go beyond the scope of good farming prac-
tice are demonstrated and are evaluated in accompanying studies. Various
plans for ecologically sound and forward-looking farming are drawn up
and they are implemented and updated on a rolling basis.
The starting point for this was the agroecological landscape plan of the
mid-1990s as well as the plan for establishing an ecological system of
agriculture. The teaching and research farm has had a Nature Action
Plan since 2014. It sets out areas that need to be addressed in relation to
species and biotope protection and in relation to the drawing up of a land-
scape strategy for a 10-15 year period. Based on quality objectives that
are specified for the farm, specific measures are drawn up for conserving
species and habitats as well as for incorporating educational and public
relations activities.
The production sectors are coordinated with each other so that close-
looped farming is possible. The implementation and further develop-
ment of operational agricultural and environmental management is
carried out on a target- and problem-oriented basis together with the
specialist departments of the LfULG. This also involves implementing in-
house arable and grazing land management strategies within the various
protected areas bordering the Elbe river. The incorporation of the results
into the basic and further training and professional development provides
excellent conditions for the rapid transfer of knowledge into agricultural
practice.
Köllitsch teaching and research farm
For decades now Köllitsch has been synonymous with education, demonstra-
tions, trials and applied research in the agricultural sector. Due to its wealth
of experience as a well-established educational establishment, Köllitsch was
chosen in 1992 as the site for setting up a teaching and research farm in Saxony.
Since then the former collective farm has been part of the Ministry of Agricul-
ture in Saxony, and it has now been incorporated into the State Office of Saxony
for the Environment, Agriculture and Geology (LfULG).
As a centre of expertise for agriculture within Saxony and beyond,
we have the following tasks:
Sector-wide training for farmers and livestock farmers in Saxony and
southern
Brandenburg
The ongoing training and professional development of farmers, consultants,
teachers, and students
Applied research and testing as well as trials and specialist projects in the
field of animal husbandry, crop production and nature conservation
Demonstration of environmentally friendly and ecologically sound forms of
agricultural management
Exemplary implementation of good agricultural practices together with
knowledge transfer
Practical implementation of agricultural management and environmental
management measures and of on-site power generation
We aim to provide specialist information and practical recommendations
in relation to these wide subject areas. The close coordination of theoretical
knowledge and practical farming means that the teaching and research farm
facilitates the rapid transfer of research results into practice.
As well focusing on our core competencies, we are also a partner of the Arzberg
local authority and of the rural community in the Ostelbien region to the east
of the Elbe river.
Vocational education
Fully trained experts are the basis for competitive agriculture. The key task of
the Köllitsch teaching and research farm is therefore to provide application-
oriented, practical basic and further training and professional development. The
teaching and research farm is the sector-wide training centre for Saxony and
southern Brandenburg which provides training for farmers, livestock farmers,
agricultural technicians, and agricultural workers. We teach professional skills
and convey specialist knowledge in a practically relevant way
The sector-wide training that we provide includes:
Basic and advanced cattle and pig rearing courses
Agricultural engineering and crop production courses
Courses on craft techniques and repairs
Computer courses
We provide state-of-the-art training workshops and teaching units. A 5-hectare
field trials area is provided for agricultural engineering courses, and there is also
an indoor training area and a range of agricultural machinery and equipment.
An experienced and fully qualified team of trainers ensures that knowledge is
provided in a practically-oriented manner. The course participants are accom-
modated in the modern residential centre. There is an on-site canteen which
provides meals for course participants and for guests.
Our training and professional development courses cover practical aspects of
animal husbandry, plant cultivation and biogas production as well as environ-
mental protection and nature conservation. They are specifically tailored to suit
our target groups and are provided in the form of practician/user seminars,
conferences, workshops and field days. We set out the latest results of our
academic and research work through a mixture of face-to-face teaching and
online training. Special emphasis is laid on legally required factual courses.
Agricultural operations
We test and demonstrate a modern, forward-looking form of agriculture
which uses natural resources efficiently and in harmony with nature and the
environment, and the wide variety of products that we produce is competi-
tive within the agricultural marketplace. Since 2000 green agriculture farming
practices have also been used on 58 hectares of arable land. About 240 hec-
tares of grazing land are in wildlife reserves and are consequently subject to
water and land conservation requirements. The soils of the Elbe valley wet-
lands are fertile but difficult to work. The low level of precipitation together
with a marked summer drought are significant factors that limit yields.
Facts and figures:
Soil type: alluvial loam with layers of sand in parts
Soil quality index: arable land Ø 59 (50–80); grazing land Ø 44
Annual precipitation: Ø 540 mm
Annual temperature: Ø 9°C
Cultivable area: 907 hectares, comprising 655 hectares of arable land and
252 hectares of grazing land
Crop structure
cereals 48 %, rape 12 %, maize 15 %, sugar beet 5 %,
fodder crops 8 %, protein crops 4 %
Renewable raw materials, landscape features and ecological focus areas
Livestock
200 dairy cows with progeny
100 suckler cows – brindled, Angus and Limousin breeds – and
120 partially mast-fed breeding sows
200 ewes – merino mutton sheep & black faced mutton sheep breeds
50 fallow deer
5–6 bee colonies